Cadfan ap Iago, Brenin Gwynedd (c.569 - 625) MP

‹ Back to ap Iago surname

Is your surname ap Iago?

Research the ap Iago family

Cadfan ap Iago, King of Gwynedd's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Birthplace: caernarvonshire, Gwynedd, Wales
Death: Died in Anglesey, Wales
Occupation: King of Gwynedd
Managed by: Shawn Stevenson
Last Updated:

About Cadfan ap Iago, Brenin Gwynedd

http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/archaeology/llangadwaladrch.html

ID: I104154

Name: CADFAN AP IAGO

Prefix: King

Sex: M

Birth: 569 CE

Death: Between 617 and 625 CE in , , Wales 1

Event: Early British King Reign Between 615 and 620 CE

Change Date: 13 Jan 2009 at 01:52

Note:

Alias: /Cadvan/

Some sources list his death in 620.

Marriage 1 Tandreg Ddu ferch Cynan b: 569 CE in Powys, Montgomery, Wales

Married:

Change Date: 13 Jan 2009

Children

CADWALLON II AP CADFAN b: 591 CE in , , Wales
Efeilian ferch Cadfan b: Abt 591 CE

Sources:

Abbrev: Sutton Folk Family Tree 3175463.ged

Title: Sutton Folk Family Tree

Sutton Folk Family Tree 3175463.ged

Author: Folk, Linda Sutton

Publication: www.worldconnect.rootsweb.com

--------------------

Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580–625; reigned from c. 615) (Latin: Catamanus; English: Gideon) was a King of Gwynedd. The son of King Iago, he assumed the crown of Gwynedd probably around 615, shortly after the Battle of Caerllion (today's Chester), during which the forces of Powys were defeated by Æthelfrith of Bernicia.

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings). He was succeeded by his son Cadwallon.

He is one of the last of the legendary kings of Britain as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."[2]

--------------------

Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580–625; reigned from c. 615) (Latin: Catamanus; English: Gideon) was a King of Gwynedd. The son of King Iago, he assumed the crown of Gwynedd probably around 615, shortly after the Battle of Caerllion (today's Chester), during which the forces of Powys were defeated by Æthelfrith of Bernicia.

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings). He was succeeded by his son Cadwallon.

He is one of the last of the legendary kings of Britain as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."

Photo: King Cadfan's gravestone in Llangadwaladr church. The inscription reads "Cadfan, the wisest and most renowned of all kings."

--------------------

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings). He was succeeded by his son Cadwallon.

He is one of the last of the legendary kings of Britain as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."[2]

--------------------

Cadfan ap Iago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580–625; reigned from c. 615) (Latin: Catamanus; English: Gideon) was a King of Gwynedd. The son of King Iago, he assumed the crown of Gwynedd probably around 615, shortly after the Battle of Caerllion (today's Chester), during which the forces of Powys were defeated by Æthelfrith of Bernicia.

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings). He was succeeded by his son Cadwallon.

He is one of the last of the legendary kings of Britain as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."[2]

[edit]

References

^ Cannon, John; Ralph Griffiths (1997). The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy. Oxford University Press, 8. ISBN 0-19-822786-8.

^ Dunn, Charles W.; revised translation of Sebastian Evans (1958). History of the Kings of Britain by Geoffrey of Monmouth. New York: E.P. Dutton, Book XI, 13 and XII, 1. ISBN 0-525-47014-X. -------------------- Considered a wise & just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law & peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. Buried: Community of Brecon in the co. of Powys. Gravestone states: 'Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum'. Translated: 'Cadfan, the wisest & most renowned of all kings.' Remarkable memorial, incised with a small cross, was discovered near the church many years ago, & is now built into the church wall.

Source:

The book, 'Kings & Queens of Great Britain' -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadfan_ap_Iago -------------------- Cadfan ap Iago (Latin: Catamanus; English: Gideon) was a King of Gwynedd,. He assumed the crown of Gwynedd probably around 615, shortly after the Battle of Caerllion (today's Chester), during which the forces of Powys (eastern Wales) were defeated by King Æthelfrith of Bernicia.

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings).

He is one of the last of the legendary Kings of Britain as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadfan_ap_Iago for more information. -------------------- Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580–625; reigned from c. 615) (Latin: Catamanus; English: Gideon) was a King of Gwynedd. The son of King Iago, he assumed the crown of Gwynedd probably around 615, shortly after the Battle of Caerllion (today's Chester), during which the forces of Powys were defeated by Æthelfrith of Bernicia.

