Arthur II de Dreux, duc de Bretagne

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Arthur de Dreux, Earl of Richmond

Also Known As: "Arzhur", "Arthur", "Duke of Brittany"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rennes, Ille-Et-Vilaine, France
Death: Died in France
Place of Burial: Cordeliers, Vannes, Brittany, France
Immediate Family:

Son of John II, Duke of Brittany and Beatrice of England, Countess of Richmond
Husband of Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Montfort, Queen consort of Scots and Marie, vicomtesse de Limoges
Father of Jean IV de Montfort, duc de Bretagne; Béatrix de Dreux; Alix de Bretagne; Jeanne de Bretagne; Marie de Monfort and 4 others
Brother of Joan de Richmond; Jean de Dreux, Earl of Richmond; Marie de Bretagne; Blanche de Dreux, dame de Brie-Comte-Robert; Pierre de Bretagne, Vicomte de Leon and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Arthur II de Dreux, duc de Bretagne

Arthur II de Bretagne (1262-1312)

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Arthur II, Duke of Brittany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arthur II (July 2, 1262 – August 27, 1312), of the House of Dreux, was Duke of Brittany from 1305 to his death. He was the first son of John II and Beatrice, daughter of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence.

After he inherited the ducal throne, he gave his brother John their father's English earldom of Richmond.

As duke, Arthur was independent of the French crown. He divided his duchy into eight "battles": Leon, Kernev, Landreger, Penteur, Gwened, Naoned, Roazhon, and Sant Malou. In 1309, he convoked the first estates general (the ancestor of the Breton parliament) in Brittany. It was the first time in French history that the third estate was represented.

Arthur died at Château de L'Isle and was interred in a marble tomb of the cordeliers of Vannes. The tomb was vandalised during the French Revolution, but repaired and is on display today.

Marriages and children

In 1275, Arthur married Mary, Viscountess of Limoges, daughter of Gui VI, Viscount of Limoges and Margaret, Lady of Molinot. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy and his first wife Yolande of Dreux. They were parents of three children:

John III, Duke of Brittany (March 8, 1286 - April 30, 1341).

Guy de Dreux, Count of Penthievre (1287 - 1331). Father of Joanna of Dreux.

Pierre de Dreux (1289 - 1312).

Mary died in 1291. In May, 1292, Arthur was re-married to Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Montfort, daughter of Robert IV, Count of Dreux and Beatrice de Montfort. They were parents of seven children:

Jeanne de Dreux (1294 - 1363). Married Robert, Lord de Cassell.

John IV, Duke of Brittany (1295 - September 16, 1345).

Beatrice de Dreux (1295 - 1384). Married Guy X, Lord of Laval.

Jeanne de Dreux (1296 - 1364). Married Robert, Count of Marle.

Alice de Dreux (1297 - 1377). Married Bouchard VI, Count of Vendôme.

Blanche de Dreux (born c. 1300). Considered to have died young.

Marie de Dreux (1302 - 1371). A nun.

Ancestors

Arthur's ancestors in three generations'

Arthur II, Duke of Brittany Father:

John II, Duke of Brittany Paternal Grandfather:

John I, Duke of Brittany Paternal Great-Grandfather:

Peter I, Duke of Brittany

Paternal Great-grandmother:

Alix, Duchess of Brittany

Paternal Grandmother:

Blanche of Navarre. Paternal Great-Grandfather:

Theobald I of Navarre

Paternal Great-Grandmother:

Agnes of Beaujeu

Mother:

Beatrice of England Maternal Grandfather:

Henry III of England Maternal Great-Grandfather:

John of England

Maternal Great-Grandmother:

Isabella of Angoulême

Maternal Grandmother:

Eleanor of Provence Maternal Great-grandfather:

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence

Maternal Great-Grandmother:

Beatrice of Savoy

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Arthur II de Dreux, duc de Bretagne's Timeline

1262
July 2, 1262
Rennes, Ille-Et-Vilaine, France
1286
March 8, 1286
Age 23
Champtoceaux, Pays de la Loire, France
1287
1287
Age 24
Brittany, France
1293
1293
Age 30
Hennebont, Brittany, France
1294
1294
Age 31
1295
December 7, 1295
Age 33
Bretagne,France
1296
1296
Age 33
1297
1297
Age 34
Bretagne, France
1300
July 18, 1300
Age 38
Bretagne, Indre, France
1302
1302
Age 39
Bretagne, Indre, France