August Posti (1871 - 1943)

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Birthdate:
Death: Died in Canada
Managed by: Andre Leet
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About August Posti

Esimesed (Hellenurme) külast väljarändajad, Ameerikasse, tsaari ajal olid: 1900 aastal August Posti oma perekonnaga, hiljem Hendrik Palu, Paul Meltsas, Kristjan Käppa ja Jaan Huik. http://www.palupera.ee/content/view/29/

The trio1 who at the turn of the century were the founders establishing the Sylvan Lake and Medicine Valley (Alberta) Estonian settlement came from South Estonia. August Posti came from the Tani farm in the parish of Rõngu, in the township of Hellenurme, in the province of Tartu. He attended confirmation classes in Rõngu in 1888 and was married there in 1897.

In February of 1902 August Posti sold off his belongings and farm animals in Estonia. This gave him 151 roubles and 60 kopecks. To this he added his bank savings (316 roubles 40 kopecks) and sums received from other individuals as well as paid up loans (146 roubles) which gave him 613 roubles. From this amount he paid 363 roubles 40 kopecks for his trip to America (two adults and two children aged four and two) of which 316 roubles was for tickets and 47 roubles for other expenses. By March 17th he was on the shores of Sylvan Lake and had joined the collective farm on March 31st.

Significant personal diaries and financial records of only one of the first settlers in Medicine Valley have been preserved, those of August Posti. Fortunately the material has been well kept in the hands of his children, despite being in scattered places.

http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/pdf/MedicineValleyEstonianSettlement.pdf

August Posti oli esimene, kes võttis välja oma "homstüki" ehk asundustalu loa (10. veebr. 1903) ja viis aastat hiljem oli ka tema esimene eestlane, kes sai maa pärisomanikuks. Oligi viimane aeg asunduse rajamiseks selles piirkonnas, sest nii Ida-Kanadast, ülemeremaadest ja Ühendriikidest, kus tasuta riigimaa oli lõpukorral juba 1890, oli sisserändajate vool kasvamas. Medicine'i oru eesti asundusest kagu poole oli samal ajal kujunemas suur Ühendriikidest ületulnud soomlaste asundus. http://www.eesti.ca/ajalugu/et/2.html

August Posti followed in the footsteps of many of his fellow Estonians by immigrating to Canada in the first few years of the 20th century. Accompanying August was his wife, Miili, and their two small children, Hugo and Anna. August desperately wanted to escape the unjust economic conditions present in Estonia. The open prairies of Canada seemed like a favourable opportunity. The Posti family travelled to Riga, Latvia then to Liverpool and eventually arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia. They travelled by train to Red Deer where they were greeted by members of the Kingsep, Kask and Walters family.

August soon found an agreeable piece of land adjacent to the Medicine River. The surrounding spruce trees were used to build a sturdy log house. A small garden of turnips, carrots, potatoes, beets and cabbage was planted. August worked for the Canadian Pacific Railway during the winter months while Emillie tended to the livestock. She also spun wool to knit mittens and stockings. Money from the sale of churned butter was used to purchase salt, flour and dried fruit. August cleared additional land when possible, increasing space for the planting of rye, barley, oats and flax fields.

The Posti family increased to four boys and two girls: Hugo, Anna, Olga, Karl, Henry, and Rudolph. All of the children were responsible for learning household chores and farming tasks. They were careful observers of the natural environment around them, often sharing stories about the life cycles of organisms living in their pond. August was a firm believer in community endeavors. He believed that any enterprise completed cooperatively garnered a minimal output from each individual while yielding the greatest good to the greatest number of people. This was exemplified by the completion of the Estonian school. A community project, the school was constructed by a number of different people and established an educational facility for all children living in the vicinity.

August Posti enjoyed entertaining guests at his home. Deliberations were often held in the Posti living room and attempted to resolve various agricultural issues. August passed away in 1943 and Emillie in 1945. They are buried in the Gilby Cemetery.

