Berenguela I 'la Grande' de Castilla, reina de Castilla (1180 - 1246) MP

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Nicknames: "Berengaria of Castile", "la Grande", "**Berengaria //", "The Great", "Princess Berenguela", "Princess of England/Queen of Castile", "Berenguela I la Grande", "reina de Castilla (Geni Tree Match) Too Many Ancestors"
Place of Burial: Burgos, Espana
Birthplace: Burgos, Castille and Leon, Spain
Death: Died in Las Huelgas, Castille and Leon, Spain
Occupation: Queen of Castile and León, Queen of Castile 1217 (abdicated), Princess of Castilla, Queen, Reina de Castilla, reine de Castille, Régente, Reine, de Castille, Reina de Castilla y consorte de León., Queen of Castile, Queen of Castille (Spain), Princess
Managed by: Dominique Robson
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About Berenguela I 'la Grande' de Castilla, reina de Castilla

Berenguela I de Castilla De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguela_I_de_Castilla#

Berenguela I de Castilla (* Segovia, 1 de junio de 1180 - † Monasterio de las Huelgas, Burgos, 8 de noviembre de 1246). Fue Reina de Castilla[2] en 1217 y reina consorte de León entre 1197 y 1204.

Hija primogénita del rey castellano Alfonso VIII y de su esposa, Leonor Plantagenet, era bisnieta de otra Berenguela, la esposa de Alfonso VII de Castilla y hermana de Ramón Berenguer IV de Barcelona, quien introdujo ese nombre catalán en la familia real castellana. Por línea materna era nieta de Enrique II de Inglaterra y de otra importante mujer de la época, Leonor de Aquitania.

En el momento de su nacimiento, Berenguela era la única hija de los reyes, ya que los infantes nacidos con anterioridad no habían sobrevivido, por lo que era la heredera nominal al trono castellano y la convertía en un partido muy deseado en toda Europa.

El primer compromiso matrimonial de Berenguela se acuerda en 1187 cuando pide su mano Conrado, duque de Rothenburg y quinto hijo del emperador germánico Federico I Barbarroja. Al año siguiente, en Seeligenstadt, se firma el contrato matrimonial, tras lo cual Conrado marchó a Castilla, donde en la ciudad de Carrión se celebraron los esponsales y el joven conde fue armado caballero.

El matrimonio no llegó a consumarse, en un primer momento por la edad de Berenguela y después porque los reyes tuvieron en 1189 un hijo varón, Fernando, que pasó a ser designado heredero al trono, lo que provocó que el emperador Federico, al ver frustradas sus aspiraciones hacia Castilla y a pesar de la dote de 42.000 aurii de la infanta, perdiera todo interés en mantener la boda de su hijo, el cual no volvería a encontrarse jamás con Berenguela. Esta solicitó al Papa la anulación del compromiso, seguramente influenciada por agentes externos, como su abuela Leonor de Aquitania, a quien no interesaba tener a un Hohenstaufen como vecino de sus feudos franceses. Pero estos temores se verían posteriormente neutralizados cuando el duque fue asesinado en 1196.

Dos años más tarde (1198), Berenguela se casó en la ciudad de Valladolid con el Rey de León Alfonso IX, pariente suyo en tercer grado (era su tío segundo). De este matrimonio nacerán cinco hijos:

  • Berenguela (1198 - 1235), casada con Juan de Brienne, Rey-regente de Jerusalén;
  • Constanza (1200 - 1242), monja en el monasterio de las Huelgas;
  • Fernando III el Santo (1201 - 1252);
  • Leonor (1202);
  • Alfonso (1203 - 1272), Señor de Molina y Mesa por su primer matrimonio. Se casó sucesivamente con Mafalda de Lara, heredera de Molina y Mesa, con Teresa Nuñez y con Mayor Téllez de Meneses, Señora de Montealegre y Tiedra –de este último enlace nacería la célebre María de Molina, esposa de Sancho IV de León y Castilla–.

Pero en 1204, el Papa Inocencio III anuló el matrimonio alegando el parentesco de los cónyuges, a pesar de que Celestino III lo había permitido en su momento. Ésta era la segunda anulación tanto para Berenguela como para Alfonso, que solicitaron vehementemente una dispensa para permanecer juntos. Pero este Papa fue uno de los más duros en cuestiones matrimoniales, así que se les denegó, aunque consiguieron que su descendencia fuese considerada como legítima.

