Berthold IV von Andechs (c.1159 - 1204)

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Birthplace: Andech, Oberbayern, Bayern, Germany, *1153
Death: Died in Andech, Oberbayern, Bayern, Germany
Occupation: duc de Mâeranie, Greve i Andechs, markgreve i Istrien, hertig i Meranien, DUKE OF MERAN, Herzog von Meranien, Crusader
Managed by: Nancy Sawalich
Last Updated:

About Berthold IV von Andechs

Berthold IV, Duke of Merania

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Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania, that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria, of the House of Andechs. He was the son of Berthold I of Istria and Hedwig of Wittelsbach.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

[edit] Marriage and issue

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz, and they had the following:

-1. Otto I, who succeeded his father

-2. Ekbert, bishop of Bamberg

-3. Henry, margrave of Istria

-4. Hedwig, married Henry I the Bearded, duke of Silesia

-5. Gertrude, married Andrew II of Hungary

-6. Agnes, married Philip II of France

-7. Berthold, patriarch of Aquileia

-8. Mathilde, abbess of Klitzingen

-9. An unnamed daughter married into the Nemanjic family of Serbia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berthold_IV,_Duke_of_Merania

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Wikipedia:

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berthold_IV._%28Andechs%29

Berthold IV. (Andechs)

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Berthold IV. von Andechs († 12. August 1204) war Graf von Andechs und Herzog von Meranien. Er war der älteste Sohn des Grafen Berthold III. von Andechs und der Hedwig von Wittelsbach.

Um 1170 erstmals belegt, tritt er 1172 als Graf von Andechs auf und um 1175 als Markgraf von Istrien, zehn Jahre später (1185) für das Gebiet bei Rijeka als Herzog von Meranien. Wiederum zehn Jahre später, um 1195, ist er als Vogt von Tegernsee bezeugt.

Er nahm 1186 an König Heinrichs VI. Italienzug teil, später dann in Kaiser Barbarossas Heer am Dritten Kreuzzug. Nach dem Tod Heinrichs VI. stand er im Thronstreit auf der Seite Philipps von Schwaben.

In seiner Zeit erreichte die Familie Andechs-Meranien den Zenit ihres Ansehens. Ihr Besitz reichte von Franken bis an die Adria, und Berthold gelang es, seinen Töchtern sowohl die Krone Ungarns als auch die Frankreichs zu verschaffen, auch wenn die französische Ehe wegen einer nicht anerkannten Scheidung später annulliert wurde.

Berthold starb 1204 und wurde in Dießen bestattet.

Ehe und Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

1180 war er mit Agnes von Rochlitz aus der Familie der Wettiner verheiratet, der Tochter Dedos des Feisten, Graf von Groitzsch und Herr von Rochlitz. Sie starb am 25. März 1195 und wurde in Dießen beerdigt.

Berthold und Agnes hatten neun Kinder, vier Söhne und fünf Töchter:

   * Otto I., † 7. Mai 1234 in Besançon, 1205 Herzog von Meranien, 1211 Pfalzgraf von Burgund, 1228-1230 Markgraf von Istrien, begraben im Kloster Langheim; ∞ I 21. Juni 1208 in Bamberg Beatrix von Staufen, Pfalzgräfin von Burgund, † 7. Mai 1231, Tochter des Otto I. Pfalzgraf von Burgund (Staufer); ∞ II Sophie von Anhalt, † zwischen 23. November 1273 und 5. Januar 1274, Tochter des Fürsten Heinrich I. (Askanier)
   * Heinrich, † 18. Juli 1228 in Windischgraz, 1205 Markgraf von Istrien, 1209-1211 geächtet aufgrund seiner angeblichen Teilnahme an der Ermordung des Königs Philipp von Schwaben; ∞ vor 1207 Sophie von Weichselburg, † 28. Februar 1256, Tochter des Grafen Albert
   * Ekbert, † 6. Juni 1237 in Wien, 1234 Vormund des Herzogs Otto II., 1192 Propst von St. Gangolf in Bamberg, 1196 Propst in Theuerstadt, 1202 Dompropst in Bamberg, 1203-1237 Bischof von Bamberg, 1209-1212 geächtet
   * Berthold, † 23. Mai 1251, 1205/06 Elekt und 1212 Erzbischof von Kalocsa, 1218 Patriarch von Aquileia
   * Tochter, ∞ 24. April 1190 Toljen aus dem Haus der Nemanjiden
   * Agnes, * wohl 1180, † 29. Juli 1201 im Château Poissy, dort auch begraben; ∞ 1. Juni 1196, geschieden 1200, Philipp August, 1180 König von Frankreich, † 14. Juli 1223 in Mantes-la-Jolie, begraben in der Basilika Saint-Denis (Kapetinger)
   * Gertrud, † ermordet 8. September 1213; ∞ vor 1203 Andreas II. König von Ungarn, † 21. September 1235 (Arpaden) (die Eltern der heiligen Elisabeth von Thüringen)
   * Hedwig die Heilige, * 1176/80, † 14. Mai 1243 als Äbtissin der Zisterzienser in Trebnitz, heilig gesprochen am 26. März 1267, begraben in Trebnitz; ∞ 1188/92 Heinrich I. Herzog von Schlesien, Krakau und Großpolen, † 19. März 1238 (Piasten)
   * Mechtild, † 1. Dezember 1254, vor 1214 als Nonne in Sankt Theodor in Bamberg, 1215 Äbtissin von Kitzingen