Source: http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/people/first/posti.html

As the Sylvan Lake area became densely settled, Estonians began to seek new lands. They chose Medicine Valley near Eckville, 24 miles to the west. The settlement was founded by Hendrik Kingsep and August Posti, who left Livonia on October 26, 1902. http://www.eesti.ca/ajalugu/en/1.html

Kanada eestlaste ajalugu (http://www.eesti.ca/ajalugu/et/2.html) kirjutab nii: ""Uue Ilma" kommunistlik kihutust;; hakkas eriti vilja kandma pärast seda, kui võimu haaranud Nõukogude Venemaa asus endisi väljarändajaid ja pagulasi tagasi kodumaale kutsuma. Sõja ajal oli "Uue lima" Kanadasse toomine keelatud ja mõned lugejad said isegi karistuse osaliseks, ent pärast sõda hakkasid New Yorgi eesti pahempoolsed organiseerima ümberasumist esimesse eesti põllutöökommuuni "Koit" Venesse, Kubanimaale. Medicine'i orus oli ümberasumismõtte algataja ja ägedaim kihutustöö tegija Hendrik Kingsep. Ümberasumine toimus omal kulul ja minejad olid väga lootusrikkad oma tuleviku suhtes kommuunis Venemaal. Lisaks sissemaksule, mis oli 514 dollarit, ja piletile, 226 doll., tuli kaasa võtta võimalikult palju raha New Yorgist masinate ja traktorite ostuks. Lahkumisel oli küllalt traagikat, sest Henri Muru ja Peeter Koot läksid kumbki perekonnaga, kokku 8 lapsega, kuna vend Jaan Muru läks üksinda, jättes naise Eckville'i. Nad ei tulnud tagasi kas või juba tagasisõidu kalliduse tõttu. Paul Mõttus ja Henri Kinna olid poissmehed, kui nad kahe aasta pärast pöördusid tagasi Kanadasse, said nad sõidupileti siitpoolt. Samuti ka August Posti, kes läks üksinda, jättes naise viie lapsega talu pidama. Suurem ühine ärasõit toimus 1. märtsil 1923 New Yorgist, H. Kinna ja A. Posti järgnesid teistele varasügisel. Esimene tagasitulija aasta pärast oligi August Posti, kellele ta vanim poeg Hugo juba jaanuaris saatis õde Anna rahatagavara 151 dollari eest tagasisõidupileti Moskvast Eckville'i, lisades omapoolse garantii. A. Posti'l tuli kuus kuud oodata Moskvas, enne kui ta sai välja sõita, jättes enese taha purunenud unistuse nimega, "Koit", mis peagi ümber ristiti venekeelseks "Krasnaja Zarjaa" (Punane Koit). Suurte kulutuste tõttu polnud imestada, et ärakadunud ja tagasitulnud isa polnud keegi tervitamas ja talt kodus küsiti öelda muigega: "Noh, kuidas meeldis?"Kolhoositamise episood oli vaid üheks lüliks asunduse ajaloos [18]. Asundus ise elas edasi ja uued tulijad asendasid lahkunuid. "

August Posti left alone to Russia in 1923. Older son Hugo stayed to replace his father i.e. as head of the household. Father returned at the end of September 1924. ... 1924 In September August Posti is the first to return from the “Koidu Collective Farm” in Russia. http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/pdf/MedicineValleyEstonianSettlement.pdf

Article in the Estonian newspaper: http://www.postimees.ee/luup/99/12/elu3.shtm

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August Posti's Timeline

1871
March 27, 1871
1898
January 15, 1898
Age 26
Eesti
1900
June 28, 1900
Age 29
1913
1913
Age 41

The list is an extract from the minutes of the meeting of the Medicine Valley Estonian Society on August 10, 1913 containing the names of the Estonian settlers from Medicine Valley (38) and the four from Sylvan Lake who were likely to participate in building the Society’s Estonian Hall.
Source: http://www.albertasource.ca/abestonians/pdf/MedicineValleyEstonianS... page 9-10

1923
March 1, 1923
Age 51
1943
1943
Age 71
Canada
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