Disuelto el lazo matrimonial, Berenguela regresa a Castilla al lado de sus padres, donde se dedicó al cuidado de sus hijos. -------------------- Berengaria (Castilian: Berengaria; 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berengaria of Leon, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

Children

Her children with Alfonso IX included:

   * Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210)
   * King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200-1252)
   * Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203-1272)
   * Berengaria of Leon (1204-1237), married John of Brienne
   * Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.

Sources:

1. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of Leon of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, also named Berenguela, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengueala's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia.

Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death.

-------------------- Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; 1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Contents [hide] 1 Marriage 2 Queen 3 Children 4 Ancestry 5 Further reading


[edit] Marriage Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

[edit] Queen When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favor of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

[edit] Children Her children with Alfonso IX included:

Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210) King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died. [edit] Ancestry [show]v • d • eAncestors of Berengaria of Castile

                                 

 16. Raymond of Burgundy 
 
         

 8. Alfonso VII of Castile   
 
               

 17. Urraca of León and Castile 
 
         

 4. Sancho III of Castile   
 
                     

 18. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona 
 
         

 9. Berenguela of Barcelona   
 
               

 19. Douce I, Countess of Provence 
 
         

 2. Alfonso VIII of Castile   
 
                           

 20. Ramiro Sánchez, Lord of Monzón 
 
         

 10. Garcia VI of Navarre   
 
               

 21. Cristina Rodriguez 
 
         

 5. Blanca Garcés of Navarre   
 
                     

 22. Gilbert de l'Aigle, Seigneur de l'Aigle 
 
         

 11. Marguerite de l'Aigle   
 
               

 23 Juliana du Perche 
 
         

 1. Berengaria of Castile   
 
                                 

 24. Fulk V of Anjou 
 
         

 12. Geoffrey V of Anjou   
 
               

 25. Ermengarde of Maine 
 
         

 6. Henry II of England   
 
                     

 26. Henry I of England 
 
         

 13. Empress Matilda   
 
               

 27. Matilda of Scotland 
 
         

 3. Eleanor of England   
 
                           

 28. William IX of Aquitaine 
 
         

 14. William X of Aquitaine   
 
               

 29. Philippa of Toulouse 
 
         

 7. Eleanor of Aquitaine   
 
                     

 30. Aimery I of Châtellerault 
 
         

 15. Aenor de Châtellerault   
 
               

 31. Dangereuse de L'Isle Bouchard 
 
         

[edit] Further reading Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Palgrave Macmillan; 2010) Explores Berenguela's use of authority as both queen and regent, at varied times, for the Spanish thrones of Castile and Leon. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 Regnal titles Preceded by Henry I Queen of Castile 1217 Succeeded by Ferdinand III Spanish royalty Preceded by Teresa of Portugal Queen consort of León 1198–1204 Succeeded by Beatriz of Swabia Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berengaria_of_Castile" Categories: 1180 births | 1246 deaths | Castilian monarchs | Queens regnant | Leonese queen consorts | House of Burgundy-Spain | Hohenstaufen Dynasty | Women of medieval Spain | 13th-century Spanish people | Burials at the Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas, Burgos | People from Segovia | 13th-century female rulers | 13th-century monarchs in Europe | 13th-century viceregal rulers -------------------- Berenguela of Castile From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella. Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, also named Berenguela, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne. When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia. Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death. -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married. Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of Leon, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne. -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married. Statue of Berenguela of Castile in Madrid (1753). Statue of Berenguela of Castile in Madrid (1753).

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing....

[ John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, also named Berenguela,].....

instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia.

Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death. -------------------- From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps07/ps07_137.htm

A strong queen, she administered Castile and supplied her son Ferdinand with troops and provisions during his wars.

References: [PlantagenetA],[Moncreiffe],[AR7],[Paget1] ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguela_of_Castile

Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; 1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Contents [hide] 1 Marriage 2 Queen 3 Children 4 Ancestry 5 Further reading


[edit] Marriage Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

[edit] Queen When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favor of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

[edit] Children Her children with Alfonso IX included:

Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210) King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.

