Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton

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Henry Compton, Sir

Nicknames: "Henry Compton", "1st Baron Compton", "Henry Compton 1st Baron Compton"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Compton,Wyngate,Warwickshire,England
Death: Died in Compton Castle,Wyngate,Warwickshire,England
Place of Burial: Compton, West Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Peter Compton and Lady Anne Compton
Husband of Frances Anne Compton and Anne (Spencer) Stanley-Compton-Sackville
Father of William Compton, 1st Earl of Northampton; Agnes Compton; Margaret Mordaunt; Sir Thomas Compton and Sir Henry Compton
Brother of Elizabeth Young and Catherine Compton

Managed by: Debora Ann Baxter
Last Updated:

About Henry Compton, Sir

Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton (14 July 1544 – 10 December 1589) was an English peer and Member of Parliament.

Compton was the posthumous son of Peter Compton of Compton Wynyates and his wife Anne, daughter of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, and a relative of Sir William Compton. He was trained in the law at Gray's Inn (1563). He succeeded his father in 1544 and was knighted in 1567.

He was elected a Member (MP) of the Parliament of England for Old Sarum in 1563 and was appolnted High Sheriff of Warwickshire for 1571-72. In 1572 he was summoned to the House of Lords as Baron Compton, of Compton in the County of Warwick. After his enoblement Lord Compton was one of the peers at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1586.

He married, firstly, Frances, daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, with whom he had one son. He married, secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir John Spencer, with whom he had a further two sons. Lord Compton died in December 1589, aged 51, and was succeeded in the barony by his son from his first marriage, William, who was created Earl of Northampton in 1618.

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  • Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton
  • M, #105357, b. 16 February 1537/38, d. 1589
  • Last Edited=16 Dec 2011
  • Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton was born on 16 February 1537/38.1 He was the son of Peter Compton and Anne Talbot.1 He married, firstly, Lady Frances Hastings, daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon and Catherine Pole.1 He married, secondly, Anne Spencer, daughter of Sir John Spencer and Katherine Kitson, before 1589.2 He died in 1589.1
  • He was also known as Henry Compton.3 He was invested as a Knight Bachelor (K.B.) on 10 February 1566/67 at Arundel House, Fulham, London, England, by Robert, Earl of Leicester.4 He was created 1st Lord Compton [England by writ] on 8 May 1572.1
  • Child of Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton
    • 1.Margaret Compton+5
  • Child of Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton and Anne Spencer
    • 1.Hon. Sir Henry Compton+1
  • Children of Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton and Lady Frances Hastings
    • 1.Sir Thomas Compton d. Apr 1626
    • 2.William Compton, 1st Earl of Northampton+ d. 24 Jun 1630
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] Volume 2, page 2927. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 2.[S9] Charles Kidd and David Williamson, editor, DeBretts Peerage and Baronetage (London, U.K.: DeBrett's Peerage, 1999), volume 2, page 1870. Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1999.
  • 3.[S37] See. [S37]
  • 4.[S48] William A. Shaw, The Knights of England: A complete record from the earliest times to the present day of the knights of all the orders chivalry in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of Knights Bachelors (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1906), volume II, page 73. Hereinafter cited as Knights of England.
  • 5.[S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume X, page 496. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10536.htm#i105357

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  • Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton1
  • M, #55338, b. 16 February 1538
  • Father Peter Compton1 b. c 1510, d. 30 Jan 1539
  • Mother Anne Talbot1 b. c 1515
  • Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton was born on 16 February 1538 at of Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire, England.1 He married Frances Hastings, daughter of Sir Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Lord Hastings, Lt. Gen. & Chief Captain of the army and fleet for service abroad, Constable of Conway Castle, Lord Lt. of counties Rutland, Leicester, Derby, & Warwick and Katherine Pole, circa 1559.1 Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton married Anne Spencer, daughter of John Spencer and Katherine Kitson, after 1574 at of Althorp, Northamptonshire, England.1 Sir Henry Compton, 1st Lord Compton left a will on 17 May 1589.1 He was buried on 10 December 1589 at Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire, England.1
  • Family 1 Frances Hastings b. c 1546, d. 1574
  • Family 2 Anne Spencer d. 22 Sep 1618
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. III, p. 390-1.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1841.htm#i55338

