Brusi Sigurdsson Orkneyjarl

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Brusi Sigurdsson Orkneyjarl

Nicknames: "Bruse Sigurdsson", "Brusi Orkneyjarl", "Brusee", "Brusi /Sigurdsson/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Orkney Islands (Norse-held), Scotland, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Orkney Islands (Norse-held), Scotland, (Present UK)
Place of Burial: Papa Westrey, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sigurd II Driga (Earl of Orkney, Scotland); Frille II til Sigurd, I and Olith (possibly Donada) 'Thora' 'Anleta' MacKenneth
Husband of Countess Ostrida Regenwaldsdottir
Father of Ragnvald Brusesen Orknøyjarl; Rognvald Brusesson, Earl of Orkney; Ingreda Brusisdatter; Margarita Brusisdatter and Olaf Brusasson Brusison
Brother of Sumarlidi Sigurdsson (988-1015), Jarl of Orkney; Einar, 'Wrymouth' Sigurdsson, Jarl of Orkney; Hlodve 'Hund' Sigurdsson Orkney; Ellen Sigurdsdottir and Thorfinn 'The Black' Sigurdsson, II Jarl of Orkney

Occupation: Earl of Orkney, Jarl af Brusse, 16th Jarl Orkney, Earl of Caithness
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Brusi Sigurdsson Orkneyjarl

Jarl på Orknøy, sønn av Sigurd II Digre. Earl of Orkney Islands. På norrønt Brusi Sigurdsson, fornavnet i moderne tid fornorsket til Bruse.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Orkney#Norse_Earls_of_Orkney

Brusi Sigurdsson (died 1030-1035) was one of Sigurd Hlodvirsson's four sons (together with Thorfinn, Einar and Sumarlidi). He was jointly Earl of Orkney from 1014. His life is recorded in the Orkneyinga Saga.

When Earl Sigurd was killed at the Battle of Clontarf, he left four sons: Brusi, Sumarlidi, Einar and Thorfinn. Thorfinn was only a child, whereas his three brothers were grown men, so the Earldom was divided between the three older brothers.

Sumarlidi died soon after, and Einar, called Wry-Mouth (Rangmunn), took his share, ruling two-thirds of the Earldom and leaving a third for Brusi. Einar soon became unpopular, demanding heavy taxes and frequent military service from the farmers, and gaining little booty on his raids. He was, the saga says, "a great bully", whereas Brusi was "gentle, restrained, unassuming and a fine speaker" and "well-liked by everyone".

Brusi had to make peace between Einar and Thorfinn when the youngest brother grew to manhood, not once but twice. In the end, Einar plotted Thorfinn's death but was found out and killed by Thorfinn. The agreement made with Einar meant that Brusi inherited another third of the earldom on Einar's death, leaving Thorfinn with one part of the earldom, Brusi with two. Thorfinn was not pleased with this arrangement, and asked Brusi for a half share. This Brusi refused. However, while Thorfinn could count on the aid of his maternal grandfather, Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, Brusi could rely only on his own resources.

To find support Brusi went to Norway, to the court of King Olaf Haraldsson, to have the sharing out of the Earldom settled, and Thorfinn followed him there. Olaf kept Einar's share for himself, appointing Brusi to administer it, and kept Brusi's son Rognvald at his court. Brusi later gave Thorfinn the disputed third of the islands in return for Thorfinn seeing to the defence of Orkney and Shetland.

Brusi died before 1035 as the saga says he had died before his son Rognvald accompanied Magnus the Good back to Norway.

---------------------------------------

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#SigurdDigridied1014A

Hlodve & his wife had [three] children: (Cawley's Medlands)

i) SIGURD "Digri/the Stout", son of [HLODVIR Torfinnsson Jarl of Orkney & his wife Eithne of Ireland] ([965/70]-killed in battle Clontarf 23 Apr 1014). Orkneyinga Saga names “Sigurd the Stout” as the son of Hlodvir and his wife, adding that he “took over the earldom” after his father died[856]. Snorre names "Sigurd the Thick" as the son of Hlodver[857]. His birth date is estimated from the fact that his older sons were already sufficiently mature in 1014 to be placed in charge of Orkney by their father when he left for war in Ireland. He succeeded his father in [988] as Jarl of Orkney and Caithness. He defeated Findlaech Mormaer of Moray before 995 at the second battle of Skidmoor in Caithness, consolidating his power on the Scottish mainland. Orkneyinga Saga records Sigurd´s battle against “a Scottish earl called Finnleik”[858]. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Olaf Tryggvason” pressured Sigurd to accept baptism and returned to Norway with Sigurd´s son as a hostage[859]. Orkneyinga Saga records that Sigurd went to Ireland “five years after the Battle of Svoldur” to support “King Sigtrygg Silk-Beard” against “King Brian of Ireland”, and left “his elder sons in charge of the earldom”, but was killed in the battle in which King Brian was killed[860]. Snorre records that "Sigurd the Thick" went to Ireland and fell "in Brian's battle"[861]. (Cawley's Medlands)

