Burchard II von Schwaben, Herzog von Schwaben (c.883 - 926) MP

‹ Back to von Schwaben surname

Is your surname von Schwaben?

Research the von Schwaben family

Burchard II, duke of Swabia's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Nicknames: "Buchard", "Burkard", "Burkhard"
Birthplace: Swabia, Germany
Death: Died in Battle d'Ivrea, Italia
Cause of death: Killed in the attack on Novara, Italy, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan
Occupation: Duke of Swabia (917-926), Count of Raetia, Duc de Souabe (1er, 911-926), Comte de Thurgau
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Burchard II von Schwaben, Herzog von Schwaben

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burchard_II,_Duke_of_Swabia

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Hunfriding Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Count of Raetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

   * Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch
   * Hicha (c. 905 – 950)
   * Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia
   * Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy
   * Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burchard_II,_Duke_of_Swabia

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Hunfriding Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Count of Raetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

   * Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch
   * Hicha (c. 905 – 950)
   * Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia
   * Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy
   * Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

--------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burchard_II._%28Schwaben%29

Burchard II. (Schwaben)

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche

Burchard II. (* 883 oder 884; † 29. April 926 gefallen in Novara) war Herzog von Schwaben (917-926) und Rätien. Geboren wurde er als Sohn von Burchard I.. Er heiratete Regelinda († 958), die Tochter von Eberhard I. Graf im Zürichgau aus der Linie der Eberhardinger. Sie heiratete in zweiter Ehe den späteren Herzog Hermann I..

Inhaltsverzeichnis

[Anzeigen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Nachkommen
   * 3 Literatur
   * 4 Weblinks

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Als Sohn von Burchard I. gehörte Burchard II. zu den führenden Familien im Südwesten des Oberfränkischen Reichs. Er war an den gewaltsamen Auseinandersetzungen um die Bildung des Herzogtums Schwaben Anfang des 10. Jahrhunderts maßgeblich beteiligt. Er gründete zusammen mit seiner Frau das Kloster St. Margarethen in Waldkirch, um seinen Einfluss auf das Gebiet am Oberrhein zu erweitern.

Im Jahre 911 versuchte sein Vater, seinen Einfluss zu erweitern. Er unterlag Bischof Salomo III. von Konstanz und dem Pfalzgrafen Erchanger und wurde hingerichtet. Burchard II. und seine Frau Regelinda gingen in die Verbannung nach Italien. Anderen Texten zufolge floh Burchard zu Verwandten nach Italien. Um 913/914 kehrte Burchard aus dem Exil zurück und nahm die Herrschaft und Besitztümer seines Vaters an sich.

Im gleichen Jahr kämpfte er an der Seite des bairischen Herzogs Arnulf und des Pfalzgrafen Erchanger gegen die Ungarn in der Schlacht am Inn. Burchard bezog offen Opposition gegen König Konrad I. 915 besiegte er im Kampf bei Wahlwies im Hegau, westlich der Pfalz Bodman, den König. Erchanger wurde zum dux/Herzog ausgerufen. Die Synode von Hohenaltheim verurteilte Erchangers Opposition der Herzöge gegen Konrad. Drei Monate nach der Synode, am 21. Januar 917, ließ der König seine Schwäger Erchanger und Berthold sowie einen ihrer Neffen, Liutfried, im Vertrauen auf die Beilegung des Konfliktes mit Konrad unter eigenwilliger Verschärfung des Synodalbeschlusses hinrichten. Nach der Hinrichtung Erchangers erhob sich Burchard, nahm alle Besitztümer Erchangers an sich und wurde als Herzog in ganz Schwaben anerkannt.

Burchard II. stand im Jahre 919 in harter Bedrängnis durch Rudolf II. von Hochburgund, der die Pfalz Zürich in seine Gewalt gebracht hatte und von dort zum Bodenseegebiet, dem damaligen politischen und kulturellen Zentrum des Herzogtum Schwaben, vordrang. 919 wehrte der Herzog durch seinen Sieg in der Schlacht bei Winterthur die Gebietsansprüche Rudolfs II. von Hochburgund ab und erkannte im gleichen Jahr den neugewählten ostfränkischen König Heinrich I. an. König Heinrich übergab Herzog Burchard das in Schwaben befindliche Fiskalgut und die anderen materiellen Grundlagen des Königtums. Außerdem überließ er ihm auch die Aufsicht über die Bischofssitze und Reichsklöster, somit konnte er auch dieses Kirchengut der Reichskirche nutzen.

