Thomas Graves, of Hatfield

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Thomas Graves

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Gravesend, Kent, UK
Death: Died in Hatfield, Hampshire, MA, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of John Henry Graves; Unknown father of Thomas Graves of Hatfield; John Graves; Sarah Malter; Unknown mother of Thomas Graves of Hatfield and 1 other
Husband of Sarah Graves
Father of Isaac Graves, Sr., Sgt.; John Graves; Samuel Graves and Nathaniel Graves
Brother of John Graves; Thomas Graves; Sarah Graves; Mathias Graves; William Graves and 12 others
Half brother of Robert Graves; Joseph Graves and John Graves

Occupation: of Hartford & Hadley
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Graves

http://dunhamwilcox.net/source_files/graves2.htm

http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/17251355/person/483387494T

Thomas Graves (1) was born before 1585 in England, and died Nov. 1662. He married Sarah ‑‑‑‑‑‑. She died about four years after he did.

[According to Mrs. Ruth E. Richardson, Mrs. Clara M. Turner, and other sources (although not verified by this author), Thomas was from Gravesend, Kent Co., England, and came to America with Gov. Endicott's Company. He was a member of the Council, on the committee to lay out the town of Woburn, Mass., and one of the first town officers there. His wife's name was Sarah Whiting, and she, 5 children and 2 servants came with him and settled in New Haven, Conn. first, then Hartford. He was one of the founders of Hadley, Mass. in 1645. They came to America on the George Bonaventure which arrived in Salem, Mass. in 1629. Sarah died 17 Dec. 1666.[1

The first official record of the family in this country was at Hartford, Conn. in 1645, when the family was located there. Thomas owned three separate pieces of real estate there, one described as being the one "whereon his house standeth." Isaac also took up his residence in Hartford and had land there. John took up his residence in Wethersfield, the adjoining town, and it is probable that the three homes were not far apart. The lands granted to John in 1652 were described as those "whereon his house standeth." Nathaniel also settled in Wethersfield, where he married in 1655.

The family remained together as far as it is known until the removal to Hatfield, Mass. The son Samuel never married, and probably did not live to accompany the rest at the time of removal. The family to which Nathaniel's wife belonged lived near him and were largely interested in lands there, and for the sake of remaining near his wife's relations, Nathaniel did not move with the rest of the family to Hatfield.

The family at Hartford and Wethersfield occupied a prominent position and took active part in political and religious matters. They served on juries, acted as surveyors and fence viewers, ran boundary lines between towns, and generally filled those places that stalwart, intelligent and respected citizens usually are called upon to fill. The exception was that Thomas was exempted from "training, watching, and warding" because he was over sixty, which was the age limit for that kind of service.

From all that can be learned, the family was prospering at Hartford as well as any family could in a new country. There must have been some strong reason that would induce them to give up their lands and houses and enter upon a new life in an undeveloped country and suffer the hardships incident to the undertaking, and we find it in the strong religious convictions that impelled the early settlers in this country.

A schism had arisen in the church at Hartford and Wethersfield, and the dissenters from the views entertained by the majority concluded to break away from their homes and found a settlement where their views would prevail.

We find it extremely difficult to express our appreciation of the characteristics of the noble old head of this family, Thomas Graves. His modesty, together with the lapse of time, prevents us from mentioning many things about his daily life that make biography so entertaining. We are therefore compelled to speak of and delineate those qualities of heart and mind that become apparent to us from the standpoint of his well-known ideas upon religious matters, in fact his close adherence to what we now too often stigmatize as puritanism. It, however, hardly becomes us of the present to criticize too closely the views entertained by that noble band of men who held so lovingly to their theories that no conditions or inducements would make them swerve from their conscientious views of the requirements of duty. It was really tantamount to an express "thus saith the Lord" to them, for this was in many instances the cause of their leaving their homes and personal friends in England, and coming to our land that they might enjoy that freedom to worship God in what they deemed the only true way. And so when we find schismatic views of church polity were being advocated, that they deemed destructive to the church of God, we find them again ready to leave their pleasant surroundings in Hartford and seek new homes away on the frontier of civilized life.

Perhaps we shall be excused if we here state briefly the cause of the removal to Hatfield, Mass. A practice had grown up in the churches of allowing persons who had been baptized, if not of a "scandalous character," to consent to the covenant, and this permitted them to have the sacrament of baptism administered to their infant children. On this question hot discussions were held, as well as on some others of minor importance. It was upon this division of sentiment that our ancestors determined to move to Hatfield, animated by what they supposed was their bounden duty. Yet we cannot but be satisfied that these pioneers knew that in their new undertaking they were to enter upon pleasant places. They selected the beautiful and fertile lands of the valley of the Connecticut for their new home, which have more than fulfilled the most ardent expectations of the settlers.

But notwithstanding the advanced age of Thomas Graves, we find him a promoter and organizer in this new country. They left their houses and lands in Hartford and Wethersfield unsold, and uniting themselves in a band of daring emigrants, started for their new home with wives and children. Their household effects were loaded on carts drawn by oxen, and they took with them their domestic animals. The determined cavalcade started out for their new homes. It was not far from the middle of September 1661. The journey, of not over fifty miles, occupied about ten days. Creeks and brooks had to be crossed, swamps and morasses had to be avoided or crossed as best they could be. They reached their destination about the first of October 1661.