m firstly ---. The name of Sigurd´s first wife is not known. Sigurd & his [first wife] had four children:

1. SOMERLED (-[1015/20]). Orkneyinga Saga records that Earl Sigurd had “three other sons…Sumarlidi, Brusi and Einar Wry-Mouth”, adding that he left them “in charge of the earldom” when he left for Ireland and that they divided the earldom between them after he was killed[866]. Snorre names "Sumarlide, Bruse and Einar Rangmund" as "older sons" of "Sigurd the Thick", recording that they succeeded on the death of their father when the country was divided into three parts[867]. He succeeded his father 1014 as Jarl of 1/3 Orkney. Orkneyinga Saga records that Somerled “had the shortest life” of the brothers, “dying in his bed”[868]. (Cawley's Medlands)

2. BRUSI (-[1030/35]). Orkneyinga Saga records that Earl Sigurd had “three other sons…Sumarlidi, Brusi and Einar Wry-Mouth”, adding that he left them “in charge of the earldom” when he left for Ireland and that they divided the earldom between them after he was killed[869]. Snorre names "Sumarlide, Bruse and Einar Rangmund" as "older sons" of "Sigurd the Thick", recording that they succeeded on the death of their father when the country was divided into three parts[870]. He succeeded his father 1014 as Jarl of 1/3 Orkney, and disputed the share of his deceased brother Einar with his half-brother Thorfinn. Orkneyinga Saga records the death of “Brusi”, dated from the context to after the death of Malcolm II King of Scotland[871]. m ---. The name of Brusi´s wife is not known. Brusi & his wife had one child: (Cawley's Medlands)

a) RAGNVALD Brusason ([1010/15]-Dec 1046, bur Papa Westray). Orkneyinga Saga names “Rognvald” as son of Brusi, adding that he was two years old when his father took him to Norway after the death of his brother Einar[872]. A later passage records that Olaf II King of Norway kept Ragnvald in Norway when his father returned to Orkney and that “at an early age he grew to be tall and strong…and he stayed with King Olaf for a long time”[873]. As King Olaf´s reign ended in 1028, this passage is inconsistent with Ragnvald having been two years old when he arrived in Norway. The best estimate that can be made is that Ragnvald must have been at least 15 years old in 1030, so must have been born in [1010/15]. Snorre names Ragnvald son of Earl Bruse when recording that he was given as a hostage to Olav King of Norway in 1021, and accompanied the king into exile in Novgorod[874]. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Rognvald Brusason” took part “in the battle of Stiklestad in which King Olaf the Saint was killed” (elsewhere dated to 29 Jul 1030), then travelled to Novgorod “where King Jaroslav gave them a kindly welcome”, before returning to Norway with King Magnus II (who succeeded in 1035), and eventually sailing to Orkney to claim his father´s inheritance[875]. Morkinskinna records “Rognvaldr Brúsason…a very valiant and popular man” as leader of the “Russian defence forces” under “King Yaroslav”[876]. Morkinskinna records that Magnus King of Norway “put Rognvaldr Brúsason in authority to the west in Orkney and gave him the title of jarl” but that “great strife broke out between Rognvaldr jarl and Thorfinnr jarl his uncle”[877]. Orkneyinga Saga records that Ragnvald left Orkney to seek help from Magnus King of Norway after a dispute with his uncle, was defeated when he returned to Orkney, succeeded in expelling Thorfinn after returning with a second invasion fleet, but was murdered by Thorfinn´s forces, and buried at “Papa Westray”[878]. The Complete Peerage dates Ragnvald´s death to Dec 1046 but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[879]. (Cawley's Medlands)