Im Jahre 922 bekräftigte Burchard II. den Frieden mit Burgund durch die Zustimmung zur Hochzeit seiner Tochter Berta mit König Rudolf II. von Hochburgund. Als Burchard II. seinen Schwiegersohn Rudolf II. nach Italien zwecks Übernahme des Königtums begleitete, um ihn gegen den von vielen abgelehnten Kaiser Berengar I. (888-924) zu unterstützen, fand er dort auch Gegner vor. Es wurde ein anderer Anwärter auf den Thron, nämlich Hugo, Markgraf von Provence, zur Thronübernahme eingeladen. Burchard II. wurde Ende April 926 vor Novara von den Truppen, die unter dem Befehl von Lambert von Mailand standen, überfallen und getötet.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

   * Gisela, Äbtissin von Waldkirch (* um 905 † 26. Oktober 923/25)
   * Hicha (*um 905 † 950, → Sohn Konrad der Rote)
   * Burchard III. (* um 915 † 11. November 973 )
   * Berta (*um 907 † nach 2. Januar 966) ∞ Rudolf II. König von Burgund
   * Adalrich, der Heilige Mönch in Einsiedeln († 973)

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Alfons Zettler, Geschichte des Herzogtums Schwaben, Stuttgart, 2003, Seiten 103ff; ISBN 3-17-015945-3.
   * Gerhard Hartmann & Karl Schnith: Die Kaiser - 1200 Jahre europäische Geschichte. Genehmigte Lizenzausgabe für Verlagsgruppe Weltbild GmbH, Augsburg, 2003 ISBN 3-8289-0549-8
   * Julius Hartmann: Burchard I. (Herzog von Schwaben). In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 3. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, S. 562.
   * Hans Jürgen Rieckenberg: Burchard I., Herzog von Schwaben. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 3. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, S. 28.

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * genealogie-mittelalter.de

Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

Erchanger Herzog von Schwaben

917–926 Hermann I.

Normdaten: PND: 121574490 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 17. Juli 2010 um 13:22 Uhr geändert.

--------------------

Burchard II, Duke of Swabia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Rhaetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch

Hicha (c. 905 – 950)

Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia

Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy

Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

--------------------

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Hunfriding Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Count of Raetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch

Hicha (c. 905 – 950)

Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia

Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy

Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

The Hunfridings or Burchardings (Bouchardids) were a family of probably Alemannic origin who rose to prominence in their homeland, eventually becoming the first ducal dynasty of Swabia. The first known member of the family was Hunfrid, Margrave of Istria and, according to some sources, last Duke of Friuli under Charlemagne from 799. The last member of the clan was Burchard III, Duke of Swabia, who died in 973. Descendants of the dynasty lived on in the House of Wettin and through the female line.

The most common and oft-recurring names in the family were Hunfrid, Adalbert, Odalric/Ulric, and Burchard. During the rise of the jüngeres Stammesherzogtum, that is, the "younger" stem duchies, the Hunfridings, like the Conradines in Franconia, were merely the most powerful among many well-entrenched ancient families vying for supremacy in Swabia. It took longer for them to establish their hereditary dukeship than either the Liudolfings in Saxony or the Liutpoldings in Bavaria.

When some Hunfridings, Odalric and Hunfrid III, rebelled against Louis the German in the 850s and fled to the court of Charles the Bald in West Francia, they were enfeoffed in Gothia and even given the title marchio, but though they successfully dealt with the Moorish threat from Iberia, they failed to establish a dynasty there.

The Hunfriding genealogy is difficult to trace with certainty. That the later Swabian dukes were descendants of the margrave of Istria and relatives to the host of other counts whose names were common in the family is difficult to prove with certainty, but is nonetheless very likely.

