About Thomas Algeo Rowley
Thomas Algeo Rowley (October 5, 1808 – May 14, 1892) was a Union Army general in the American Civil War from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Rowley was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He served as a captain in the Mexican-American War, mustered in on October 8, 1847, and mustered out on July 18, 1848. Otherwise, he worked as a cabinet maker.
Civil War service
Rowley served as colonel of the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment from April 25, 1861, to August 6 of the same year. He then became colonel of the 102nd Pennsylvania Regiment. He was wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines, while leading his regiment in the Army of the Potomac. He (briefly) led a brigade in VI Corps at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Promoted to the rank of brigadier general to rank from November 29, 1862, Rowley next commanded a brigade of I Corps at the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was acting commander of 3rd Division, I Corps at the beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg, while Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday was acting corps commander. (Chapman Biddle led Rowley's brigade.) On July 1, 1863, the brigade suffered heavy casualties confronting Confederates from Maj. Gen. Harry Heth's division. He was thrown from his horse during the retreat. Following a confrontation between Rowley and Brig. Gen. Lysander Cutler, Doubleday had the former removed for drunkenness and disobeying orders. Rowley was convicted by a court martial, although some officers testified on his behalf. Although reinstated by order of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, Rowley was assigned only a district command in western Pennsylvania, his home region. Not being given a field command, he resigned his commission on December 29, 1864.
Rowley later served as a U.S. marshal and practiced law. He died in Pittsburgh and is buried there in Allegheny Cemetery.