Thomas Jones Hardeman (1788 - 1854)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Davidson Co, TN
Death: Died in Bastrop, Texas, United States
Managed by: Jack McCarty
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About Thomas Jones Hardeman

Thomas Jones Hardeman Fought with Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans in 1814. He and his brother Bailey fought for the independence of Texas.

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HARDEMAN, THOMAS JONES (1788–1854). Thomas Jones Hardeman, soldier, pioneer Texas settler, judge, and politician, child of Thomas and Mary (Perkins) Hardeman, was born at Hardeman's Stockade near Nashville, Tennessee, on January 31, 1788. His father represented back-country North Carolina at the convention that ratified the United States Constitution and with his close friend Andrew Jackson was a delegate at the Tennessee State Constitutional Convention.

Hardeman moved with his family to Williamson County, Tennessee, in 1803. In 1814 he married Mary Ophelia Polk, the aunt of James K. Polk. Later that year, as a captain, Hardeman fought under General Jackson in the closing campaign of the War of 1812 at New Orleans. He was captured by the British and wounded in the head by a sabre for refusing to divulge military secrets to the enemy.

In 1818, applying his legal training, he helped to settle and organize Hardeman County, Tennessee. His wife died there in 1835. In the same year, accompanied by his brothers Blackstone and Bailey Hardeman, he moved to Texas, where he and his four sons became involved in the move for Texas independence. Hardeman, a devout Episcopalian and an active Mason, served in the Congress of the Republic of Texas from Matagorda County in 1837–39 and spent two terms in the state legislature from Bastrop and Travis counties, from 1847 to 1851. In the 1840s he served both as associate and chief justice of Bastrop County. At his suggestion the capital of Texas was named Austin.

Hardeman's second wife was a widow, Eliza DeWitt Hamilton, daughter of empresario Green DeWitt. Hardeman had five children by his first wife and three by the second. The four sons of his first marriage, Thomas Monroe Hardeman, William Polk Hardeman, Owen Bailey Hardeman, and Leonidas Polk Hardeman, were all venturesome types. They participated in scores of military campaigns of the Texas Revolution, the Mexican War, Indian wars, and the Civil War.

Hardeman died on January 15, 1854, and was buried in Bastrop County. In 1937 his remains were removed to the State Cemetery in Austin. Hardeman County, Texas, was named partly in his honor.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Nicholas P. Hardeman, Wilderness Calling: The Hardeman Family in the American Westward Movement, 1750–1900 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1977). Amelia W. Williams and Eugene C. Barker, eds., The Writings of Sam Houston, 1813–1863 (8 vols., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1938–43; rpt., Austin and New York: Pemberton Press, 1970).

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Capt. Thomas J. Hardeman's Timeline

1788
January 31, 1788
Davidson Co, TN
1814
October 26, 1814
Age 26
Maury, Tennessee, United States
1815
October 30, 1815
Age 27
Williamson, TN, USA
1816
November 4, 1816
Age 28
Williamson County, Tennessee
1819
December 25, 1819
Age 31
Williamson, TN, USA
1822
June 8, 1822
Age 34
Williamson, TN, USA
1825
March 26, 1825
Age 37
Hardeman, TN, USA
1837
October 26, 1837
Age 49
Houston, TX, USA
1842
1842
Age 53
Bastrop, TX, USA
1847
1847
Age 58
Bastrop, TX, USA