Captain John Gallup

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John Gallup, III

Birthplace: Mosterton, Dorset, England
Death: Died in Kingstown, (Present Washington County), Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Cause of death: Killed in The Great Swamp Fight, King Philip's War
Place of Burial: South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of John Gallup, ll and Christobel Gallop
Husband of Hannah Gallup
Father of Hannah Gallup; John Gallup; Esther Hodges; Benadam Gallup; Lieut. William Gallup and 5 others
Brother of Joan Joy; William Gallup; Francis Gallop; Samuel Gallup and Nathaniel Gallup Sr.

Occupation: Captain, Ship ownder, coastal New England trader, Indian Fighter
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Captain John Gallup

John Gallup III was born in Mosterne, Dorsetshire, England and baptized in Bridport, Dorset, England on January 25, 1620/1 and was the son of John Gallup/Gallop and his wife Christobel Bruchett. He arrived in Massachusetts on the ship "Griffin" with his mother and siblings September 4, 1633, three years after his father's arrival in 1630. On July 4, 1632, John Winthrop wrote the following about Christobel Gallup's fear of joining her husband in the colonies:

"I have much difficulty to keep John Galloppe here by reason his wife will not come. I marvel at the woman's weakness that she will live miserably with her children there, when she might live comfortably here with her husband. I pray persuade and further her coming by all means: if she will come let her have the remainder of his wages, if not, let it be bestowed to bring over his children, for so he desires: it would be above £40 loss to him to come for her."

John Gallup married Hannah {Anna) Lake 1643 in Boston. On February 25, 1650/1 John Gallup and his wife applied for house lots in New London, Connecticut. In 1651; "On the town street east of Stallion & Bayley, a lot was laid out to John Gallup, eight acres in the heart of town covering the space east of the town street to the beach and extending north from State Street to Federal."

From the colonial records of Hartford February 9, 1652; "John Gallup in consideration and with respect unto the services his father hath done for the country, hath given him up the river of Mistick, which side he will 300 acres of upland." And the following year; "Hath given him a further addition to his land at Mistick, 150 acres, which he accepts and is satisfyde for what lands he formerly laide claim unto upon the general neck as a gift of his father's, given by General Stoughton after Pequot war." He moved to the east side of the Mystic river after this large grant of land. "He was one of the early settlers of Stonington; his homestead was bounded on the west by Mystic river, south by Captain Stanton's place and east by Captain Denison's land."

In 1665 he represented the town of Stonington at the General Court. He was an Indian interpreter from 1665-1675. In 1667 he again represented the town of Stonington at the General Court. He is found on the Connecticut census of 1669 living in Stonington, Connecticut.

In 1671 he was granted 100 acres of land by the General Court of Connecticut. "With Massachusetts forces he was in the Pequot War and bore himself so bravely that the General Court of Connecticut gave him a grant of 100 acres of land."

January 1675 he was made Captain of the 1st Company of the Connecticut Regiment where he fought in King Phillip's War. In February 1675 in Narragansett, now South Kingston, Rhode Island having raised 70 men under Captain John Mason of Norwich, Captain John Gallup joined with him at the head of the Mohegans. On December 19, 1675, he was killed along with ten men of his company in the Great Swamp Fight, fought in Narragansett, Washington, Rhode Island.

The division of his estate by order of the County Court for Stonington, New London, Connecticut: "Widow £100; son John £137; Benadam £90; to William and Samuel each £89; to five daughters each £70; Widow Hannah also a large grant of land."

Although he was buried where he died, a memorial was erected at Whitehall Burial Ground. His wife and some of his children are buried at Whitehall.

The children of Captain John Gallup and his wife Hannah Lake:

  1. Hanah Gallup, who married Stephen Gifford
  2. John Gallup IV, who married Elizabeth Harris
  3. Esther Gallup, who married Henry Hodges
  4. Benadam Gallup, who married Esther Prentice
  5. William Gallup, who married Sarah Chesebrough
  6. Samuel Gallup who never married
  7. Margaret Gallup
  8. Elizabeth Gallup, who married Henry Stevens
  9. Christobel Gallup, who married Peter Crary
  10. Mary Gallup who died young


John was a captain who was killed in the swamp battle with the tribe of Indians known as the Narragansetts.


