Beatrice Regina della Scala

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About Beatrice Regina della Scala

Beatrice Regina della Scala (1331- 18 June 1384) was an Italian noblewoman, a member of the Scaliger family of Northern Italy. She was the wife of Bernabò Visconti, Lord of Milan, and the mother of his seventeen legitimate children.

[edit] Family

Beatrice Regina was born in Verona in 1331,[1] the youngest child and only daughter of Mastino II della Scala and Taddea da Carrara. She had three older brothers, and five illegitimate half-siblings. Her father, who was a member of the Scaliger family of Northern Italy, was Lord of Verona, Vicenza, Brescia, Parma, and Lucca[1]. Her paternal grandparents were Alboino I della Scala and Beatrice, daughter of Gilberto III da Correggio of Parma, and her maternal grandparents were Jacopo I da Carrara and Anna Gradenigo, daughter of Pietro Gradenigo, Doge of Venice and Tommasina Morosini.

[edit] Marriage and issue

On 27 September 1350 in Verona, Beatrice Regina was married to Bernabò Visconti, son of Stefano Visconti and Valentina Doria. She was nineteen years of age and he was twenty-seven. The marriage welded a powerful political alliance between Milan and Verona. He assumed power as Lord of Milan in 1354, henceforth, Beatrice Regina was styled as Lady of Milan.

Bernabò was a cruel and ruthless despot, and an implacable enemy of the Church. He seized the papal city of Bologna, rejected the Pope and his authority, confiscated ecclesiastical property, and forbade any of his subjects to have any dealings with the Curia. He was excommunicated as a heretic in 1363 by Pope Urban V, who preached crusade against him.[2] When Bernabò was in one of his frequent rages, only Beatrice Regina was able to approach him.[3]

Together Bernabò and Beatrice Regina had seventeen children:[3]

   * Taddea Visconti, Duchess of Bavaria (1351- 28 September 1381), married on 13 October 1364 Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria, by whom she had three children including Isabeau of Bavaria, Queen consort of King Charles VI of France
   * Viridis Visconti (1352- 1414), married Leopold III, Duke of Inner Austria, by whom she had six children.
   * Marco Visconti (November 1353- 1382), married Elisabeth of Bavaria
   * Rodolfo Visconti, Lord of Parma (1358- 1388)
   * Ludovico Visconti (1358- 7 March 1404), married Violante Visconti, widow of Lionel of Antwerp. He had an illegitimate son, Giovanni who left descendants.
   * Carlo Visconti (September 1359- August 1403), married Beatrice of Armagnac, sister of John III of Armagnac, by whom he had four children.
   * Valentina Visconti (1360- 1393), married firstly in 1378, King Peter II of Cyprus, by whom she had one daughter who died in early infancy; she married secondly, Galeazzo, Count of Virtù
   * Caterina Visconti, Duchess of Milan (1361- 17 October 1404), married on 2 October 1380 as his second wife, Gian Galeazzo Visconti 1st Duke of Milan, by whom she had two sons, Gian Maria Visconti, 2nd Duke of Milan; and Filippo Maria Visconti, 3rd Duke of Milan, who fathered Bianca Maria Visconti by his mistress Agnese del Maino.
   * Agnese Visconti (1362- 1391), married in 1380 Francesco I Gonzaga, by whom she had one daughter. Agnes was executed for alleged adultery.
   * Antonia Visconti (died 26 March 1405), married Eberhard III, Count of Wurttemberg, by whom she had three sons.
   * Mastino Visconti (died 1404), married Antonia della Scala
   * Maddalena Visconti (1366- 17 July 1404), married Frederick, Duke of Bavaria, by whom she had five children including Henry XVI of Bavaria
   * Aymonette Visconti, married Louis I de Berton des Balbes
   * Anglesia Visconti (died 12 October 1439), in January 1400 married King Janus of Cyprus, but the marriage was childless and was dissolved 1407/1409; he married in 1411 as his second wife, Charlotte de Bourbon-La Marche by whom he had six children.
   * Giammastino Visconti (1370- 19 June 1405), married Cleofa della Scala, by whom he had three children.
   * Lucia Visconti (1372- 14 April 1424), married Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, the marriage was childless.
   * Elisabetta Visconti (1374- 2 February 1432), married on 26 January 1395 Ernest, Duke of Bavaria, by whom she had five children including Albert III, Duke of Bavaria.
view all 26

Beatrice Regina della Scala's Timeline

1321
1321
Verona,,,Italy
1335
1335
Age 14
Milan, Italy
1346
1346
Age 25
Milan, Milan, Lombardy, Italy
1350
September 27, 1350
Age 29
Milan,Milano,Lombardy,Italy
1351
1351
Age 30
Milan, Milano, Lombardia, Italy
1351
Age 30
Milan, Milan, Lombardy, Italy
1353
November 1353
Age 32
Milan, Milan, Lombardy, Italy
1358
1358
Age 37
Milan, Milan, Lombardy, Italy
1359
November 1359
Age 38
Of,Milano,Milano,Italy
1360
1360
Age 39
Milan, Milan, Lombardy, Italy