Berenguer Ramon I 'el Corbat' de Barcelona, XVII comte de Barcelona (c.1000 - 1035) MP

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Nicknames: "of Barcelona", "Raymond /Berenguer/I", "o Corcunda", "the Crooked", "Berengar Raymond I the Crooked", "Barengar", "le Courbé", "also called the Hunchback"
Death: Died in Barcelona, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain
Occupation: conde de Barcelona (1005-1035), Conde de Barcelona, Girona e Ausona, Count, Greve, Count of Barcelona, Comte, de Barcelone, de Girona, d'Ausona, Girona, and Ausona, and Ausona (1018-1035)
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Berenguer Ramon I 'el Corbat' de Barcelona, XVII comte de Barcelona

Berenguer Ramón I conde de Barcelona (1005-1035). Era hijo de Ramón Borrell y de Ermesenda de Carcasona.

En el año 1021 se casó con Sancha, hija de Sancho García, conde de Castilla, con la que tuvo dos hijos: Ramón Berenguer I (1023) y Sancho. En 1027 volvió a casarse, esta vez con Guisla, hija del veguer de Balsareny. Con ella tuvo un hijo, Guillermo (1028).

La figura de Berenguer Ramón tiene una doble vertiente, Por un lado ha pasado a la historia como un hombre ecuánime, Durante su mandato predominó la paz. Sometió de forma pacífica al conde de Urgel, Ermengol; restableció la concordia con el conde Hugo I de Ampurias; y mantuvo excelentes relaciones con Guillermo I de Besalú y Wifredo II de Cerdaña. También mantuvo buenas relaciones con el Papa y el 1032 realizó un viaje a Roma.

Además, viajó en diversas ocasiones a Zaragoza y Navarra para entrevistarse con Sancho Garcés III, rey de Navarra y unificar criterios en las relaciones con los condes de Tolosa. Sus hombres de confianza y consejeros fueron el abad Oliva, el juez Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora y los obispos Pedro de Gerona y Deudado de Barcelona. En el 1025 promulgó un decreto que liberaba a los propietarios de tierras de cualquier vinculación jurisdiccional que no fuera la del condado y los liberó de los impuestos.

Por otra parte, el gobierno de Berenguer Ramón I marcó el inicio del declive del poder condal. Al morir su padre en 1017, Berenguer Ramón aún era menor de edad y su madre Ermesenda actuó como tutora y regente hasta el 1023. Pero cuando Berenguer Ramón llegó a la mayoría de edad no empezó a gobernar en solitario sino que Ermesenda siguió asociada al gobierno.

Según algunos cronistas, el carácter de Berenguer Ramón era débil e indeciso. Además, la política de paz con el Islam iba en contra de los deseos de la nobleza que veían la guerra con la única forma de conseguir gloria y riquezas. Esto hizo que algunos nobles empezaran a actuar al margen del poder condal. Ermesenda, en cambio, era enérgica y decidida e intentó imponer su autoridad sobre otros nobles. Pero su condición de mujer le impidió ejercer como caudillo militar y, por tanto, organizar alguna razia o expedición militar que satisficiera las ansias de poder de los aristócratas.

La desintegración del poder condal se hizo más evidente cuando, poco antes de morir, el año 1035, Berenguer Ramón I repartió sus dominios entre sus hijos: Ramón Berenguer recibió Gerona y Barcelona hasta el Llobregat; Sancho el territorio fronterizo que iba desde el Llobregat hasta la tierra de los musulmanes, constituyendo el condado del Penedés con capital en Olèrdola; y a Guillermo le dejó Osona.

Predecesor: Ramón Borrell Conde de Barcelona 1017 - 1035 Sucesor: Ramón Berenguer I

Obtenido de "http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguer_Ram%C3%B3n_I"

-------------------- He was also known as Count Of Barcelona. He was also known as Berenguer Ramon I -------------------- Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback (in Catalan, Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat; and in Spanish, Berenguer Ramón I el Corvado or el Curvo) (1005-26 May 1035) was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1015 to his death.

He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre.

In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028 and 2 daughters, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and Sibyl who married Henry of Burgundy and was thus an ancestor of the kings of Portugal.

Berengar Raymond as a historical figure is enigmatic, shrouded in incomprehensible contradictions and ambiguities. First, he was a man of peace, and throughout his reign peace ruled. He pacified his neighbours as well, bringing to heel the count of Urgell, Ermengol II. He reestablished amicable relations with Hugh I, count of Empúries and maintained them with William I of Besalú and Wilfred II of Cerdagne. He was a son of the church who maintained relations with the papacy and pilgrimaged to Rome in 1032. On many occasions he travelled to Zaragoza and Navarre to discuss with Sancho III the Great, king of Navarre their mutual stance against the counts of Toulouse. His confidantes and councillors were the Abbot Oliva, the judge Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora, and the bishops Pedro of Girona y Deudado of Barcelona. In 1025, he decreed that the proprietors of entails (men holding land in fee tail) were free from taxation.