This is the memorial stone of Captain John Gallup, II whose remains lie buried near the scene of the "Great Swamp Fight" at Narragansett, Rhode Island.

This stone is located at Whitehall Burying Ground #21, Mystic, Connecticut.

Captain John Gallup, 2nd.

"Born in Dorset, England, 1615. Arrived in Boston September 4, 1635. Removed from Boston to Taunton , 1640 to New London 1651 . In 1654 to his residence in Whitehall, built upon a tract of land on the Mystic River, granted him recognition of the service rendered by himself and his father in the Pequot War. Slain December 19, 1675 in the Narragansett Swamp Fight. Buried near the scene of the Battle."


Gallup Genealogy, History of Stonington, Connecticut


  • Birth: Unknown, Mosterton, Dorset, England
  • Death: December 19, 1675, South Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island, USA

Capt. John and Hannah (Lake) Gallup

John Gallup - bap. Jan. 25, 1620/1, Bridport, Dorset, England; d. Dec. 19, 1675, Narragansett Swamp Fight, Rhode Island. Son of John Gallup and Christobel Brushett. Lived at Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts, New London, New London Co., Connecticut, and Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut. John Gallup was Captain of the First Company of the Connecticut Regiment in the Great Swamp Fight of King Phillip's War, and was killed along with ten men of his company. He was married in 1643 in Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts. to:

Hannah Lake - b. Jul. 3, 1621, North Benfleet, Essex, England; d. after 1675, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut. She arrived in America with her mother by 1635, and was the daughter of John Lake and Margaret Reade.

Children of John and Hannah Gallup:

See Notable Cousins for lines to: George Horace Gallup and Emily Dickenson.

1. Hannah - b. Sep. 14, 1644, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts; 1721, Connecticut. She was married on Jun. 18, 1672 in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut, to Stephen Gifford (1641-1724). Children of Hannah and Stephen Gifford: John, Ruth, Stephen, and Aquilla.

2. John - b. Sep. 14, 1646, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts; d. Apr. 14, 1735, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut. He was married in 1674 in Ipswich, Essex Co., Massachusetts to his first cousin Elizabeth Harris, daughter of Thomas Harris and Martha Lake. Children of John and Elizabeth Gallup: John married Elizabeth Wheeler; Thomas; Martha; Samuel; Elizabeth; Nathaniel married his first cousin Margaret Gallup (daughter of Benadam Gallup and Esther Prentice); William; and Benjamin.

3. Esther - Mar. 24, 1652, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts, d. Taunton, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts. The Hodges genealogy gives her birth date as 21 Jul. 1653. She was married on Dec. 17, 1674 in Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts to Henry Hodges (b. 1652; d. Sep. 30, 1717, Taunton, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts. Children of Esther and Henry Hodges: Mary; Esther; William; Charity; Henry; Benjamin; John; Joseph married Bethiah Williams; Elizabeth; and Abigail.

4. Benadam - b. 1655, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut; b. Aug. 2, 1727, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut; bur. Whitehall Cem., Mystic, Connecticut. He was married in 1682 in Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts to Esther Prentice (b. Jul. 20, 1660, New London Co., Connecticut, d. May 17, 1751, Stonington, Connecticut. New London Co.; bur. Whitehall Cem., Mystic, Connecticut, daughter of John Prentice and Esther Nichols. Children of Benadam and Esther Gallup: Hannah married William Wheeler; Esther married Joseph Stanton; Mercy married William Dennison; Thomas married Love; Benadam married Eunice Cobb; Joseph married Eunice Williams; Margaret married her first cousin Nathaniel Gallup (son of John Gallup and Elizabeth Harris); and Lucy.

5. William - b. 1658, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut; b. May 15, 1731, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut; bur. Whitehall Cemetery, Mystic, Connecticut. He was married on Jan 4, 1683/4 in Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut, to Sarah Chesebrough (b. Dec. 24, 1663; d. Sep. 9, 1729, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut, bur. Whitehall Cemetery, Mystic, Connecticut, daughter of Samuel Chesebrough & Abigail Ingraham. Children of William and Sarah Gallup: Sarah; John married Prudence Hayward/Howard; William; Mary; Hannah; and Temperence.