Weblink [Bearbeiten]

   * Materialsammlung

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Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania, that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria, of the House of Andechs. He was the son of Berthold I of Istria and Hedwig of Wittelsbach.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Marriage and issue

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz, and they had the following:

   * Otto I, who succeeded his father
   * Ekbert, bishop of Bamberg
   * Henry, margrave of Istria
   * Hedwig, married Henry I the Bearded, duke of Silesia
   * Gertrude, married Andrew II of Hungary
   * Agnes, married Philip II of France
   * Berthold, patriarch of Aquileia
   * Mathilde, abbess of Klitzingen

An unnamed daughter married into the Nemanjic family of Serbia

--------------------

Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania, that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria, of the House of Andechs. He was the son of Berthold I of Istria and Hedwig of Wittelsbach.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Marriage and issue

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz, and they had the following:

   * Otto I, who succeeded his father
   * Ekbert, bishop of Bamberg
   * Henry, margrave of Istria
   * Hedwig, married Henry I the Bearded, duke of Silesia
   * Gertrude, married Andrew II of Hungary
   * Agnes, married Philip II of France
   * Berthold, patriarch of Aquileia
   * Mathilde, abbess of Klitzingen

An unnamed daughter married into the Nemanjic family of Serbia

--------------------

Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania, that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz, and they had the following:

Hedwig, married Henry I the Bearded, duke of Silesia

Gertrude, married Andrew II of Hungary

Agnes, married Philip II of France

Otto I, who succeeded his father

An unnamed daughter married into the Nemanjic family of Serbia

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertold_IV

--------------------

Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania, that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Berthold married Agnes of Rochlitz, and they had the following:

Hedwig, married Henry I the Bearded, duke of Silesia

Gertrude, married Andrew II of Hungary

Agnes, married Philip II of France

Otto I, who succeeded his father

An unnamed daughter married into the Nemanjic family of Serbia -------------------- Berthold IV (died 12 August 1204) was the Count of Andechs (from 1172) and first Duke of Merania (from 1183), that is, the seacoast of Dalmatia and Istria of the House of Andechs. In 1188 he was appointed as margrave of Istria and from 1180 to 1182 he was duke of Croatia and Dalmatia. He was the son of Berthold I of Istria and Hedwig of Wittelsbach.

In 1175, he was raised to the margraviate of Istria and then years later (1185) made the duke of the region called "Merania" after the Adriatic Sea (mare is Latin for "sea"). Merania encompassed the same area as the old margraviate, but its ruler now gained much prestige from his new title.

In 1186, he accompanied the Emperor Henry VI to the Kingdom of Sicily. In 1189, he led the third division of the imperial army and was its standard-bearer on the Third Crusade. In 1195, he appeared as the advocate of Tegernsee Abbey. After Henry's death in 1197, he sided with the claimant Philip of Swabia. At this juncture, the duke of Merania was at the height of his power and influence. He possessed lands from Franconia to the Adriatic.

Berthold died in 1204 and was buried in Diessen.

Wikipedia

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Berthold IV, Graf von Andechs, Herzog von Meranien's Timeline

1159
1159
*1153
1170
1170
Age 11
Meran, France
1170
Age 11
1172
1172
Age 13
Of,Andechs,Oberbayern,Bavaria
1175
1175
Age 16
1176
1176
Age 17
Castle Andechs, Andechs, Bavaria, Germany
1178
1178
Age 19
1179
1179
Age 20
1180
1180
Age 21
Meranie, Ville De Paris, France
1185
September 24, 1185
Age 26
Andechs, Starnberg, Bayern, Germany