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  • Henry COMPTON (1º B. Compton)
  • Born: 1533 / 16 Feb 1538 / 14 Jul 1545, Compton, Wyngate, Warwickshire, England
  • Acceded: 8 May 1572
  • Died: Dec 1589, Compton, Northampton, England
  • Buried: 10 Dec 1589, Compton
  • Notes: See his Biography. http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/HenryCompton.htm
  • Father: Peter COMPTON of Compton
  • Mother: Anne TALBOT (C. Pembroke)
  • Married: Frances Anne HASTINGS (B. Compton) ABT 1571, England
  • Children:
    • 1. William COMPTON (1° E. Northampton)
    • 2. Thomas COMPTON (Sir)
    • 3. Margaret COMPTON (B. Mordaunt of Turvey)
    • 4. Henry COMPTON
  • Married 2: Anne SPENCER (B. Mounteagle/B. Compton/C. Dorset) AFT 1581
  • Children:
    • 5. Henry COMPTON
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/COMPTON.htm#Henry COMPTON (1º B. Compton)

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  • COMPTON, Henry I (1544-89), of Compton Wyniates, Warws. and Tottenham, Mdx.
  • b. 14 July 1544, posth. s. and h. of Peter Compton of Compton Wyniates by Anne, da. of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury. educ. G. Inn 1563. m. (1) Frances (d.1574), da. of Francis Hastings, and Earl of Huntingdon, by Katherine, da. and coh. of Henry Pole, Lord Montagu, 1s.; (2) Anne, da. of Sir John Spencer of Althorp, Northants. by Katherine, da. of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave, Suff., wid. of William Stanley†, 3rd Lord Monteagle, 2s. inc. Henry Compton II. suc. fa. 1544. Kntd. 1567. summ. to Lords as Lord Compton 1572.
  • Compton’s grandfather, Sir William, died in 1528 leaving an infant son Peter who, still a minor, died in January 1544. Compton himself, Peter’s son, was born some five months later. His extensive estates made the wardship valuable, and Compton was fortunate in having as guardian his mother’s next husband, William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke. Thus, although the estate had to bear two successive minorities, it did not suffer significantly. It was Pembroke who was responsible for Compton’s only return to the House of Commons, where he is not known to have contributed to its proceedings. He was, in fact, a courtier rather than a House of Commons man, knighted by the Earl of Leicester at Arundel House in 1567, listed among several ‘noble men’ who received a grant of wine free of impost, and soon raised to the peerage. He accompanied the Queen to Warwick in 1572, and, some six years later was visited by her at Tottenham. During the Armada crisis, he was required to report at court bringing lances and light horse. ‘A person of florid wit and solid judgment’, he died in 1589. In his will, made 17 May and proved 22 Nov. of that year, he appointed his son and heir William (Earl of Northampton 1618) executor, and Hatton, Burghley and Walsingham overseers. His widow married Robert Sackville, 2nd Earl of Dorset, in 1592 and separated from him in 1608.1
  • In some ways Compton remains an enigma. In a reign during which so few peerages were created it is difficult to see why Compton was singled out, even allowing for his excellent family connexions. His religious affiliations, too, are puzzling. His second wife had Catholic connexions. Compton himself was classified as a Catholic in 1574 in a list connected with Mary Stuart, and by the Jesuit Persons in his autobiography as ‘reconciled’ (to Catholicism) in the summer of 1580 (i.e. within two years of the Queen’s visit to him) and later that year as a backslider in being willing to conform. Another list (of August 1581) has him a papist. Two of Compton’s servants appear among the names of Catholics in a list of about 1586. However, his loyalty was not in question, and, as with a number of other well-connected men, the authorities seem to have turned a blind eye.2
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/compton-henry-i-1544-89