6. Christobel - b. 1658, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut. She was married on Dec. 31, 1677 in Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut, to Peter Crary (d. 1708). Children of Christobel and Peter Crary: Christobel; Peter; Margaret; John; William; Robert; Hannah.

7. Samuel - b. 1664, Stonington, New London Co., CTonnecticut, d. before Jul. 9, 1731.

8. Elizabeth - b. Mar. 8, 1662/3, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut; d. 1726, Westerly, Washington Co., Rhode Island. Married Henry Stevens.

9. Mary - b. 1664, Stonington, New London Co., Connecticut. She was married in 1687 in Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts to John Cole (b. Feb. 14, 1651/2, Middletown, Middlesex Co., Connecticut), son of Henry Cole and Sarah Rusco. Children of Mary and John Cole: Samuel; Thomas; and Mary.

10. Margaret - Married Joseph Culver


John Gallop, son of John and Christobel (Brushett) Gallop, baptised in St. Mary's Parish, Bridport, England, January 25, 1620; died South Kingston, Rhode Island, December 19, 1675, in the Narragansett Swamp Fight. Married Hannah Ann Lake in Boston in 1643. Hannah was the daughter of John and Margaret (Reade) Lake. Hannah arrived in this country on October 6, 1635, on the ship "Abigale", with her sister Martha, her mother, and her Aunt Elizabeth (Reade) Winthrop, wife of John Winthrop, Jr.

John arrived in this country on September 4, 1633, on the ship "Griffin" with his mother, brothers, and sister Joan. Early on he entered into the coastal trade with his father. John and his brother William were with their father and assisted him with the re-capture of John Oldham's vessel from Indians, off Block Island.

In 1637 he was with the Massachusetts forces in the Pequot War. In 1651 he received a grant of eight acres in New London, "in the heart of the town, east of the town street to the beach and extending north from State to Federal." Two years later he sold his property and build a new house, called Whitehall, on the east bank of the Mystic River on 300 acres granted to him by the General Court "with respect unto the services his father has done for the country." The following year he received an additional 150 acres "in lieu of his claim to land on General neck, a gift from Gen. Stoughton to his father at the end of the Pequot War." In 1666, 1667, and 1671, the General Court gave him additional grants totaling 250 acres for his services in the Pequot war. John Gallop was a selectman in Stonington in 1664 to 1668, 1671, and 1673, a town representative at General Court in 1665 and 1667, shipowner and coastal trader, and Indian interpreter. He was Captain of the First Company of the Connecticut forces under Major Robert Treat at the Great Swamp Fight at Narragansett, Rhode Island, December 19, 1675, and was one of the six captains who fell in storming the fort.

By court order, his estate was divided as follows: to his widow, £100; to son John, £137; to Benadam, £ 90; to William and Samuel, each £ 89; to his five daughters, £70 each. Children of John and Hannah were Hannah, John, Benadam, William, Samuel, Christobel, Elizabeth, Mary, and Margaret.

Source: "Descendants of John Gallop," Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland Ohio

Pequot War Service

Gallop, John (Jr.) --Service mentioned. (Savage and C. R., Vol. II., p. 162.) enlisted from Saybrook. (Tarbox.) Son of John (Gallop, the Mariner of Boston). He was with his father and assisted in the capture of Oldman's vessel from the Indians on Long Island Sound but we are unable to locate him in Conn. at the time of the Pequot War. He was of Taunton, Mass., 1643; New London about 1650; and later at Stonington. Was an Indian interpreter and one of the five captains killed in King Philip’s War, 1675. His wife, Hannah, had a grant of land after his death. Ten children. (Gallop's Gallop Family, p. 21 ; Wheelcr’s Hist. Stonington, p. 381; Caulkins, page 291; New Eng. Hist. and Gcn. Register, Vol. VlI., page 211; Savage and C.R., Vol. III., p. 22.)