Exposed to all the dangers incident to a frontier settlement, amid the habitations of wild beasts and wilder men, the Indians, who lived in their immediate vicinity, and had a fort and village only about two miles from where the settlement was made. Foremost among these hardy emigrants were Thomas Graves, with his aged wife, and his two stalwart sons, Isaac and John, with their wives and families of five children each. And now we find them without a house or place to lay their heads and winter approaching rapidly. They at once set to work to provide homes for their families and barns for their animals. There were no saw mills to manufacture the lumber, and the only method of sawing planks or boards was by making a pit, and by using the cross-cut saw, with one man on the top of the log, and one man in the pit. In this way a few boards were made that would serve for tables and doors. The logs were speedily shaped into convenient homes for the accomodation of these brave people.

Thomas Graves was now an aged yet honored member of this community, and from this time forward lived with the family of his son Isaac. He was then past his 76th birthday. He remained, with his wife, in Isaac's family until his death in November 1662, a little more than a year from the time of their moving to their new home.

It is very probable that a few of these settlers at Hatfield had located there before the general removal. A committee had been appointed Jan. 1, 1661, to lay out house lots in Hatfield, and it appears that Richard Fellows was there early in 1661. It is quite probable that each engager knew the number of his house lot. Thomas Graves was not assigned any lands, but was counted in with Isaac, his oldest son, whose estate was thus increased to 150 pounds, while his brother John's was voted at 100 pounds. This did not affect the size or location of their respective house lots, as they were contiguous, but did in the division of common lands. After the death of Thomas Graves, his son Isaac administered upon his estate in Massachusetts, while his son Nathaniel performed the same service upon his estate in Connecticut. His wife, Sarah, survived him for four years, and Isaac administered upon her estate. A very curious inventory of her effects is spread upon the probate records at Northampton. Views of the lots on which Thomas and his son Isaac located their house in Hatfield and the lot on which John placed his new home there, together with general views of the beautiful village of Hatfield, which the settlers had shown so much wisdom in selecting, appeared as illustrations in the 1896 book by John Card Graves (R‑200).

All the children of Thomas were born in England, and were all of mature age when they came to this country, the youngest of the sons being about 16 years old. There may only have been one daughter, rather than the two listed below. (R‑200, R‑206)

Children - Graves

+2. Isaac Graves, b.c. 1620, m. Mary Church, d. 19 Sept. 1677.

+3. John Graves, b.c. 1622, m(1) Mary Smith, c. 1652, m(2) Mary (Bronson) Wyatt, probably 20 July 1671, d. 19 Sept. 1677.

 4.  Samuel Graves, b.c. 1625, never married.

+5. Nathaniel Graves, b.c. 1629, m. Martha Betts, 16 Jan. 1655, d. 28 Sept. 1682.

 6.  Elizabeth Graves, b.c. 1625.

+7. Mary Graves, m. Moses Ventrous, 14 Jan. 1647.

http://www.gravesfa.org/gen168.htm

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Ancestral File Number: 7MSH-18

Thomas GRAVES b bef 1585 Gravesend, Kent City, ENG d Nov 1662 MA?

m Sarah WHITING in Hatfield, Hampshire Co. MA

Thomas Graves was born before 1585 in England, and died Nov.1662. He married Sarah __ _ _ _ . S h e died about four years after he did. According to Mrs. Ruth E.Richardson, Mrs. Clara M. Turn and other sources (although not verified by this author), Thomas was from Graves end , Kent Co., England, and came to Americawith Gov. Endicott's Company. He was a member of the Council, on the committee tolay out the town of Woburn, MA, and one of the first town officers there. His wife's name was Sarah Whiting, and she, 5 children and 2 servants came withhim and settled in New Haven CT first, then Hartford. He was one of the founders of Hadley MA in 1645 . They came to America on the George Bonaventure which arrived in Salem MA in 1629. Sarah died 17 D ec. 1666.

The first official record of the family in this country was at Hartford CT in 1645, when the family was located there. Thomas owned three separate pieces of real estate there, one described as being the one 'where on his house standeth.' Isaac also took up his residence in Hartford and had land there. John took up his residence in Wethersfield, the adjoining town , and it probable that the three homes were not farapart. The lands granted to John in 1652 were described as 'where on his housestandeth. 'Nathaniel also settled in Wethersfield, where he married i n 1655.

The family remained together as far as it is known until the removal to Hatfield MA . The son Samuel never married, and probably did not live to accompany the rest at the time of removal . The familyt owhich Nathaniel's wife belonged lived near him and were largely interested in lands there, and for the sale of remaining near his wife's relations, Nathaniel did not move with the rest of the family to Hatfield.

The family at Hartford and Wethersfield occupied a prominent position and took active part i n political and religious matters. They served on juries, acted as surveyors and fence viewers , ran boundary lines betweentowns, and generally filled those places that stalwart, intelligent and respected citizens usually are called upon to fill. The exception was that Thomas wasexempted from 'training, watching, and warding 'because he was over sixty, which was the age limit for that kind of service.

