Bourgon (Brokaw) Broucard (1645 - 1720)

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Nicknames: "( Brokaw or Broucard) (Bourger or Bourgon)"
Birthplace: Burgandy, France
Death: Died in Somerset, New Jersey, United States
Managed by: Richard Arthur Neary
Last Updated:

About Bourgon (Brokaw) Broucard

Bourgon Broucard was born at Burgundy, France, in 1645, and, in 1665, married Catharine Le Febre, also a native of France. They emigrated from France to

Manheim, Holland= (Manheim is a place in Germany and Holland is not a country but the Netherlands is)

, in 1674, and from thence to the American colonies, between 1672 & 1675.

Bourgon Broucard was born at Bungary, near La Rochelle, France, in March of 1645. He belonged to the Protestant group known as Huguenots. In the early 1660's, before he was 20 years of age, he emigrated to a Huguenot and Walloon community in the region near Mannheim, Germany. Many French and Walloon exiles from England and from the Dutch seaboard were fleeing to Mannheim, drawn there by assurances of freedom and protection under the government of the Protestant Elector, Charles Lewis, who held out strong inducements to the refugees to settle there.

In Henry G. Bayer's The Belgians, First Settlers in New York and in the Middle States (New York: Devlin-Adair, 1925):

"A little colony of Walloons, flying before the troops of the Duke of Alva, had come to settle within the territory of the Palatinate, at Frankenthal, near Mannheim, its capital, where we find many families that later moved to New Netherland: David de Marest, Frederic de Vaux, Abraham Hasbroucq, Chretien Duyou, Methese or Matthew Blanchan, Thonnet Terrin, Pierre Parmentier, Antoine Crispel, David Usilie, Philippe Casier, Bourgeon Broucard, Simon Le Febre, Juste Durie, and others."

Bourgon was married to Marie du May on December 1, 1663. A daughter, Marie was born in Mannheim (Baptised on November 1, 1665), but died at an early age. Her mother must have died in childbirth or shortly thereafter, for on December 18, 1666, Bourgon married again, to Catherine Lefevre. Catherine may have been of Dutch ancestry, the daughter of Abraham and Antoinette (Jerrian) LeFevre, but these records are incomplete. After the birth of their third daugter, in Mannheim in June, 1672, Bourgon and Catherine moved to Amsterdam, Holland, where a son was born in March, 1675, who did not survive. Later in 1675, the family emigrated to America, along with Catherine's sister Magdalena and her husband Joost Duryee (Durie).

In America, the family settled in "New Amsterdam" in what is now Brooklyn, NY. Bourgon apparently was a successful farmer, who gradually increased his land holdings. In 1702 he sold his land in New York and purchased 2000 acres of land in Somerset County, NJ, bounded on the north and northwest by the Raritan and Millstone Rivers. This became the home for several generations of the family.

Catherine lived until at least 1712; Bourgon is said to have died in 1720.

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Bourgon Broucard was born at Bungary, near La Rochelle, France, which is on the very Western seacoast on the Bay of Biscay. He evidently grew up there. In the years following 1500, criticism of the church developed, in Europe, which movement later developed into open warfare. This criticism was developed by Calvin, in France, and by Luther, in Germany. Those led by Calvin became known as Calvinists and his followers, in France, as Huguenots. The " "Register of Ancestors " "of the Huguenot Society of New Jersey states that the family of the name of Broucard lived in La Rochelle, France, and that Broucard was at one time an honored and most noted name, in France. The insignia of the Huguenot Society, was worn by the Huguenot ancestors as an emblem of their faith. The eight corners of the four arms of the Cross of Malta were regarded as signifying the Eight Beatitudes, and the Fleur--de--lis the Mother Country of France, and the suspended Dove, the Church under the Cross.

And It was in La Rochelle, France in this setting we first find Bourgon Broucard when he married Marie du May. He was also married there to Catherine Lefevre, and his first four children were born there. Some time between 1672 and March 1675 they removed to Amsterdam, Holland, where they were for a short time. During the year 1675 the Broucards and the Durie (Duryea) families and others of the Huguenot Faith, left Holland and came to America where they settled at what is now Brooklyn, New York. In Riker's " "Annals of Newtown, " "Long Island, he lists Magdalena Le Febre, wife of Joost Durie and Catherine Le Febre, wife of Bourgon Broucard as possibly sisters, who came to America on the same boat the ""Gilded Otter. " "And in the 'Duryea Family", by Gustave Anjou, he lists the parentage of Magdalena Le Febre (or Le Fevre) as of Abraham and Antoinette (Jerrian) Le Fevre. Others list her as daughter of Isaac and Fannetje (Borderick) Le Fevre, or of Abraham and Antoinette. Mr. Harold Duryee of Canton, Ohio, who has done much research on the Duryee-Duryea family, says that he is of the opinion that the parents were Abraham and Antoinette, as in old Dutch family manner the parents named their children a lot after their parents. The name Isaac appears only in the Broucard family, but Abraham appears in both the Broucard and Duryee families, and Antoinette in the Duryee family and Fannetje in neither. He also says that Magdalena and Catherine Le Fevre were sisters.

In 1676 Bourgon Broucard, living in Brooklyn, was assessed as owning 11-1/2 morgens (about 23 acres) of land and valley and two cows. Then in the year following he was in Midwout, at which time his wife was transferred from the Dutch Reformed Church of Brooklyn, to the French Church in Manhattan, by certificate, but her name does not appear in the early French records of that church. (NYG & B Rec., v. 86, p. 6-revised.)" " In 1684 he moved to Cripplebush in Bushwick, Long Island, where he bought a farm. Four years later he sold this farm and moved to Dutch Kills, now a part of Long Island City, and there in 1692 he bought a large estate, a part of which was the plantation originally owned by Burger Jorizz. In a deed dated, June 21, 1690, it shows that he and Hans Tunis Couert (Covert) of Bedford in Kings County, yeoman, bought land in Maspeth Kills, Newtown, and on July 16, 1643, he bought 19 morgens and 400 rods of land there, called the Mill Land. (Queens Co.County Deeds, B. 2,pp. 352-53. ) A morgen was an old Dutch measure of 2-1/2 acres.

On Oct. 30, 1700, a bill was brought before the Assembly for the quieting of title to the lands of "ancient freeholders," "including those of Bergoon Bragan, who were inhabitants of Hellgate Neck, within the bounds of Newtown, Long Island. ""This bill was rejected and when again brought before the Assembly, in May 1703, his name does not appear as by that time he had moved to Somerset Co.County, New Jersey." (Annals of Newtown, pp. 131-33 and NYG & B Rec., v. 86, p. 6. )

In 1702 Bourgon sold his land in Newtown to William Post, which land was later bought back by Bourgon's son Isaac. On May 9, 1702, Bourgon and his son in-law, Jan (John) Coverson (Covert) bought for L 400, of William Dockwra, a merchant of London, two thousand acres of land in Somerset County, New Jersey, bounded on the north and northwest by the Rarity and Millstone Rivers. (Deed Bk. Lib. C. -2, p. 447, in Off. of State, Trenton, N. J.New Jersey ), and thereafter we have no record of him unless he was the Bourgon Brokaw appearing as a witness, June 2, 1717, at the baptism of Johannes, son of Thomas and Antie Cosyn at the Dutch Church in Jamaica, Long Island. It is possible this was his grandson, Bourgon, who could not have been over twenty at that date. His wife appears at the Raritan Dutch Church, Aug. 6, 1712, at the baptism-n o£ her grandchild, Catalyntie, daughter of Abraham. She is then called ""wife of Beugon" "not widow.

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Bourgon (Brokaw) Broucard's Timeline

1645
March 1, 1645
Burgandy, France
1663
December 1, 1663
Age 18
Wallon Church at Manheim in Germany Palatinate
1665
January 28, 1665
Age 19
Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
1666
December 18, 1666
Age 21
Mannheim, Germany; Walloon Church
1667
November 17, 1667
Age 22
Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
1670
April 6, 1670
Age 25
Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
1672
May 16, 1672
Age 27
Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
1675
March 21, 1675
Age 30
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland
1676
August 7, 1676
Age 31
Dutch Kills, L, New York, USA
1678
1678
Age 32
Breuckelen, Long Island, NY