Source: Connecticut Soldiers in the Pequot War of 1637 by James Shepard


"John Gallup, son of John and Christobel Gallup, was born in England, and came to this country in 1633. He married in 1643, at Boston, Hannah Lake, daughter of John and Margaret Lake. Madam Margaret Lake was the daughter of Edmund Read, Esq., of Wickford, Essex county, England, and sister of Elizabeth Read, who married John Winthrop, Jr., Governor of Connecticut. In early life he showed signs of the bravery which afterwards distinguished him as an Indian warrior. It is supposed he was with his father and assisted him in the capture of John Oldham's vessel, off Block Island. With Massachusetts forces he engaged with his father in the Pequot war and bore himself so bravely that the General Court of Connecticut in 1671 gave him a grant of 100 acres of land. He came to New London in 1650 or '51. "Having these large grants of land he removed with his family in 1654 to the east side of the Mystic river, now Stonington, where he had taken up the land granted him. He was one of the early settlers of that town. His homestead place was bounded on the west by Mystic river, south by Captain Stanton's homestead place and Captain Denison's land, east by Denison's land and the town lots, and on the north by Robert Park's land. He represented the town at the General Court in 1665 and 1667. He was also an Indian interpreter. When King Philip's war broke out, although he was over sixty, age had not quenched his martial ardor. new London county having raised seventy men under Captain John Mason of Norwich, Captain Gallup jaoined with him at the head of the Mohegans. These troops forming a junction with those of the other colonies, were engaged in the fearful swamp fight at Narragansett, December 19, 1675 (within the limits of the present town of South Kingston, R.I.). In storming this fort he led his men bravely forward and was one of the six captains who fell in this memorable fight. A complete victory was here gained over the savage foe, but with great loss of life on both sides. Capt. Gallup was a brave and valuable officer and was loved and respected by his men. The division made of his estate by order of the County Court was to the widow, 100 pounds; to the oldest son John,137 pounds,; five daughters, 70 pounds each. Mrs. Hannah Gallup had also a large grant of land from the General Court in consideration of her great loss."


Capt. John and Hannah (Lake) Gallup

John Gallup - bap. Jan. 25, 1620/1, Bridport, Dorset, England; d. Dec. 19, 1675, Narragansett Swamp Fight, RI. Son of John Gallup and Christobel Brushett. Lived at Boston, Suffolk Co., MA, New London, New London Co., CT, and Stonington, New London Co., CT. John GALLUP was Captain of the First Company of the Connecticut Regiment in the Great Swamp Fight of King Phillip's War, and was killed along with ten men of his company. Married in 1643 in Boston, Suffolk Co., MA.

Hannah Lake - b. Jul. 3, 1621, North Benfleet, Essex, England; d. after 1675, Stonington, New London Co., CT. Arrived in America with her mother by 1635. Daughter of John Lake and Margaret Reade.


December 19, 1675: Narragansetts under Chief Canonchet battle with Plymouth Governor Josiah Winslow with 970 men from Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Plymouth. Statistics of the fight are: colonists lose 70-80 men, 150 wounded, Indians lose 600 dead, half of them warriors.


From one of Lee Sultzman's many magnificently detailed tribal histories, this one, on the Narrangansett, at:

Threatened with war by the English in 1654, the Narragansett conquest of the Metoac was incomplete. Canonicus died in 1647 and was succeeded by his grandson Canonchet (Nanuntemo). Despite their bad experiences with the Puritan colonists, the Narragansett still loved and trusted Roger Williams. Canonicus had sold him additional land during 1643, and this friendship continued under Canonchet.

In the years after the death of the Wampanoag sachem Massasoit in 1661, relations between the New England colonists and tribes took a dangerous turn. Philip (Metacom) eventually succeeded as the grand sachem of the Wampanoag in 1662, but unlike his father, he saw clearly that the English were taking over everything. Not only the land, but their missionaries were converting his people to Christianity and undermining the traditional authority of the Wampanoag sachems. Other tribes shared these misgivings, and Philip found many ears willing to listen as he began to secretly organize an alliance in preparation for a general uprising. Unfortunately, his secret plans were not that much of a secret. A network of informers kept the English aware that something was about to happen. They just were not certain where or when. Philip was summoned several times to explain his actions and sign treaties of peace and friendship.