On the other hand, the government of Berengar Raymond I marks the beginning of the decline of the comital power in Catalonia. Upon the death of his father (1018), Berengar Raymond was a minor and his mother Ermesinde (Ermesenda) was regent until 1023. But even when he attained his majority, his mother would not relinquish the powers of regency and reigned with him. According to some chroniclers, Berengar's character left some things to be desired. He is described as weak and indecisive. Moreover, his policy of peace with the Moors was a bone of contention with the noblesse, who saw war with Islam as a way of obtaining glory, wealth, and possibly even salvation. This lead some nobles to act outside the count's wishes. Ermesinde, contra her son, was energetic and decisive, intent on imposing the authority of Barcelona on the baronage. But, as a woman, her exercising control of the military was greatly impeded and organising a raid or other expedition to satisfy the itches of the aristocracy was next to nothing.

The obliteration of comital authority became very evident shortly before his death in 1035. Her partitioned his patrimony amongst his sons: Raymond Berengar received Girona and Barcelona as far as Llobregat; Sancho the frontierland from the Llobregat to the Moorish lands, which constituted the county of Penedès with its capital in Olèrdola; and William Ausona.

He died on May 26, 1035 and was buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll. He was succeeded in Barcelona and Gerona by his son by his first wife, Raymond Berengar; in the new county by Sancho, son of his first wife also; and in Ausona by William, son of his second wife. -------------------- Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback (in Catalan, Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat; and in Spanish, Berenguer Ramón I el Corvado or el Curvo) (1005-26 May 1035) was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.

He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre.

In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028 and 2 daughters, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and Sibyl who married Henry of Burgundy and was thus an ancestor of the kings of Portugal.

-------------------- Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback (in Catalan, Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat; and in Spanish, Berenguer Ramón I el Corvado or el Curvo) (1005-26 May 1035) was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.

He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre.

In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028 and 2 daughters, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and Sibyl who married Henry of Burgundy and was thus an ancestor of the kings of Portugal. -------------------- Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.

He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre.

In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028 and 2 daughters, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and Sibyl who married Henry of Burgundy and was thus an ancestor of the kings of Portugal.

Berengar Raymond as a historical figure is enigmatic, shrouded in incomprehensible contradictions and ambiguities. First, he was a man of peace, and throughout his reign peace ruled. He pacified his neighbours as well, bringing to heel the count of Urgell, Ermengol II. He reestablished amicable relations with Hugh I, count of Empúries and maintained them with William I of Besalú and Wilfred II of Cerdagne. He was a son of the church who maintained relations with the papacy and pilgrimaged to Rome in 1032. On many occasions he travelled to Zaragoza and Navarre to discuss with Sancho III the Great, king of Navarre their mutual stance against the counts of Toulouse. His confidantes and councillors were the Abbot Oliva, the judge Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora, and the bishops Pedro of Girona y Deudado of Barcelona. In 1025, he decreed that the proprietors of entails (men holding land in fee tail) were free from taxation.

On the other hand, the government of Berengar Raymond I marks the beginning of the decline of the comital power in Catalonia. Upon the death of his father (1018), Berengar Raymond was a minor and his mother Ermesinde (Ermesenda) was regent until 1023. But even when he attained his majority, his mother would not relinquish the powers of regency and reigned with him. According to some chroniclers, Berengar's character left some things to be desired. He is described as weak and indecisive. Moreover, his policy of peace with the Moors was a bone of contention with the noblesse, who saw war with Islam as a way of obtaining glory, wealth, and possibly even salvation. This lead some nobles to act outside the count's wishes. Ermesinde, contra her son, was energetic and decisive, intent on imposing the authority of Barcelona on the baronage. But, as a woman, her exercising control of the military was greatly impeded and organising a raid or other expedition to satisfy the itches of the aristocracy was next to nothing.

The obliteration of comital authority became very evident shortly before his death in 1035. Her partitioned his patrimony amongst his sons: Raymond Berengar received Girona and Barcelona as far as Llobregat; Sancho the frontierland from the Llobregat to the Moorish lands, which constituted the county of Penedès with its capital in Olèrdola; and William Ausona.

He died on May 26, 1035 and was buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll. He was succeeded in Barcelona and Gerona by his son by his first wife, Raymond Berengar; in the new county by Sancho, son of his first wife also; and in Ausona by William, son of his second wife.