From all that can be learned, the family was prospering at Hartford as well as any family could in a new country. There must have been some strong reason that would induce them to give up their lands and houses and enter upon a new life in an undeveloped country and suffer the hardships incident to the undertaking, and we find it in the strong religious convictions that impelled the early settlers in this country.

Aschismhad arisen in the church at Hartford and Wethersfield, and the dissenters fromthe views entertained by the majority concluded to break away from their homesand found a settlemen to where their views would prevail.

We find it extremely difficult to express our appreciation of the characteristics of the noble oldhead of this family, Thomas Graves. His modesty, together with the lapse of time, prevents us from mentioning many things about his daily life that make biography so entertaining . W e are there for compelled to speak of and delineate those qualities of heart and mind tha t become apparent to us from the standpoint of his well-known ideas upon religious matters, in fact his close adherence to what we now too often stigmatize as puritanism. It, however, hardly becomes us of the present to criticize too closely the views entertained by that noble band of men who held so lovingly to their theories that no conditions or inducements would make them swerve from their conscientious views of the requirements of duty. It was really tantamount to an express "thus saith the Lord" to them, for this was in many instances the cause of their

--------------------

Thomas and Sarah and 5 children came to America on the George Bonaventure which arrived in Salem, Mass in 1629.

The first official record of the family in country was at Hartford, Conn in 1645 when the family located there. Thomas owned three separate pieces of real estate there.

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As yet unconfirmed family rumors state that I was from Gravesend, Kent Co., England, and came to America with Gov. Endicott's Company. That I was a member of the Council, on the committee to lay out the town of Woburn, Mass., and one of the first town officers there. My wife's name was Sarah Whiting, and she, 5 children and 2 servants came with me and settled in New Haven, Conn. first, then Hartford. I was one of the founders of Hadley, Mass. in 1645. We came to America on the George Bonaventure which arrived in Salem, Mass. in 1629. Sarah died 17 Dec. 1666.

The first official record of my presence in America was at Hartford, Conn. in 1645, when the family was located there. I owned three separate pieces of real estate there, one described as being the one "whereon his house standeth." Isaac also took up his residence in Hartford and had land there. John took up his residence in Wethersfield, the adjoining town, and it is probable that the three homes were not far apart. The lands granted to John in 1652 were described as those "whereon his house standeth." Nathaniel also settled in Wethersfield, where he married in 1655.

THOMAS1 GRAVES was born Abt. 1585 in England, and died Nov 1662 in Hatfield, Massachusetts.  He married SARAH STEADMAN.  She died 17 Dec 1666 in Hadley, Massachusetts.

Notes for THOMAS GRAVES: --of Hartford, Connecticut and Hatfield, Massachusetts;--came to New England with his wife, Sarah, and five children before 1645;--the family "left their houses and lands in Hartford and Wethersfield unsold, --";--arrived in Hatfield about October 1661;-- Children of THOMAS GRAVES and SARAH STEADMAN are: 2. i. ISAAC2 GRAVES, b. Abt. 1620, England; d. 19 Sep 1677, Hatfield. 3. ii. JOHN GRAVES, b. Abt. 1622, England; d. 19 Sep 1677. iii. SAMUEL GRAVES, b. Abt. 1627, England; d. Abt. 1660.

Notes for SAMUEL GRAVES: --unmarried;--

4. iv. NATHANIEL GRAVES, b. Abt. 1629, England; d. 28 Sep 1682, Wethersfield, Connecticut. v. ELIZABETH GRAVES, b. Abt. 1631, England.

Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s about Thomas Graves Name: Thomas Graves Year: 1628 Place: Salem, Massachusetts Family Members: With wife & 5 children Source Publication Code: 9978 Primary Immigrant: Graves, Thomas Annotation: Date and place of mention. Date and place of death, name of spouse and children, and other information may also be provided. Source Bibliography: YOUNG, ALEXANDER. Chronicles of the First Planters of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, from 1623 to 1636. Boston: C. C. Little & J. Brown, 1846. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 2004. Page: 53

Family Data Collection - Deaths about Thomas Graves Name: Thomas Graves Death Date: 1 Nov 1662 City: Hatfield County: Hampshire State: MA Country: USA -------------------- From Linda Runyon's research:

According to Mrs. Ruth E. Richardson, Mrs. Clara M. Turner, and other sources (unverified), Thomas was from Gravesend, Kent, England and came to America with Gov. Endicott's Company. He was a member of the Council, on the committee to lay out the town of Woburn, MA, an done of the first town officers there. His wife (Sarah Whiting), 5 children, and 2 servants came with him and settled in New Haven CT first, then Hartford. He was one of the founders of Hadley, MA in1645. They came to America on the George Bonaventure which arrived in Salem, MA in 1629.

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Thomas Graves, of Hatfield's Timeline

1585
1585
Gravesend, Kent, UK
1605
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Stepney, London, Middlesex, England
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Stepney, London, Middlesex, England
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Stepney, London, Middlesex, England
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Middlesex, England
June 16, 1605
Age 20
Middlesex, England