He explained, signed, and then left to resume the plotting. By 1674 Philip, over the strong objections of the aging Roger Williams, had convinced the Narragansett to join him. Canonchet, however, personally assured Williams that the Narragansett would not harm one hair on his head when war came ...a promise which was faithfully kept. By 1674 the colonists in New England outnumbered the natives two to one, and if there was to be any chance of success, Philip needed the Narragansett. However, he was forced to wait until they could accumulate enough guns and ammunition. It appears the uprising was planned originally for the summer of 1676, but the murder of John Sassamon, a Praying Indian spy, in January of 1675 forced his hand. Three Wampanoag were arrested, convicted, and hung, after which rumors flew that the English intended to arrest Philip. With Philip no longer able to restrain them, Wampanoag warriors attacked Swansea, Massachusetts in June and started the King Philip's War (1675-76).

The English immediately forced the Narragansett to sign another treaty agreeing to remain neutral. With war all around them, the Narragansett gathered together into a single, large fortified village in a swamp near Kingston, Rhode Island. Throughout the summer, Philip eluded the English soldiers and attacked settlements throughout New England. However, to protect his women and children, he had left them at the Narragansett fort. In the late fall of 1675, Philip returned and took most of his people with him to western Massachusetts. The English, however, considered this a violation of their treaty with the Narragansett, and in December, a 1,000-man colonial army with 150 Mohegan scouts arrived and laid siege to the Narragansett fort. After Canonchet refused demands to surrender the Wampanoag in his village and join the English against Philip, they attacked. Remembered as the Great Swamp Fight, the Narragansett were literally destroyed in this battle losing more than 600 warriors and 20 sachems. Canonchet, however, escaped and led a large group of Narragansett west to join Philip in western Massachusetts where they gave a good account of themselves for the remainder of the war.



The Narragansett Indian tribe:

The Narragansett Indians are a native people who lived on the Narragansett Bay and in western Rhode Island. At around the beginning of the 17th Century there were about 10,000 Narragansett people. Over the next hundred years, however, that number was to be cut to just 500. War with the British and disease were the killers. In just one battle in 1675, the Narragansett lost 20% of their population.

The name Narragansett is actually derived from the word Nanhigganeuck which means 'people of the small point.' The language of the Narragansett is of Algonquin origin. They were an eastern woodland people. They lived in large wooden log houses, which were heavily fortified. Their subsistence came from the farming of corn, beans and squash. They also grew tobacco for smoking as well as medicinal use.They were also hunters and fishermen, as well as being expert users of the water. The Narragansetts were proficient swimmers as well as expert canoesmen.

During the winter period the Narragansett would travel inland to hunt. Winter quarters would consist of dwelllings made of animal skins and supported by rigid poles.

By the time of their first contact with Europeans around 1620, the Narragansett had established themselves as the dominant tribe in southern New England. They began trading with the Dutch from New York. They were wary of the British from the very start. In 1621 they prepared an attack on the colonists at Plymouth but luckily for the British newcomers - were diverted by the presence of more immediate enemies. They were attacked by the Pequot people. A year later they were fighting the Mohawk. Once their enemies had been dealt with, the British had become a far more formidable enemy. Over the next few years the Narragansett and the British stayed at arm's length.

Two smallpox epidemics in the 1630's decimated the Narragansett. Then, in 1636, a European by the name of Roger Williams allied himself with the tribe. Williams believed that the Crown had no right to take away the land of the native peoples of America. Because of the influence of this man, however, the Narragansett were to ally themselves with the British against the Pequot and Niantic. After helping to decimate the Pequot the Narragansett were rewarded by being given 80 of them as slaves. The Mohegan's now poised themselves as the major enemy of the Narragansett. Mohegan Chief Uncas crushed the smaller Nipmuc and Mattabesic tribes and assumed a dangerous amount of power. The Narragansetts began to form alliances against the Mohegans. The other tribes, however, were diverted by an attack by the Dutch against a Wecquasgeek village. The Narragansett were left to face the Mohegans by themselves. Narragansett war chief Miontonimo led 900 warriors against the Mohegan capital at Shetucket. The Narragansett were getting the better of the fight until Miontonimo was captured. Without their leader the Narragansetts broke off the battle. Soon Miontonimo had been tomahawked to death by the brother of Mohegan Chief Uncas. With the death of their leader the resistance of the Narragansetts was broken. They signed a treaty to remain neutral during King Phillip's War. But when Phillip left his Wampanoag women and children in the Narragansett for protection for a time, the British considered this a treaty violation. 1000 Colonial troops laid siege to their village. The Narragansett refused to give up the Wampanoag women and children. The Narragansett survived the attack and subsequently left their fort to join forces with Philip. During a raid on the Colonists their new Chief Canonchet was captured and subsequently executed before a firing squad. The remaining Narragansett were now hunted down by the Colonists and their bloodthirsty Mohegan allies. Many women and children were captured and shipped to the West Indies to become slaves. Captured warriors were executed. The Narragansett, in fact lost 90% of their population through the course of this war.