Further reading Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Palgrave Macmillan; 2010) Explores Berenguela's use of authority as both queen and regent, at varied times, for the Spanish thrones of Castile and Leon. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 -------------------- Nació el mes de junio de 1180, en Burgos. Casó en primeras nupcias con Conrrado de Hoenstaufenen, duque de Suabia, en 1188 (este matrimonio fue anulado). Luego casó, en diciembre de 1197, en Valladolid, con Alfonso IX de León (ver Reyes de León), que en primeras nupcias había casado con doña Teresa de Portugal (y, entre estos dos matrimonios había tenido por amante a doña Inés Íñiguez de Mendoza, en la cual tuvo por hija a doña Urraca Alfonso). Alfonso IX y doña Berenguela eran nieto y biznieta de Alfonso VII. Aunque este matrimonio era ilegítimo, el hijo de esta pareja, Fernando III, fue considerado como descendencia legítima. Berenguela murió el 8-XI-1246, en Burgos. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguela_of_Castile -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married. Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of Leon, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

-------------------- Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; 1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Contents [hide] 1 Marriage 2 Queen 3 Children 4 Ancestry 5 Further reading


[edit] Marriage Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

[edit] Queen When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favor of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

[edit] Children Her children with Alfonso IX included:

Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210) King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died. [edit] Ancestry [show]v • d • eAncestors of Berengaria of Castile

                                 

 16. Raymond of Burgundy 
 
         

 8. Alfonso VII of Castile   
 
               

 17. Urraca of León and Castile 
 
         

 4. Sancho III of Castile   
 
                     

 18. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona 
 
         

 9. Berenguela of Barcelona   
 
               

 19. Douce I, Countess of Provence 
 
         

 2. Alfonso VIII of Castile   
 
                           

 20. Ramiro Sánchez, Lord of Monzón 
 
         

 10. Garcia VI of Navarre   
 
               

 21. Cristina Rodriguez 
 
         

 5. Blanca Garcés of Navarre   
 
                     

 22. Gilbert de l'Aigle, Seigneur de l'Aigle 
 
         

 11. Marguerite de l'Aigle   
 
               

 23 Juliana du Perche 
 
         

 1. Berengaria of Castile   
 
                                 

 24. Fulk V of Anjou 
 
         

 12. Geoffrey V of Anjou   
 
               

 25. Ermengarde of Maine 
 
         

 6. Henry II of England   
 
                     

 26. Henry I of England 
 
         

 13. Empress Matilda   
 
               

 27. Matilda of Scotland 
 
         

 3. Eleanor of England   
 
                           

 28. William IX of Aquitaine 
 
         

 14. William X of Aquitaine   
 
               

 29. Philippa of Toulouse 
 
         

 7. Eleanor of Aquitaine   
 
                     

 30. Aimery I of Châtellerault 
 
         

 15. Aenor de Châtellerault   
 
               

 31. Dangereuse de L'Isle Bouchard 
 
         

[edit] Further reading Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Palgrave Macmillan; 2010) Explores Berenguela's use of authority as both queen and regent, at varied times, for the Spanish thrones of Castile and Leon. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 -------------------- Probably born in the summertime. Became Queen of Castile when her younger brother died after a falling tile hit him on the head. Her name aka 'Berenguela' & 'Dona Bereguela'. She & Alphonso were second cousins. -------------------- Wan engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered Marraige to Alfonso IX annulled by Pope because they were second cousins Left Alfonso and returned to father's court in Castile. Succeeded to Caltille throne, and ielded to son, Fernando

-------------------- Berenguela I de Castilla (* Segovia, 1 de junio de 1180 - † Monasterio de las Huelgas, Burgos, 8 de noviembre de 1246). Fue Reina de Castilla[2] en 1217 y reina consorte de León entre 1197 y 1204.

Hija primogénita del rey castellano Alfonso VIII y de su esposa, Leonor Plantagenet, era bisnieta de otra Berenguela, la esposa de Alfonso VII de Castilla y hermana de Ramón Berenguer IV de Barcelona, quien introdujo ese nombre catalán en la familia real castellana. Por línea materna era nieta de Enrique II de Inglaterra y de otra importante mujer de la época, Leonor de Aquitania.

En el momento de su nacimiento, Berenguela era la única hija de los reyes, ya que los infantes nacidos con anterioridad no habían sobrevivido, por lo que era la heredera nominal al trono castellano y la convertía en un partido muy deseado en toda Europa.

El primer compromiso matrimonial de Berenguela se acuerda en 1187 cuando pide su mano Conrado, duque de Rothenburg y quinto hijo del emperador germánico Federico I Barbarroja. Al año siguiente, en Seeligenstadt, se firma el contrato matrimonial, tras lo cual Conrado marchó a Castilla, donde en la ciudad de Carrión se celebraron los esponsales y el joven conde fue armado caballero.

