Archibald Gardner (1814 - 1902)

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Nicknames: "Bishop"
Place of Burial: Salt Lake City Cemetery, Utah, United States
Birthplace: Kilsyth,Stirling,Scotland
Death: Died in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA
Occupation: Millwright
Managed by: Benjamin Holt
Last Updated:

About Archibald Gardner

I recently read Life of Archibald Gardner: Pioneer, and here are some things that I learned: Archibald was born in Kilsyth, Stirlingshire, Scotland on September 2, 1814. He imigrated to Canada while still a young man with his Mother. His father had gone previously. While in Brooke Township, Ontario, he married Margaret Livingston also born in Scotland, and they began their family. Archibald was baptized into the LDS faith in April of 1945. Due to persecution, he had to leave almost immediately, heading to Nauvoo, Illinois.

Much of the rest of the Gardner/Livingston families also joined the LDS church. Once in Nauvoo, Archibald had to move his family to the Salt Lake Valley nearly immediately. He became a "Captain of 10" on the trek westward. When Archie and "Peg," (Margaret) got their first view of the Salt Lake Valley, he asked his wife how she liked it. She sat down and cried. Archibald made building and running mills his occupation throughout his life, both in Canada and in Utah and Wyoming. He built over 30 mills during the course of his life. Plural marriage, or polygamy, was a difficult doctrine for Archibald and Margaret to embrace. Before the two of them came to terms with it, it nearly broke up their marriage.


Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868 Edward Hunter - Joseph Horne Company (1847)

Find a Grave

Birth: Sep. 2, 1814, Kilsyth, Scotland

Death: Feb. 8, 1902, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, USA

Burial: Salt Lake City Cemetery, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, USA, Plot: D-9-6-W3

Son of Robert and Margaret Calinder Gardner

Married Margaret Livington, 19 Feb 1839, Alvinston, Brooke Twp, Lambton, Ontario, Canada

Married Abigail Sprague, 19 Apr 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Mary Ann Bradford, 26 Apr 1849, Millcreek, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Laura Althea Thompson, 26 Apr 1849, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Elizabeth Elinor Lewis, 20 Apr 1851, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Jane Park, 24 Aug 1852, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Serena Gahrsen Evensen, 26 Feb 1856, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Sarah Jane Hamilton, 21 Jun 1857, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Harriet Armitage Larter, 21 Jun 1857, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Elizabeth Dowding, 2 Mar 1867, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah

Married Mary Larsen, 20 Dec 1869, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, Utah

History - Archibald Gardner was one of Utah's earliest entrepreneurs, made history in the state of Utah as a mill builder, canal builder, irrigation developer, bridge builder, bishop and as husband to 11 wives, father of 48 children and grandfather to 201.

Archibald, born in Scotland, immigrated to Canada as a young man. There he built his first mill. There he met and married his first wife, Margaret. Together, they traveled with Utah's early pioneers, crossing the plains from Missouri River to the Great Salt Lake Valley, arriving there in 1847.

In his lifetime, he built more than 36 mills, as well as canals and bridges. He was also instrumental in the building of the Salt Lake Temple. Gardner provided the valley with valuable irrigation water through his canals.

In 1858, in the face of the threat of Johnston's Army and the Utah War in the Valley, he and his family moved to Spanish Fork, consisting of nine wives, fifteen children, seven step-children and an adopted Indian girl, Fanny. Archibald left behind a homestead at Mill Creek, the mills in the canyon above, a grist mill and carding machine on the Big Cottonwood stream, a grist mill and saw mill on the Jordan River, and the "big hay field" of about 1,000 acres in the river bottoms in the southern end of Salt Lake Valley. Archie began to build a large home for his family in Spanish Fork. However, in 1859, he was called to return to the Valley as bishop of the West Jordan Ward, a position he held for 32 years being released in May of 1891.

Archibald built the original mill in West Jordan in 1853. In 1877 the mill was dismantled and moved to Fairfield. Archibald then built what he referred to as a "bigger and better" mill on the West Jordan site, with a stone basement. Surrounded by a mattress factory, a broom factory and a blacksmith shop, the flour mill became the center of activity in the area. A general store was located just west of the mill (where the Gardner Monument now stands) and supplied goods to settlers from miles around.

He also built the Red Rock Church, which is still standing, near his mill starting construction in 1861. People were poor, and when it was ready for roofing, the money was gone. It was decided to hold a ball as a fund raiser. A tarp was stretched overhead and officers from Fort Doublas arrived in uniform adding a military touch. Many church officials were present including President Brigham young and George Q. Cannon. The church was completed in 1867.

Archibald served two terms in the territorial legislature and was also instrumental in the discover of ore in the area. The first location claim in Bingham Canyon is signed by Gardner, Ogilvie and others. The document is dated Bingham Kanyon, Sept 17, 1863.

In 1886 he spent several months in Mexico to escape the federal marshals, who were on the trail of polygamists. In 1889 he moved to Star Valley, Wyoming, to escape the persecution. From this time his family were spread across three locations - Spanish Fork, Utah; West Jordan, Utah; and Afton, Wyoming.

Each of Archibald's wives had a home and acreage in West Jordan. Some of those houses are still standing. There are more than 20,000 descendants of Archibald and wives, living in every state except Delaware and in 22 countries.

Excerpts from Eagle Newspapers, 17 Nov 1994 by Olga Milius

Archibald Gardner Blogspot


Robert Gardner (1781 - 1855)

Margaret Calinder Gardner (1777 - 1862)


Abigail Bradford Sprague Gardner (1813 - 1879)

Mary Ann Bradford Gardner (1831 - 1864)

Laura Althea Thompson Gardner (1834 - 1899)

Serena Trojussen Evenson Gardner (1822 - 1911)

Sarah Jane Hamilton Howard (1842 - 1924)

Margaret Livington Gardner (1818 - 1893)

Elizabeth Elinor Lewis Gardner (1832 - 1879)

Jane Park Gardner (1834 - 1916)

Harriet Armitage Gardner (1830 - 1866)

Elizabeth Dowding Hall (1851 - 1921)

Mary Larsen Gardner (1850 - 1921)


Robert Gardner (1840 - 1853)

Janet Gardner (1845 - 1846)

Margaret Gardner Smith (1847 - 1884)

Fannie Gardner (1848 - 1879)

Mary Elizabeth Gardner Turner (1850 - 1932)

Lillian Abigail Gardner Gauchat (1850 - 1892)

William Archibald Gardner (1851 - 1852)

Reuben Gardner (1853 - 1924)

George Delos Gardner (1853 - 1922)

Rhoda Ann Gardner (1853 - 1867)

Rachel Maria Gardner Irving (1854 - 1941)

Ann Emmerrette Gardner Egbert (1855 - 1939)

Rawsel Bradford Gardner (1856 - 1929)

John Bradford Gardner (1857 - 1857)

Mary Ann Gardner Bacon (1857 - 1887)

Delila Gardner (1857 - 1937)

Lovina Gardner Naylor (1858 - 1934)

James Hamilton Gardner (1859 - 1952)

Rebekah Gardner Gardner (1859 - 1948)

Joseph Smith Gardner (1860 - 1901)

Robert Bradford Gardner (1862 - 1942)

Laura Althea Gardner (1863 - 1877)

Abigail Jane Gardner (1864 - 1864)

Ellen Jeannette Gardner Bennion (1865 - 1914)

Clinton Albert Gardner (1867 - 1867)

Hyrum Obed Gardner (1868 - 1869)

Royal Gardner (1872 - 1880)

Brigham Ozro Gardner (1872 - 1957)

Andrew Bruce Gardner (1874 - 1963)

Wallace Ward Gardner (1874 - 1912)

Clarence Gardner (1875 - 1959)

Perry Wilburn Gardner (1876 - 1878)

Maintained by: SMS

Originally Created by: Deborah Ballard Anderson

Record added: Jan 06, 2001

Find A Grave Memorial# 5135285

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Archibald Gardner's Timeline

September 2, 1814
February 19, 1839
Age 24
February 1, 1840
Age 25
Brooke Township, Kent (Lambton County), Canada
June 24, 1841
Age 26
Brooke, Kent, Canada West, Ontario, Canada
April 10, 1843
Age 28
Brooke, Kent, Canada
April 9, 1845
Age 30
Brooke, Kent, Canada
March 14, 1846
Age 31
October 6, 1847
Age 33
Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah
April 19, 1849
Age 34
Salt Lake,Salt Lake,Utah
April 26, 1849
Age 34
Millcreek,Salt Lake,Utah