Béatrice de Provence, reine consort de Sicile (1234 - 1267) MP

‹ Back to de Provence surname

0

Matches

0
Adds more complete death place, middle name, sibling(s), spouse(s) and child(ren).

View Béatrice de Provence, reine consort de Sicile's complete profile:

  • See if you are related to Béatrice de Provence, reine consort de Sicile
  • Request to view Béatrice de Provence, reine consort de Sicile's family tree

Share

Nicknames: "Beatrix", "**Beatrice //", "of Provence"
Birthplace: Aix en Provence, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France
Death: Died in Naples, Campania, Italy
Occupation: Comtesse de Provence (1245), Comtesse de Forcalquier, Reine Naples & de Sicile (1266-1285)
Managed by: Hanne
Last Updated:

About Béatrice de Provence, reine consort de Sicile

Béatrice de Provence

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9atrice_de_Provence


Béatrice de Provence, née en 1231, morte à Nocera le 23 septembre 1267, comtesse de Provence et de Forcalquier, fille de Raimond Bérenger IV, comte de Provence et de Forcalquier, et de Béatrice de Savoie.

Elle épouse en 1246 Charles Ier (1226 † 1285), roi de Sicile, comte d'Anjou et du Maine, et eut :

  1. Louis (1248 † 1248)
  2. Blanche (1250 † 1269), mariée en 1265 avec Robert III de Dampierre (1249 † 1322), comte de Flandre
  3. Béatrice (1252 † 1275), mariée en 1273 à Philippe Ier de Courtenay (1243 † 1283), empereur titulaire de Constantinople
  4. Charles II de Naples (1254 † 1309), comte d'Anjou et du Maine, roi de Naples
  5. Philippe (1256 † 1277), prince d'Achaïe, marié en 1271 avec Isabelle de Villehardouin (1263 † 1312), princesse d'Achaïe et de Morée
  6. Robert (1258 † 1265)
  7. Élisabeth (1261 † 1300), marié à Ladislas IV (1262 † 1290), roi de Hongrie

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (1234–23 September 1267, Nocera) was the first wife and Queen of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married in 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. Of his daughters, apart from Beatrice, the eldest, Marguerite, had married King Louis and was Queen of France; the second, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and the third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. Louis had originally been married to Marguerite by his mother, Blanche of Castile, in the belief that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier; however, Raymond Berenguer decided to bequeath them instead to Charles, whom he viewed as having the least prospects.

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

Louis (1248-1248)

Blanche (1250-1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322)

Beatrice (1252-1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople

Charles II of Naples (1254-1309), Count of Anjou and of Provence, King of Naples

Philippe (1256-1277), prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), princess of Achaïea and Morea

Robert (1258-1265)

Élisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290)

Beatrice, like her sister Sanchia, would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sancha became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (c.1234–23 September 1267, Nocera Inferiore) was Queen consort of Sicily as the first wife of King Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married on 31 January 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Contents [hide]

1 Family

2 Marriage

3 Issue

4 Death

5 Ancestry

6 Sources


[edit] Family

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. His eldest daughter, Margaret, had married King Louis IX of France and was Queen consort of France; his second daughter, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and his third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. King Louis IX's marriage to Marguerite had been arranged by his mother, Blanche of Castile, with the hopes that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier when Berenguer died. Berenguer, however, left everything to Beatrice. James I of Aragon, in the hopes of uniting Provence and Toulouse, had planned to marry Beatrice but when her father died the French court intervened, by getting the Pope to refuse the marriage.

[edit] Marriage

When Berenguer had died on 19 August 1245, Beatrice became one of the most attractive heiresses in medieval Europe. Various suitors had tried to seize her, so her mother, Beatrice of Savoy, placed the younger Beatrice in a safe fortress, secured the trust of its people then went to the Pope for his protection. In Cluny during December 1245, a secret discussion, between Pope Innocent IV, Louis IX of France, his mother Blanche of Castile and his brother Charles of Anjou, took place. It was decided that in return for Louis IX supporting the Pope militarily, the Pope would allow Charles of Anjou, youngest brother to the French King, to marry Beatrice of Provence. Provence, however, was to never go to France outright through Charles. It was agreed that if Charles and Beatrice had children, the county would go to them; if there was no issue, then the county would go to Sanchia of Provence. If Sanchia died without an heir, Provence would go to the King of Aragon.

Beatrice of Savoy who had been granted the usufruct of the county for her lifetime according to her husband's will, agreed to the marriage between Charles of Anjou and her youngest daughter, Beatrice. Charles, along with Philip of Savoy and five hundred knights, rode from Lyon to Provence. On their way, they ran into Raymond VII Count of Toulouse, who also had an army on the way to Provence. However, Raymond of Toulouse had been deceived by knights in favour of Charles and for that reason he had brought fewer men and Charles and his army were quicker. When Charles got to Aix-en-Provence, James I of Aragon, who had been there all along but was not allowed to see Beatrice, had his soldiers surrounding the castle in which the young Beatrice and her mother were. There was a brief struggle, but the King of Aragon retreated with dignity. To the young Beatrice, Charles, who was described as "an admirable young man", was a satisfactory resolution to her problems. The marriage took place in Aix-en-Provence. They had soldiers on guard and the bride was escorted down the aisle by her uncle, Thomas of Savoy.

