Blanca I de Navarra, reina de Navarra (1385 - 1441) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Pamplona, Navarre, Navarre, Spain
Death: Died in Santa María la Real de Nieva, Province of Segovia, Castille and Leon, Spain
Managed by: Bianca Brennan
Last Updated:

About Blanca I de Navarra, reina de Navarra

Blanca I de Navarra, (¿?, Castilla, 1385 - Santa María la Real de Nieva, 1441), reina de Navarra (1425 - 1441).

Hija de Carlos III el Noble y Leonor de Trastámara. Perteneciente a la Dinastía de Evreux. Heredera del trono de Navarra desde la muerte de su hermana mayor Juana (1413).

En 1402 contrajo matrimonio con Martín "el Joven", rey de Sicilia y heredero de la Corona de Aragón. Muerto éste en 1409 pasó a gobernar la isla, regresó a Navarra y contrajo matrimonio en segundas nupcias con Juan II de Aragón, hijo de Fernando de Antequera y hermano de Alfonso V "el Magnánimo", rey de Aragón.

La abulia (pérdida de iniciativa) que le caracterizaba, permitió que Navarra quedara sometida en todo a su marido y a sus intereses, perdiendo el reino territorios fronterizos como consecuencia de la intervención armada de Juan II en los asuntos de Castilla (1428-29).

De la unión con Juan II de Aragón nació Carlos, príncipe de Viana, quien -según las capitulaciones matrimoniales de 1419- debía heredar el reino de Navarra a la muerte de su madre. Pero al morir doña Blanca, su esposo usurpó el trono navarro, alegando entre otras razones el testamento en el que la reina recomendaba a Carlos que no se hiciese coronar sin consentimiento de su padre.

Carlos de Viana, declaró la guerra su padre (1451-1461): reclutó el apoyo de los montañeses de Beaumont (beamonteses) y del propio condestable castellano, Alvaro de Luna. Pero Juan II le derrotó una y otra vez, al tiempo que se casaba con la castellana Juana Enríquez (1447) que le daría un hijo, el futuro Fernando el Católico.

Hijos  [editar]Carlos (1421 - 1461), Príncipe de Viana, casado con Inés de Cleves, sobrina de Felipe III, Duque de Borgoña. 

Juana (1423 - 1425).

Blanca (1424 - 1464), casada con Enrique IV, rey de Castilla y León.

Leonor (1425 - 1479), sucesora al trono de Navarra, casada con Gaston IV de Foix, Conde de Foix y Vizconde de Bearn.

Precedido por:

Carlos III

Reina de Navarra

Período:

1425 - 1441 Sucedido por:

Carlos IV y Juan II


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Blanche I, Queen Nararre and Castile

She was the daughter of King Charles III of Navarre and infanta Eleanor of Castile

Blanche married firstly Martin the Younger, King of Sicily and Crown Prince of Aragon. They were married by proxy on May 21, 1402 in Catania. Blanche travelled to meet her new husband and they were married in person on December 26, 1402. The bride was about eleven years old and the groom twenty-eight.

Martin had survived his previous wife and former co-ruler Mary of Sicily and their only son. He was in need of legitimate heirs. However Martin and Blanche only had one son:

They both survived their only son. Martin died on July 25, 1409 and was succeeded by his own father, Martin I of Aragon.

Blanche remained a widow for a decade. On November 6, 1419, Blance married her second husband John (Juan), duke of Peñafiel by proxy in Olite. John was the second son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque. Ferdinand had succeeded his maternal uncle Martin I in 1412.

Juan traveled to meet her. On June 10, 1420, they were married in person in Pamplona. Charles III died on September 8, 1425 and Blanche succeeded him as Queen regnant of Navarre. John became King Consort of Navarre in her right. They had four children:

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Blanche I of Navarre (6 July 1387[1] – April 1, 1441 in Santa María la Real de Nieva) was Queen of Navarre from 1425 to 1441.

Contents [hide]

1 Life

2 Ancestors

3 Bibliography

4 References

5 External links


[edit] Life

She was the daughter of King Charles III of Navarre and infanta Eleanor of Castile (died 1416).

Blanche married firstly Martin the Younger, King of Sicily and Crown Prince of Aragon. They were married by proxy on May 21, 1402 in Catania. Blanche travelled to meet her new husband and they were married in person on December 26, 1402. The bride was about eleven years old and the groom twenty-eight.

Martin had survived his previous wife and former co-ruler Mary of Sicily and their only son. He was in need of legitimate heirs. However Martin and Blanche only had one son:

Prince Martin of Sicily (1406-1407).

They both survived their only son. Martin died on July 25, 1409 and was succeeded by his own father, Martin I of Aragon.

Blanche remained a widow for a decade. On November 6, 1419, Blance married her second husband John (Juan), duke of Peñafiel by proxy in Olite. John was the second son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque. Ferdinand had succeeded his maternal uncle Martin I in 1412.