El matrimonio no llegó a consumarse, en un primer momento por la edad de Berenguela y después porque los reyes tuvieron en 1189 un hijo varón, Fernando, que pasó a ser designado heredero al trono, lo que provocó que el emperador Federico, al ver frustradas sus aspiraciones hacia Castilla y a pesar de la dote de 42.000 aurii de la infanta, perdiera todo interés en mantener la boda de su hijo, el cual no volvería a encontrarse jamás con Berenguela. Esta solicitó al Papa la anulación del compromiso, seguramente influenciada por agentes externos, como su abuela Leonor de Aquitania, a quien no interesaba tener a un Hohenstaufen como vecino de sus feudos franceses. Pero estos temores se verían posteriormente neutralizados cuando el duque fue asesinado en 1196.

Dos años más tarde (1198), Berenguela se casó en la ciudad de Valladolid con el Rey de León Alfonso IX, pariente suyo en tercer grado (era su tío segundo). De este matrimonio nacerán cinco hijos:

  • Berenguela (1198 - 1235), casada con Juan de Brienne, Rey-regente de Jerusalén;
  • Constanza (1200 - 1242), monja en el monasterio de las Huelgas;
  • Fernando III el Santo (1201 - 1252);
  • Leonor (1202);
  • Alfonso (1203 - 1272), Señor de Molina y Mesa por su primer matrimonio. Se casó sucesivamente con Mafalda de Lara, heredera de Molina y Mesa, con Teresa Nuñez y con Mayor Téllez de Meneses, Señora de Montealegre y Tiedra –de este último enlace nacería la célebre María de Molina, esposa de Sancho IV de León y Castilla–.

Pero en 1204, el Papa Inocencio III anuló el matrimonio alegando el parentesco de los cónyuges, a pesar de que Celestino III lo había permitido en su momento. Ésta era la segunda anulación tanto para Berenguela como para Alfonso, que solicitaron vehementemente una dispensa para permanecer juntos. Pero este Papa fue uno de los más duros en cuestiones matrimoniales, así que se les denegó, aunque consiguieron que su descendencia fuese considerada como legítima.

Disuelto el lazo matrimonial, Berenguela regresa a Castilla al lado de sus padres, donde se dedicó al cuidado de sus hijos. -------------------- Berengaria (Castilian: Berengaria; 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berengaria of Leon, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

Children

Her children with Alfonso IX included:

  • Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210)
  • King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200-1252)
  • Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203-1272)
  • Berengaria of Leon (1204-1237), married John of Brienne
  • Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.

Sources:

1. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of Leon of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, also named Berenguela, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengueala's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia.

Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death.

-------------------- Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; 1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Contents [hide] 1 Marriage 2 Queen 3 Children 4 Ancestry 5 Further reading

[edit] Marriage Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

[edit] Queen When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favor of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

[edit] Children Her children with Alfonso IX included:

Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210) King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died. [edit] Ancestry [show]v • d • eAncestors of Berengaria of Castile

16. Raymond of Burgundy

8. Alfonso VII of Castile

17. Urraca of León and Castile

4. Sancho III of Castile

18. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona

9. Berenguela of Barcelona

19. Douce I, Countess of Provence

2. Alfonso VIII of Castile

20. Ramiro Sánchez, Lord of Monzón

10. Garcia VI of Navarre

21. Cristina Rodriguez

5. Blanca Garcés of Navarre

22. Gilbert de l'Aigle, Seigneur de l'Aigle

11. Marguerite de l'Aigle

23 Juliana du Perche

1. Berengaria of Castile

24. Fulk V of Anjou

12. Geoffrey V of Anjou

25. Ermengarde of Maine

6. Henry II of England

26. Henry I of England

13. Empress Matilda

27. Matilda of Scotland

3. Eleanor of England

28. William IX of Aquitaine

14. William X of Aquitaine

29. Philippa of Toulouse

7. Eleanor of Aquitaine

30. Aimery I of Châtellerault

15. Aenor de Châtellerault

31. Dangereuse de L'Isle Bouchard

[edit] Further reading Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Palgrave Macmillan; 2010) Explores Berenguela's use of authority as both queen and regent, at varied times, for the Spanish thrones of Castile and Leon. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 Regnal titles Preceded by Henry I Queen of Castile 1217 Succeeded by Ferdinand III Spanish royalty Preceded by Teresa of Portugal Queen consort of León 1198–1204 Succeeded by Beatriz of Swabia Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berengaria_of_Castile" Categories: 1180 births | 1246 deaths | Castilian monarchs | Queens regnant | Leonese queen consorts | House of Burgundy-Spain | Hohenstaufen Dynasty | Women of medieval Spain | 13th-century Spanish people | Burials at the Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas, Burgos | People from Segovia | 13th-century female rulers | 13th-century monarchs in Europe | 13th-century viceregal rulers -------------------- Berenguela of Castile From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella. Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, also named Berenguela, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne. When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia. Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death. -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married. Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of Leon, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne. -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married. Statue of Berenguela of Castile in Madrid (1753). Statue of Berenguela of Castile in Madrid (1753).

Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing....

[ John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, also named Berenguela,].....

instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berenguela renounced her rights to the throne, in favor of her son Fernando. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berenguela helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Fernando to marry a high-born wife, Beatriz (Beatrix) of Swabia.

Berenguela maintained strong connections with her sister Blanca, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Fernando after his first wife's death. -------------------- From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps07/ps07_137.htm

A strong queen, she administered Castile and supplied her son Ferdinand with troops and provisions during his wars.

References: [PlantagenetA],[Moncreiffe],[AR7],[Paget1] ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguela_of_Castile

Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; 1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Contents [hide] 1 Marriage 2 Queen 3 Children 4 Ancestry 5 Further reading

[edit] Marriage Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

[edit] Queen When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favor of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

[edit] Children Her children with Alfonso IX included:

Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210) King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.

Further reading Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Palgrave Macmillan; 2010) Explores Berenguela's use of authority as both queen and regent, at varied times, for the Spanish thrones of Castile and Leon. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996 -------------------- Nació el mes de junio de 1180, en Burgos. Casó en primeras nupcias con Conrrado de Hoenstaufenen, duque de Suabia, en 1188 (este matrimonio fue anulado). Luego casó, en diciembre de 1197, en Valladolid, con Alfonso IX de León (ver Reyes de León), que en primeras nupcias había casado con doña Teresa de Portugal (y, entre estos dos matrimonios había tenido por amante a doña Inés Íñiguez de Mendoza, en la cual tuvo por hija a doña Urraca Alfonso). Alfonso IX y doña Berenguela eran nieto y biznieta de Alfonso VII. Aunque este matrimonio era ilegítimo, el hijo de esta pareja, Fernando III, fue considerado como descendencia legítima. Berenguela murió el 8-XI-1246, en Burgos. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguela_of_Castile -------------------- Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married. Berenguela married Alfonso IX of León in 1198, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berenguela and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berenguela often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Teresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berenguela's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit John's kingdom. Berenguela sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of Leon, instead. Later, on September 24, 1230 when Alfonso died, Berenguela and Fernando acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berenguela's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

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-------------------- Wikipedia:

Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela; 1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Marriage

Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berenguela of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

Queen

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favor of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honor for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Jeanne of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

Children

Her children with Alfonso IX included:

   * Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210)
   * King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252)
   * Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272)
   * Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne
   * Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died.BIOGRAPHY: General Notes:

Princess of ARAGON, Queen of LEON.

BOOKS

Kings and Queens of Europe, Genealogical Chart, Anne Taute and Romilly Squire, Taute, 1989: "Alfonso IX, Son of Fernando II King of Leon and Urraca of Portugal, King of Leon 1188-1230, Mar =2 Berenguela Daughter of Alfonso VIII King of Aragon...Berenguela, Daughter of Alfonso VIII King of Castilla and Eleanor England, Mar (2) Alfonso IX King of Leon, Died 1244."

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1981, Micropaedia, Vol IV, p98, Ferdinand III the Saint: "Born Abt 1201, Died 1252, King of Castile form 1217 to 1252, King of Leon from 1230 to 1252, son of Alfonso IX of Leon, and Berenguela daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile..."

The Story of Civilization, Will Durant, Vol IV, The Age of Faith, Bk V, The Climax of Christianity, Ch XXV, TheRecovery of Europe, Sec XII, Spain, p697: "Fernando III (1217-1252) reunited León and Castile, pushed the Catholic frontier to Granada, made Seville his capital, the great mosque his cathedral, the Alcazar his residence; the Church considered him a bastard at his birth, and made him a saint after his death..."

ANCESTRAL FILE

Ancestral File Ver 4.10 Alphonso IX King of LEON Born 1173 Leon Spain Mar 1197 Berenaria Queen of LEON & CASTILE (8XJ4-Q6) Spain Died 23 Sep 1230 Castile Spain, Ancestral File v4.19 ZJVZ-4G.