3. EINA "Rangmund/Wrymouth" (-murdered Sandwick [1023/25]). Orkneyinga Saga records that Earl Sigurd had “three other sons…Sumarlidi, Brusi and Einar Wry-Mouth”, adding that he left them “in charge of the earldom” when he left for Ireland and that they divided the earldom between them after he was killed[880]. Snorre names "Sumarlide, Bruse and Einar Rangmund" as "older sons" of "Sigurd the Thick", recording that they succeeded on the death of their father when the country was divided into three parts[881]. He succeeded his father 1014 as Jarl of 1/3 Orkney. Orkneyinga Saga records that Thorfinn unsuccessfully claimed a share of Orkney from his half-brother Einar after the death of their brother Somerled, but that “when Earl Thorfinn came of age” he reasserted his claim and a settlement was reached through the intervention of their brother Brusi[882]. Assuming that he came of age when around 15 years old, this event would be dated to [1023/24]. Orkneyinga Saga records that Einar was killed at “Sandwick” by Thorkel Amundsson[883]. It is difficult to date this event precisely, but references in the text to “King Olaf” must indicate Olaf II King of Norway who ruled from 1016 to 1028. (Cawley's Medlands)

4. HUNDI [Hlodvir] ([990]-[996/1000]). Orkneyinga Saga records that “Olaf Tryggvason” pressured Sigurd to accept baptism and returned to Norway with Sigurd´s son “Hvelp or Hundi…baptised…[as] Hlodvir” as a hostage, adding that “Hlodvir didn´t live long” and that his father refused to pay homage to King Olaf after his son died[884]. He was taken to Norway as a hostage by Olaf Tryggvesson [995], baptised as Hlodve, but died there soon after[885]. (Cawley's Medlands)

m ([1005 or after]) --- of Scotland, daughter of MALCOLM II King of Scotland & his wife ---. Orkneyinga Saga records that “Earl Sigurd” married “the daughter of Malcolm King of Scots” (whose succession is recorded in 1005)[862]. Snorre records the marriage of "Sigurd the Thick" and "a daughter of the Scottish king Malcolm"[863]. It appears unlikely that Sigurd´s wife could have been King Malcolm´s daughter Donada (as shown in many secondary sources, including the Complete Peerage[864]) if it is correct that Donada´s recorded husband Findlaech was killed in 1020 and that their son was born in [1005][865]. [Note – It is perfectly possible that Sigurd took Donada from Findlaech, long before Findlaech died – Sharon] (Cawley's Medlands)

Sigurd & his second wife had one child:

5. THORFINN "the Black" ([1009]-[1060/65], bur Birsay, Christchurch). Orkneyinga Saga names “Earl Thorfinn” as the son of Sigurd and his wife “the daughter of Malcolm King of Scots”, adding that his father sent him to Scotland “to be fostered by the King, the boy´s maternal grandfather” when he left for Ireland, and that he was five years old when his father was killed[886]. Snorre names Thorfin as son of "Sigurd the Thick" & his wife, recording that he was five years old when his father was killed[887]. He succeeded [1030] as sole Jarl of Orkney. (Cawley's Medlands)

ii) SVANLAUG or Nereid.

m (Orkney 990) GILLI Jarl of the Hebrides 988-1014.] (Cawley's Medlands)

iii) daughter.

m HAVARD (-winter 988/89). Steward of Caithness for Jarl Sigurd. Killed by Jarls Melsnati and Hundi, who were defeated when Jarl Sigurd attacked them in revenge.](Cawley's Medlands)


---------------------------------------

Om Orkneyjarlene fra Orkney sagaen, eller Jarlesoga som den også kalles:

http://oaks.nvg.org/orkneyingsoga.html

"De to brødrene Einar og Bruse liknet ikke hverandre i sinn; Bruse var grei og omgjengelig, klok og veltalende og vennesæl. Einar var stri, fåmælt og menneskesky, grisk og pengesjuk og en svær hærmann. Sumarlide liknet Bruse på sinnelaget; han var den eldste og levde kortest av brødrene, han døde av sjukdom. Etter at han var død, krevde Torfinn sin del av Orknøyene. Einar svarte at Torfinn hadde Katanes og Suderland, det var et rike som Sigurd jarl, far deres hadde hatt, og det var mye større enn en tredjedel av Orknøyene, og han ville ikke la Torfinn få noen del i skiftet; men Bruse lot skifte sin del. "Jeg vil ikke sytreve etter å få mer av øyene enn den tredjedelen jeg kan få ha i fred," sa han. Da tok Einar to tredjedeler av øyene, han ble en mektig mann og hadde en stor hær, om sommeren var han ofte i hærferd og hadde stort oppbud av folk på øyene, men det var svært ujamt med hvor mye utbytte de fikk på vikingtogene. Da ble bøndene leie av dette slitet, men jarlen dreiv på like grådig med påleggene, og sa det skulle ikke gå dem godt om de sa noe imot. Einar jarl var en fælt ustyrlig kar. Så ble det uår i riket hans for alt dette slitet og utgiftene som bøndene hadde; men i den delen av landet som Bruse hadde, var det godt år og godt utkomme for bøndene, og derfor var han vennesæl."

