About Gabriel Rene Paul
Gabriel René Paul (March 22, 1813 – May 5, 1886) was a career officer in the United States Army most noted for his service as a Union Army general in the American Civil War.
Birth and early years
Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Paul was the grandson of one of Napoleon's officers. He graduated in 1834 from the United States Military Academy, 18th of 36 cadets in his class. He served as an officer in the 7th U.S. Infantry during the Seminole Wars and the Mexican-American War. He was wounded at the Battle of Cerro Gordo, but recovered to serve in the campaign to capture Mexico City. He led an assault party that captured a Mexican flag during the storming of Chapultepec.
Paul began the Civil War leading an infantry regiment at Fort Union in the New Mexico Territory. He led a brigade as a brigadier general in 1st Division, I Corps during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was transferred to a brigade in 2nd Division, fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he was seriously wounded in the left eye during the defense of Oak Ridge on the first day of the battle. His injuries left him totally blind and with severely impaired senses of hearing and smell. Unable to perform anything except some administrative duties, he was kept on the Army's roll until February 1865, when he was officially retired from the service.
Death and burial
Paul died in Washington, D.C., and was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery. His grave can be found in Section 1, Lot 16.