Bruno

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Brun (Bruno) III Herzog von Sachsen (Billung von Sachsen)

Also Known As: "Bruno Duke of East Saxony", "Bruno /VonSachsen/", "Bruno //", "Bruno", "Brun", "or Braun called ducem et fratrem reinæ: dux and "the queen's brother", "" meaning that his sister Liutgard was married to Louis the Younger"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Sachsen, Ostfrankreich
Death: Died in Ebstorf, Lower Saxony, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Liudolf I "the Great", duke of Saxony and Oda
Husband of (Unknown)
Father of Bruno III Bilung de Saxe and Bruno III Billung von Sachsen
Brother of Thankmar Ludolfingowie; Hatumoda; Otto I the Illustrious, Duke of Saxony; Liutgard von Sachsen; Waldrada of Wormsgau and 10 others

Occupation: King of Bavaria, Duk of Saxony, Markgreve, Duke of Saxony., Saxon Count, Count, Count of Saxony, Markgreve i Östra Sachen 864-880, Milite
Managed by: Hannelore Caulk Scheu
Last Updated:

About Bruno

Bruno, Brun, or Braun (died 2 February 880) was the Duke of Saxony from 866 to his death. He was the elder son of Liudolf, progenitor of the Liudolfing dynasty and described as dux orientalis Saxonum, duke of East Saxony. It is possible that Bruno was dux totius Saxonum, duke of all Saxony.

He died, along with several other Saxon noblemen, in a battle against the Vikings (probably Danes) on 2 February 880.[1] The battle was a defeat and two bishops were killed. Bruno is listed as one of twelve counts also killed. He is called ducem et fratrem reinæ: dux and "the queen's brother," meaning that his sister Liutgard was married to Louis the Younger. According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Bruno died in a flooded river while on campaign against the Danes in 880. This probably took place during the battle or during a retreat.

According to legend, Bruno is the founder of Brunswick and ancestor of the Brunonen, counts of Brunswick.

Sources

   * Reuter, Timothy (trans.) The Annals of Fulda. (Manchester Medieval series, Ninth-Century Histories, Volume II.) Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992.

-------------------- The Ottonian dynasty was a dynasty of Germanic Kings (919-1024), named after its first emperor but also known as the Saxon dynasty after the family's origin. The family itself is also sometimes known as the Liudolfings, after its earliest known member Liudolf and one of its primary leading-names. The Ottonian rulers are also regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, as successors of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty and Charlemagne, who is commonly viewed as the founder of the Holy Roman Empire.

Ottonian family tree

[edit]Ruling in Germany and the Holy Roman Empire

Although never Emperor, Henry I the Fowler, Duke of Saxony, was arguably the founder of this imperial dynasty, since his election as German king made it possible for his son, Otto the Great to take on the imperium. Since Otto I most of the German kings were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor. Under the reign of the Ottonian rulers, the kingdom of the Eastern Franks finally became Germany with the conclusion of the unification of the duchies of Lorraine, Saxony, Franconia, Swabia, Thuringia and Bavaria into one empire. Also the union of Germany with the Holy Roman Empire, which dominated the German history until 1806, began with the coronation of Otto I the Great in Rome in 962. But the projected restoration of the Roman Empire failed already under Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor.

After the extinction of the Ottonian dynasty with the death of Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor in 1024 the crown passed to the Salian dynasty. Luitgard, a daughter of Emperor Otto I had married the Salian Duke Conrad the Red of Lorraine. His great-grandson was Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor.

Ottonian Kings and Emperors:

Henry I the Fowler, King of the Germans and Duke of Saxony, died 936

Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Saxony, died 973

Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor, died 983

Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, died 1002

Saint Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, died 1024

Some other famous members of the Liudolfing or Ottonian House:

Liudolf, Count of Saxony, died 864/866

Saint Altfrid, Bishop of Hildesheim, died 874

Brun, Duke of Saxony, died 880

Otto the Illustrious, Duke of Saxony, died 912

Gerberga of Saxony, died 954

Henry I, Duke of Bavaria, died 955

Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, died 957

Hedwige of Saxony, died 965

Bruno I, Archbishop of Cologne and Duke of Lotharingia, died 965

William, Archbishop of Mainz, died 968

Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg, died 999

Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg, died 1044

Otto, Duke of Swabia and Bavaria, died 982

Henry II, Duke of Bavaria, the Wrangler, died 995

Bruno, Bishop of Augsburg, died 1029

[edit]See also

Kings of Germany family tree. The Ottonians were the 3rd dynasty to rule Germany and were related by marriage to all the others.

Ottonian Renaissance

Ottonian art

Ottonian architecture

Concordat of Worms

[edit]References

Karl Leyser, "Ottonian Government" The English Historical Review 96.381 (October 1981), pp 721-753.

-------------------- (Wikipedia): Bruno, Brun, or Braun (died 2 February 880) was the Duke of Saxony from 866 to his death. He was the elder son of Liudolf, Progenitor of the Liudolfing dynasty and described as dux orientalis Saxonum, duke of East Saxony. It is possible that Bruno was dux totius Saxonum, duke of all Saxony. He died, along with several other Saxon noblemen, in a battle against the Vikings (probably Danes) on 2 February 880. The battle was a defeat and two bishops were killed. Bruno is listed as one of twelve counts also killed. He is called ducem et fratrem reinae: dux and "the queen's brother," meaning that his sister Liutgard was married to Louis the Younger. According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Bruno died in a flooded river while on campaign against the Danes in 880. This probably took place during the battle or during a retreat. According to legend, Bruno is the founder of Brunswick and ancestor of the Brunonen, counts of Brunswick.

Source: Reuter, Timothy (trans.) The Annals of Fulda. (Manchester Medieval series, Ninth-Century Histories, Volume II.) Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992. pp. 88 and n4.

--------------------

Bruno, Duke of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bruno, Brun, or Braun (died 2 February 880) was the Duke of Saxony from 866 to his death. He was the elder son of Liudolf, progenitor of the Liudolfing dynasty and described as dux orientalis Saxonum, duke of East Saxony. It is possible that Bruno was dux totius Saxonum, duke of all Saxony.

He died, along with several other Saxon noblemen, in a battle against the Vikings (probably Danes) on 2 February 880.[1] The battle was a defeat and two bishops were killed. Bruno is listed as one of twelve counts also killed. He is called ducem et fratrem reinæ: dux and "the queen's brother," meaning that his sister Liutgard was married to Louis the Younger. According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Bruno died in a flooded river while on campaign against the Danes in 880. This probably took place during the battle or during a retreat.

According to legend, Bruno is the founder of Brunswick and ancestor of the Brunonen, counts of Brunswick.

Sources

Reuter, Timothy (trans.) The Annals of Fulda. (Manchester Medieval series, Ninth-Century Histories, Volume II.) Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1992. -------------------- książę saski (dux totius Saxonum) 866-880.

Poległ w walce z Wikingami -------------------- Bruno, Brun, or Braun (died 2 February 880) was the Duke of Saxony from 866 to his death. He was the elder son of Duke Liudolf of Saxony, progenitor of the Liudolfing dynasty and his wife Oda of Billung. While his father is described as dux orientalis Saxonum, duke of East Saxony, it is possible that Bruno, according to Widukind of Corvey, was dux totius Saxonum, duke of all Saxony.

He died, along with several other Saxon noblemen, in a battle against the Vikings (probably Danes) on 2 February 880.[1] The battle near Ebstorf was a crushing defeat and two bishops as well as twelve counts, among them Bruno, were killed. He is called ducem et fratrem reinæ: dux and "the queen's brother," meaning that his sister Liutgard was married to King Louis the Younger. According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Bruno died in a flooded river while on campaign against the Danes in 880. This probably took place during the battle or during a retreat.

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Bruno's Timeline

836
836
Sachsen, Ostfrankreich
866
866
- February 2, 880
Age 30
Sassonia, Germany
870
870
Age 34
880
February 2, 880
Age 44
Ebstorf, Lower Saxony, Germany
2000
April 25, 2000
Age 44
2003
April 4, 2003
Age 44
2004
May 18, 2004
Age 44
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