John Parker (1729 - 1775)

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Birthplace: Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Death: Died in Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
Managed by: David Miller
Last Updated:
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About John Parker

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Parker_(captain)

John Parker (13 July 1729 - 17 September 1775) was an American farmer, mechanic, and soldier, who commanded the Lexington militia at the Battle of Lexington on April 19, 1775. Parker was born in Lexington to Josiah Parker and Anne Stone. His experience as a soldier in the French and Indian War (Seven Years War) at the Siege of Louisbourg and conquest of Quebec most likely led to his election as militia captain by the men of the town.

He was in poor health from consumption (tuberculosis) on the morning of April 19. Tradition reports his order at Lexington Green to be "Stand your ground. Don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here." He witnessed his cousin Jonas Parker killed by a British bayonet. Later that day he rallied his men to attack the regulars returning to Boston in an ambush known as "Parker's Revenge."

This was his only military action in the American Revolutionary War. He was unable to serve in the Battle of Bunker Hill in June, and died of tuberculosis in September. Parker's grandson donated his musket to the state of Massachusetts. It hangs today in the Senate Chamber of the Massachusetts State House.

The Parker Homestead formerly stood on Spring Street in Lexington. A tablet marks the spot as Theodore Parker's birthplace; Theodore, a relative (grandson) of Captain John, was a transcendentalist and minister who was good friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.

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John Parker (July 13, 1729 – September 17, 1775) was an American farmer, mechanic, and soldier, who commanded the Lexington militia at the Battle of Lexington on April 19, 1775. Parker was born in Lexington to Josiah Parker and Anne Stone. His experience as a soldier in the French and Indian War (Seven Years War) at the Siege of Louisbourg and conquest of Quebec most likely led to his election as militia captain by the men of the town.

He was in poor health from consumption (tuberculosis) on the morning of April 19. Tradition reports his order at Lexington Green to be "Stand your ground. Don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here." He witnessed his cousin Jonas Parker killed by a British bayonet. Later that day he rallied his men to attack the regulars returning to Boston in an ambush known as "Parker's Revenge."

This was his only military action in the American Revolutionary War. He was unable to serve in the Battle of Bunker Hill in June, and died of tuberculosis in September. Parker's grandson donated his musket to the state of Massachusetts. It hangs today in the Senate Chamber of the Massachusetts State House.

The Parker Homestead formerly stood on Spring Street in Lexington. A tablet marks the spot as Theodore Parker's birthplace; Theodore, a relative (grandson) of Captain John, was a transcendentalist and minister who was good friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.

Captain John Parker is still the symbol of one of the largest mutual companies, Sentry Insurance.

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Captain John Parker's Timeline

1729
July 13, 1729
Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
1756
November 8, 1756
Age 27
1759
January 11, 1759
Age 29
1763
May 11, 1763
Age 33
1765
December 7, 1765
Age 36
Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
1768
June 28, 1768
Age 38
1771
April 15, 1771
Age 41
Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
1775
May 25, 1775
Age 45
Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
September 17, 1775
Age 46
Lexington, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
1890
1890
Age 46
Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA