Charles Francis Adams, Jr. (1836 - 1915) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA
Death: Died in Washington, Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA
Occupation: Lawyer, Railroad expert, historian
Managed by: David Donovan
Last Updated:

About Charles Francis Adams, Jr.

He was cited by Brevet (Brigadier General) for "distinguished gallantry and efficiency at the battles of Secessionville, SC, South Mountain and Antietam, MD, and for meritorious service during the War".

After graduating from Harvard University in 1856, Adams served on the Union side in the American Civil War, serving initially as a captain in a Massachusetts cavalry regiment. He fought with distinction during the Gettysburg Campaign, where his company was heavily engaged at the Battle of Aldie. He received the brevet rank of brigadier-general in the United States Volunteers on July 23, 1866, to rank from March 13, 1865. On July 9, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Colonel Adams for the award of the grade of brevet brigadier general, United States Volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865 and the U. S. Senate confirmed the award on July 23, 1866. Colonel Adams was awarded the grade of brevet brigadier general for distinguished gallantry and efficiency at the battles of Secessionville, South Carolina and South Mountain and Antietam, Maryland and for meritorious services during the war.

Adams was born into a family with a long legacy in American public life. He was the great-grandson of United States President John Adams, and the grandson of president John Quincy Adams. His father Charles Francis Adams, Sr. was a lawyer, politician, diplomat, and writer.

On 8 May 1865, he married Mary Elizabeth [Ogden]; daughter of Abram Ogden of New York City, NY. The couple had three daughters and two twin sons: Mary Ogden ("Molly") Adams, Louisa Catherine Adams, Elizabeth Ogden ("Elise") Adams, John Adams (b. 1875 - 1964), and Henry Adams (b. 1875 - 1951), both of whom graduated Harvard in 1898.

Following the Civil War, he was appointed to the Massachusetts Railroad Commission. There he attempted to persuade (rather than coerce) railroads into compliance with accepted business norms. Thomas McCraw called Adams's approach to regulation "the Sunshine Commission" since the purpose of the commission was to expose the corrupt business practices in hopes that, once out in the open, the businessmen would be shamed into mending their ways. It was in this vein that he wrote Chapters of Erie. However, true to his regulatory philosophy, he favored the protection of businessmen over that of the consumers. He saw regulation as necessary to protect investors and other businessmen from the capriciousness of a hostile public or the machinations of other unscruplous stock jobbers.

Union Pacific Railroad

Adams was president of the Union Pacific Railroad from 1884 to 1890, having previously become widely known as an authority on the management of railways. Among his writings are Railroads, Their Origin and Problems (1878).

Relations

His siblings include: older sister Louisa Catherine [Adams], wife of Charles Kuhn, of Philadelphia, older brother [Hon.] John Quincy Adams II; the father of Charles Adams, III, the historian Henry Brooks Adams, Arthur Adams, who died young during their childhood, Mary Adams, who married Henry Parker Quincy, of Dedham, MA, and historian Peter Chardon Brooks Adams, of Beverly Farms, MA. who married Evelyn [Davis].

Death and burial

Charles F. Adams, Jr. died May 20, 1915, a week shy of his 80th birthday. He is buried in Mount Wollaston Cemetery in Quincy, Massachusetts. His grave can be found in the Old Section, Lot 337.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Francis_Adams,_Jr.

Posted by Cousin Walter G. Ashworth, First Cousin to President John Adams Several times removed

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General Charles F. Adams, Jr. (USA)'s Timeline

1836
May 27, 1836
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA
1865
November 7, 1865
Age 29
Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
1868
1868
Age 31
Massachusetts, United States
1872
1872
Age 35
Quincy, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA
1873
December, 1873
Age 37
Quincy, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA
1874
1874
Age 37
Massachusetts, United States
1875
July 17, 1875
Age 39
Quincy, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA
1875
Age 38
Massachusetts, United States
1915
May 20, 1915
Age 78
Washington, Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA
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