About Giancarlo de' MEDICI
MEDICI, Giancarlo de' (1611-1663)
Birth. July 24, 1611, Florence. Third child of Cosimo II and Maria Maddalena of Austria. Younger brother of Grand duke Ferdinando II of Tuscany. Grand-nephew of Cardinal Ferdinando de' Medici (1563). Nephew of Cardinal Carlo de' Medici (1615). Brother of Cardinal Leopoldo de' Medici (1667).
Early life. Following the family tradition, entered the ecclesiastical state.
Sacred orders. (No information found).
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 14, 1644; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria Nuova, March 20, 1645. Participated in the conclave of 1655, which elected Pope Alexander VII. Together with Cardinal Friedrich von Hesse-Darmstadt, named legate before Queen Christina of Sweden who had converted to Catholicism and arrived in Rome, November 24, 1655. Opted for the deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro, March 6, 1656. Returned to Florence and remained there until his death. Collaborated with his brothers Matthias, Leopoldo and Ferdinando in the government of the grand duchy. Passionate about science, letters and above all music. Founded the Accademia degli Immobili and contributed to the construction of Teatro della Pergola, inaugurated in 1658. Together with his brothers, worked with enthusiasm and dedication in the growth and enrichment of the Galleria Palatina di Palazzo Pitti, which received the collection of paintings of palazzo di Urbino, obtained by the inheritance of Grand duchess Vittoria Della Rovere.
Death. January 23, 1663, of an apoplexy, in Florence. Buried in the tomb of the grand dukes in the church of S. Lorenzo, Florence.