fra Heimskringla, Snorri Sturluson

-------------------- SOURCES: GENEALOGY: Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons; Page; 226; G929.72; C6943ra; Denver Public Library; Genealogy -------------------- Brusse . Married Ostrida OF_GOTHLAND. Died 1031.

        !GENEALOGY: Royal Ancestors of Magna Charta Barons; Page; 226;
        G929.72; C6943ra; Denver Public Library; Genealogy

             Children of Brusse  and Ostrida OF_GOTHLAND:

           26       i   ROGNVALD, d. 1046, Norway

-------------------- Brusi Sigurdsson Earl of Orkney -------------------- (died 1030x1035) was a son of Sigurd Hlodvirsson. He was jointly Earl of Orkney from 1014. His life is recorded in the Orkneyinga Saga.

When Earl Sigurd was killed at the Battle of Clontarf, he left four sons: Brusi, Sumarlidi, Einar and Thorfinn. Thorfinn was only a child, whereas his three brothers were grown men, so the Earldom was divided between the three older brothers.[1]

Sumarlidi died soon after, and Einar, called Wry-Mouth, took his share, ruling two-thirds of the Earldom and leaving a third for Brusi. Einar soon became unpopular, demanding heavy taxes and frequent military service from the farmers, and gaining little booty on his raids. He was, the saga says, "a great bully", whereas Brusi was "gentle, restrained, unassuming and a fine speaker" and "well-liked by everyone".[2]

Brusi had to make peace between Einar and Thorfinn when the youngest brother grew to manhood, not once but twice. In the end, Einar plotted Thorfinn's death but was found out and killed by Thorfinn.[3] The agreement made with Einar meant that Brusi inherited another third of the earldom on Einar's death, leaving Thorfinn with one part of the earldom, Brusi with two. Thorfinn was not pleased with this arrangement, and asked Brusi for a half share. This Brusi refused. However, while Thorfinn could count on the aid of his maternal grandfather, Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, Brusi could rely only on his own resources.[4]

To find support Brusi went to Norway, to the court of King Olaf Haraldsson, to have the sharing out of the Earldom settled, and Thorfinn followed him there. Olaf kept Einar's share for himself, appointing Brusi to administer it, and kept Brusi's son Rognvald at his court.[5] Brusi later gave Thorfinn the disputed third of the islands in return for Thorfinn seeing to the defence of Orkney and Shetland.[6]

Brusi died before 1035 as the saga says he had died before his son Rognvald accompanied Magnus the Good back to Norway.

-------------------- Kilde: Fossmo/Berglund - slekta. Birger Nytrøen 1995 -------------------- http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/4/53151.htm Born: Abt 987, Of, , Orkney Islands, Scotland Married: Abt 1010, Orkney, Scotland Died: 1031, , , Orkney Islands, Scotland

  Ancestral File Number: 91WX-3J.
  Marriage Information:

Brusi married Ostrida REGENWALDSDÓTTIR about 1010 in Orkney, Scotland. (Ostrida REGENWALDSDÓTTIR was born about 990 in Gothland, Sweden.) -------------------- Marriage

Ostrida Regenwaldsdatter Countess of Orkney - ‎[View Family ‎(F2308)‎‎] 

1010 ‎(Age 23)‎ Orkney, , , Scotland


Globally unique Identifier

B5C7F7A2DC8F82E42920DE230DD6A7695158
view all 15

Brusi Sigurdsson Orkneyjarl's Timeline

987
987
Orkney Islands (Norse-held), Scotland, (Present UK)
1000
1000
Age 13
Orkney Islands, UK
1011
1011
Age 24
1013
1013
Age 26
Orkney Islands, Scotland
1014
1014
- 1030
Age 27
Orkney Islands
1015
1015
Age 28
Orkney Islands, Scotland
1017
1017
Age 30
Orkney Islands, Scotland
1031
1031
Age 44
Orkney Islands (Norse-held), Scotland, (Present UK)
????
Gothland, Sweden
????
Orknøyene