Capt. John W. Scott, Medal of Honor

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John Wallace Scott

Birthplace: Chester, PA
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Samuel Withrow Scott and Jane Boyd
Husband of Mary Roney Thomas
Father of Martha Scott; Gertrude Thomas Scott and Henry Guest Thomas Scott
Brother of Sarah Scott; Elizabeth Boyd Scott; Mary Scott; Louisa Scott; Caroline Scott and 1 other

Managed by: Marvin Caulk, (C)
Last Updated:

About Capt. John W. Scott, Medal of Honor

Capture of the flag of the 16th South Carolina Infantry, in hand_to_hand combat.

The battle of Five Forks ushered in the final moments of the nearly ten-month-long siege of Petersburg. Since June 1864 the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia had extended its entrenched positions to the south and west of that rail center to protect the army's supply routes. By April 1865 the only major one open to Robert E. Lee's army was the Southside Railroad, which entered the city from the west. Ulysses S. Grant saw an opportunity to cut that rail line and compel Lee to abandon his Petersburg defenses. To accomplish this, Grant ordered his aggressive subordinate, Philip Sheridan, to take a combined force of infantry and cavalry and attack the thinly held right end of the Confederate line, located on the White Oak Road. Beginning at 4 p.m. and lasting for three hours, roughly 17,000 Federal troops under generals Sheridan and Gouverneur Warren collided with 10,000 Confederates commanded by generals George E. Pickett and W. H. F. "Rooney" Lee. The fighting ended after the Union troops successfully overwhelmed both flanks of the southern line, which was centered on the crossroads that gave the battle its name. Sheridan's losses numbered around 800 men, while Pickett lost 3,000, most of whom were captured in the fight. Lee's last major supply route had been broken. The next day, after suffering an all-out assault against the remaining Confederate positions around Petersburg, his army began a march that would end at the small village of Appomattox Court House.

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Capt. John W. Scott, Medal of Honor's Timeline

Chester, PA
Age 29
Age 35
Age 40
Coatesville, Chester County, Pennsylvania
Age 71