Arthur Howland, Sr., of Marshfield

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Arthur Howland, Sr.

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire, England
Death: Died in Marshfield, (Present Plymouth County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts)
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry Howland, of Fen Stanton and Anne Margaret Howland
Husband of Margaret Howland
Father of Deborah Smith (Howland); Elizabeth Low; Mary Williamson (Howland); Arthur Howland, Jr. and Martha Damon
Brother of John Howland, "Mayflower" Passenger; Margaret Howland; Humphrey Howland; Hannah Howland; Henry Howland, Jr. of Duxbury and 5 others

Occupation: Planter, Freeman, Yeoman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Arthur Howland, Sr.

In Duxbury, MA by 28 Aug 1640.

From Ancestors of Nancy Bonnie Lee May:

Arthur and his brother Henry came in either the FORTUNE in 1621 or the A NN 1623 (per "Certain Comeovers" by Henry Howland Crapo, Vol 1) Their bro ther John was the first of the family to reach America, coming on the ori ginal MAYFLOWER.

Arthur and Henry became Quakers after arriving. Arthur settled in Marshf ield Massachusetts. Three hundred acres of upland in Marshfield were gran ted on July 3, 1638, to Captain Miles Standish and Mr. John Alden "lyin g on the north side of South River, bounded on the east by Beaver Pond, a nd on the west by a brook" which later for a consideration of 21 pounds s terling, was conveyed to Arthur Howland. In 1640, fifty acres additiona l "and some meddow" was granted to him.

On his farm he lived and died, as did five generations of his descendant s. Arthur married the widow Margaret Reed, who outlived him. Arthur die d and was buried on his farm 30 October 1675. Margaret was buried there 2 2 Junew 1683. Arthur and Margaret had a son and four daughters. The firs t daughter was Deborah, who married John Smith Jr. of Plymouth, and was t he ancestor of WINSTON CHURCHILL'S mother Jenny Jerome. Their second daug hter was Mary, who married Timothy Williamson.

Arthur was a man of firmness, uprightness, full of Christian zeal, and t hough not actively interested in the civil affairs of the colony, was gre atly respected for his wealth of character. He accepted at an early day t he doctrines and practices of the Society of Friends, and amidst the pers ecutions of them in the middle of the 17th century, was an earnest, faith ful defender of their faith. His house at Marshfield, it appears, was th e headquaters of the persecuted Friends and he courageously "entertayne d the forraigne Quakers who were goeing too and frow in some of the town s of the goument, producing great desturbance." (from "Howlands in Americ a")

In 1657 the authorities, having forbidden meetings of Quakers anywhere , hearing of an intended meeting at Arthur Howland's home on Sunday, Dece mber 20, went to arrest Arthur but found "noe man at the ouse". At a lete r time he gave himself up and "was comitted to the custiddie of the cheif e marshall". He was fined five pounds for resisting the constable at Mars hfield. Not paying the fines, he was again committed to jail. His case wa s called at the Court of June 1, 1658, on the charge of harboring a Quake r. That trial was held in the John Alden house, before John Alden and thr ee other men. Here, in the Alden house, Arthur Howland was fined, and h e refused to pay, and then, considering his age and infirmities, the matt er was dropped. (He lived 17 more years)

Children of Arthur Howland and Margaret Walker/Reed are:

i. Deborah Howland, born Bef 1629; died Bef 1674; marrie d John Smith. 2855 ii.Mary Howland, born 1629 in Marshfield, MA; died August-2 6-1690 in Buried in Winslow Burying Ground, Marshfield, MA; married (1) T imothy Williamson June-06-1653 in Marshfield, MA; married (2) Robert Stan ford Abt January-1678/79 in Marshfield, MA. 2 Religion: Few families were more identified with the Quakers than those of Arthur a nd Henry Howland . . . . As early as 22 December 1657, Mr. William Colli er and Capt. Josias Winslow, having knowledge of a Quaker meeting to tak e place at Arthur Howland's house in Marshfield, sent Constable John Phil lips of Marshfield to interrupt the meeting and arrest a Quaker leader, R obert Huchin. As Phillips testified, he could not apprehend Huchin, bein g hindered by Howland, who told Phillips 'hee would have either a sword o r a gun in the belly of him.' Seventeen-hear-old Samuel Hunt testified t hat Zoeth Howland, son of Henry, had told him he would not go to a churc h meeting with him 'to hear lyes, and that the devill could teach as goo d a sermon as the ministers.' Henry Howland himself ws disenfranchise d . . . on 6 October 1659 for being an abettor and entertainer of Quakers . 1657 Marshfield, Plymouth County, Massachusetts -------------------- By August 28, 1640 Arthur had come to America and was listed as a "Planter" in Duxbury. -------------------- Brother of Pilgrim John is first heard of as being "of Duxbury in New England, Planter ... 28.6.1640" [28 August]. First mentioned in Plymouth Colony records in November 1640, when he was granted land at North River [now Marshfield]. He was propounded to be a freeman of Marshfield on 1 March 1641/2, where he spent the rest of his life.