-------------------- Statue of Berenguela of Castile in Madrid (1753). Queen of Castile

Berengaria (Castilian: Berenguela) (1 January/June 1180 – 8 November 1246) was briefly queen of Castile and León. The eldest daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, she was briefly engaged to Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, but he was murdered in 1196 before they could be married.

Married in the Castle Doña Berenguela in Bolaños de Calatrava Spain. Berengaria married King Alfonso IX of León in 1197, but this was annulled in 1204 by Pope Innocent III because they were second cousins. Berengaria and Alfonso had five children, including one who died in infancy, and when she returned to her father's court in Castile, she brought her children with her to Otella.

Berengaria often found herself politically at odds with her former husband. Alfonso had two daughters, Sancha and Dulce, by his first wife, Theresa of Portugal, and wished to disinherit Berengaria's children in favor of these daughters. To this end, he invited John of Brienne to marry his eldest daughter, Sancha, and thus inherit his kingdom. Berengaria sabotaged this plan by convincing John of Brienne to marry her own daughter, Berengaria of León, instead. Later, on 24 September 1230 when Alfonso died, Berengaria and Ferdinand acted to set aside the rights of Sancha and Dulce by offering them a lifetime appanage, which they accepted. This was done so that, with Berengaria's aid, he could assume the Leonese throne.

When her brother Henry died by accident in 1217, Berengaria became sovereign of Castile. She soon renounced her crown in favour of her son Ferdinand. Thereafter she served as the king's motherly advisor; according to the Cronica Latina, her "total intent and desire being to procure honour for her son in every way possible". Berengaria helped quell the rebellious nobles, and then arranged for Ferdinand to marry a high-born wife, Beatrice of Swabia.

Berengaria maintained strong connections with her sister Blanche, who was Queen of France. It was Blanche who suggested sending Joan of Ponthieu as a bride for Ferdinand after his first wife's death.

Her children with Alfonso IX included:

Eleanor (1198/1199-31 October 1210) King Ferdinand III of Castile (1200–1252) Alfonso, 4th Lord of Molina (1203–1272) Berengaria of León (1204–1237), married John of Brienne Constance (1 May 1200 or 1205-7 September 1242), became a nun at Las Huelgas, Burgos, where she died. Her great-granddaughter was doña Berenguela Alfonso of Castile, Baroness of Polop.


Further reading: Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile (1180–1246) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages (Palgrave Macmillan; 2010) Explores Berenguela's use of authority as both queen and regent, at varied times, for the Spanish thrones of Castile and Leon. Shadis, Miriam. Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood, 1996

-------------------- Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León was born on 15 August 1171 at Zamora, Spain. Hewas also reported to have been born in 1166.1 He was the son of Fernando II, Rey de León and Urraca de Portugal.1 He married, firstly, Theresa de Portugal, daughter of Sancho I de Bourgogne, Rei de Portugal and Dulcia de Provence, in 1190.1 He married, secondly, Berengaria de Castilla, daughter of Alfonso VIII, Rey de Castilla and Eleanor Plantagenet, circa 1198.1 He and Berengaria de Castilla were divorced in 1209. He and Theresa de Portugal were divorced in 1198.1 He died on 24 September 1230 at age 59 at Villanueva de Sarria.

    Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León succeeded to the title of Rey Alfonso IX de Castilla in 1188.1 He succeeded to the title of Rey Alfonso IX de León in 1188.1

Children of Alfonso IX, Rey de Castilla y León and Berengaria de Castilla

   * Fernando III, Rey de Castilla y León+ b. 1199, d. 30 May 1252
   * Berengaria de Castilla+2 b. c 1198/99, d. 12 Apr 1237
   * Constanza de Castilla b. 1200, d. 1242
   * Leonor de Castilla b. 1202, d. 1202
   * Alfonso de Castilla, Duque de Molina+1 b. c 1203/4, d. 1272

http://thepeerage.com/p10239.htm#i102389

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berengaria_of_Castile -------------------- See http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/25067072/person/12794565835

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Berenguela I la Grande, reina de Castilla's Timeline

1180
June 1180
Burgos, Castille and Leon, Spain
1188
June 1188
Age 8
Anld
1196
1196
Age 15
1197
December 1197
Age 17
Valladolid, Spain
1198
1198
Age 17
1199
August 5, 1199
Age 19
Castilla-León, España
1200
May 1, 1200
Age 19
1202
1202
Age 21
1204
1204
Age 23
León, Castilla y León, España
1246
November 8, 1246
Age 66
Las Huelgas, Castille and Leon, Spain