Today the Narragansett have a reservation allotment of some 2,500 acres in Washington County Rhode Island. About 2,500 people live there. They are ruled under the traditional leadership of a Chief Sachem with a nine member tribal council. The people's livelihood today is derived from forestry, tourism, a gaming and entertainment center and a cable television station.



King Philip's War:

1675-76, the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag. His Wampanoag name was Metacom, Metacomet, or Pometacom. Upon the death (1662) of his brother, Alexander (Wamsutta), whom the Native Americans suspected the English of murdering, Philip became sachem and maintained peace with the colonists for a number of years. Hostility eventually developed over the steady succession of land sales forced on the Native Americans by their growing dependence on English goods. Suspicious of Philip, the English colonists in 1671 questioned and fined him and demanded that the Wampanoag surrender their arms, which they did. In 1675 a Christian Native American who had been acting as an informer to the English was murdered, probably at Philip's instigation. Three Wampanoags were tried for the murder and executed. Incensed by this act, the Native Americans in June, 1675, made a sudden raid on the border settlement of Swansea. Other raids followed; towns were burned and many whites-men, women, and children-were slain. Unable to draw the Native Americans into a major battle, the colonists resorted to similar methods of warfare in retaliation and antagonized other tribes. The Wampanoag were joined by the Nipmuck and by the Narragansett (after the latter were attacked by the colonists), and soon all the New England colonies were involved in the war. Philip's cause began to decline after he made a long journey west in an unsuccessful attempt to secure aid from the Mohawk. In 1676 the Narragansett were completely defeated and their chief, Canonchet, was killed in April of that year; the Wampanoag and Nipmuck were gradually subdued. Philip's wife and son were captured, and he was killed (Aug., 1676) by a Native American in the service of Capt. Benjamin Church after his hiding place at Mt. Hope (Bristol, R.I.) was betrayed. His body was drawn and quartered and his head exposed on a pole in Plymouth. The war, which was extremely costly to the colonists in people and money, resulted in the virtual extermination of tribal Native American life in S New England and the disappearance of the fur trade. The New England Confederation then had the way completely clear for white settlement. 1

See G. M. Bodge, Soldiers in King Philip's War (1891, 3d ed. 1906, repr. 1967); G. W. Ellis and J. E. Morris, King Philip's War (1906); J. T. Adams, The Founding of New England (1921, repr. 1963); D. E. Leach, Flintlock and Tomahawk (1958, repr. 1966); R. Bourne, The Red King's Rebellion (1990); J. Lepore, The Name of War (1998).

On This Day in History:

The original list was created by Phil Konstantin's web site. It is used with permission and was distributed with the enlarged background information compiled by Neshoba and is now posted at Native News Online as an educational resource.


Immigration 1630 on ship Mary and John with his parents

John died at the Narragansett Great Swamp Fight Battle

On November 2, 1675, Josiah Winslow led a combined force of over 1,000 colonial militia including about 150 Pequot and Mohegan Natives against the Narragansett people living around Narragansett Bay. The Narragansett tribe had not yet been directly involved in the King Philip's War, but had allegedly sheltered many of King Philip's men, women and children and several of their warriors had reportedly been seen in Native raiding parties. The colonists distrusted the Narragansett and feared the tribe would join King Phillip's cause come spring, which caused great concern due to the tribe's location. The decision was made to preemptively strike the Narragansett before an assumed uprising. Several abandoned Narragansett Native villages were found and burned as the militia marched through the cold winter around Narragansett Bay. The tribe had retreated to a large fort in the center of a swamp near Kingston, Rhode Island.