-------------------- Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback (in Catalan, Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat; and in Spanish, Berenguer Ramón I el Corvado or el Curvo) (1005-26 May 1035) was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1015 to his death. He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre. In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028 and 2 daughters, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and Sibyl who married Henry of Burgundy and was thus an ancestor of the kings of Portugal. Berengar Raymond as a historical figure is enigmatic, shrouded in incomprehensible contradictions and ambiguities. First, he was a man of peace, and throughout his reign peace ruled. He pacified his neighbours as well, bringing to heel the count of Urgell, Ermengol II. He reestablished amicable relations with Hugh I, count of Empúries and maintained them with William I of Besalú and Wilfred II of Cerdagne. He was a son of the church who maintained relations with the papacy and pilgrimaged to Rome in 1032. On many occasions he travelled to Zaragoza and Navarre to discuss with Sancho III the Great, king of Navarre their mutual stance against the counts of Toulouse. His confidantes and councillors were the Abbot Oliva, the judge Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora, and the bishops Pedro of Girona y Deudado of Barcelona. In 1025, he decreed that the proprietors of entails (men holding land in fee tail) were free from taxation. On the other hand, the government of Berengar Raymond I marks the beginning of the decline of the comital power in Catalonia. Upon the death of his father (1018), Berengar Raymond was a minor and his mother Ermesinde (Ermesenda) was regent until 1023. But even when he attained his majority, his mother would not relinquish the powers of regency and reigned with him. According to some chroniclers, Berengar's character left some things to be desired. He is described as weak and indecisive. Moreover, his policy of peace with the Moors was a bone of contention with the noblesse, who saw war with Islam as a way of obtaining glory, wealth, and possibly even salvation. This lead some nobles to act outside the count's wishes. Ermesinde, contra her son, was energetic and decisive, intent on imposing the authority of Barcelona on the baronage. But, as a woman, her exercising control of the military was greatly impeded and organising a raid or other expedition to satisfy the itches of the aristocracy was next to nothing. The obliteration of comital authority became very evident shortly before his death in 1035. Her partitioned his patrimony amongst his sons: Raymond Berengar received Girona and Barcelona as far as Llobregat; Sancho the frontierland from the Llobregat to the Moorish lands, which constituted the county of Penedès with its capital in Olèrdola; and William Ausona. He died on May 26, 1035 and was buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll. He was succeeded in Barcelona and Gerona by his son by his first wife, Raymond Berengar; in the new county by Sancho, son of his first wife also; and in Ausona by William, son of his second wife.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguer_Ramon_I,_Count_of_Barcelona -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenguer_Ramon_I,_Count_of_Barcelona

Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona

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Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback (in Catalan, Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat; and in Spanish, Berenguer Ramón I el Corvado or el Curvo) (1005-26 May 1035) was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.

He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre.

In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028. Two daughters have also been tentatively assigned to this couple, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and a Beatrix of Barcelona, married to Henry of Burgundy, an ancestor of the kings of Portugal.

Berengar Raymond as a historical figure is enigmatic, shrouded in incomprehensible contradictions and ambiguities. First, he was a man of peace, and throughout his reign peace ruled. He pacified his neighbours as well, bringing to heel the count of Urgell, Ermengol II. He reestablished amicable relations with Hugh I, count of Empúries and maintained them with William I of Besalú and Wilfred II of Cerdagne. He was a son of the church who maintained relations with the papacy and pilgrimaged to Rome in 1032. On many occasions he travelled to Zaragoza and Navarre to discuss with Sancho III the Great, king of Navarre their mutual stance against the counts of Toulouse. His confidantes and councillors were the Abbot Oliva, the judge Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora, and the bishops Pedro of Girona y Deudado of Barcelona. In 1025, he decreed that the proprietors of entails (men holding land in fee tail) were free from taxation.

On the other hand, the government of Berengar Raymond I marks the beginning of the decline of the comital power in Catalonia. Upon the death of his father (1018), Berengar Raymond was a minor and his mother Ermesinde (Ermesenda) was regent until 1023. But even when he attained his majority, his mother would not relinquish the powers of regency and reigned with him. According to some chroniclers, Berengar's character left some things to be desired. He is described as weak and indecisive. Moreover, his policy of peace with the Moors was a bone of contention with the noblesse, who saw war with Islam as a way of obtaining glory, wealth, and possibly even salvation. This lead some nobles to act outside the count's wishes. Ermesinde, contra her son, was energetic and decisive, intent on imposing the authority of Barcelona on the baronage. But, as a woman, her exercising control of the military was greatly impeded and organising a raid or other expedition to satisfy the itches of the aristocracy was next to nothing.