--------------------

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Rhaetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch

Hicha (c. 905 – 950)

Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia

Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy

Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

--------------------

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Rhaetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch

Hicha (c. 905 – 950)

Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia

Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy

Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burchard_II,_Duke_of_Swabia

Burchard II (883/884 – 29 April 926) was the Hunfriding Duke of Swabia (from 917) and Count of Raetia. He was the son of Burchard I and Liutgard of Saxony.

Burchard took part in the early wars over Swabia. His family being from Franconia, he founded the monastery of St Margarethen in Waldkirch to extend his family's influence into the Rhineland. On his father's arrest and execution for high treason in 911, he and his wife, Regelinda, daughter of Count Eberhard I of Zürich, went to Italy: either banished by Count Erchanger or voluntarily exiling themselves to their relatives over the Alps. Around 913, Burchard returned from exile and took control over his father's property. In 915, he joined Erchanger and Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria, in battle against the Magyars. Then Burchard and Erchanger turned on King Conrad I and, at the Battle of Wahlwies in the Hegau, defeated him. Erchanger was proclaimed duke.

After Erchanger was killed on 21 January 917, Burchard seized all his lands and was recognised universally as duke. In 919, King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy seized the county of Zürich and invaded the region of Konstanz, then the centre and practical capital of the Swabian duchy. At Winterthur, however, Rudolph was defeated by Burchard, who thus consolidated the duchy and forced on the king his own territorial claims. In that same year, he recognised the newly-elected king of Germany, Henry the Fowler, duke of Saxony. Henry in turn gave Burchard rights of taxation and investiture of bishops and abbots in his duchy.

In 922, Burchard married his daughter Bertha to Rudolph and affirms the peace of three years prior. Burchard then accompanied Rudolph into Italy when he was elected king by opponents of the Emperor Berengar. In 924, the emperor died and Hugh of Arles was elected by his partisans to oppose Rudolph. Burchard attacked Novara, defended by the troops of Lambert, Archbishop of Milan. There he was killed, probably on April 29. His widow, Regelinda (d. 958), remarried to Burchard's successor, Herman I. She had given him five children:

   * Gisela (c. 905 – 26 October 923 or 925), abbess of Waldkirch
   * Hicha (c. 905 – 950)
   * Burchard III (c. 915 – 11 November 973), later duke of Swabia
   * Bertha (c. 907 – 2 January 961), married Rudolph II, King of Burgundy
   * Adalric (d. 973), monk in Einsiedeln Abbey

-------------------- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burchard_II._%28Schwaben%29

Burchard II. (Schwaben)

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie

Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche

Burchard II. (* 883 oder 884; † 29. April 926 gefallen in Novara) war Herzog von Schwaben (917-926) und Rätien. Geboren wurde er als Sohn von Burchard I.. Er heiratete Regelinda († 958), die Tochter von Eberhard I. Graf im Zürichgau aus der Linie der Eberhardinger. Sie heiratete in zweiter Ehe den späteren Herzog Hermann I..

Inhaltsverzeichnis

[Anzeigen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Nachkommen
   * 3 Literatur
   * 4 Weblinks

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Als Sohn von Burchard I. gehörte Burchard II. zu den führenden Familien im Südwesten des Oberfränkischen Reichs. Er war an den gewaltsamen Auseinandersetzungen um die Bildung des Herzogtums Schwaben Anfang des 10. Jahrhunderts maßgeblich beteiligt. Er gründete zusammen mit seiner Frau das Kloster St. Margarethen in Waldkirch, um seinen Einfluss auf das Gebiet am Oberrhein zu erweitern.

Im Jahre 911 versuchte sein Vater, seinen Einfluss zu erweitern. Er unterlag Bischof Salomo III. von Konstanz und dem Pfalzgrafen Erchanger und wurde hingerichtet. Burchard II. und seine Frau Regelinda gingen in die Verbannung nach Italien. Anderen Texten zufolge floh Burchard zu Verwandten nach Italien. Um 913/914 kehrte Burchard aus dem Exil zurück und nahm die Herrschaft und Besitztümer seines Vaters an sich.