Juan traveled to meet her. On June 10, 1420, they were married in person in Pamplona. Charles III died on September 8, 1425 and Blanche succeeded him as Queen regnant of Navarre. John became King Consort of Navarre in her right. They had four children:

Blanca of Navarre (1420-1464), married Henry IV of Castile. The marriage was never consummated. After 13 years of marriage, Henry sought and obtained a divorce. Blanca was sent home, where her family imprisoned her, and she was later killed by poison.

Carlos of Viana (1421-1461)

Juana of Aragon (1423-1425)

Eleanor (1426-1479) Queen of Navarre (1479-1479)

After the death of Blanche, he kept the government of Navarre in his own hands, from the hands of their own son Charles of Viana, the rightful heir of the line of Navarrese kings.

John became King of Aragon and King of Sicily, upon the death of his elder brother Alfonso V of Aragon in 1458.

[edit] Ancestors

Blanche's ancestors in three generations Blanche I of Navarre Father:

Charles III of Navarre Paternal Grandfather:

Charles II of Navarre Paternal Great-grandfather:

Philip III of Navarre

Paternal Great-grandmother:

Joan II of Navarre

Paternal Grandmother:

Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarre Paternal Great-grandfather:

John II of France

Paternal Great-grandmother:

Bonne of Bohemia

Mother:

Eleanor of Castile Maternal Grandfather:

Henry II of Castile Maternal Great-grandfather:

Alfonso XI of Castile

Maternal Great-grandmother:

Eleanor of Guzman

Maternal Grandmother:

Juana Manuel of Castile Maternal Great-grandfather:

Juan Manuel, Duke of Peñafiel

Maternal Great-grandmother:

Blanca de La Cerda y Lara

[edit] Bibliography

Anthony, Raoul: Identification et Etude des Ossements des Rois de Navarre inhumés dans la Cathédrale de Lescar, Paris, Masson, 1931

Maria Rita Lo Forte Scirpo: C'era una volta una regina ... : due donne per un regno: Maria d'Aragona e Bianca di Navarra, Napoli : Liguori, [ISBN: 882073527X], 2003

[edit] References

^ Anthony (1931) states that she was the fourth-born daughter of King Charles III of Navarre by Queen Eleanor, and she was preceded by Juana, Maria and Margarita and the two latter died early. Anthony defines Blanca's exact birth date as 6 July 1387 by virtue of contemporary sources.

[edit] External links

A listing of descedants of Philip III of Navarre

Blanche I of Navarre

House of Évreux

Born: 6 July 1387 Died: 1 April 1441

Regnal titles

Preceded by

Antonia of Balzo Queen consort of Sicily

26 December 1402 - 25 July 1409 Succeeded by

Margarita of Aragon-Prades

Preceded by

Charles III Queen regnant of Navarre

with John II

8 September 1425–3 April 1441 Succeeded by

Charles IV

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Blanche I of Navarre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Blanche I of Navarre (1385–April 3, 1441) was Queen regnant of Navarre from 1425 to 1441.

She was the daughter of King Charles III of Navarre and Eleanor, Infanta of Castile (died 1416).

Blanche married firstly Martin the Younger, King of Sicily and Crown Prince of Aragon. They were married by proxy on May 21, 1402 in Catania. Blanche travelled to meet her new husband and they were married in person on December 26, 1402. The bride was about eleven years old and the groom twenty-eight.

Martin had survived his previous wife and former co-ruler Mary of Sicily and their only son. He was in need of legitimate heirs. However Martin and Blanche only had one son:

Prince Martin of Sicily (1403-1407).

They both survived their only son. Martin died on July 25, 1409 and was succeeded by his own father, Martin I of Aragon.

Blanche remained a widow for a decade. On November 6, 1419, Blance married her second husband John (Juan), duke of Peñafiel by proxy in Olite. John was the second son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque. Ferdinand had succeeded his maternal uncle Martin I in 1412.

Juan traveled to meet her. On June 10, 1420, they were married in person in Pamplona. Charles III died on September 8, 1425 and Blanche succeeded him as Queen regnant of Navarre. John became King Consort of Navarre in her right. They had four children:

Carlos of Viana (1421-1461)

Juana of Aragon (1423-1425)

Blanca of Navarre (1420-1464) married Henry IV of Castile. The marriage was never consummated. After 13 years of marriage, Henry sought and obtained a divorce. Blanca was sent home, where her family imprisoned her, and she was later killed by poison.

Eleanor, Queen of Navarre

After the death of Blanche, he kept the government of Navarre in his own hands, from the hands of their own son Charles of Viana, the rightful heir of the line of Navarrese kings.

John became King of Aragon and Sicily, upon the death of his elder brother Alfonso V of Aragon in 1458.

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Blanca I, reina de Navarra's Timeline

1385
1385
Pamplona, Navarre, Navarre, Spain
1402
May 21, 1402
Age 17
1403
1403
Age 18
Catania, Catania, Italy
1420
January 18, 1420
Age 35
Pamplona, Navarre, Spain
1421
May 29, 1421
Age 36
Peñafiel, Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain
1423
1423
Age 38
1424
1424
Age 39
Olite, Navarre, Navarre, Spain
1425
February 2, 1425
Age 40
1441
April 3, 1441
Age 56
Santa María la Real de Nieva, Province of Segovia, Castille and Leon, Spain
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