Bronya-Rivka Kopel

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Bronya-Rivka Kopel (Malinsky)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lutomiersk, Poland
Death: Died in Camp Chelmno, Poland
Cause of death: HOLOCAUST
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Israel Malinsky and Esther Perla Malinsky
Wife of Feibusch Kopel
Sister of Masza Zudkowitz

Occupation: Baker
Managed by: Rina Talmore
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Bronya-Rivka Kopel

Bronya-Rivka married Feibush Kopel (born 1890). They lived in the Malinsky house, and had no children. Both perished in the Chelmno extermination camp in July 1942.

Her nephew Haim Zudkowitz remembers his visits to his grandmother, aunt and uncle in the village, situated 12 miles west of Lodz, since he was 9 years old. When he and his brother Leon came to Lutomiersk, they stayed with them. The Kopels were both very nice people and, maybe because they had no children of their own, were very fond of Haim and Leon. Feibusch was a very sweet man and a practicing "Hassid" (belonged to a branch of Orthodox Judaism, "Hassiduth", which promotes spirituality and joy through the popularization and internalization of Jewish mysticism as the fundamental aspects of the Jewish faith, as opposed to strict legalistic Judaism. Hassidic teachings cherished the sincerity and concealed holiness of the unlettered common folk, and their equality with the scholarly elite.)

About the Holocaust in Lutomiersk, Poland.

War actions, particularly the intensive bombing, caused many casualties in Lutomiersk, most of them among the Jewish community. In the first days of the occupation, German troops behaved barbarously towards any Jew they came across: one they hanged by his hair from the town gates, another they burned alive; tens of Jews who were taken hostage were mercilessly mistreated. They kidnapped Jews in the streets and sent them to perform hard and demeaning labor. They also cut off their beards before a crowd of onlookers. Participating in the plundering of Jewish property were many members of the Polish population who broke into the Jewish houses and shops.

In the summer of 1940 a ghetto was established in Lutomiersk, however, it seems that at first the Jews were allowed to come and go from there; in the middle of 1941 they were no longer allowed to exit the ghetto without a special permit. The Jews, now forced laborers, were sent to do various jobs; every day a group of Jews left the ghetto for work. Some were sent to work camps: it is known that 83 Jews were sent to Frankfort on the Oder to build a major highway: 'Reichsautobahn'.

At the end of 1941, a sewing workshop under Polish management was established in the town (possibly within the ghetto), and 20 Jewish tailors found work there. Apparently, the workshop was set up at the initiative of the mayor of Lutomiersk. Garments were sewn for local customers, and others from the surrounding areas, from material supplied by the customer. The workshop received many orders, even from Łódź, and proved very profitable. The profits were divided between the local council – they took half - and the Judenrat which paid the tailors part of the earnings.

It is worth emphasizing the Endek organization O.N.R., active in the underground during the German occupation, is mentioned in a report of January 16, 1942, referring to the situation of the Jews in the district of Łask. The report states that the local authorities behaved towards the Jews of Lutomiersk in an especially harsh manner, so that their situation was far worse than that of Jews in other parts of the region.

The ghetto and the whole Jewish community of Lutomiersk were liquidated at the end of July 1942: the last few remaining Jews being sent to the extermination camp at Chelmno.

Yad Vashem Testimony

Last Name KOPEL

First Name RYVKA

First Name RIVKA

First Name BRANA

First Name* BREINA

Father's First Name YISRAEL

Mother's First Name ESTER

Sex Female

Date of Birth 1895

Place of Birth LUTOMIERSK, LASK, LODZ, POLAND

Citizenship POLAND

Marital Status MARRIED

Spouse's First Name* FEIBUSH

Permanent residence LUTOMIERSK, LASK,LODZ,POLAND

Profession BAKER

Place during the war LUTOMIERSK,LASK,LODZ,POLAND

Place of Death CHELMNO,Camp

Date of Death 1942

Type of material Page of Testimony

Submitter's Last Name KLIGER

Submitter's First Name AVRAHAM

Relationship to victim COUSIN

Registration date 17/06/1957

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Bronya-Rivka Kopel's Timeline

1895
1895
Lutomiersk, Poland
1920
1920
Age 25
1942
July 1942
Age 47
Camp Chelmno, Poland
1942
Age 47