Im gleichen Jahr kämpfte er an der Seite des bairischen Herzogs Arnulf und des Pfalzgrafen Erchanger gegen die Ungarn in der Schlacht am Inn. Burchard bezog offen Opposition gegen König Konrad I. 915 besiegte er im Kampf bei Wahlwies im Hegau, westlich der Pfalz Bodman, den König. Erchanger wurde zum dux/Herzog ausgerufen. Die Synode von Hohenaltheim verurteilte Erchangers Opposition der Herzöge gegen Konrad. Drei Monate nach der Synode, am 21. Januar 917, ließ der König seine Schwäger Erchanger und Berthold sowie einen ihrer Neffen, Liutfried, im Vertrauen auf die Beilegung des Konfliktes mit Konrad unter eigenwilliger Verschärfung des Synodalbeschlusses hinrichten. Nach der Hinrichtung Erchangers erhob sich Burchard, nahm alle Besitztümer Erchangers an sich und wurde als Herzog in ganz Schwaben anerkannt.

Burchard II. stand im Jahre 919 in harter Bedrängnis durch Rudolf II. von Hochburgund, der die Pfalz Zürich in seine Gewalt gebracht hatte und von dort zum Bodenseegebiet, dem damaligen politischen und kulturellen Zentrum des Herzogtum Schwaben, vordrang. 919 wehrte der Herzog durch seinen Sieg in der Schlacht bei Winterthur die Gebietsansprüche Rudolfs II. von Hochburgund ab und erkannte im gleichen Jahr den neugewählten ostfränkischen König Heinrich I. an. König Heinrich übergab Herzog Burchard das in Schwaben befindliche Fiskalgut und die anderen materiellen Grundlagen des Königtums. Außerdem überließ er ihm auch die Aufsicht über die Bischofssitze und Reichsklöster, somit konnte er auch dieses Kirchengut der Reichskirche nutzen.

Im Jahre 922 bekräftigte Burchard II. den Frieden mit Burgund durch die Zustimmung zur Hochzeit seiner Tochter Berta mit König Rudolf II. von Hochburgund. Als Burchard II. seinen Schwiegersohn Rudolf II. nach Italien zwecks Übernahme des Königtums begleitete, um ihn gegen den von vielen abgelehnten Kaiser Berengar I. (888-924) zu unterstützen, fand er dort auch Gegner vor. Es wurde ein anderer Anwärter auf den Thron, nämlich Hugo, Markgraf von Provence, zur Thronübernahme eingeladen. Burchard II. wurde Ende April 926 vor Novara von den Truppen, die unter dem Befehl von Lambert von Mailand standen, überfallen und getötet.

Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

   * Gisela, Äbtissin von Waldkirch (* um 905 † 26. Oktober 923/25)
   * Hicha (*um 905 † 950, → Sohn Konrad der Rote)
   * Burchard III. (* um 915 † 11. November 973 )
   * Berta (*um 907 † nach 2. Januar 966) ∞ Rudolf II. König von Burgund
   * Adalrich, der Heilige Mönch in Einsiedeln († 973)

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Alfons Zettler, Geschichte des Herzogtums Schwaben, Stuttgart, 2003, Seiten 103ff; ISBN 3-17-015945-3.
   * Gerhard Hartmann & Karl Schnith: Die Kaiser - 1200 Jahre europäische Geschichte. Genehmigte Lizenzausgabe für Verlagsgruppe Weltbild GmbH, Augsburg, 2003 ISBN 3-8289-0549-8
   * Julius Hartmann: Burchard I. (Herzog von Schwaben). In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 3. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, S. 562.
   * Hans Jürgen Rieckenberg: Burchard I., Herzog von Schwaben. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 3. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, S. 28.

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * genealogie-mittelalter.de

Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

Erchanger Herzog von Schwaben

917–926 Hermann I.

Normdaten: PND: 121574490 – weitere Informationen

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 17. Juli 2010 um 13:22 Uhr geändert. -------------------- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burchard_II._(Schwaben)

Burchard II. (Schwaben)

Burchard II. (* 883 oder 884; † 29. April 926 gefallen in Novara) war Herzog von Schwaben (917-926) und Rätien. Geboren wurde er als Sohn von Burchard I.. Er heiratete Regelinda († 958), die Tochter von Eberhard I. Graf im Zürichgau aus der Linie der Eberhardinger. Sie heiratete in zweiter Ehe den späteren Herzog Hermann I..