As soon as Charles became Count of Provence, he brought in his own team of French lawyers and accountants. He excluded his mother in law from the running of the county and began taking castles, power and fees away from the nobles who had previously enjoyed a certain degree of independence in the running of their cities. Charles made himself very unpopular. Beatrice of Savoy moved herself to Forcalquier in protest and in Marseille, Charles's officials were thrown out of the city. In the family conflict the younger Beatrice sided with her husband.

In May 1247, Charles and Beatrice were recorded as being in Melun where Charles was knighted by his brother Louis. Beatrice accompanied Charles on the seventh crusade in 1248. Led by Louis IX, the crusaders made an extended procession through France. Before they left, Charles and Beatrice met with her mother in Beaucaire to try to come to some terms of agreement concerning Provence. Whilst the more important matters were left until Charles and Beatrice returned, it was decided that Beatrice of Savoy would give up the rights to 'the castle at Aix in exchange for a percentage of the county's revenue.'

Beatrice gave birth to her first child in Nicosia, 'a very elegant and wellformed son', which Robert of Artois wrote home to his mother, Blanche of Castile, about. Beatrice stayed with her sister Margaret in Damietta, when they lost contact with the King and his army, both women gave birth whilst in Damietta. Later in 1250, they were reunited with the rest of the crusade at Acre, were the King's ransom was paid. Charles and Beatrice, along with several other nobles, left soon after. They journeyed to the court of Emperor Frederick II, to ask him to send the King of France more men for his crusade. However, the Emperor, who had been excommunicated, needed his army to fight the Pope, and refused. Charles and Beatrice were then forced to go Lyon to meet with the Pope.

By the time they returned to Provence in 1251, open rebellion had broken out, spurred on by Beatrice's mother, who felt Charles had failed to respect her claims in Provence. However, by July 1252 Charles had managed to defeat the revolt and was in the process of exercising his power as Count of Provence, when in November of the same year, Blanche of Castile died, and Charles and Beatrice had to go Paris, where Charles co-ruled France with his brother, Alphonse. The Pope offered Charles the Kingdom of Sicily in 1252, but Charles had to turn the offer down, as he was preoccupied with other affairs and he also did not have sufficient funds.

The crusade returned in 1254. Charles and Beatrice spent Christmas in Paris that year, where all of Beatrice's sisters and their mother were present, it was noted that the other four women treated the younger Beatrice coldly, due to Raymond Berenguer's will.

Margaret, the Queen of France and Beatrice's sister, publicly offended her in 1259, by not seating her at the family table; she claimed because Beatrice was not a queen like her sisters, she could not sit with them. Margaret had hoped to provoke her sister in treacherous behaviour so she would have a valid reason to invade Provence. Beatrice "with great grief", went to Charles and he reportedly told her " Be at peace, for I will shortly make thee a greater Queen than them".

When the new Pope granted Charles the Kingdom of Sicily, all he had to do was defeat Manfred of Sicily. Another contender to win the throne of Sicily was Beatrice's nephew, Edmund Crouchback, but it soon became clear that Charles was the more promising candidate. In order to achieve his goal, Charles needed an army and Beatrice helped her husband raise one. She called on all her knights as well as the young men of France, and she pledged all her jewels, to make sure they joined her husbands army.

"Beatrice, to aid him (Charles) in the gratification of her ambition, sold all her jewels and personal ornaments, and expended her private treasure in collecting round her standard, not only her own vassals, but the chivalric youth of France , who were attracted to her service not less by her personal solicitations than by her rich gifts." Angelo da Constanzo

Charles went first to Rome, and Beatrice followed with the remaining army through the treacherous Alpine passes, during Autumn. It took them nearly six weeks to reach Rome, but once both Charles and Beatrice were in Rome, they were crowned King and Queen consort of Sicily, on 6 January 1266 .As soon as the coronation festivities had ended, Beatrice stayed in Rome with a small force to hold the city, whilst Charles rode out to the battle of Benevento. After her husbands victory, she chose the castle of Melfi as their residence.

[edit] Issue

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

Louis (1248 - 1248 Nicosia).

Blanche (1250 - July 1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322), by whom she had a son, Charles, who died young.

Beatrice (1252 - 1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople, by whom she had one daughter, Catherine I of Courtenay, titular Empress of Constantinople.

Charles II of Naples (1254 - 1309), Count of Anjou and Provence, King of Naples, married Maria Arpad of Hungary, by whom he had issue. English Queen consort Philippa of Hainaut descended from their daughter, Marguerite of Anjou and Maine.

Philippe (1256 - 1 January 1277), titular King of Thessalonica from 1274 and Prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), Princess of Achaïea and Morea

Robert (1258 - 1265).

Elisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290). Their marriage was childless.

[edit] Death

Beatrice died in 1267, a little over a year after becoming Queen. The cause of her death was not recorded. She was initially buried at Nocera, but Charles later moved her body to Aix-en-Provence were she was laid to rest with her father.