Led by an Native guide, on December 19, 1675 on a bitterly cold storm-filled day, the main Narragansett fort in modern South Kingstown, Rhode Island was found and attacked by the colonial militia from Plymouth Colony, Connecticut Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony. The massive fort, which occupied about 5 acres (20,000 m2) of land and was initially occupied by over a thousand Natives, was eventually overrun after a fierce fight. The Native fort was burned, its inhabitants, including women and children, killed or evicted and most of the tribe's winter stores destroyed. It is believed that about 300 natives were killed though exact figures are unknown. Many of the warriors and their families escaped into the frozen swamp; there hundreds more died from wounds combined with the harsh conditions. Facing a winter with little food and shelter, the whole surviving Narragansett tribe was forced out of the quasi-neutrality some had tried to maintain in the ongoing war and joined the fight alongside Philip. The colonists lost many of their officers in this assault and about seventy of their men were killed and nearly 150 more wounded. The dead and wounded colonial militiamen were evacuated to the settlements on Aquidneck Island in Narragansett Bay where they were buried or cared for by many of the Rhode Island colonists until they could return to their homes.

Benjamin Church, the first American ranger.

The Great Swamp Fight was a critical blow to the Narragansett tribe from which they never fully recovered. In April 1676, the Narragansett were completely defeated when their chief sachem Canonchet was captured and soon executed. On August 12, 1676 the leader of the Wampanoag sachem, Metacomet (also known as King Philip) was shot and killed by John Alderman, a Native American soldier in Benjamin Church's company. King Philip's War, one of the greatest native uprisings in New England, had failed.

Great Swamp Fight: John was in this regiment

7. Connecticut Regiment

Robert Treat, of Milford, Major

Regimental Staff

Gershom Bulkely, Surgeon

Rev. Nicholas Noyes, Chaplain

Stephen Barrett, Commissary

Officers of the Line

First Company: Captain John Gallop, of Stonington, Captain. In 1672 a company of forty horsemen was organized; this was the first company of troopers in the county. 10 killed in the 1675 battle

Joshua Raymond was the cornetist, and is occasionally alluded to on the town records as Cornet Raymond, a title which was quite as familiar as that of captain or lieutenant. He was later made commissary. Joshua married Elizabeth Smith 10 Dec 1659 in New London, Connecticut, and was the son-in-law of Rev. Nehemiah Smith and Sarah Ann Bourne. He died 24 Apr 1676 New London, Connecticut, as a result of wounds from the Great Swamp Fight.

Thomas Miner was a lieutenant in the Narragansett Campaign of King Phillip’s War in 1675-76 and reportedly took part in the “Great Swamp Fight” near Kingstown, RI even though he would have been 67 years old. Almost all of the able-bodied men of Stonington were engaged in the Indian wars of their time. Thomas was appointed Member of a Court Martial to meet in New London, January 2, 1676.

No list or roll of the Stonington men who participated in the early Indian wars has been preserved. The nearest approach to which may be found in “a list of the English volunteers in the late Narragansett war,” as prepared by a committee for that purpose in order to secure a grant of land for their services, as follows: Capt. George Denison, Sergt. John Frink, Capt. John Stanton, Capt. Samuel Mason, Rev. James Noyes, Lieut. Thomas Miner, Samuel Youmans, John Fish, George Denison, Jr., William Denison, Nathaniel Beebe, Henry Stevens, Edmund Fanning, Thomas Fanning, John Bennet, William Bennett, Ezekiel Main, William Wheeler, [son of Walter Palmer] Gershom Palmer, Samuel Stanton, Daniel Stanton, Manasseth Miner,Joseph Stanton, James York, Henry Bennett, Capt. James Pendleton, Robert Holmes,Thomas Bell, Henry Elliott, Isaac Wheeler, John Gallup, Nathaniel Chesebrough, [Thomas' sons] Ephraim Miner, Joseph Miner, Samuel Miner, John Ashcroft, Edmund Fanning, Jr., John Denison, William Billings, and Samuel Fish.