  • Leben

Als Sohn von Burchard I. gehörte Burchard II. zu den führenden Familien im Südwesten des Oberfränkischen Reichs. Er war an den gewaltsamen Auseinandersetzungen um die Bildung des Herzogtums Schwaben Anfang des 10. Jahrhunderts maßgeblich beteiligt. Er gründete zusammen mit seiner Frau das Kloster St. Margarethen in Waldkirch, um seinen Einfluss auf das Gebiet am Oberrhein zu erweitern.

Im Jahre 911 versuchte sein Vater, seinen Einfluss zu erweitern. Er unterlag Bischof Salomo III. von Konstanz und dem Pfalzgrafen Erchanger und wurde hingerichtet. Burchard II. und seine Frau Regelinda gingen in die Verbannung nach Italien. Anderen Quellen zufolge floh Burchard zu Verwandten nach Italien. Um 913/914 kehrte Burchard aus dem Exil zurück und nahm die Herrschaft und Besitztümer seines Vaters an sich.

Im selben Jahr kämpfte er an der Seite des bayerischen Herzogs Arnulf und des Pfalzgrafen Erchanger gegen die Ungarn in der Schlacht am Inn. Burchard bezog offen Opposition gegen König Konrad I. 915 besiegte er im Kampf bei Wahlwies im Hegau, westlich der Pfalz Bodman, den König. Erchanger wurde zum dux/Herzog ausgerufen. Die Synode von Hohenaltheim verurteilte Erchangers Opposition der Herzöge gegen Konrad. Drei Monate nach der Synode, am 21. Januar 917, ließ der König seine Schwäger Erchanger und Berthold sowie einen ihrer Neffen, Liutfried, im Vertrauen auf die Beilegung des Konfliktes mit Konrad unter eigenwilliger Verschärfung des Synodalbeschlusses hinrichten. Nach der Hinrichtung Erchangers erhob sich Burchard, nahm alle Besitztümer Erchangers an sich und wurde als Herzog in ganz Schwaben anerkannt.

Burchard II. stand im Jahre 919 in harter Bedrängnis durch Rudolf II. von Hochburgund, der die Pfalz Zürich in seine Gewalt gebracht hatte und von dort zum Bodenseegebiet, dem damaligen politischen und kulturellen Zentrum des Herzogtum Schwaben, vordrang. 919 wehrte der Herzog durch seinen Sieg in der Schlacht bei Winterthur die Gebietsansprüche Rudolfs II. von Hochburgund ab und erkannte im selben Jahr den neugewählten ostfränkischen König Heinrich I. an. König Heinrich übergab Herzog Burchard das in Schwaben befindliche Fiskalgut und die anderen materiellen Grundlagen des Königtums. Außerdem überließ er ihm auch die Aufsicht über die Bischofssitze und Reichsklöster, somit konnte er auch dieses Kirchengut der Reichskirche nutzen.

Im Jahre 922 bekräftigte Burchard II. den Frieden mit Burgund durch die Zustimmung zur Hochzeit seiner Tochter Berta mit König Rudolf II. von Hochburgund. Als Burchard II. seinen Schwiegersohn Rudolf II. nach Italien zwecks Übernahme des Königtums begleitete, um ihn gegen den von vielen abgelehnten Kaiser Berengar I. (888-924) zu unterstützen, fand er dort auch Gegner vor. Es wurde ein anderer Anwärter auf den Thron, nämlich Hugo, Markgraf von Provence, zur Thronübernahme eingeladen. Burchard II. wurde Ende April 926 vor Novara von den Truppen, die unter dem Befehl von Lambert von Mailand standen, überfallen und getötet.