Beatrice, like her sisters, mother and grandmother was known for her beauty. A description of Beatrice said she "set men's hearts thumping and the fingers of troubadours to fevered twanging of lyres. Two of the balladists at the Provencal court were temporarily deprived of reason for love of the entrancing Beatrice", and like her sister Sanchia, she would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sanchia became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

Preceded by

Helena Angelina Doukaina Queen Consort of Sicily

26 February 1266–23 September 1267 Succeeded by

Margaret of Burgundy

[edit] Ancestry

[show]v • d • eAncestors of Beatrice of Provence

                                 

 16. Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona 
 
         

 8. Alfonso II of Aragon   
 
               

 17. Petronilla of Aragon 
 
         

 4. Alfonso II, Count of Provence   
 
                     

 18. Alfonso VII of Castile 
 
         

 9. Sancha of Castile   
 
               

 19. Richeza of Poland 
 
         

 2. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence   
 
                           

 20. Rostain II of Sabran 
 
         

 10. Renier of Sabran   
 
               

 21. Roscie, Dame of Le Caylar and Uzès 
 
         

 5. Garsenda of Forcalquier   
 
                     

 22. William IV of Forcalquier 
 
         

 11. Garsenda of Forcalquier   
 
               

 23. Adelaide of Béziers 
 
         

 1. Beatrice of Provence   
 
                                 

 24. Amadeus III of Savoy 
 
         

 12. Humbert III, Count of Savoy   
 
               

 25. Matilda, daughter of Guigues III of Albon 
 
         

 6. Thomas I, Count of Savoy   
 
                     

 26. Géraud I, Count of Mâcon 
 
         

 13. Beatrice of Mâcon   
 
               

 27. Maurette de Salins 
 
         

 3. Beatrice of Savoy   
 
                           

 28. Amadeus I, Count of Geneva 
 
         

 14. William I of Geneva   
 
               

 29. Matilda de Cuiseaux 
 
         

 7. Marguerite of Geneva   
 
                     

 30. Aimon I, Lord of Faucigny 
 
         

 15. Beatrix of Faucigny   
 
               

 31. Clemence ... 
 
         


[edit] Sources

Her profile in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley

http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/woman/69.html

http://www.amazon.com/review/product/B000VQD7L2?filterBy=addFiveStar

Four Queens, Nancy Golstone, 2007

http://libro.uca.edu/chaytor/hac6.htm

The Plantagenets, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain 1951

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (c.1234–23 September 1267, Nocera Inferiore) was the first wife and Queen consort of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married on January 31, 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Contents [hide]

1 Family

2 Marriage

3 Issue

4 Death

5 Sources


[edit] Family

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. His eldest daughter, Marguerite, had married King Louis IX of France and was Queen consort of France; his second daughter, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and his third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. King Louis IX's marriage to Marguerite had been arranged by his mother, Blanche of Castile, with the hopes that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier when Berenguer died. Berenguer, however, left everything to Beatrice. James I of Aragon, in the hopes of uniting Provence and Toulouse, had planned to marry Beatrice but when her father died the French court intervened, by getting the Pope to refuse the marriage.

[edit] Marriage

When Berenguer had died on August 19, 1245, Beatrice became one of the most attractive heiresses in medieval Europe. Various suitors had tried to seize her, so her mother, Beatrice of Savoy, placed the younger Beatrice in a safe fortress, secured the trust of its people then went to the Pope for his protection. In Cluny during December 1245, a secret discussion, between Pope Innocent IV, Louis IX of France, his mother Blanche of Castile and his brother Charles of Anjou, took place. It was decided that in return for Louis IX supporting the Pope militarily, the Pope would allow Charles of Anjou, youngest brother to the French King, to marry Beatrice of Provence. Provence, however, was to never go to France outright through Charles. It was agreed that if Charles and Beatrice had children, the county would go to them; if there was no issue, then the county would go to Sanchia of Provence. If Sanchia died without an heir, Provence would go to the King of Aragon.

Beatrice of Savoy who had been granted the usufruct of the county for her lifetime according to her husband's will, agreed to the marriage between Charles of Anjou and her youngest daughter, Beatrice. Charles, along with Philippe of Savoy and five hundred knights, rode from Lyon to Provence. On their way, they ran into Raymond VII Count of Toulouse, who also had an army on the way to Provence. However, Raymond of Toulouse had been deceived by knights in favour of Charles and for that reason he had brought fewer men and Charles and his army were quicker. When Charles got to Aix-en-Provence, James I of Aragon, who had been there all along but was not allowed to see Beatrice, had his soldiers surrounding the castle in which the young Beatrice and her mother were. There was a brief struggle, but the King of Aragon retreated with dignity. To the young Beatrice, Charles, who was described as "an admirable young man", was a satisfactory resolution to her problems. The marriage took place in Aix-en-Provence. They had soldiers on guard and the bride was escorted down the aisle by her uncle, Thomas of Savoy.

As soon as Charles became Count of Provence, he brought in his own team of French lawyers and accountants. He excluded his mother in law from the running of the county and began taking castles, power and fees away from the nobles who had previously enjoyed a certain degree of independence in the running of their cities. Charles made himself very unpopular. Beatrice of Savoy moved herself to Forcalquier in protest and in Marseille, Charles's officials were thrown out of the city. In the family conflict the younger Beatrice sided with her husband.

In May 1247, Charles and Beatrice were recorded as being in Melun where Charles was knighted by his brother Louis. Beatrice accompanied Charles on the seventh crusade in 1248. Led by Louis IX, the crusaders made an extended procession through France. Before they left, Charles and Beatrice met with her mother in Beaucaire to try to come to some terms of agreement concerning Provence. Whilst the more important matters were left until Charles and Beatrice returned, it was decided that Beatrice of Savoy would give up the rights to 'the castle at Aix in exchange for a percentage of the county's revenue.'

