Aurél Dessewffy (1846 - 1928) MP

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Birthplace: Büdszentmihály
Death: Died in Budapest
Managed by: Csaba Somlyódy
Last Updated:

About Aurél Dessewffy

nemesi előneve: cserneki és tarkeői, a Magyar Tudományos Akadémia igazgatóságának tagja, a magyar földhitelintézet és az országos gazdasági egylet elnöke, országgyűlési képviselő, a magyar főrendiház tagja, földbirtokos Budaszentmihályon és Szabolcs vármegyében, az aranygyapjas rend lovagja, a Lipót rend nagykeresztjének tulajdonosa, országbíró, a főrendiház elnöke, az Alsó-Szabolcsi Tiszai ármentesítő társaság elnöke, 1922-től örökös díszelnöke, valóságos belső titkos tanácsos, az utolsó országbíró (1917), az MTA ig. tagja (1883), 1874—1883 között országgyűlési képviselő. Ezt követően a Tisza-kormány ellenzékéhez, Apponyi Albert pártjához csatlakozott. 1906-tól 1910-ig a főrendiház elnöke, majd visszavonul a politikától.

  • English wikipedia;
  • Count Aurél Dessewffy de Csernek et Tarkeő (Hungarian: cserneki és tarkeői gróf Dessewffy Aurél, 1808 - 1842), Hungarian journalist and politician, eldest son of Count József Dessewffy and Eleonóra Sztáray, was born at Nagymihály, county Zemplén, Austria-Hungarian Empire.

Carefully educated at his father's house, he was accustomed to the best society of his day. While still a child he could declaim most of the Iliad in Greek without a book, and read and quoted Tacitus with enthusiasm. Under the noble influence of Ferenc Kazinczy he became acquainted with the chief masterpieces of European literature in their original tongues. He was particularly fond of the English, and one of his early idols was Jeremy Bentham. He regularly accompanied his father to the diets of which he was a member, followed the course of the debates, of which he kept a journal, and made the acquaintance of the great István Széchenyi, who encouraged his aspirations.

On leaving college, he entered the royal aulic chancellery, and in 1832 was appointed secretary of the royal stadtholder at Buda. The same year he turned his attention to politics and was regarded as one of the most promising young orators of the day, especially during the sessions of the diet of 1832-1836, when he had the courage to oppose Lajos Kossuth. At the Pressburg diet in 1840, Dessewffy was already the leading orator of the more enlightened and progressive Conservatives, but incurred great unpopularity for not going far enough, with the result that he was twice defeated at the polls. But his reputation in court circles was increasing; he was appointed a member of the committee for the reform of the criminal law in 1840; and, the same year with a letter of recommendation from Metternich in his pocket, visited England and France, the Netherlands and Belgium, made the acquaintance of Thiers and Heine in Paris, and returned home with an immense and precious store of practical information. He at once proceeded to put fresh life into the despondent and irresolute Conservative party, and the Magyar aristocracy, by gallantly combating in the Vildg the opinions of Kossuth's paper, the Pesli Hirlap. But the multiplicity of his labors was too much for his feeble physique, and he died on the 9th of February 1842, at the very time when his talents seemed most indispensable.

honors - Knight if the Order of the Golden Fleece - Austrian Branch

See Aus den Papieren des Grafen Aurél Dessewffy (Pest, 1843); Memorial Wreath to Count Aurel Dessewffy (Hung.), (Budapest, 1857); Collected Works of Count Dessewify, with a Biography (Hung.), (Budapest, 1887).

References

  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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Aurél, gróf Dessewffy's Timeline

1846
January 16, 1846
Büdszentmihály
1869
October 16, 1869
Age 23
Pozsony
1870
September 10, 1870
Age 24
Büdszentmihály
1871
November 28, 1871
Age 25
Vicenza
1873
March 19, 1873
Age 27
Büdszentmihály
1882
February 13, 1882
Age 36
Budapest
1889
September 2, 1889
Age 43
1928
March 28, 1928
Age 82
Budapest
????
Büdszentmihály