Benjamin Thompson (1843 - 1884)

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Nicknames: "Shotgun Ben"
Death: Died
Managed by: Doug Robinson
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Benjamin Thompson

http://www.bluffeurope.com/poker-news/en/Columnist/Benjamin-Ben-Thompson-The-Old-West-s-Deadliest-Gunfighter-was-an-Englishman-Part-2_12775.aspx

http://www.frontiergamblers.com/page46.php

Benjamin "Ben" Thompson, born in Knottingley, Yorkshire, England on November 2, 1843. As a child he moved with his parents to Austin, Texas. He initially worked as a printer and subsequently took up gambling as a career. Before he was eighteen he shot and killed a youth and killed a man in a knife fight in New Orleans. Though he enlisted with the Confederacy, he did not leave Texas until near the end of the Civil War. He killed a Confederate soldier and wounded several others, shot a teamster in Austin for allegedly stealing an army mule, and left the state to join Emperor Maximilian's forces in Mexico as the Civil War ended. He then returned to Texas and killed his brother-in-law, Jim Moore, whom he believed was abusing his sister.

Thompson was convicted for the murder and sent in June 1868 to the Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville, where he was held for two years. After his release in 1870 he left Texas for Abilene, Kansas, undoubtedly hoping to change his fortunes. Abilene at that time was a newly expanding boom town that was just beginning to become popular, due to the cattle trade.


In 1871, Thompson opened the "Bulls Head Saloon" in Abilene, with partner Phillip H. Coe. The saloon prospered due to the cattle drives that gave Abilene a steady stream of cowboys passing through who were anxious to drink and gamble. On October 5, Coe was involved in a shootout with town Marshal "Wild" Bill Hickok, in which Coe was killed.

Thompson never confronted Hickok over the shooting of Coe, feeling that Hickok was justified in the killing, and left Abilene shortly thereafter, as did Hickok.

Thompson moved to Ellsworth, Kansas, which also prospered as a cattle-oriented boom town. However, not long after moving there, Thompson's unpredictable and hot-tempered younger brother, Billy, shot and killed Ellsworth's town Sheriff Chauncey Whitney. Billy was not tried in the case, due to the Sheriff having played some part in the gunfight happening, but he and Ben were forced to flee Kansas. 

In 1875, Thompson moved to Fort Elliott, in the Texas Panhandle. There he met and befriended gunman Bat Masterson. When Masterson shot and killed a Cavalry sergeant in a dispute over a woman, Thompson stepped in to prevent other soldiers from attacking Masterson.

After that incident, both Thompson and Masterson were hired by the Santa Fe Railroad to intercede in a right-of-way dispute between that railroad and the Rio Grande Railroad.

After the railway war ended, Thompson returned to Austin, Texas, and opened the "Iron Front Saloon". One of Thompson's main competition businesses was the "Capital Theater", owned and operated by Mark Wilson. On Christmas Eve, 1876, Thompson and friends were at the "Capital Theater" drinking, when a fight erupted involving other patrons. When Thompson tried to intervene and stop the fight, Wilson produced a shotgun. A struggle ensued, during which Wilson fired one blast toward Thompson, missing, after which Thompson fired three shots in response, killing Wilson. Thompson also killed bartender Charles Mathews in that same gunfight, when Mathews produced a gun. Thompson was not arrested, and the shooting, which had numerous witnesses, was ruled justified self defense.

In 1881, Thompson was approached by the city of Austin to serve as City Marshal, a job that he accepted. He reportedly did well in the position, and Austin saw a drastic drop in the rate of crime while he was in office. However, in 1882, Thompson became involved in a dispute with "Vaudeville Variety Theater" owner Jack Harris, in San Antonio, during which Thompson shot and killed Harris, who also was armed. Thompson was indicted for murder, and resigned his position as Marshal. He was tried and acquitted, after which he returned to Austin, where he was welcomed by the citizens, but he did not return to his law enforcement.

On March 11, 1884, Thompson ran into gunfighter and rancher King Fisher in San Antonio. Both men were in town on separate business. The two men, who had known one another for several years, decided to attend a show at the "Vaudeville Theater". Thompson was aware that friends to Harris had threatened to kill him, but he evidently had little concern about the threats.

Fisher and Thompson attended a play on that night at the Turner Hall Opera House, and later, at around 10:30pm, they went to the "Vaudeville Variety Theater". A local lawman named Jacob Coy sat with them. Thompson wanted to see Joe Foster, a theater owner and friend of Harris's, and one of those fueling the ongoing feud. Thompson had already spoken to Billy Simms, another theater owner, and Foster's new partner. 
Fisher and Thompson were directed upstairs to meet with Foster. Coy and Simms soon joined them in the theater box. Foster refused to speak with Thompson. Fisher allegedly noticed that something was not right. Simms and Coy stepped aside, and as they did Fisher and Thompson jumped to their feet just as a volley of gunfire erupted from another theater box, with a hail of bullets hitting both Thompson and Fisher. Thompson fell onto his side, and either Coy or Foster ran up to him and shot him in the head with a pistol. Thompson was not able to return fire, dying almost immediately. Fisher was shot thirteen times and died along side Thompson.

Ben stood about five feet nine inches in height and weighed in later years in the neighborhood of 180 pounds. He was always neat in his dress but never loud, and wore little if any jewelry at any time. He was often seen on the streets of Austin, Texas especially on a Sunday, wearing a silk hat and dressed in a Prince Albert suit of the finest material.


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Benjamin "Ben" Thompson, aka: Shotgun Ben (1843-1884) - Born in Knottingly, Yorkshire, England on November, 2 1843, the Thompson family immigrated to the United States in 1851. Settling in Austin, Texas, Thompson became a printer working for various Austin newspapers. At the age of 15, he wounded his first man, in an argument about his shooting abilities. By 1859, Thompson had moved to New Orleans where he worked for a bookbinder and killed his first man when he saw him abusing a woman. When the Civil War began, he returned to Texas, enlisting with the 2nd Texas Cavalry. After fatally shooting a teamster in an argument in May, 1865, he fled to Mexico.

Returning to Texas , he wounded his brother-in-law who was abusing his pregnant sister and spent two years in the Texas State Penitentiary. Afterwards, he headed to Abilene, Kansas, hoping to change his fortunes. For the next several years he moved about Kansas and Colorado, primarily as a professional gambler and was involved in several shootouts.

Later he returned to Austin once again where he became the city marshal in December, 1880. In 1882, while still serving as an Austin marshal, Thompson quarreled over a card game in San Antonio, where he killed the owner of the Vaudeville Theatre, Jack Harris, allegedly his 21st victim. Though he was acquitted of murder, he was assassinated on March 11, 1884 by John King Fisher, in the Vaudeville Theatre, in revenge for the killing of Jack Harris.

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Benjamin "Ben" Thompson (aka, "Shotgun Ben")'s Timeline

1843
1843
1884
1884
Age 41