  • Nachkommen
  1. Gisela, Äbtissin von Waldkirch (* um 905 † 26. Oktober 923/25)
  2. Hicha (*um 905 † 950, → Sohn Konrad der Rote)
  3. Burchard III. (* um 915 † 11. November 973 )
  4. Berta (*um 907 † nach 2. Januar 966) ∞ Rudolf II. König von Burgund
  5. Adalrich, der Heilige Mönch in Einsiedeln († 973)

-------------------- http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SWABIA.htm#BurkhardIIdied926

BURKHARD [I], son of ADALBERT [II] "der Erlauchte" Graf im Thurgau [Hunfridinger] & his wife --- (-killed in battle [5 Nov] 911). ... [Duke of Swabia]. ... m ---. The name of Burkhard's wife is not known. Burkhard [I] & his wife had three children:

  • 1. ULRICH (-30 Sep ----). ...
  • 2. BURKHARD [II] (-murdered Novara 28/29 Apr 926). The Annales Alamannicorum name (in order) "Purchardo et Uodalricho" as sons of "Purghart comes et princeps Alamannorum" specifying that they were expelled from Swabia when their father was killed in 911[43]. The Annales Alamannicorum record the rebellion against the king of "Burchardus iunior" in 914[44]. He succeeded in 917 as BURKHARD II Duke of Swabia. "Heinricus…rex" granted property to "in pago Hegouue in eodem comitatu [Burchardi]…in loco Siginga" to "Baboni…comitis Burchardi vassallo" after consultation with "Burchardi, Ebarhardi, Chuonradi, Heinrici atque Utonis…comitum" by charter dated 30 Nov 920[45]. It is not certain that "Burchardi" refers to the duke of Swabia, although the charter is dated during the period during which the title dux was not consistently used in contemporary documentation and no other Burkhard has yet been identified to whom it can refer. He was killed during an expedition to northern Italy in support of his son-in-law Rudolf King of Burgundy[46]. Herimannus records that "Burghardus dux" was killed in 926[47]. The Annales Sangallenses specify that he was killed in Italy[48]. m (before 911) as her first husband, REGINLIND, daughter of [EBERHARD [I] Graf im Zürichgau] & his wife Gisela --- ([885/90]-Insel Ufenau 958 after 29 Apr). The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Gisle…socrui Purchardi iunioris" donated all her property to St Peter's in 911[49]. Regino records that "viduam Burchardi" married "Herimanno"[50]. She married secondly Hermann I Duke of Swabia [Konradiner]. The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records in Aug the donation of "Stevegeia, Kaltbrunnen et Lindowa" by "domina Regelinda cum filio suo Burcardo duce"[51]. "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Zuriggaui in comitatu Liudonis commitis" to "Erig" at the request of "Regilinde…comitisse" by charter dated 10 Mar 952[52]. "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago Engrisgouue in comitatu Uualtbrahtti in loco…Uuidhergis" to "matrone fidelique nostre Reginlind" at the request of "Burghardi ducis" by charter dated 29 Apr 958[53]. Duke Burkhard II & his wife had three children:
    • a) BURKHARD [III] (-12 Nov 973, bur Reichenau Island). ... He was installed in 954 as BURKHARD III Duke of Swabia after the duchy was confiscated from Liudolf, son of Otto I King of Germany. ... m HEDWIG of Bavaria, daughter of HEINRICH I Duke of Bavaria [Ottonen] & his wife Judith of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger] (-26 Jul 994). ...
    • b) ADALRICH (-after 973). ...
    • c) BERTA (-after 2 Jan 966). ... m firstly (922) RUDOLF II King of Upper Burgundy, son of RUDOLF I King of Upper Burgundy & his wife Willa [de Vienne] (-937). m secondly (12 Dec 937) as his fourth wife, UGO King of Italy, son of THEOTBALD Comte d'Arles & his wife Berta of Lotharingia [Carolingian] ([880]-10 Apr 947).
  • 3. DIETPIRCH (-17 or 22 Mar after 923, bur Wittislingen). ... m HUPOLD, son of HARTMANN & his wife --- (-16 Jul [909], bur Wittislingen).
view all 20

Burchard II, duke of Swabia's Timeline

870
870
883
883
Swabia, Germany
900
900
Age 17
Wettin, Sachsen, Prussia
904
904
Age 21
905
905
Age 22
Swabia, Germany
907
907
Age 24
907
Age 24
Bourgogne, France
917
917
Age 34
Hesse, Germany
926
April 29, 926
Age 43
Battle d'Ivrea, Italia
April 926
Age 43