Capt. Thomas Osborne of Coxendale

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Thomas Osborne, I

Birthplace: Crixie, Kent, England
Death: Died in Coxendale (now Chester?), Henrico County (now Chesterfield County?), Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of John Osborne, II and Jane Smyth
Husband of Ann Osborne; Joane Osborne and Joan Smith
Father of Joane Harris; Thomas Osborne, II and Edward Osborne, Il

Managed by: Larry Odebrecht
Last Updated:

About Capt. Thomas Osborne of Coxendale

Date of birth has also been (erroneously?) reported to be 1580.

came to Virginia about 1611

From Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography: "Osborne, Captain Thomas, came to Virginia in November, 1616, and settled at Coxendale, in the present Chesterfield county, about 1625. He also patented land on Proctor's creek, Henrico county (now Chesterfield); was a commissioner (justice) for the 'upper parts' in 1631, and member of the house of burgesses, 1629, 1629-30, 1631-32, 1632-33."

From page 247 of Decisions of Virginia General Court: "Came to Virginia in November 1616 and settled at Coxendale in 1625. He also patented land on Proctor's creek, Henrico in 1637; was commissioner (justice) for "the upper parts" in 1631, and member of the House of Burgesses, 1629, 1629-1630, 1631-2, 1632-3."

From Osborne of Henrico, Virginia: "Lieutenant Thomas Osborne arrived in Jamestown aboard the Bona Nova late in 1619; no family members are known to have accompanied him at this time. Whether his wife had previously died in England is not known, but her name has never appeared in any of the extant colonial Virginia records. He was selected by the London Company in England to serve as the leader of the military contingent in the settlement of College Land, a large area of land near Henricus City. The latter was the second permanent settlement in Virginia, the first, of course, being Jamestown. He appears in the two early lists of inhabitants, dated February 1623/24, and January 1224/25, as a resident of "Colledge Land."

"After the March 1622 attack by the Indians, where roughly one-third of those settlers between Jamestown and Henricus City were killed, Lieut. Thomas Osborne lead a retaliatory attack; from this point onward, he appears in the records as Captain Thomas Osborne. From 1625-1633 he served in the House of Burgesses and, having been granted a large tract of land known as Coxendale, settled there around 1625. The first town in Coxendale, Gatesville, was later named Osbornes and became an important inspection, storage, and shipping center for tobacco well into the late 19th century. He lived his entire life in Coxendale (that part which is now Chesterfield County), and the succeeding four generations of his namesake also made Coxendale their home."

From "The first reference to Lt. Thomas Osborne is his arrival in Virginia in November 1619 on the ship Bona Nova. He was 35, making his birth year about 1584 in England. He is probably the first Osborne to arrive in America and is probably of the Sir Edward Osborne family of London, but no proof yet exists. He came to Virginia as part of a group sent by the London Company to set up a College at Henrico for the purpose of educating the Indians and others. After leading a counterattack on the Indians after the 1622 raid, he was promoted to Captain and is mostly known as Captain Thomas Osborne of Henrico, VA. He patented land on the James River just north of Henricus, VA, which became known as Coxendale, where his family lived for five generations before beginning their migration south into NC and SC. There is still a Coxendale Road in Chester, VA which leads to the general vicinity of the old Coxendale plantation. There are many known living descendants of Captain Thomas Osborne, identified by both documented records and dna tests."

Date of death has also been (erroneously?) reported to be 1637 and circa 1656.

Place of death has also been (erroneously?) reported to be Henrico, Henrico County, Virginia.


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Capt. Thomas Osborne of Coxendale's Timeline

Crixie, Kent, England
January 28, 1597
Age 21
Hertford, England, UK
Age 33
Cranfield, Bedfordshire (now Central Bedfordshire), England
Age 36
Age 66
Coxendale (now Chester?), Henrico County (now Chesterfield County?), Virginia