Archibald William Douglas (1818 - 1858)

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About Archibald William Douglas,_8th_Marquess_of_Queensberry

Archibald William Douglas, 8th Marquess of Queensberry PC (18 April 1818–6 August 1858), styled Viscount Drumlanrig between 1837 and 1856, was a Scottish Conservative Party politician. He notably served as Comptroller of the Household between 1853 and 1856.


Douglas was the son of John Douglas, 7th Marquess of Queensberry, by Sarah Douglas, daughter of Major James Sholto Douglas. He became known by the courtesy title Viscount Drumlanrig when his father succeeded in the marquessate of Queensberry in 1837.


He played first-class cricket for the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1841.

Political career

Lord Drumlanrig was returned to parliament for Dumfriesshire in 1847. In early 1853 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Comptroller of the Household under Lord Aberdeen, a post he held until 1856, the last year under the premiership of Lord Palmerston. The latter year he succeeded his father in the marquessate. However, as this was a Scottish peerage it did not entitle him to a seat in the House of Lords. He stood down from the House of Commons in early 1857. Apart from his political career he was also Lord-Lieutenant of Dumfriesshire from 1850 to 1858.


Lord Queensberry married Caroline Margaret Clayton (1821–1904), daughter of General Sir William Clayton, 5th Baronet, at Gretna Green, Scotland, in 1840. They had six children:

Lady Gertrude Georgiana Douglas (died 1893), married Thomas Stock.

John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (1844–1900), the man behind the Marquess of Queensberry rules that formed the basis of modern boxing, and, much later, the downfall of author and playwright Oscar Wilde.

Lord Francis William Bouverie Douglas (1847–1865), beaten by A. W. Moore and party by a day to first ascent of the Ober Gabelhorn, killed a week later in the first successful ascent of the Matterhorn.

Reverend Lord Archibald Edward Douglas (1850–1938).

Lady Florence Caroline Douglas (1855–1905) (twin), war correspondent, travel writer, and feminist.

Lord James Edward Sholto Douglas (1855–1891) (twin), married racehorse breeder Martha Lucy Hennessy in 1888, committed suicide.

Lord Queensberry died while hunting in August 1858, officially from the explosion of his gun. However, the event was widely believed to be a suicide. The Marchioness of Queensberry died in February 1904.


Archibald Douglas, 8th Marquess of Queensberry's Timeline

April 18, 1818
June 2, 1840
Age 22
July 20, 1844
Age 26
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Age 28
Age 36
Age 36
August 6, 1858
Age 40