In December 1657 he was charged with entertaining a Quaker and inviting others to hear him, as well as enabling him to escape arrest. On 2 March 1657/8 he was fined for holding a Quaker meeting at his house in Marshfield and inviting others to attend. In June 1658 he admitted that he hed done evil in "a writing," which was filled with "seditious, slanderous passages"; this was overlooked on account of his age and infirmities. Charged for nonpayment of the rate for the ministry in October 1669, he was excused for his "age and low condition." ------------------------------------------------------------------------ The Last Will and Testament of Arthur Howland deceased exhibited to the Court holden att Plymouth the seaventh of March Ann Dom. 1675 and ordered by the said Court here to be Recorded: In the name of God amen: I Arthur Howland, of marshfield in the collonie of new Plymouth in New England, yeoman, being weake of body but of sound and perfet memory, praised be Almighty God for the same, Knowing the uncertainty of [man's life] this short life and being desirous to settle that outward estate that the Lord hath lent mee, I doe make this my last will and testament in maner and form following: That is to say, first and principally, I Comend my soule to Almighty God my Creator, expecting to receive full pardon of all my sinnes, and salvation by Jesus Christ my Redeemer, and my body to the earth To be buried in decent maner as to my executrix, hereafter named, shalbe thought meet and Convenient, and as concerning such worldly estate which the Lord hath lent mee, my will and meaning is the same shalbe Imployed and bestowed as hereafter in and by this my will is expressed. Imprimus: I doe revoak, Renounce all and make void all [former] wills by mee formerly made and declare and appoint this to be my last Will and Testament. Item: I will that all the debts that I justly owe any maner of person or persons whatsoever, shalbe well and truely payed or ordained to be payed in Convenient time after my decease by my executrix hereafter named, except only the debt, thirty shillings, which I owe to Edward Wanton, which said debt I will that the same be payed by Timothy Williamson in maner [and time] hereafter expressed. Item: I give and bequeath unto my son Arthur Howland, his heires and assignes for ever, fifty acres of upland and alsoe meddow sufficient to keep six head of Cattle which said Land is now in the tenure and occupation of my said son Arthur, and lyeth next unto John Moshers land, and Runneth fron the boundary marke that the Jury made, which the land of the mee the said Arthur Howland and the said John Mosher To the Ridge Northeast and southwest. Item: I give and bequeath unto my grandchild Assadiah Smith the full sume of five pounds to be payed to her by the heires, executors, and administrators or assigns of my deare wife margarett Howland Imediately after her decease. Item: I Givc and bequeath unto the three brothers of the said Assadiah the sume of five pounds to be equally divided betwixt them and to be payed unto them by the heires, executors, Administrators and assignes of my said wife Imediately after her decease and incase any of the said Children die before by said Wiffe, my will is that the said sume shalbe equally devided betwixt the survivers of thern. Itern: I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Williamson the sume of ten pounds To be payed to her by the heires, executors, Administrators or assignes of my said wife imediately after her decease. item: 1 Give and bequeath unto my daughter Martha, Damon the sume of ten pounds To be payed unto her by the heires, executors, administrators or assignes of my said wife Imediately after her decease. Item: I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth Low the sume of ten Pounds to be payed To her by the heires, executors, administrators or assignes of my said wile Irnediately after her decease. Item: I Give and bequeath unto my wifes Grandchild Mary Walker the full sume of ten poonds to be payed unto her by the heires, executors, Administrators or assignes of my said wife Imediately after her decease. Item. I Give and bequeath unto my Grandchild Timothy Williamson, his heires and assignes for ever, after my said wifes decease a Piece of meddow in the Township of Marshfeild aforesaid Containing f[ive?] acres be the Same more or lesse that lyetb between a Certaine Creek that comes out of the River there and a Great Rocke that stands in the Marrsh, hee paying unto Edward Wanton, his executors or assignes, for the term of three years next after hee comes to enjoy the said meddow the sume of ten shillings per annum. Item: I Give and bequeath the full Remainder of Reall and personall estate whatsoever it is or whatsoever it may he found unto my deare and welbeloved wife Margarett Howland and to her heires, Executors, Administrators and assignes for ever, And doe hereby Nominate, Constitute and appoint my said wife the sole executrix of this my last will and testament, In Witnes whereof whereof I, the said Arthur Howland, have hereunto sett my hand and seale the third day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred seventy and foure, Ann. Regni Regis, Caroli Secundi nunc Anglia.

Arthur Howland senior

Signed, sealed and published by Arthur HowlandAnd a seale as his last will and Testament in the presence of us And was att the time of the ensealing Edward Pelhams acknowledged before Resolved White*Josiah Winslow Govnor.

Memorandum that before the signeing of this will by the Testator hee Revoaked the bequest of five acres more or lesse of Meddow above mentioned, Intended to have been Given to his Grandchild Timothy Williamson. -------------------- ancestor to Winston Churchill

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Arthur Howland, Sr., of Marshfield's Timeline

1602
January 16, 1602
Holy Trinity, Ely, Cambridge, England
January 16, 1602
Holy Trinity, Ely, Cambridge, England
January 16, 1602
Holy Trinity, Ely, Cambridge, England
January 1602
Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire, England
1623
July 1623
Age 21
Plymouth, MA, USA
1625
1625
Age 23
Marshfield, (Present Plymouth County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1627
1627
Age 25
Marshfield, (Present Plymouth County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1629
1629
Age 27
England
1632
1632
Age 30
Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire), England, (Present UK)
1633
1633
Age 31
Marshfield, (Present Plymouth County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)