Beatrice gave birth to her first child in Nicosia, 'a very elegant and wellformed son', which Robert of Artois wrote home to his mother, Blanche of Castile, about. Beatrice stayed with her sister Marguerite in Damietta, when they lost contact with the King and his army, both women gave birth whilst in Damietta. Later in 1250, they were reunited with the rest of the crusade at Acre, were the King's ransom was paid. Charles and Beatrice, along with several other nobles, left soon after. They journeyed to the court of Emporer Frederick II, to ask him to send the King of France more men for his crusade. However, the Emperor, who had been excommunicated, needed his army to fight the Pope, and refused. Charles and Beatrice were then forced to go Lyon to meet with the Pope.

By the time they returned to Provence in 1251, open rebellion had broken out, spurred on by Beatrice's mother, who felt Charles had failed to respect her claims in Provence. However, by July 1252 Charles had managed to deafeat the revolt and was in the process of exercising his power as Count of Provence, when in November of the same year, Blanche of Castile died, and Charles and Beatrice had to go Paris, where Charles co-ruled France with his brother, Alphonse. The Pope offered Charles the Kingdom of Sicily in 1252, but Charles had to turn the offer down, as he was preoccupied with other affairs and he also did not have sufficient funds.

The crusade returned in 1254. Charles and Beatrice spent Christmas in Paris that year, where all of Beatrice's sisters and their mother were present, it was noted that the other four women treated the younger Beatrice coldly, due to Raymond Berenguer's will.

Marguerite, the Queen of France and Beatrice's sister, publicly offended her in 1259, by not seating her at the family table; she claimed because Beatrice was not a Queen like her sisters, she could not sit with them. Marguerite had hoped to provoke her sister in treacherous behaviour so she would have a valid reason to invade Provence. Beatrice "with great grief", went to Charles and he reportedly told her " Be at peace, for I will shortly make thee a greater Queen than them".

When the new Pope granted Charles the Kingdom of Sicily, all he had to do was deafeat Manfred of Sicily. Another contender to win the throne of Sicily was Beatrice's nephew, Edmund Crouchback, but it soon became clear that Charles was the more promising candidate. In order to achieve his goal, Charles needed an army and Beatrice helped her husband raise one. She called on all her knights as well as the young men of France, and she pledged all her jewels, to make sure they joined her husbands army.

"Beatrice, to aid him (Charles) in the gratification of her ambition, sold all her jewels and personal ornaments, and expended her private treasure in collecting round her standard, not only her own vassals, but the chivalric youth of France , who were attracted to her service not less by her personal solicitations than by her rich gifts." Angelo da Constanzo

Charles went first to Rome, and Beatrice followed with the remaining army through the treacherous Alpine passes, during Autumn. It took them nearly six weeks to reach Rome, but once both Charles and Beatrice were in Rome, they were crowned King and Queen consort of Sicily, on 6 January 1266 .As soon as the coronation festivities had ended, Beatrice stayed in Rome with a small force to hold the city, whilst Charles rode out to the battle of Benevento. After her husbands victory, she chose the castle Melfi as their residence.

[edit] Issue

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

Louis (1248-1248 Nicosia)

Blanche (1250-1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322), by whom she had a son, Charles who died young.

Beatrice of Sicily (1252-1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople, by whom she had one daughter, Catherine I of Courtenay, titular Empress of Constantinople.

Charles II of Naples (1254-1309), Count of Anjou and of Provence, King of Naples, married Maria Arpad of Hungary, by whom he had issue. English Queen consort Philippa of Hainaut descended from their daughter, Marguerite of Anjou and Maine.

Philippe (1256-1277), prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), princess of Achaïea and Morea

Robert (1258-1265)

Élisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290). Their marriage was childless.

[edit] Death

Beatrice died in 1267, a little over a year after becoming Queen. The cause of her death was not recorded. She was initially buried at Nocera, but Charles later moved her body to Aix-en-Provence were she was laid to rest with her father.

Beatrice, like her sisters, mother and grandmother was known for her beauty. A description of Beatrice said she "set men's hearts thumping and the fingers of troubadours to fevered twanging of lyres. Two of the balladists at the Provencal court were temporarily deprived of reason for love of the entrancing Beatrice", and like her sister Sanchia, she would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sanchia became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

Preceded by

Helena Angelina Doukaina Queen Consort of Sicily

26 February 1266–23 September 1267 Succeeded by

Margaret of Burgundy

[edit] Sources

Her profile in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley

http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/woman/69.html

http://www.amazon.com/review/product/B000VQD7L2?filterBy=addFiveStar

Four Queens, Nancy Golstone, 2007

http://libro.uca.edu/chaytor/hac6.htm

The Plantagenets, The Magnificent Century, Thomas B Costain 1951

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrice_of_Provence"

Categories: 1234 births | 1267 deaths | Royal consorts of Naples | Royal consorts of Sicily | Countesses of Anjou | House of Aragon | Women of medieval Italy

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Beatrice of Provence (1234 – 23 September 1267, Nocera) was the first wife and Queen of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married in 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. Of his daughters, apart from Beatrice, the eldest, Marguerite, had married King Louis and was Queen of France; the second, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and the third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. Louis had originally been married to Marguerite by his mother, Blanche of Castile, in the belief that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier; however, Raymond Berenguer decided to bequeath them instead to Charles, whom he viewed as having the least prospects.

