About Aristobulos of Chalcis
Aristobulus of Chalcis was a son of Herod of Chalcis and his first wife Mariamne, hence a great-grandson of Herod the Great.
In 55 AD, he was appointed by Nero as King of Armenia Minor, and participated with his forces in the Roman-Parthian War of 58–63, where he received a small portion of Armenia in exchange. He remained its ruler until the area was re-annexed into the Roman Empire in 72. He appears to have also been vested with the kingdom of Chalcis, and his period as a ruler is dated to 57-92.
He was married to Salome after the death of her first husband, Herod Philip II. With her Aristobulus had three children. Three coins with portraits of him and his wife have been found.
The name "Salome" is given to the stepdaughter of Herod Antipas (unnamed in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark) in Josephus's Jewish Antiquities (Book XVIII, Chapter 5, 4): Herodias, [...], was married to Herod (known as Herod Boethus), the son of Herod the Great, who was born of Mariamne, the daughter of Simon the high priest, who had a daughter, Salome; after whose birth Herodias took upon her to confound the laws of our country, and divorced herself from her husband while he was alive, and was married to Herod, her husband's brother by the father's side, he was tetrarch of Galilee; but her daughter Salome was married to Philip, the son of Herod, and tetrarch of Trachonitis; and as he died childless, Aristobulus, the son of Herod, the brother of Agrippa, married her; they had three sons, Herod, Agrippa, and Aristobulus.
- ^ Tacitus, Annals, XIII.7; XIV.26
- ^ William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, pp. 301-302
- ^ Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, XVIII.5.4
Wagner, Sir Anthony Richard; ‘Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History’
Aristobulus or Aristobulos may refer to:
- Aristobulus I, king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, 104–103 BCE
- Aristobulus II, king of Judea from the Hasmonean Dynasty, 67–63 BCE
- Aristobulus III of Judea (d. 35 BCE), last scion of the Hasmonean royal house
- Aristobulus IV, Prince of Judea (d. 7 BCE), son of Herod the Great and Mariamne, married Berenice, father of Agrippa I
- Aristobulus Minor, son of the above, brother of Agrippa I
- Aristobulus of Chalcis
- Aristobulus of Paneas (c. 160 BCE), Hellenistic Jewish philosopher
- Aristobulus of Cassandreia, Greek historian, accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaigns
- Aristobulus of Britannia, one of the Seventy Disciples, brother of Barnabas