Brig. General Matthias Ogden

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Matthias Ogden

Death: Died
Cause of death: Yellow fever
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Ogden, Jr. and Phoebe Ogden
Husband of Hannah Ogden
Father of Francis Barber Ogden
Brother of Phoebe/Phebe Ogden; Rhoda Edwards (Ogden); Anna Spencer; Robert Ogden, III; Mary Barber and 3 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Brig. General Matthias Ogden

BRIGADIER-GENERAL MATTHIAS OGDEN. Matthias Ogden, took an early and a decided part in the late contest with Great Britain. He joined the army at Cambridge, and such was his zeal and resolution, that he accompanied Arnold in penetrating through the wilderness to Canada. He was engaged in the attack upon Quebec and was carried wounded from the place of engagement. On his return from this expedition he was appointed to the command of a regiment, in which station he continued until the conclusion of the war. When peace took place he was honoured by Congress with a commission of Brigadier-general. He died at Elizabeth-town, New-Jersey, March 31, 1791. He was distinguished for his liberality and philanthropy.

Letter to Mathias from George Washington:

TRANSCRIPT GLC 4386 George Washington. Autograph letter signed: Morristown, to Matthias Ogden, 1782 March 28. 1 p.

To Col[onel] Ogden of the 1 Jersey Regiment


The spirit of enterprise so conspicuous in your plan for surprising in their quarters, & bringing off the Prince-William Henry & Admiral Digby, merits applause; and you have my authority to make the attempt in any manner, & at such a time as your own judgment shall direct.

I am fully perswaded, that it is unnecessary to caution you against offering insult or indignity to the persons of the Prince, or Admiral should you be so fortunate as to capture them; but it may not be amiss to press the propriety of a proper line of conduct upon the party you command.

In case of success, you will, as soon as you get them to a place of safety, treat them with all possible respect, but you are to delay no time in conveying them to Congress, & reporting your proceedings with a copy of these orders.

Given at Morristown this 28th day of March 1782. Go: Washington

Note Take care not to touch upon the ground w[hi]ch is agreed to be Neutral – viz from Raway to Newark & four miles back.

Notes: Fitzpatrick, Writings of Washington. 24: 91. Punctuation has been standardized. Matthias Ogden became Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st New Jersey Continentals in 1776 and assumed command of the regiment in 1777. Ogden proposed a plan in September 1781 for the capture of Prince William Henry, (the future king William IV), when the Prince was in New York City with Admiral Digby. Washington approved the plan, but it was later compromised and abandoned.

Blog of Court Martial:

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Brig. General Matthias Ogden's Timeline

October 22, 1754
Age 28
March 31, 1791
Age 36