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

Louis (1248-1248)

Blanche (1250-1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322)

Beatrice (1252-1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople

Charles II of Naples (1254-1309), Count of Anjou and of Provence, King of Naples

Philippe (1256-1277), prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), princess of Achaïea and Morea

Robert (1258-1265)

Élisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290)

Beatrice, like her sister Sanchia, would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sancha became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (1234–23 September 1267, Nocera Inferiore) was the first wife and Queen of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married on January 31, 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. His eldest daughter, Marguerite, had married King Louis and was Queen of France; his second daughter, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and his third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. King Louis IX's marriage to Marguerite had been arranged by his mother, Blanche of Castile, with the hopes that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier when Berenguer died. Berenguer, however, left everything to Beatrice. James I of Aragon, in the hopes of uniting Provence and Toulouse, had planned to marry Beatrice but when her father died the french court intervened, by getting the Pope to refuse the marriage.

When Berenguer had died on August 19, 1245, Beatrice became one of the most attractive heiresses in medieval Europe. Various suitors had tried to seize her,so her mother, Beatrice of Savoy, placed the younger Beatrice in a safe fortress, secured the trust of its people then went to the Pope for his protection. In Cluny during December 1245, a secret discussion, between Pope Innocent IV, Louis IX of France, his mother Blanche of Castile and his brother Charles of Anjou, took place. It was decided that in return for Louis IX suppourting the Pope militarily, the Pope would allow Beatrice of Provence to marry Charles of Anjou, youngest brother to the french King, however Provence was to never go France outright through Charles. Beatrice of Savoy agreed to the marriage, so Charles along with Philippe of Savoy and five hundred knights, rode to Provence. On their way ,they ran into Raymond of Toulouse, who also had an army on the way to Provence,however, Raymond of Toulouse had been deceived by knights in favour of Charles and for that reason he had brought less men and Charles was able to overpower him. When Charles got to Aix-en-Provence, James I of Aragon, who had been there all along but was not allowed to see Beatrice, had his soldiers surrounding the castle the young Beatrice and her mother were in , there was a brief struggle , but the King of Aragon retreated with dignity. To the young Beatrice, Charles who was described as "an admirable young man" ,was a satisfactory resolution to her problems. The marriage took place in Aix-en-Provence, they had soldiers on guard and the bride was escorted down the aisle by her uncle Thomas of Savoy.

Later in May, Charles and Beatrice, were recorded as being in Melun where Charles was knighted by his brother Louis. Beatrice accompanied Charles on the seventh crusade in 1248. She gave birth to her first child in Nicosia 'a very elegant and wellformed son', which Robert of Artois wrote home to his mother Blanche of Castile about. Beatrice stayed with her sister Marguerite in Damietta, when they lost contact with the King and his army, both women gave birth whilst in Damietta. Later in 1250, they were reunited with the rest of the crusade at Acre, were the King's ransom was paid .Charles and Beatrice along with several other nobles, left soon after. They journeyed to the court of Emporer Frederick II, to ask him to send the King of France more men for his crusade. However ,the Emporer who had been excommunicated, needed his army to fight the Pope, and refused. Charles and Beatrice were then forced to go Lyon, to meet with the Pope. By the time they returned to Provence ,open rebelion had broken out, spurred on by Beatrice's mother, who felt Charles had failed to respect her claims in Provence. However, by July 1252 Charles had managed to deafeat the revolt and was in the process of excercising his power as Count of Provence, when in November of the same year, Blanche of Castile died, and Charles and Beatrice had to go Paris, where Charles co-ruled France with his brother, Alphonse.

The crusade returned in 1254. Charles and Beatrice spent christmas in Paris that year, where all of Beatrice's sisters and their mother were present, it was noted that the other four women treated the younger Beatrice, coldly, due to Raymond Berenguer's will.

Marguerite the Queen of France and Beatrice's sister, publicly offended her in 1259, by not seating her at the family table, she claimed because Beatrice was not a Queen like her sisters, she could not sit with them. Marguerite had hoped to provoke her sister in treacherous behaviour so she would have a valid reason to invade Provence. Beatrice "with great grief", went to Charles and he reportedly told her " Be at peace, for I will shortly make thee a greater Queen than them".

When the new Pope granted Charles the Kingdom of Sicily, all he had to do was deafeat Manfred of Sicily. In order to do this , Charles needed an army and Beatrice helped her husband raise one. She called on all her knights as well as the young men of France, and she pledged all her jewels, to make sure they joined her husbands army. Charles went first to Rome, and Beatrice followed with the remaining army through the Alps.Once both in Rome , they were crowned King and Queen consort of Sicily. Beatrice stayed in Rome with a few extra men to hold the city, when Charles rode out to the battle of Benevento. She chose the castle Melfi as their residence.

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

Louis (1248-1248 Nicosia)

Blanche (1250-1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322)

Beatrice of Sicily (1252-1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople

Charles II of Naples (1254-1309), Count of Anjou and of Provence, King of Naples

Philippe (1256-1277), prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), princess of Achaïea and Morea

Robert (1258-1265)

Élisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290)

Beatrice, like her sisters was known for her beauty, a description of her said she "set men's hearts thumping and the fingers of troubadours to fevered twanging of lyres. Two of the balladists at the Provencal court were temporarily deprived of reason for love of the entrancing Beatrice", and like her sister Sanchia , she would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sanchia became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (c.1234–23 September 1267, Nocera Inferiore) was the first wife and Queen consort of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married on 31 January 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Family

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. His eldest daughter, Marguerite, had married King Louis IX of France and was Queen consort of France; his second daughter, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and his third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. King Louis IX's marriage to Marguerite had been arranged by his mother, Blanche of Castile, with the hopes that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier when Berenguer died. Berenguer, however, left everything to Beatrice. James I of Aragon, in the hopes of uniting Provence and Toulouse, had planned to marry Beatrice but when her father died the French court intervened, by getting the Pope to refuse the marriage.