John was in Major Treat's Connecticut forces

Mr Smith’s, 21, 10, 1675

May it please your honour

The coming of the Connecticut force to Petaquamscott, and surprisal of six and slaughter of five on Friday night, Saturday we marched towards Petaquamscott, though in snow, and in conjunction about midnight or later, we advanced: Capt. Mosley led the van, after him Massachusetts, and Plimouth and Connecticut in the rear; a tedious march in the snow, without intermission, brought us about two of the clock afternoon, to the entrance of the swamp, by the help of Indian Peter, who dealt faithfully with us; our men, with great courage, entered the swamp about twenty rods; within the cedar swamp we found some hundreds of wigwams, forted in with a breastwork and flankered, and many small blockhouses up and down, round about; they entertained us with a fierce fight, and many thousand shot, for about an hour, when our men valiantly scaled the fort, beat them thence, and from the blockhouses. In which action we lost Capt. Johnson, Capt. Danforth, and Capt. Gardiner, and their lieutenants disabled, Capt. Marshall also slain; Capt Seely, Capt. Mason, disabled, and many other officers, insomuch that, by a fresh assault and recruit powder from their store, the Indians fell on again, recarried and beat us out of, the fort, but by the great resolution and courage of the General and Major, we reinforced, and very hardly entered the fort again, and fired the wigwams, with many living and dead persons in them, great piles of meat and heaps of corn, the ground not permitting burial of their store, were consumed; the number of their dead, we generally suppose the enemy lost at least two hundred men; Capt. Mosely counted in one corner of the fort sixty four men; Capt. Goram reckoned 150 at least; But, O! Sir, mine heart bleeds to give your honor an account of our lost men, but especially our resolute Captains, as by account inclosed, and yet not so many, but we admire there remained any to return, a captive women, well known to Mr. Smith, informing that there were three thousand five hundred men engaging us and about a mile distant a thousand in reserve, to whom if God had so pleased, we had but been a morsel, after so much disablement: she informeth, that one of their sagamores was slain and their powder spent, causing their retreat, and that they are in a distressed condition for food and houses, that one Joshua Tift, an Englishman, is their encourager and conducter. Philip was seen by one, credilbly informing us, under a strong guard.

After our wounds were dressed, we drew up for a march, not able to abide the field in the storm, and weary, about two of the clock, obtained our quarters, with our dead and wounded, only the General, Ministers, and some other persons of the guard, going to head a small swamp, lost our way, and returned again to the evening quarters, a wonder we were not prey to them, and, after at least thirty miles marching up and down, in the morning, recovered our quarters, and had it not been for the arrival of Goodale next morning, the whole camp had perished; The whole army, especially Connecticut, is much disabled and unwilling to march, with tedious storms, and no lodgings, and frozen and swollen limbs, Major Treat importunate to return to at least Stonington; Our dead and wounded are about two hundred, disabled as many; the want of officers, the consideration whereof the Genreal commends to your honer, forbids any action at present, and we fear whether Connecticut will comply, at last, to any action. We are endeavoring, by good keeping and billetting oue men at several quarters, and, if possible removel of our wounded to Rhode Island, to recover the spirit of our soldiers, and shall be diligent to find and understand the removals on other action of the enemy, if God please to give us advantage against them.

As we complete the account of dead, now in doing, The Council is of the mind, without recruit of men we shall not be able to engage the main body.

I give your honor hearty thanks for your kind lines, of which I am not worthy

I am Sir, your honors humble servant

Joseph Dudley

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Captain John Gallup's Timeline

January 25, 1620
Mosterton, Dorset, England
January 25, 1620
St. Mary's Parish, Bridport, , Eng.
January 25, 1620
St. Mary's Parish, Bridport, , Eng.
January 25, 1621
Age 1
Bridport, Dorset, England
Age 9
Age 21
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
September 14, 1644
Age 24
September 14, 1646
Age 26
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
March 24, 1653
Age 33
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
December 1655
Age 35
Stonington, New London County, Connecticut