Umar al-Farooq al-Khattab (c.581 - 644)

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Nicknames: "'Umar al-Farooq ("Distinguisher between truth and false")"
Place of Burial: Medina, Saudi Arabia
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Death: Died in Medina, Saudi Arabia
Occupation: AMIR-UL-MOMINEEN/CALIPH OF MUSLIMS
Managed by: Bo Garsteen
Last Updated:

About Umar al-Farooq al-Khattab

From Banu 'Adi Clan of Quraysh Tribe.

Second Caliph of Islam

When attained majority,father,Khattab set me to the task of grazing camels,an occupation which was then the favorite national calling in Arabia. Acquired skill in tracing genealogy from his father-attained perfection in wrestling-during youth,literally jumped on to my horse's back-prior to my conversion to Islam the Quraish had invested me with the ambassadorial office and my brain was a repository of the choicest verses of the famous poets-At the time of the advent of the Prophet, I was amongst only 17 persons in the whole clan of Quraish who could read and write-to earn livelihood by trading travelled to Persia, & Syria,paid visits to several Arabian & Persian princes-was 27 years old when Prophet declared Islam.After the death of Amir-al-Momineen,Allah bestowed this exalted office laden with heavy responsibilty to be the Amir -ul-Momineen, or Leader of all Muslims.

Source 1: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umar

Source 2: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umar_ibn_al-Chattab

Source 3: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banu_Adi

Umar ibn al-Khattab' (592-644)

Second of the four "rightly guided" caliphs. Umar was born in Meccaaround 581 to the Adi clan of the Quraish tribe. Umar belonged to afamily of average class, but he was able to become literate, and waswell known for his physical strength, becoming a champion wrestler.When Muhammad first declared his message of Islam, Umar believed Islamwas heretical rhetoric against the Quraish and his ancestors, and heresolved to kill Muhammad. He was stopped on his way to Muhammad'shouse, however, with news of his sister's conversion to Islam. Umarwas initially angered by the news, but after reading some of the Quranhe was instantly changed. Rather than killing Muhammad, he determinedto accept Islam.

Umar was part of the first emigration to Medina, and became animportant companion of Muhammad. He participated in all of the Muslimbattles against the Quraish. Upon the death of Muhammad, Umar was insuch a state of despair that he threatened to decapitate anyone whosaid that Muhammad was dead.

Abu Bakr became the first successor to Muhammad. During Abu Bakr'sshort reign as caliph, Umar was an important advisor to him, and AbuBakr selected Umar as his successor prior to his death. Umar reignedas caliph from 633 until his assassination in 644. Umar's time ascaliph saw the Islamic empire grow at an unprecedented rate, takingIraq and parts of Iran from the Sassanids, and thereby ending thatempire, and taking Egypt, Palestine, Syria, North Africa and Armeniafrom the Byzantines. Umar also codified Islamic law, and was known forhis simple lifestyle and modest living. A famous story tells of himarriving in Jerusalem walking beside his camel upon which his servantwas sitting.

Umar was murdered in 644 by a Persian slave who was angered by apersonal quarrel with Umar; he stabbed the caliph six times as Umarled prayers in Masjid al Nabawi. Umar died two days later, and isburied alongside Muhammad and Abu Bakr. Prior to dying, he appointed acouncil of six men to elect his successor from amongst themselves,chosing Uthman ibn Affan. Umar is most recognized for originating mostof the major political institutions of the Muslim state andstabilizing the rapidly expanding Arab empire.

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Caliph Umar al-Farooq bin al-Khattab's Timeline

581
581
Mecca, Saudi Arabia

IT WAS A DAY OF UNPRECEDENTED REJOICINGS.

606
606
Age 25
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
614
614
Age 33
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
628
628
Age 47
Medina, Saudi Arabia
638
638
Age 57
644
November 6, 644
Age 63
Medina, Saudi Arabia
November 7, 644
Age 63
Medina, Saudi Arabia
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