Capitán Luis Martín Serrano, I

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Luis Martín Serrano, I

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ciudad de México, Reino de México, Reino de Nueva España
Death: Died in Santa Cruz de la Cañada, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
Place of Burial: Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi , Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Hernán Martín Serrano, II and Juana Rodríguez
Husband of Catalina de Salazar Díaz
Father of Capitán Luis Martín Serrano; Alférez Pedro Martín Serrano y Salazar; Antonio Martín Serrano; Apolinar Martín Serrano; Domingo Martín Serrano and 1 other
Brother of Juan Martín Serrano; María Martín Serrano and Juan José Martín Serrano
Half brother of Hernan Martín Serrano

Occupation: Alcalde Mayor and Captain of the Tewa jurisdiction
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Luis Martín Serrano, I

Luis Martin Serrano I born c. 1595 at Ciudad de Mexico, Nuevo México died bef 1663 at La Cañada, Nuevo México

He held the post as "alcalde mayor y capitán de Guerra de la jurisdiction de los Teguas," Tewa jurisdiction, basically the jurisdiction of La Cañada.

Luis Martin Serrano was one of those who had accompanied Antonio Baca and Nicolás Ortiz in the assassination of Governor Rosas of New Mexico. He was able to avoid execution but suffered financial hardships, as a result, until his death.

Married:

  1. Catalina de Salazar, daughter of Captain Sebastian Rodriguez de Salazar and Luisa Diaz, in New Mexico.

Luis was the son of Hernan "The Elder" Martin Serrano a Spanish Conquistador and Juana Rodriguez a Chichimec, native to Zacatecas, Mexico. Luis was a mestizo, being of mixed European and Native American heritage.

On April 1663, former Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizábal was brought before officials of the Tribunal of the Inquisition in Mexico City to respond to various charges against him. During a hearing held on April 30th, López de Mendizábal made mention of "the mestizo Hernando Martín" and his brother "the mestizo or Indian Luis Martín," both of whom favored the friars. Luis, was disliked by Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizabal for his friendship with the friars; he also accused Luis of being the man who broke down the door when Governor Rosas was assassinated. He submitted a petition dated October 29, 1661 requesting payment for eighty fanegas of corn (maís) and ten fanegas of wheat (trigo), which he provided to Governor Mendizábal and for which he was never compensated. He described López de Mendizábal as "tyrannical and heavey handed." He lived at La Canada, where he allegedly hid an illegitimate child of Governor Manso before it was spirited off to Mexico City. Before the end of Nov 1661, Luís had died. While his wife,Catalina de Salazar, was in Santa Fé following up on her husband's petition, she described herself as "widow, wife of Capt. Luis Martín." Luis' descendants can be distinguished from those of his brother Hernan because they sometimes appended her Salazar name to that of their father.

Capt. Luís Martín Serrano, a literate man, served as alcalde mayor y capitán de Guerra de la jurisdicción de los Teguas (chief magistrate and war captain of the Tewa jurisdiction), encompassing the area from Pojoaque Pueblo to Picurís Pueblo to the Pueblo of Ohkay Owingeh. In addition to raising livestock on the lands of his estancia, he apparently grew crops of corn and wheat, some of which he sold to others.

Luis died in November 1661, leaving his widow, Catalina de Salazar, and at least three sons, Domingo, Pedro and Luis. It was through these sons and as many as 35 grandchildren that the Martín Serrano clan became one of the largest families in Northern New Mexico.

In the 1700s, some descendants of the Martín Serrano family shortened their surname to Martín, and in the 1800s some members of this family assumed the variation of Martínez.

Notes

Archivo General de la Nación, Mexico City, Mexico, Inquisition, t. 594, f. 181v.

Herencia. The Quarterly Journal of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico (PO Box 51088 Albuquerque, NM 87181), Vol 4, Issue Jan 1996, page 12

New Mexico Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 8283, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87198-8283, New Mexico Genealogist, http://www.nmgs.org, p 199 Primeras Familias 41:4 Dec 2002

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index, Family History Library, 35 N. West Temple Street, Salt Lake City, Utah 84150, USA, www.familysearch.org. "LUIS MARTIN SERRANO; Male; Birth: About 1602 Of, , , New Mexico; Father: HERMAN MARTIN SERRANO; Mother: JUANA RODRIGUEZ; Spouse: CATALINA DE SALAZAR; Marriage: 1635 Of, , , New Mexico; Batch Number: F518149; Sheet: 042; Source Call No.: 1553720 Type: Film." Family group record submitted by a member of the LDS Church

Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico. Great New Mexico Pedigree Database (http://www.hgrc-nm.org/)

Chávez, Fray Angélico, Origins of New Mexico Families: A Genealogy of the Spanish Colonial Period, Rev. Ed. ISBN 978-0-89013-239-5 (Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1992.)

Esquibel, José Antonio, Beyond Origins of New Mexico Families.

Kessel, Hendricks, Dodge, The Royal Crown Restored, the Journals of Don Diego de Vargas, New México, 1692-1694, Published in 1995 by the University of New Mexico press, pg 41.

A document of notification date October 2, 1661 and signed by Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizábal listed the appointment of Capitán Luis Martín Serrano (ONMF: 72) as one of six Cabos de entradas y castigos (Squadron leader of expeditions and punishments). Capitán Luis Martin Serrano was mention as being deceased by July 17, 1663, giving an estimated period for his death as 1661-1663. (Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel. (Source: Archivo General de la Nación [AGN], Inquisition, Concurso de Peñalosa, Tomo III, Leg 1, no. 1, f. 52, & Leg. 1, no. 2, f. 6-8.)

Luis Martin Serrano lived at (Santa Cruz de) "La Cañada, where he allegedly hid an illegitimate child of Governor Manso before it was spirited off to Mexico City. His wife was Catalina de Salazar, who was a widow by 1663. At this time, we learn that Luis had been Alcalde Mayor and Captain of the Tewa jurisdiction. Catalina was very likely a daughter of Captain Sebastian Rodrigues de Salazar." Like many of our ancestors, Luis was "disliked by Governor Mendizabal for his friendship with the friars; he also accused Luis of being the man who broke down the door when Governor Rosas was assasinated. - Fray Angelico Chavez ONMF

Captain Luís Martín Serrano (Origins of New Mexico Families, Fray Angélico Chávez [ONMF]: 72) held the post as alcalde mayor y capitán de Guerra de la jurisdiction de los Teguas, basically the jurisdiction of La Cañada, when he submitted a petition dated October 29, 1661 requesting payment for eighty fanegas of corn (mais) and ten fanegas of wheat (trigo), which he provided to Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizábal and for which he was never compensated. Martín Serrano described López de Mendizábal manner as tyrannical and heavy handed. He signed his petition with his name and rubric.

Before the end of November 1661, Captain Luis Martín Serrano was deceased. His wife, Catalina de Salazar, described herself as viuda muger que fue del Capn Luis Mr difunto (widow, wife of Capt. Luis Martín). She was in Santa Fe following up on her husbands petition, since a response had not been forthcoming. She mentioned that her husband had died shortly after submitting the complaint against former Governor López de Mendizábal. (Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel. Sources: Archivo General de la Nación [AGN], Tierras, 3268, f. 143-144.)

In April 1663 former Governor don Bernardo López de Mendizábal was brought before officials of the Tribunal of the Inquisition in Mexico City to respond to various charges against him. During a hearing held on April 30th, López de Mendizábal made mention of the mestizo Hernando Martín and his brother the mestizo or Indian Luis Martín, both of whom favored the friars. This information offers another source to confirm the relationship between Hernán Martín Serrano (ONMF: 72), the younger, and Luís Martín Serrano (ONMF: 72). (Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel)

Later settling other parts of Rio Arriba and Taos Counties.Luis Martin Serrano, his wife and children lived in the Chimayo area where it is said that the Martinez ditch may have been named for him or his son,also named Luis Martin Serrano. The Martin Serranos lived as other vecinos did; farming and raising some livestock and sometimes participating in military campaigns, until the Pueblo Revolt of August 10,1680, Dia de San Lorenzo. This revolt led to the death of hundreds of the colonists,the capture of some and the forcing of the rest to flee their homes. Luis Martin Serrano had died in 1663, long before the Pueblo Revolt. (Source: Familia: Martin-Martines-Martinez de Alice Romero By: Alberto Vidaurre 2/25/2002).

Links

Descendants of Hernan Martin Serrano by Jose Antonio Esquibel

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Capitán Luis Martín Serrano, I's Timeline

1594
1594
Ciudad de México, Reino de México, Reino de Nueva España
1627
1627
Age 33
Ciudad de México, Reino de México, Reino de Nueva España
1628
1628
Age 34
Santa Cruz de la Cañada, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1635
1635
Age 41
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo Mexico, Reino de Nueva España
1643
1643
Age 49
Puesto de Chimayó, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1646
1646
Age 52
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1649
1649
Age 55
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1650
1650
Age 56
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
1662
1662
Age 68
Santa Cruz de la Cañada, Provincia de Nuevo México, Reino de Nueva España
????
Santa Fe, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States