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  • John Mordaunt, 1st Earl of Peterborough (died 1642) was an English peer.
  • He was the eldest son of Henry Mordaunt, 4th Baron Mordaunt, a Roman Catholic kept for a year in the Tower of London on suspicion of complicity in the Gunpowder Plot, who died in 1608. The widow, Lady Margaret, daughter of Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton, also a Catholic, was deprived by James I of the custody of her child John. He was made a ward of Archbishop George Abbot, and educated at Oxford.
  • Taken to court by the king, who was struck by his beauty and intelligence, ....
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Mordaunt,_1st_Earl_of_Peterborough

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Corrected Birth date marked circa 2/16/1538 to 2/16/1537 per Find A Grave - D Howerton

The third son of Peter Compton, Henry inherited extensive estates when his father died in 1544. Compton was fortunate in having as his mother's 2nd husband, William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke as guardian. Although the estate had to bear two successive minorities, it did not suffer significantly.

Pembroke was responsible for Compton's return to the House of Commons, where he is not known to have contributed to its proceedings. He was, in fact, a courtier rather than a House of Commons man. Knighted by the Earl of Leicester at Arundel House in 1567, he was among several ?noble men? who received a grant of wine free of impost, and was soon raised to the peerage. He accompanied the Queen to Warwick in 1572, and six years later she visited him at Tottenham.

During the Armada crisis, he reported at court bringing lances and light horse. ?A person of florid wit and solid judgment?, he died in 1589. In his will, made 17 May and proved 22 Nov of that year, he appointed his son and heir William (Earl of Northampton 1618) executor, and Hatton, Burghley and Walsingham overseers. His widow married Robert Sackville, 2nd Earl of Dorset, in 1592 and separated from him in 1608.

In some ways Compton remains an enigma. In a reign during which so few peerages were created it is difficult to see why Compton was singled out, even allowing for his excellent family connections. His religious affiliations were puzzling. His second wife had Catholic connections. Compton himself was classified as a Catholic in 1574 in a list connected with Mary Stuart. His autobiography, reports he was ?reconciled? (to Catholicism) in the summer of 1580 (i.e. within two years of the Queen 's visit to him) and later that year as a backslider in being willing to conform. Another list (of Aug 1581) has him a papist. Two of Compton's servants appear among the names of Catholics in a list of about 1586. However, his loyalty was not in question, and, as with a number of other well-connected men, the authorities seem to have turned a blind eye.

Henry and his first wife Anne Spencer had one son Henry who married Cecily Sackville.

Sources:

  1. Title: International Genealogy Index
     Note:
     The International Genealogical Index is a partial index to vital records from around the world. Some of the information may have come from microfilm copies of the original records. Because the original records may have been updated by the record custodians, you may find additional, more accurate information in the original records. You may also be able to obtain official copies of the original records by contacting the appropriate record custodian.
  2. Title: International Genealogy Index
     Note:
     The International Genealogical Index is a partial index to vital records from around the world. Some of the information may have come from microfilm copies of the original records. Because the original records may have been updated by the record custodians, you may find additional, more accurate information in the original records. You may also be able to obtain official copies of the original records by contacting the appropriate record custodian.
     Page: Film 6142818 

comptonology pg, 180, 179A: Vol 2 p 340 Comp Peerage

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Sir Peter Compton married Anne, daughter to the Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom he acquired his estate in Upper and Lower Hartshorn. He left it to his third son Henry Compton, Knight of the Bath, who sold it to several, amongst whom the Berkins had a capital messuage called Newhall.

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Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton's Timeline

1537
February 16, 1537
Compton,Wyngate,Warwickshire,England
1560
1560
Age 22
Compton Warwickshire, Lord, Northamptonshire, England
1564
1564
Age 26
Compton, Warwickshire
1565
1565
Age 27
Compton, Warwickshire
1567
1567
Age 29
Compton, Warwickshire
1571
1571
Age 33
Ashby,Berwickshire,Leicestershire,England
1584
May 1584
Age 47
1584
Age 46
Compton, Warwickshire, UK
1589
December 10, 1589
Age 52
Compton Castle,Wyngate,Warwickshire,England
December 10, 1589
Age 52
Compton, West Berkshire, England, United Kingdom