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings). He was succeeded by his son Cadwallon.

He is one of the last of the legendary kings of Britain as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."[2] -------------------- Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580–625; reigned from c. 615) (Latin: Catamanus; English: Gideon) was a King of Gwynedd. The son of King Iago, he assumed the crown of Gwynedd probably around 615, shortly after the Battle of Caerllion (today's Chester), during which the forces of Powys were defeated by Æthelfrith of Bernicia.

Cadfan was generally considered to have been a wise and just ruler, noted for his ability to maintain the rule of law and peace during an increasingly hostile period in British history. His memorial stone at Llangadwaladr Church in Anglesey refers to him as "Catamanus rex sapientisimus opinatisimus omnium regum" (King Cadfan the wisest and most renowned of all kings). He was succeeded by his son Cadwallon.

He is one of the last of the legendary kings of Britain as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who calls him Cadvan and makes him king of the North Welsh, later king of all the Britons."[2] -------------------- Cadfan ap Iago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580 – c. 625) was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 616 – c. 625). Little is known of the history of Gwynedd from this period, and information about Cadfal and his reign is minimal.

The historical person is known only from his appearance in royal genealogies, from his grant to Saint Beuno for the monastery at Clynnog Fawr, and from his inscribed gravestone.

Cadfan was the son and successor of King Iago ap Beli, and is listed in the royal genealogies of the Harleian genealogies and in Jesus College MS. 20.[1][2] Cadfan came to the throne near the time of the Battle of Chester (Welsh: Gwaith Caerlleon) in 616, in which the Northumbrians under Æthelfrith decisively defeated the neighboring Welsh Kingdom of Powys and then massacred the monks of Bangor Is Coed. However, there is no evidence that Gwynedd had any part in the battle,[3] so Cadfan's accession at that time appears to be no more than coincidence.

Cadfan's gravestone is at Llangadwaladr (English: Cadwaladr's Church) on Anglesey, a short distance from the ancient llys (English: royal court) of the kings of Gwynedd, and reputed to be their royal burial ground. The inscription refers to him as sapientisimus (English: most wise), and as this term is historically used for ecclesiastics, it suggests that at some point, Cadfan had resigned as king to live out his remaining years as an ecclesiast.[5]

Cadfan was succeeded as king by his son, Cadwallon ap Cadfal.

[edit]Saint Beuno

Saint Beuno and the monastery at Clynnog Fawr are often cited in conjunction with Cadfan. An 1828 article by P. B. Williams in the The Cymmrodorion cites a manuscript stating that a local prince named 'Gwytheint' gave Clynnog Fawr to God and Saint Beuno, who was then Abbot at the monastery at Clynnog, and that the donation was free from taxes and obligations forever. It goes on to say that Beuno founded a Convent at Clynnog in 616, and that Cadfan was Beuno's great patron, promising him extensive lands. The promise was carried out by Cadfan's son, King Cadwallon, and that Cadwallon was given a golden sceptre worth 60 cows as a token of acknowledgment.[6] A consistent version is given in W. J. Rees' 1853 Lives of the Cambro-British Saints[7] (Rees' was the editor of the 1828 Cymmrodorion that published P. B. Williams' account).

There are minor variations of these accounts, sometimes with the details rearranged, such as in Rice Rees' 1836 Essay on the Welsh Saints, where he says that Cadfan (rather than his son Cadwallon) was given the golden sceptre by Beuno.[8]

[edit]Geoffrey of Monmouth

The largely fictional stories of ancient Britain written by Geoffrey of Monmouth use the names of many historical personages as characters, and the use of these names is a literary convenience made in order to advance the plot of Geoffrey's stories. One of these stories uses the names of Cadfan and other contemporary people, telling of how a certain Edwin spent his exiled youth at the court of King Cadfan, growing up alongside Cadfan's son, the future King Cadwallon. There is no historical basis for this story, as is readily acknowledged in the preface of works on the subject.[9]

Nevertheless, a "traditional" story arose blending Geoffrey's fiction with known history, implying that the future King Edwin of Northumbria had actually spent his youth at the court of King Cadfan, growing up alongside Cadfan's son, the future King Cadwallon. In point of fact, Cadwallon and Edwin were enemies with no known youthful connections: King Edwin invaded Gwynedd and drove King Cadwallon into exile, and it would be Cadwallon, in alliance with Penda of Mercia, who would ultimately defeat and at kill Edwin in 633 at the Battle of Hatfield Chase (Welsh: Gwaith Meigen). The story that they had spent an idyllic youth together may have had a romantic appeal.

