César de Bourbon, I. duc de Beaufort (1594 - 1665)

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Birthplace: Château de Coucy, , Picardie, France
Death: Died in Paris, France
Managed by: Farkasné TELEKI Zsófia
Last Updated:

About César de Bourbon, I. duc de Beaufort

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A9sar_of_Bourbon,_Duke_of_Vend%C3%B4me

César de Bourbon, Duc de Vendôme (1)

M, #114501, b. 3 June 1594, d. 22 October 1665

César de Bourbon, Duc de Vendôme was born illegitimately on 3 June 1594 at Château de Coucy, Picardie, France. (1)

He was the son of Henri IV, Roi de France and Gabrielle d'Estrées, Duchesse de Beaufort. (1)

He married Françoise de Lorraine-Mercouer, daughter of Philip Emanuel de Lorraine, Duc de Lorraine-Mercouer and Marie de Luxembourg-Penthièvre, on 7 July 1609. (1) He died on 22 October 1665 at age 71 at Paris, France.1

    

In January 1595 his birth was legitimised. (1)

He was created Duc de Vendôme in 1598. (1)

Children of César de Bourbon, Duc de Vendôme and Françoise de Lorraine-Mercouer

-1. Louis de Vendôme, Duc de Vendôme et de Mercoeur+ b. Dec 1612, d. 6 Aug 1669 (1)

-2. Elizabeth de Vendôme+ b. Aug 1614, d. 19 May 1664 (3)

-3. François de Vendôme, Duc de Beaufort b. 5 Jan 1616, d. 25 Jun 1669 (1)

Forrás:

http://thepeerage.com/p11451.htm#i114501

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César of Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

César of Bourbon-Vendôme (César I, Duke of Vendôme, Beaufort and Etampes) (Château de Coucy, 3 June 1594 – Paris, 22 October 1665) was the son of Henry IV of France and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées.

He was legitimized in 1595, and was created the first Duke of Vendôme by his father in 1598. The next year, he became Duke of Beaufort and Duke of Étampes upon the death of his mother.

On 16 July 1608, at the Château de Fontainebleau, he married Françoise de Lorraine, Duchesse de Mercoeur et de Penthièvre (d. 1669), the wealthy heiress of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur. The couple had three children:

Louis II, duc de Vendôme (1612–1669)

François, duc de Beaufort (1616–1669)

Elisabeth, Mlle de Vendôme (Paris, August 1614 – Paris, 19 May 1664), married in Paris on 11 July 1643 Charles Amédée, Duc de Nemours.

César spent much of his life intriguing against Marie de' Medici and then his half-brother Louis XIII of France. Implicated in the conspiracy of Chalais against Cardinal Richelieu, he and his brother Alexandre, the Chevalier de Vendôme, were imprisoned in the Château de Vincennes in 1626. He was released in 1630 and exiled to Holland.

In 1632, he returned to France and took part in the cabale des Importants against Cardinal Mazarin with his second son François. Exiled again, this time to England, he did not return until 1642. The marriage of his son Louis to Laura Mancini brought about his reconciliation with Mazarin, and he supported Anne of Austria throughout the Fronde. In 1651, he was appointed Admiral of France, and Grand Master of Navigation in 1655.

He was the head and founder of the House of Bourbon-Vendôme.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A9sar_de_Bourbon,_duc_de_Vend%C3%B4me -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A9sar,_Duke_of_Vend%C3%B4me

César, Duke of Vendôme

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César

Légitimé de France

Duke of Vendôme

César by Moncornet

Spouse Françoise de Lorraine

Detail

Issue

Louis, Duke of Vendôme

François, Duke of Beaufort

Élisabeth, Duchess of Nemours

Full name

César de Bourbon, Legitimé de France

Father Henry IV of France

Mother Gabrielle d'Estrées

Born 3 June 1594(1594-06-03)

Château de Coucy, France

Died 11 October 1665 (aged 71)