Marriage

When Berenguer had died on 19 August 1245, Beatrice became one of the most attractive heiresses in medieval Europe. Various suitors had tried to seize her, so her mother, Beatrice of Savoy, placed the younger Beatrice in a safe fortress, secured the trust of its people then went to the Pope for his protection. In Cluny during December 1245, a secret discussion, between Pope Innocent IV, Louis IX of France, his mother Blanche of Castile and his brother Charles of Anjou, took place. It was decided that in return for Louis IX supporting the Pope militarily, the Pope would allow Charles of Anjou, youngest brother to the French King, to marry Beatrice of Provence. Provence, however, was to never go to France outright through Charles. It was agreed that if Charles and Beatrice had children, the county would go to them; if there was no issue, then the county would go to Sanchia of Provence. If Sanchia died without an heir, Provence would go to the King of Aragon.

Beatrice of Savoy who had been granted the usufruct of the county for her lifetime according to her husband's will, agreed to the marriage between Charles of Anjou and her youngest daughter, Beatrice. Charles, along with Philippe of Savoy and five hundred knights, rode from Lyon to Provence. On their way, they ran into Raymond VII Count of Toulouse, who also had an army on the way to Provence. However, Raymond of Toulouse had been deceived by knights in favour of Charles and for that reason he had brought fewer men and Charles and his army were quicker. When Charles got to Aix-en-Provence, James I of Aragon, who had been there all along but was not allowed to see Beatrice, had his soldiers surrounding the castle in which the young Beatrice and her mother were. There was a brief struggle, but the King of Aragon retreated with dignity. To the young Beatrice, Charles, who was described as "an admirable young man", was a satisfactory resolution to her problems. The marriage took place in Aix-en-Provence. They had soldiers on guard and the bride was escorted down the aisle by her uncle, Thomas of Savoy.

As soon as Charles became Count of Provence, he brought in his own team of French lawyers and accountants. He excluded his mother in law from the running of the county and began taking castles, power and fees away from the nobles who had previously enjoyed a certain degree of independence in the running of their cities. Charles made himself very unpopular. Beatrice of Savoy moved herself to Forcalquier in protest and in Marseille, Charles's officials were thrown out of the city. In the family conflict the younger Beatrice sided with her husband.

In May 1247, Charles and Beatrice were recorded as being in Melun where Charles was knighted by his brother Louis. Beatrice accompanied Charles on the seventh crusade in 1248. Led by Louis IX, the crusaders made an extended procession through France. Before they left, Charles and Beatrice met with her mother in Beaucaire to try to come to some terms of agreement concerning Provence. Whilst the more important matters were left until Charles and Beatrice returned, it was decided that Beatrice of Savoy would give up the rights to 'the castle at Aix in exchange for a percentage of the county's revenue.'

Beatrice gave birth to her first child in Nicosia, 'a very elegant and wellformed son', which Robert of Artois wrote home to his mother, Blanche of Castile, about. Beatrice stayed with her sister Marguerite in Damietta, when they lost contact with the King and his army, both women gave birth whilst in Damietta. Later in 1250, they were reunited with the rest of the crusade at Acre, were the King's ransom was paid. Charles and Beatrice, along with several other nobles, left soon after. They journeyed to the court of Emperor Frederick II, to ask him to send the King of France more men for his crusade. However, the Emperor, who had been excommunicated, needed his army to fight the Pope, and refused. Charles and Beatrice were then forced to go Lyon to meet with the Pope.

By the time they returned to Provence in 1251, open rebellion had broken out, spurred on by Beatrice's mother, who felt Charles had failed to respect her claims in Provence. However, by July 1252 Charles had managed to defeat the revolt and was in the process of exercising his power as Count of Provence, when in November of the same year, Blanche of Castile died, and Charles and Beatrice had to go Paris, where Charles co-ruled France with his brother, Alphonse. The Pope offered Charles the Kingdom of Sicily in 1252, but Charles had to turn the offer down, as he was preoccupied with other affairs and he also did not have sufficient funds.

The crusade returned in 1254. Charles and Beatrice spent Christmas in Paris that year, where all of Beatrice's sisters and their mother were present, it was noted that the other four women treated the younger Beatrice coldly, due to Raymond Berenguer's will.

Marguerite, the Queen of France and Beatrice's sister, publicly offended her in 1259, by not seating her at the family table; she claimed because Beatrice was not a Queen like her sisters, she could not sit with them. Marguerite had hoped to provoke her sister in treacherous behaviour so she would have a valid reason to invade Provence. Beatrice "with great grief", went to Charles and he reportedly told her " Be at peace, for I will shortly make thee a greater Queen than them".

When the new Pope granted Charles the Kingdom of Sicily, all he had to do was defeat Manfred of Sicily. Another contender to win the throne of Sicily was Beatrice's nephew, Edmund Crouchback, but it soon became clear that Charles was the more promising candidate. In order to achieve his goal, Charles needed an army and Beatrice helped her husband raise one. She called on all her knights as well as the young men of France, and she pledged all her jewels, to make sure they joined her husbands army.

