John Cadwalader (1742 - 1786)

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Brig. General John Cadwalader's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA, USA
Death: Died
Managed by: Rachel Elizabeth Reese
Last Updated:

About John Cadwalader

A Patriot of the American Revolution for PENNSYLVANIA with the rank of BRIGADIER GENERAL. DAR Ancestor #: A018048

Find A Grave Memorial # 16676529

General John Cadwalader, eldest son of Dr. Thomas, the Councillor, was a merchant in Philadelphia in company with his brother, the firm being known as John & Lambert Cadwalader. In 1771 he erected a large double house in Second Street, below Spruce, with gardens extending to Third Street.

At the outbreak of the Revolution he was Captain of the Philadelphia, an organization familiarly known as the Silk Stocking Corps," many members of which later became officers of the Continental Line. He was a member of the Committee of Safety, colonel of a city battalion, and brigidier-general in command of Pennsylvania troops. He led one of the divisions of Washington's Army that crossed the Delaware, December 27, 1776, remaining on the Jersey side, fought at Princeton, January 3, 1777, and won from General Washington the encomium: "A man of ability, a good disciplinarian, firm in his principles and of intrepid bravery."

He declined in 1777 the appointment of brigadier-general, and a later appointment by Congress of brigadier-general of cavalry of the United States, believing the war practically over and preferring to remain in command of Pennsylvania troops. Later, at Washington's request, he organized the militia of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, joined the army under Washington, fought at Brandywine and Germantown as a volunteer, and performed valiant service at the battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778.

Soon afterward, he fought a duel with General Conway, whom Washington characterized as a "dangerous incendiary." General Cadwalader was uninjured, but wounded his adversary.

In 1779 he succeeded his honored father as trustee of the University of Pennsylvania, and returned to his home in Maryland, becoming a member of the Assembly of that State. He died at Shrewsbury, Kent County, Maryland, February 10, 1786, just past his forty-fourth birthday.

General John Cadwalader married (first) Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Lloyd, of Wye House, Talbot County, Maryland, (second) Williamina, daughter of Dr. Phineas Bond, of Philadelphia, and granddaughter of John Moore, judge of Admiralty in Pennsylvania. His daughters by both wives married men of distinction and rank.

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Brig. General John Cadwalader's Timeline

January 10, 1742
Philadelphia, PA, USA
September 25, 1768
Age 26
Philadelphia, PA, USA
February 18, 1776
Age 34
March 3, 1776
Age 34
Age 33
October 29, 1779
Age 37
Philadelphia, PA, USA
Age 36
Philadelphia, PA, USA
February 10, 1786
Age 44