Paris, France

César de Bourbon, Légitimé de France (3 June 1594 – 22 October 1665), Duke of Vendôme, was the son of Henry IV of France and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Sometimes simply known as César de Vendôme. Through his daughter, Élisabeth de Bourbon, César was a great great great grandfather of Louis XV of France, and thus an ancestor of Prince Henri the Count of Paris, Orléanist pretender to the French throne, are among the male line descendants and heirs of Philippe. He is also an ancestor of Juan Carlos I of Spain, of Albert II, King of the Belgians, of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a pretender to the Italian throne.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Issue
   * 3 See also
   * 4 Titles

[edit] Biography

Born at the Château de Coucy in the Picardy region of France; his parents had started their affair in 1591 and César had been the couples first child. He was legitimised in 1595, and was created the first Duke of Vendôme by his father in 1598. The Duchy of Vendôme had been owned by the Bourbon dynasty since 1393, at that point being a County then being raised by Louis XII of France to a Duchy. In the same year, he was engaged to Françoise de Lorraine, who at the time she was said to be the richest heiress in France.

In 1599, César became Duke of Beaufort and Duke of Étampes upon the death of his mother, who died as a result of a miscarriage in Paris.

His father, King Henry IV, was grief-stricken, especially given the widely-held rumor that Gabrielle had been poisoned. He wore black in mourning, something no previous French monarch had done before. He gave her the funeral of a Queen; her coffin was transported amidst a procession of princes, princesses, and nobles to the Saint Denis Basilica for a requiem Mass. Known in French history and song as La Belle Gabrielle, she was interred at Abbaye Notre-Dame-la-Royale de Maubuisson, Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône (Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France).

He was his father's first son but due to his illegitimacy, was not allowed to inherit the throne; his half brother, the future Louis XIII of France was born in September 1601 much to the joy of the king.

On 16 July 1608, at the Château de Fontainebleau, he married Françoise de Lorraine (d. 1669), the wealthy heiress of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur. Françoise was the legal heir to the large and separate duchies of Mercoeur and Penthièvre.

César spent much of his life intriguing against Marie de' Medici and then his half-brother Louis XIII of France. Implicated in the conspiracy of Chalais against Cardinal Richelieu, he and his brother Alexandre, the Chevalier de Vendôme, were imprisoned in the Château de Vincennes in 1626. He was released in 1630 and exiled to Holland.

In 1632, he returned to France and took part in the cabale des Importants against Cardinal Mazarin with his second son François. Exiled again, this time to England, he did not return until 1642. The marriage of his son Louis to Laura Mancini brought about his reconciliation with Mazarin, and he supported Anne of Austria throughout the Fronde.

He reconciled with his half brother in December 1642, a year before his death and the beginning of the reign of his nephew Louis XIV. The reconciliation occurred after the death of Richelieu.

César led the royal troops against the rebels in Burgundy, of which he was appointed governor in 1650; appointed Grand Admiral of France in 1651 he helped to capture the insurgent stronghold of Bordeaux in July 1653. Joining French forces in the ongoing war with Spain, he defeated a Spanish fleet off Barcelona in 1655.

Early in 1655 César was created the Grand Master of Navigation. He died later that year on 22 October, 1655 in Paris and was buried in the chapel of Saint-Georges at the Château of Vendôme.

He was the head and founder of the House of Bourbon-Vendôme.

[edit] Issue

   * Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1612–1669) married Laura Mancini and had issue;
   * François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort (1616–1669) never married;
   * Elisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme (Paris, August 1614 – Paris, 19 May 1664), married in Paris on 11 July 1643 Charles Amédée of Savoy, Duke of Nemours.

This page was last modified on 30 July 2010 at 01:19.

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César de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme's Timeline

1594
June 3, 1594
Picardie, France
1608
July 16, 1608
Age 14
Palace of Fontainebleau, Paris, France
1612
October, 1612
Age 18
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
1614
August 8, 1614
Age 20
Paris, France
1616
January 5, 1616
Age 21
France - aka duc de Beaufort - son of Cesar
1665
October 22, 1665
Age 71
Paris, France