Asbjørn Edvin Sunde
|Birthplace:||Rørvik i Vikna, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway|
|Death:||Died in Oslo, Norway|
|Managed by:||Martin Severin Eriksen|
About Asbjørn Edvin Sunde
Asbjørn Sunde, Asbjørn Edvin Sunde, Dekknavn “Osvald” Og “Knut”, født 12. desember 1909, fødested Rørvik i Vikna, Nord-Trøndelag, død 23. april 1985, dødssted Oslo. Sjømann, motstandsmann og spion. Foreldre: Skomaker og fisker Anton Sunde, Nord-Fosen (1876–1943) og Emma Sørensen, Balsfjord (1881–1920).
Sunde was a volunteer in the Spanish Civil War in 1937/1938, where he achieved experience as a saboteur and partisan. From 1938 he was the leader of the Norwegian branch of Ernst Wollweber's secret sabotage organization, whose actions were directed against Fascist-controlled shipping. The Wollweber League had been established as an initiative of the Soviet NKVD.
Following the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, Sunde's group initiated sabotage activities in Norway. The group was responsible for some 200 known actions between July 1941 and July 1944, dominating sabotage activity in Norway during this period. One of Sunde's cover names was Osvald, and his group became known as the Osvald Group (Osvald-gruppen).
According to historian Lars Borgersrud, Sunde's renown as an aggressive and daring saboteur, led other resistance organisations to approach him to carry out particularly delicate missions. After attacking the Oslo and Aker offices of the State Police 21 August 1942, a reward of 50,000 NOK was offered for information that would lead to his capture.
After the war Sunde wrote the book Menn i mørket (1947) (Men in the Darkness), describing his wartime activities. Neither Sunde nor his organization received any award or recognition from the post-war Norwegian government for their contributions during the war, due to the political climate at the time, and the group's relation to the Soviet secret police organisation, the NKVD.
The more famous and acknowledged partisan Gunnar Sønsteby unsuccessfully spoke in favour of giving Sunde a war pension, which was given to both the merchant sailors and the military branch of the resistance. Sunde died without receiving any official recognition for his war-time contributions to Norway.