Berenice, Princess of Judaea

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Bernice (Berenike) III d'Idumée, Princess of Judaea

Birthplace: Italy
Death: Died in Rome, Roma, Italy
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Costobarus, Governor of Idumea & Gaza and Salome I of Judaea
Wife of Aristóbulus IV, Prince of Judaea and Theudion
Mother of Herod Agrippa I; Herod III Pollio, King of Chalcis; Herodias of Judaea; Mariamne III of Judaea and Aristobulus Minor V of Judaea
Sister of Antipater son of Costobarus & Salome and NN daughter of Salome & Costobarus Wife of Helcias Alexas
Half sister of Alexas (ii) Selcias, Temple Treasurer and Antipas, Temple Treasurer

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Berenice, Princess of Judaea

Berenice was the daughter of Salome I, sister of Herod the Great. She married her cousin Aristobulus, who was executed by his father in 6 BC. She was accused of complicity in his murder.

By Aristobulus she was the mother of Herod Agrippa I, Herod III, king of Chalkis, Herodias, Mariamne III and Aristobulus Minor.

Her second husband, Theudion (brother of Herod I's first wife Doris, and thus uncle of Antipater), was put to death for conspiring against Herod. Subsequently she went to Rome and enjoyed the favor of the imperial household.


Josephus, Antiq. Jud.,16,2


Wagner, Sir Anthony Richard; ‘Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History’ puts her dates as: b c 31 BCE - d 29, Rome, Roma, Italy See Discussion Requesting Sources for the 17 BCE birthdate.


Berenice (I) was the daughter of SALOME (I) and her second husband, Costobarus. Sometime after 17 B.C.E. she married Aristobulus I, Herod’s second son by Mariamme the Hasmonean. According to Josephus, this was not a happy marriage, since Berenice assisted her mother in spying on her husband. By inference we may learn that after the execution of her husband in 7 B.C.E. she moved with her family to Rome, where she found a congenial atmosphere for her children’s upbringing within the imperial court. Her special friend was Antonia, Mark Anthony’s daughter and the future Emperor Claudius’ mother (Ant. 18:164). This is perhaps the reason why Strabo, the geographer and historian, found it necessary to mention her in passing (Geographic 16:46).


ID: I64680

Name: Bernice of Judea

Given Name: Bernice

Surname: of Judea

Sex: F

_UID: 9CF4848FD26B144A9F78DFBA0019796FEF22

Change Date: 6 Oct 2005

Death: deceased

Father: Castobanes of Judea

Mother: Salome of Judea

Marriage 1 Aristobulus IV of Judea



-1. Marimne (The Elder)

-2. Herod Pollio of Chalcis

-3. Agrippa I of Judea

-4. Herod Agrippa I of Judea b: 10 BC

-5. Herodias

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