"Beatrice, to aid him (Charles) in the gratification of her ambition, sold all her jewels and personal ornaments, and expended her private treasure in collecting round her standard, not only her own vassals, but the chivalric youth of France , who were attracted to her service not less by her personal solicitations than by her rich gifts." Angelo da Constanzo

Charles went first to Rome, and Beatrice followed with the remaining army through the treacherous Alpine passes, during Autumn. It took them nearly six weeks to reach Rome, but once both Charles and Beatrice were in Rome, they were crowned King and Queen consort of Sicily, on 6 January 1266 .As soon as the coronation festivities had ended, Beatrice stayed in Rome with a small force to hold the city, whilst Charles rode out to the battle of Benevento. After her husbands victory, she chose the castle Melfi as their residence.

[edit] Issue

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

   * Louis (1248-1248 Nicosia)
   * Blanche (1250- July 1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322), by whom she had a son, Charles who died young.
   * Beatrice of Sicily (1252-1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople, by whom she had one daughter, Catherine I of Courtenay, titular Empress of Constantinople.
   * Charles II of Naples (1254-1309), Count of Anjou and of Provence, King of Naples, married Maria Arpad of Hungary, by whom he had issue. English Queen consort Philippa of Hainaut descended from their daughter, Marguerite of Anjou and Maine.
   * Philippe (1256-1 January 1277)titular King of Thessalonica from 1274, prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), princess of Achaïea and Morea
   * Robert (1258-1265)
   * Élisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290). Their marriage was childless.

Death

Beatrice died in 1267, a little over a year after becoming Queen. The cause of her death was not recorded. She was initially buried at Nocera, but Charles later moved her body to Aix-en-Provence were she was laid to rest with her father.

Beatrice, like her sisters, mother and grandmother was known for her beauty. A description of Beatrice said she "set men's hearts thumping and the fingers of troubadours to fevered twanging of lyres. Two of the balladists at the Provencal court were temporarily deprived of reason for love of the entrancing Beatrice", and like her sister Sanchia, she would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sanchia became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (1234–23 September 1267, Nocera Inferiore) was the first wife and Queen of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married on January 31, 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. His eldest daughter, Marguerite, had married King Louis and was Queen of France; his second daughter, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and his third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. King Louis IX's marriage to Marguerite had been arranged by his mother, Blanche of Castile, with the hopes that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier when Berenguer died. Berenguer, however, left everything to Beatrice. James I of Aragon, in the hopes of uniting Provence and Toulouse, had planned to marry Beatrice but when her father died the french court intervened, by getting the Pope to refuse the marriage.

When Berenguer had died on August 19, 1245, Beatrice became one of the most attractive heiresses in medieval Europe. Various suitors had tried to seize her,so her mother, Beatrice of Savoy, placed the younger Beatrice in a safe fortress, secured the trust of its people then went to the Pope for his protection. In Cluny during December 1245, a secret discussion, between Pope Innocent IV, Louis IX of France, his mother Blanche of Castile and his brother Charles of Anjou, took place. It was decided that in return for Louis IX suppourting the Pope militarily, the Pope would allow Beatrice of Provence to marry Charles of Anjou, youngest brother to the french King, however Provence was to never go France outright through Charles. Beatrice of Savoy agreed to the marriage, so Charles along with Philippe of Savoy and five hundred knights, rode to Provence. On their way ,they ran into Raymond of Toulouse, who also had an army on the way to Provence,however, Raymond of Toulouse had been deceived by knights in favour of Charles and for that reason he had brought less men and Charles was able to overpower him. When Charles got to Aix-en-Provence, James I of Aragon, who had been there all along but was not allowed to see Beatrice, had his soldiers surrounding the castle the young Beatrice and her mother were in , there was a brief struggle , but the King of Aragon retreated with dignity. To the young Beatrice, Charles who was described as "an admirable young man" ,was a satisfactory resolution to her problems. The marriage took place in Aix-en-Provence, they had soldiers on guard and the bride was escorted down the aisle by her uncle Thomas of Savoy.

Later in May, Charles and Beatrice, were recorded as being in Melun where Charles was knighted by his brother Louis. Beatrice accompanied Charles on the seventh crusade in 1248. She gave birth to her first child in Nicosia 'a very elegant and wellformed son', which Robert of Artois wrote home to his mother Blanche of Castile about. Beatrice stayed with her sister Marguerite in Damietta, when they lost contact with the King and his army, both women gave birth whilst in Damietta. Later in 1250, they were reunited with the rest of the crusade at Acre, were the King's ransom was paid .Charles and Beatrice along with several other nobles, left soon after. They journeyed to the court of Emporer Frederick II, to ask him to send the King of France more men for his crusade. However ,the Emporer who had been excommunicated, needed his army to fight the Pope, and refused. Charles and Beatrice were then forced to go Lyon, to meet with the Pope. By the time they returned to Provence ,open rebelion had broken out, spurred on by Beatrice's mother, who felt Charles had failed to respect her claims in Provence. However, by July 1252 Charles had managed to deafeat the revolt and was in the process of excercising his power as Count of Provence, when in November of the same year, Blanche of Castile died, and Charles and Beatrice had to go Paris, where Charles co-ruled France with his brother, Alphonse.

The crusade returned in 1254. Charles and Beatrice spent christmas in Paris that year, where all of Beatrice's sisters and their mother were present, it was noted that the other four women treated the younger Beatrice, coldly, due to Raymond Berenguer's will.

Marguerite the Queen of France and Beatrice's sister, publicly offended her in 1259, by not seating her at the family table, she claimed because Beatrice was not a Queen like her sisters, she could not sit with them. Marguerite had hoped to provoke her sister in treacherous behaviour so she would have a valid reason to invade Provence. Beatrice "with great grief", went to Charles and he reportedly told her " Be at peace, for I will shortly make thee a greater Queen than them".

When the new Pope granted Charles the Kingdom of Sicily, all he had to do was deafeat Manfred of Sicily. In order to do this , Charles needed an army and Beatrice helped her husband raise one. She called on all her knights as well as the young men of France, and she pledged all her jewels, to make sure they joined her husbands army. Charles went first to Rome, and Beatrice followed with the remaining army through the Alps.Once both in Rome , they were crowned King and Queen consort of Sicily. Beatrice stayed in Rome with a few extra men to hold the city, when Charles rode out to the battle of Benevento. She chose the castle Melfi as their residence.

Charles and Beatrice had the following children:

Louis (1248-1248 Nicosia)

Blanche (1250-1269), married in 1265 Robert III of Flanders (1249-1322)

Beatrice of Sicily (1252-1275), married in 1273 Philip of Courtenay (1243-1283), titular emperor of Constantinople

Charles II of Naples (1254-1309), Count of Anjou and of Provence, King of Naples

Philippe (1256-1277), prince of Achaïea, married in 1271 Isabella of Villehardouin (1263-1312), princess of Achaïea and Morea

Robert (1258-1265)

Élisabeth (1261-1300), married to Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1262-1290)

Beatrice, like her sisters was known for her beauty, a description of her said she "set men's hearts thumping and the fingers of troubadours to fevered twanging of lyres. Two of the balladists at the Provencal court were temporarily deprived of reason for love of the entrancing Beatrice", and like her sister Sanchia , she would eventually become a Queen before her death: Sanchia became 'Queen of the Romans' after the Earl of Cornwall was elected as King; Beatrice became Queen consort of Sicily, after that realm was bestowed upon Charles by the Pope.

--------------------

Beatrice of Provence (c.1234–23 September 1267, Nocera Inferiore) was the first wife and Queen of Charles I of Sicily.

The youngest daughter of Raymond Berenguer IV of Provence and Beatrice of Savoy, Beatrice was married on January 31, 1246 to Charles of France, Count of Anjou and Maine, the youngest brother of King Louis IX of France.

Raymond Berenguer, the Count of Provence and Forcalquier, had four daughters, but no sons. His eldest daughter, Marguerite, had married King Louis IX of France and was Queen of France; his second daughter, Eleanor, had married King Henry III of England, and his third, Sanchia, had married the wealthy Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry. King Louis IX's marriage to Marguerite had been arranged by his mother, Blanche of Castile, with the hopes that he would inherit Provence and Forcalquier when Berenguer died. Berenguer, however, left everything to Beatrice. James I of Aragon, in the hopes of uniting Provence and Toulouse, had planned to marry Beatrice but when her father died the French court intervened, by getting the Pope to refuse the marriage.

When Berenguer had died on August 19, 1245, Beatrice became one of the most attractive heiresses in medieval Europe. Various suitors had tried to seize her, so her mother, Beatrice of Savoy, placed the younger Beatrice in a safe fortress, secured the trust of its people then went to the Pope for his protection. In Cluny during December 1245, a secret discussion, between Pope Innocent IV, Louis IX of France, his mother Blanche of Castile and his brother Charles of Anjou, took place. It was decided that in return for Louis IX supporting the Pope militarily, the Pope would allow Charles of Anjou, youngest brother to the French King,to marry Beatrice of Provence. But Provence was to never go to France outright through Charles. It was agreed that if Charles and Beatrice had children, the county would go to them, if there was no issue, then the county would go to Sanchia of Provence. If Sanchia died without and heir, Provence would go to the King of Aragon.

Beatrice of Savoy who had been been granted the usufruct of the county for her lifetime, according to her husbands will agreed to the marriage between Charles of Anjou and her youngest daughter, Beatrice. Charles along with Philippe of Savoy and five hundred knights, rode from Lyon to Provence. On their way, they ran into Raymond VII Count of Toulouse, who also had an army on the way to Provence. However, Raymond of Toulouse had been deceived by knights in favour of Charles and for that reason he had brought less men and Charles and his army were quicker. When Charles got to Aix-en-Provence, James I of Aragon, who had been there all along but was not allowed to see Beatrice, had his soldiers surrounding the castle the young Beatrice and her mother were in. There was a brief struggle, but the King of Aragon retreated with dignity. To the young Beatrice, Charles, who was described as "an admirable young man", was a satisfactory resolution to her problems. The marriage took place in Aix-en-Provence. They had soldiers on guard and the bride was escorted down the aisle by her uncle Thomas of Savoy.

view all 45

Beatrice di Provenza, regina consorte di Sicilia's Timeline

1234
1234
Aix en Provence, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, France
1246
January 31, 1246
Age 12
Aix-en-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
1248
1248
Age 14
Napoli,Napoli,Italy
1250
1250
Age 16
1252
1252
Age 18
Napoli, Napoli, Italy
1254
January 1, 1254
Age 20
Napoli, Campania, Italia
1256
1256
Age 22
Napoli, Napoli, Italy
1258
1258
Age 24
Of, Sicile
1264
1264
Age 30
of, Sicile
1267
September 23, 1267
Age 33
Naples, Campania, Italy