The obliteration of comital authority became very evident shortly before his death in 1035. Her partitioned his patrimony amongst his sons: Raymond Berengar received Girona and Barcelona as far as Llobregat; Sancho the frontierland from the Llobregat to the Moorish lands, which constituted the county of Penedès with its capital in Olèrdola; and William Ausona.

He died on May 26, 1035 and was buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll. He was succeeded in Barcelona and Gerona by his son by his first wife, Raymond Berengar; in the new county by Sancho, son of his first wife also; and in Ausona by William, son of his second wife.

Preceded by

Raymond Borrel Count of Barcelona

1018 – 1035 Succeeded by

Ramon Berenguer I

This page was last modified on 2 March 2010 at 13:2 -------------------- Berengar Raymond I the Crooked, also called the Hunchback (in Catalan, Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat; and in Spanish, Berenguer Ramón I el Corvado or el Curvo) (1005-26 May 1035) was the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.

He was the son of Raymond Borrell, count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona and his wife Ermesinde of Carcassonne. He accepted the suzerainty of Sancho the Great of Navarre.

In 1021, he married Sancha Sánchez, daughter of Sancho I Garcés, count of Castile, with whom he had two sons: his successor, Raymond Berengar (1023), and a son Sancho. In 1027, he married secondly Guisla of Lluca, with whom he had a son, William in 1028 and 2 daughters, Clemencia who married Ermengol III and Sibyl who married Henry of Burgundy and was thus an ancestor of the kings of Portugal. -------------------- Berenguer Ramón I, conde de Barcelona (1005-1035). Era hijo de Ramón Borrell y de Ermesenda de Carcasona. Es apodado el Curvo (el Corbat, en catalán).

Al morir su padre en 1017, Berenguer Ramón aún era menor de edad y su madre Ermesenda actuó como tutora y regente hasta el 1023. Pero cuando Berenguer Ramón llegó a la mayoría de edad no empezó a gobernar en solitario, sino que Ermesenda siguió asociada al gobierno.

En el año 1021 se casó con Sancha, hija de Sancho García, conde de Castilla, con la que tuvo dos hijos: Ramón Berenguer I (1023) y Sancho. En 1027 volvió a casarse, esta vez con Guisla de Lluça, hija del veguer de Balsareny. Con ella tuvo un hijo, Guillermo (1028).

Durante el mandato de Berenguer Ramón I, generalmente considerado como un hombre ecuánime, predominó la paz. Sometió de forma pacífica al conde Ermengol I de Urgel; restableció la concordia con el conde Hugo I de Ampurias; y mantuvo excelentes relaciones con Guillermo I de Besalú y Wifredo II de Cerdaña. También mantuvo buenas relaciones con el papa y el 1032 realizó un viaje a Roma.

Además, viajó en diversas ocasiones a Zaragoza y Navarra para entrevistarse con Sancho Garcés III, rey de Navarra y unificar criterios en las relaciones con los condes de Tolosa. Sus hombres de confianza y consejeros fueron el abad Oliva, el juez Ponç Bofill, Gombau de Besora y los obispos Pedro de Gerona y Deudado de Barcelona. En el 1025 promulgó un decreto que liberaba a los propietarios de tierras de cualquier vinculación jurisdiccional que no fuera la del condado y los liberó de los impuestos.

Según algunos cronistas, el carácter de Berenguer Ramón era débil e indeciso.1 Además, la política de paz con el Islam iba en contra de los deseos de la nobleza que veían la guerra con la única forma de conseguir gloria y riquezas. Esto hizo que algunos nobles empezaran a actuar al margen del poder condal. Ermesenda, en cambio, era enérgica y decidida e intentó imponer su autoridad sobre otros nobles. Pero su condición de mujer le impidió ejercer como caudillo militar y, por tanto, organizar alguna razia o expedición militar que satisficiera las ansias de poder de los aristócratas.

Poco antes de morir, el año 1035, Berenguer Ramón I repartió sus dominios entre sus hijos: Ramón Berenguer recibió Gerona y Barcelona hasta el Llobregat; Sancho, el territorio fronterizo que iba desde el Llobregat hasta la tierra de los musulmanes, constituyendo el condado del Penedés con capital en Olèrdola; y a Guillermo le dejó Osona. (Fuente: Wikipedia)

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Berenguer Ramon I el Corbat, XVII comte de Barcelona's Timeline

1000
1000
1005
1005
Age 5
Barcelona, Spain
1017
1017
Age 17
inherited, Count of, Barcelona, Spain
1017
Age 17
inherited, Count of, Barcelona, Spain
1017
Age 17
inherited, Count of, Barcelona, Spain
1018
1018
Age 18
Spain
1023
1023
Age 23
1028
1028
Age 28
1029
1029
Age 29
1035
May 26, 1035
Age 35
Barcelona, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain