Henry Dudley (Sutton), Knight
|Also Known As:||"Henry Sutton Dudley", "Lord Sutton", "Vice Admiral of the Narrow Seas"|
|Birthplace:||Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, England|
|Death:||Died in London, Middlesex, England|
Son of John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley and Cicely Sutton, Baroness Chandos
|Occupation:||soldier, sailor, diplomat, and conspirator, Courtier/ favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, 1st Earl of Leicester|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Capt Sir Henry Dudley
Sir Henry Dudley (1517–1568) was an English soldier, sailor, diplomat, and conspirator of the Tudor period.
Noted genealogist Allen Curtis believes he has proven the case for Thomas Dudley as a grandson of Capt. Henry Dudley. See The Mystery of Thomas Dudley's Paternal Ancestors By H. Allen Curtis and Roger Dudley’s Father Proved to be Captain Henry Dudley by H. Allen Curtis for a good overview of the currently accepted ancestry of Governor Thomas Dudley,
It's possible that Henry, rather than John, is the true father of Thomas Dudley. Wikipedia seems to support this theory: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Sutton_Dudley
Dudley is often referred to vaguely as a "cousin" of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. Henry Dudley was in fact the second son of John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley, and the younger brother of Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley. His mother was Cicely, the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquis of Dorset, and was to continue the private struggle of his family against Tudor dynasty through into the reign of Mary I of England.
Born in Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, this lord Henry Dudley is not to be confused with that son of Northumberland named Henry Dudley who was born between 1522-1542 and who married Margaret, the daughter of Thomas Audley.
Henry became a monastic auditor under Thomas Cromwell in 1535, and then a soldier serving in Ireland under his uncle Leonard Grey in 1536, and in Scotland from 1540-3. Dudley fought gallantly during the siege of Boulogne in 1544, and was made a Captain early in 1545 under Lord Clinton.
It was about 1535/45, Probably at Boulogne that he married the daughter of Christopher Ashton, (b 1493) who was born about 1519 and who bore him a son, Roger Dudley.
He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the Narrow Seas 1552-3 when Edward Fiennes was Admiral, and knighted at Hampton Court on the 11th October 1551.
A close associate of his second cousin, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, he was arrested on 25 July 1553 for his complicity in the political maneuverings of the Duke of Northumberland. Henry was imprisoned in the Tower of London, but pardoned by Queen Mary on 18 October, 1553.
Henry Dudley, having once been Captain of the Guard at Boulogne had many friends in France and in December 1555 visited Paris, where he was curiously well received by King Henry II of France. Although Dudley returned home with only the vaguest of assurances, even Pope Paul was ill-disposed toward the English Queen Mary because of her marriage into the powerful Habsburg family and that same month signed a secret treaty with Henry II against Spanish dominion.
Henry Dudley and his agents moved in January, to conceal stores of ammunition at strategic locations, and also secluded an amount of money totalling fifty thousand pounds, previously withdrawn and removed from the Exchequer, (where Dudley was a familiar visitor and had a number of friends), ~ ‘in water by (London) bridge,’ to make ready for an invasion planned to be executed by mercenaries and exiles. The money was to be sent to France where his Protestant exile supporters would follow the initiative through.
In Spain, Charles V crippled with arteriosclerosis abdicated on January 16, whereupon Philip and Mary became King and Queen of Spain, which at the time held the Netherlands.
Philip had received a letter confirming that given the mood of the English Parliament even down to the people discontent was such that there was scant chance of him also being crowned in England at the same time or in the near future. He had been raised to expect nothing less than absolute rule with his Queen and anything less would be ‘unbecoming to his dignity’ and so made only one brief visit much later to his Majestic wife in England.
Sir Henry Dudley had returned to France, and by March was engaged in the raising of an invasion force, with the intention of landing it on the Isle of Wight, to march on London. Had the plot not been discovered, it’s intention was to remove Mary to exile in Spain where she could be happily reunited with King Philip and to bring about the succession of Elizabeth to the English throne.
Bold and righteous as it was, it proved too daring for most of the English Gentry, who failed to lend it their support, "feebly, but not without some expectation, waiting for time to dispatch the evil Queen".
It was Henry Dudley who now took the initiative, whilst greater noblemen trembled, Dudley was abroad organising a widespread and sophisticated rebellion. Amongst his agents was the courtier and M.P. Henry Peckham, the son Sir Edward Peckham, then Master of the Tower Mint and a member of the Royal Council. Henry Peckham was detected in the plan to obtain funds by robbing the Exchequer and he soon found himself a prisoner of the Tower.
In July of 1555 he and his assistants were "hanged on the gallows of Tower Hill for treason against the queen .... and after cut down, beheaded and their bodies carried unto London Bridge and there set up and their bodies buried at Allhallows, Barking."
It appears that once revealed the plot dissolved and Henry Dudley remained at large in France, his great scheme undermined by careless talk and too unwieldy an organisation. He was consequently to become an exile in the French service between 1556-1563, but was again to return home and serve as "Capt. Dudley" in 1563, receiving an annuity later the same year from Queen Elizabeth for his service.
In 1567 he obtained from Elizabeth some protection from his creditors that was extended to 1568. Sir Henry died between 1568 and 1570, but no will or administration of estate has yet been discovered.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Sutton_Dudley"
--Laurel Logan -------------------- Born in Dudley Castle, Staffordshire, England. He was a monastic auditor under Thomas Cromwell in 1535. He was a soldier serving in Ireland under his uncle Leonard in 1536, and in Scotland in 1540-3. Dudley fought gallently in the seige of Boulogne in 1544, and was made a captain in 1545. He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the Narrow Seas in 1552-3, and knighted at Hampton Court 1551. He was arrested 25 Jul 1553 and imprisoned in the tower of London, for complicity in political manueverings of the Duke of Northumberland. However he was pardoned by Queen Mary on 18 Oct 1553 --------------------
- Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester1
- M, #102955, b. 24 June 1532, d. 4 September 1588
- Last Edited=25 Apr 2010
- Consanguinity Index=0.01%
- Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester was born on 24 June 1532. He was the son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland and Jane Guilford.1 He married, firstly, Amy Robsart, daughter of Sir John Robsart, in 1550. He married, secondly, Douglas Howard, daughter of William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham and Margaret Gamage, in 1573.4 He married, thirdly, Lettice Knollys, daughter of Sir Francis Knollys and Katherine Carey, on 21 September 1578.5 He died on 4 September 1588 at age 56 at Cornbury, Oxfordshire, England.
- He gained the title of 1st Earl of Leicester in 1564.
- Child of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester and Douglas Howard
- 1.Robert Dudley, Earl of Warwick2 b. 7 Aug 1574, d. 6 Sep 1649
- Child of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester and Lettice Knollys
- 1.Robert Dudley, Baron of Denbigh3 b. 1579, d. 19 Jul 1584
- 1.[S37] Volume 1, page 1075. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- 2.[S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.
- 3.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
- 4.[S37] See. [S37]
- 5.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume V, page 141. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10296.htm#i102955
- Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester1,2,3,4,5
- M, #48649, b. 24 June 1532, d. 4 September 1588
- Father Sir John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, Sheriff of Staffordshire, Vice-Admiral, Lord High Admiral, Governor of Boulogne, Lord Great Chamberlain, Earl Marshal of England6,3,4 b. bt 1504 - 1506, d. 22 Aug 1553
- Mother Jane Guilford6,3,4 b. c 1504, d. 22 Jan 1555
- Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester was born on 24 June 1532.6 He married Douglas Howard, daughter of Sir William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham, Lord High Admiral and Margaret Gamage, circa December 1573; They had 1 son (Sir Robert Dudley), possibly illegitimate. Star Chamber ruled that they were never married.7,2,3,4,5 The marriage of Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester and Douglas Howard was annulled before 21 September 1578; He ended his affair with her, but promised to pay her 700 pounds per year in support.7,3,4 Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester married Lettice Knollys, daughter of Sir Francis Knollys, Burgess of Horsham, Camelford, & Arundel, Constable of Wallingford Castle, Governor of Portsmouth, Treasurer of the Chamber & Household and Katherine Cary, on 21 September 1578 at Wanstead, Essex, England.1,8 Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester died on 4 September 1588 at age 56.1,3,4
- Family 1 Douglas Howard b. c 1535
- Family 2 Lettice Knollys b. c 1541, d. 25 Dec 1634
- 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 141.
- 2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 417.
- 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 19.
- 4.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 279-280.
- 5.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 339.
- 6.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VII, p. 549.
- 7.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 648.
- 8.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 187.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1619.htm#i48649
- Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, KG (24 June 1532 or 1533[note 1] – 4 September 1588) was an English nobleman and the favourite and close friend of Elizabeth I from her first year on the throne until his death. The Queen giving him reason to hope, he was a suitor for her hand for many years.
- Dudley's youth was overshadowed by the downfall of his family in 1553 after his father, the Duke of Northumberland, had unsuccessfully tried to establish Lady Jane Grey on the English throne. Robert Dudley was condemned to death but was released in 1554 and took part in the Battle of St. Quentin (1557) under Philip II of Spain, which led to his full rehabilitation. On Elizabeth I's accession in November 1558, Dudley was appointed Master of the Horse. In October 1562 he became a privy councillor and in 1587 was appointed Lord Steward of the Royal Household. In 1564 Dudley became Earl of Leicester and from 1563 one of the greatest landowners in North Wales and the English West Midlands by royal grants.
- Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, was one of Elizabeth's leading statesmen, involved in domestic as well as foreign politics alongside William Cecil and Francis Walsingham. Although he refused to be married to Mary, Queen of Scots, Dudley was for a long time relatively sympathetic to her until from the mid-1580s he strongly advocated her execution. As patron of the Puritan movement he supported non-conforming preachers, but tried to mediate between them and the bishops within the Church of England. A champion also of the international Protestant cause, he led the English campaign in support of the Dutch Revolt from 1585–1587. His acceptance of the post of Governor-General of the United Provinces infuriated Queen Elizabeth. The expedition was a military and political failure and ruined the Earl financially. Leicester was engaged in many large-scale business ventures and a main backer of Francis Drake and other explorers and privateers. During the Spanish Armada the Earl was in overall command of the English land forces. In this function he invited Queen Elizabeth to visit her troops at Tilbury. This was the last of many events he organised over the years, the most spectacular being the festival at his seat Kenilworth Castle in 1575 on occasion of a three-week visit by the Queen. Dudley was a principal patron of the arts, literature, and the Elizabethan theatre.
- Robert Dudley's private life interfered with his court career and vice versa. When his first wife, Amy Robsart, fell down a flight of stairs and died in 1560, he was free to marry the Queen. However, the resulting scandal very much reduced his chances in this respect. Popular rumours that he had arranged for his wife's death continued throughout his life, despite the coroner's jury's verdict of accident. For 18 years he did not remarry for Queen Elizabeth's sake and when he finally did, his new wife, Lettice Knollys, was permanently banished from court. This and the death of his only legitimate son and heir were heavy blows. Shortly after the child's death in 1584, a virulent libel known as Leicester's Commonwealth was circulating in England. It laid the foundation of a literary and historiographical tradition that often depicted the Earl as the Machiavellian "master courtier" and as a deplorable figure around Elizabeth I. More recent research has led to a reassessment of his place in Elizabethan government and society.
- Robert Dudley was the fifth son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, and his wife Jane, daughter of Sir Edward Guildford. John and Jane Dudley had 13 children in all and were known for their happy family life. Among the siblings' tutors figured John Dee, Thomas Wilson, and Roger Ascham. Roger Ascham believed that Robert Dudley possessed a rare talent for languages and writing, regretting that his pupil had done himself harm by preferring mathematics. The craft of the courtier Robert learnt at the courts of Henry VIII, and especially Edward VI, among whose companions he served.
- In 1549 Robert Dudley participated in crushing Kett's Rebellion and probably first met Amy Robsart, whom he was to wed on 4 June 1550 in the presence of the young King Edward. She was of the same age as the bridegroom and the daughter and heiress of Sir John Robsart, a gentleman-farmer of Norfolk. It was a love-match, the young couple depending heavily on both their fathers' gifts, especially Robert's. John Dudley, who since early 1550 effectively ruled England, was pleased to strengthen his influence in Norfolk by his son's marriage. Lord Robert, as he was styled as a duke's son, became an important local gentleman and a Member of Parliament. His court career went on .....
- With Lady Douglas Sheffield, a young widow of the Howard family, he had a serious relationship from about 1569. He explained to her that he could not marry, not even in order to beget a Dudley heir, without his "utter overthrow":
- You must think it is some marvellous cause ... that forceth me thus to be cause almost of the ruin of mine own house ... my brother you see long married and not like to have children, it resteth so now in myself; and yet such occasions is there ... as if I should marry I am sure never to have [the Queen's] favour".
- Although in this letter Leicester said he still loved her as he did at the beginning, he offered her his help to find another husband for reasons of respectability if she so wished. The affair continued and in 1574 Lady Douglas gave birth to a son, also called Robert Dudley.[115
- Lettice Knollys was the wife of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, and first cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth on her mother's side. Leicester had flirted with her in the summer of 1565, causing an outbreak of jealousy in the Queen. After Lord Essex went to Ireland in 1573, they possibly became lovers. There was much talk, and on Essex' homecoming in December 1575, "great enmity between the Earl of Leicester and the Earl of Essex" was expected. In July 1576 Essex returned to Ireland, where he died of dysentery in September. Rumours of poison, administered by the Earl of Leicester's means, were soon abroad. The Lord Deputy of Ireland, Sir Henry Sidney, conducted an official investigation which did not find any indications of foul play but "a disease appropriate to this country ...
- On 21 September 1578 Leicester secretly married Lady Essex at his country house at Wanstead, with only a handful of relatives and friends present. He did not dare to tell the Queen of his marriage; nine months later Leicester's enemies at court acquainted her with the situation, causing a furious outburst. She already had been aware of his marriage plans a year earlier, though. Leicester's hope of an heir was fulfilled in 1581 when another Robert Dudley, styled Lord Denbigh, was born. The child died aged three in 1584, leaving behind disconsolate parents. Leicester found comfort in God since, as he wrote, "princes ...
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Dudley,_1st_Earl_of_Leicester
-------------------- Noted genealogist Allen Curtis believes he has proven the case for Thomas Dudley as a grandson of Capt. Henry Dudley. See The Mystery of Thomas Dudley's Paternal Ancestors By H. Allen Curtis and Roger Dudley’s Father Proved to be Captain Henry Dudley by H. Allen Curtis for a good overview of the currently accepted ancestry of Governor Thomas Dudley,
- Edmund Dudley (first son), d. 1487, m. Joyce Tiptoft.
- Edward Dudley (first son), b. 1459, d. 1531, m. Cecily Willoughby.
- John Dudley (first son), b. ca. 1495, buried on 18 Sep. 1553, m. Cecily Grey, b. ca. 1497, buried with her husband on 28 Apr. 1554.
- Capt. Henry Dudley (second son, requiring crescent on arms) b. ca, 1517, d. between 1568 and 1570, m. 1545-1550 Miss Ashton.
- Capt. Roger Dudley, b. ca. 1550, d. in battle bef. Oct. 1588, m. 8 June 1575 Susanna Thorne, baptized 5 Mar. 1559/60, d. aft. 29 Oct. 1588.
- Governor Thomas Dudley.