What is known from history is that in 588 King Ælla of Deira died, and Æthelfrith of Bernicia took the opportunity to invade and conquer Deira, driving Ælla 's 3-year old infant son, the future Edwin of Northumbria, into exile. Edwin would eventually ally himself with Rædwald of East Anglia in 616, defeating and killing Æthelfrith and becoming one of Northumbria's most successful kings. Edwin's life in exile is unknown, and there is no historical basis for placing him at the court of King Cadfan.[10]

[edit]Citations

^ Phillimore 1888:169 – 170 — the pedigree is given as: ... map Rotri map mermin map etthil merch cinnan map rotri map Intguaul map Catgualart map Catgollaun map Catman map Iacob map Beli map Run ..., and from there back to Cunedda and his ancestors.

^ Phillimore 1887:87 — the pedigree is given as ... Cynan tintaeth6y. M. Rodri mol6yna6c. M. Idwal I6rch. M. Kadwaladyr vendigeit. M. Katwalla6n. M. Kad6ga6n. M. Iago. M. Beli. M. Run hir. M. Maelg6n g6yned ..., and from there back to Cunedda.

^ Lloyd 1911:181, A History of Wales, Vol. I

^ Lloyd 1911:182, A History of Wales, Vol. I

^ Chadwick 1959:156 — in the footnote. Sapientisimus here applied to him means simply, in the Latin of the period, a 'highly learned man', and presumably therefore an ecclesiastic. Compare to the epithet of Gildas (Gildas Sapiens), implying clerical status, not natural wisdom.

^ Williams 1828:236, Clynog Vawr

^ Rees 1853:300, Life of Saint Beino

^ Rees 1836:268, Essay on the Welsh Saints

^ Menzies, Louisa L. J. (1864), "The Legend of Cadwallon", Legendary Tales of the Ancient Britons, Rehearsed from the early Chronicles of Geoffrey of Monmouth, London: John Russell Smith, pp. 167 – 190

^ Hunt, William (1899), Stephens, W. R. W.; Hunt, William, eds., The English Church: From Its Foundation to the Norman Conquest (597 – 1066), I, London: MacMillian and Co., 1901, p. 52

[edit]References

Chadwick, Nora K. (1959), "The Conversion of Northumbria: A Comparison of Sources", Celt and Saxon: Studies in the Early British Border, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (published 1963), p. 138 – 166, ISBN 0521046025

Davies, John (1990), A History of Wales (First ed.), London: Penguin Group (published 1993), ISBN 0-713-99098-8

Lloyd, John Edward (1911), A History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest, I (2nd ed.), London: Longmans, Green, and Co (published 1912)

Phillimore, Egerton, ed. (1887), "Pedigrees from Jesus College MS. 20", Y Cymmrodor, VIII, Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, pp. 77 – 92

Phillimore, Egerton (1888), "The Annales Cambriae and Old Welsh Genealogies, from Harleian MS. 3859", in Phillimore, Egerton, Y Cymmrodor, IX, Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, pp. 141 – 183

Rees, Rice (1836), An Essay on the Welsh Saints, London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, Rees

Rees, William Jenkins (1853), Lives of the Cambro-British Saints, Llandovery: William Rees

Rhys, John (1904), Celtic Britain (3rd ed.), London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

Williams, P. B. (1828), "Historical Account of the Monasteries and Abbeys in Wales", in Rees, William Jenkins, Transactions of the Cymmrodorion, II, London: Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, pp. 203 – 262

Williams, John (1844), The Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the Cymry, London: W. J. Cleaver -------------------- Cadfan ap Iago (c. 580 – c. 625) was King of Gwynedd (reigned c. 616 – c. 625). Little is known of the history of Gwynedd from this period, and information about Cadfal and his reign is minimal.

view all

Cadfan ap Iago, King of Gwynedd's Timeline

565
565
Wales
569
569
caernarvonshire, Gwynedd, Wales
589
589
Age 20
Of, , Wales
591
591
Age 22
gwynedd, Wales
625
625
Age 56
Anglesey, Wales
????
Anglesey, Wales