Carl Wilhelm Rud (1833 - 1904)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Death: Died in Fredrikstad, Østfold, Norway
Managed by: Allison Jennifer Barclay
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Carl Wilhelm Rud

Carl Wilhelm was Born April 6, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. He was baptised at Hedvig Eleonora församling on April 10, 1833. He was placed in foster care by his 29-year-old birth mother on December 4, 1833, when he was almost 8 months old.

At this time it was illegal to have an illegitimate child in Sweden, as decreed by the King. To avoid the fine, some orphanages allowed unwed mothers to anonymously give their children up for adoption or put them in foster care, giving only their age and occupation, sometimes an address. So far all we know of her is that she was born about 1803/04.

Carl Wilhelm could have been the illegitimate son of elected Swedish King Carl Johann XIV, aka Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte (hence the name Carl), or the illegitimate son of Carl Johann's son, King Oscar I. Oscar I was well known to have had many mistresses and some of their names are public record (like Jaquette Löwenhielm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaquette_L%C3%B6wenhielm and Emilie Högquist http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emilie_H%C3%B6gquist ). The illegitimate children were often given up to middle class families. Our family story is that Carl Wilhelm's mother likely worked in the Stockholms slott or Kungliga slottet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Palace_in_Stockholm . In any event, many people in our family look uncannily like many people in the Swedish Royal family and to a lesser extent the Dutch Royal family.

Carl Wilhelm was fostered and re-abandoned several times by different families. The final family who adopted him at age 6 was headed by a soldier named Daniel Rud.

He learned the trade of master shoemaker and made his living. He emigrated to Norway where he met his future wife, Ana Katarina Hansdottir, another Swede. They married and settled in Fredrikstad, having three children.

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Carl Wilhelm Rud's Timeline

1833
April 6, 1833
Stockholm, Sweden
April 10, 1833
Stockholm, Sweden
December 4, 1833
Stockholm, Sweden

Followed by a move to:
41 Skepparsgatan

And then a move to:
Nyborgsgrand 12

December 4, 1833
- July 27, 1836
Stockholm County, Sweden

Orphanage Roll page 4383:
http://www2.ssa.stockholm.se/Bildarkiv/Egenproducerat/SE-SSA-0809/B...

English translation of Allmänna Barnhuset's history in Swedish at:
http://www.allmannabarnhuset.se/index.cfm?id=11&l=2

"Children's House history
Year 1633 was Children's Welfare Foundation, the crown gave land and money for the first orphanage in Sweden. It was built in the neighborhood Home for Children in Stockholm in Barnhusgatan near Railway Square. Even today, the neighborhood the same name.

Home for Children was a building that consisted of two floors. On the first floor lived 150 children who were divided into three large halls. On the second floor was the church hall and also a residence for the priest.
The number of children was growing all the time, and that most was the 300. Home for Children were at the same spot for 250 years, but in 1885 it moved to the newly constructed building in Northgate Street (now Norrtulls hospital.)

Infanticide - a common occurrence in the past
Infanticide was once a common occurrence in Sweden. Too many single mothers gave birth in secret and then took the life of it, because they could not survive the supply. There are several court records showing that women were sometimes kill their children. Punishments were harsh for them, premeditated acts could be considered proven.
In 1785 - Children were placed in foster care instead of orphanages
"Infanticide Letter" was issued in 1778 to reduce the number of infanticide. It gave unwed mothers the right to have their children enrolled as "born of the unknown mother" in the church records. The child was then usually to an institution. 1785 Gustav III came with a regulation that children would not grow up in an orphanage, but instead would be placed in foster care.
Home for Children was built up foster business
With the shift in approach on children's activities and became the institution which later built foster activities in the country. 1917 founded the law on children outside marriage, which gave single mothers the right to maintenance. Thus ended "infanticide message". This development meant that the number of children enrolled in the Home for Children was reduced significantly.
In 1800 - Home for Children received the unmarried mothers' children
In 1800 came an additional instruction to the Children's Welfare, with the aim of reducing the number of infanticide. According to the Home for Children had to accept unmarried mothers, children and other poor children, unless they were "sick and lame".
Many women had no choice but to give away her child. In the 1880s, was born every other child out of wedlock in Stockholm and most of these were removed.
Pay or breastfeeding and work
Between the years 1880-1922 was 20 000 children in the Children's Welfare. Anyone who had the opportunity to pay a maintenance for their children. In the beginning, cost 100 dollars, in the 1940's 5000 dollars. The woman could also leave their children to the Children's Welfare at no cost, if she, in return, stayed at the Children's Welfare in eight months, and breastfed her own and another child. In addition, she would help with the rest of the work of Children's Welfare. Not only single mothers left their children to the Children's Welfare, but also parents who were unable to raise their children.
Genealogy - "Who was my mother?"
When a child is sent to the Home for Children was mother-child rule for the last time. Before they parted was the children's birth certificates, and sometimes even a piece of paper with the mother's name, in an envelope that was sealed. Sometimes the mothers belonged to themselves after many years to find out what had happened to their children and to perhaps meet them. When both parties wanted it, helped the Children's Welfare to the contact. Many former orphanage children has also come back to the Home for Children to find out who their mother was. Today the orphanage kids old. But it occasionally happens to their children or grandchildren react to the Home for Children to learn more about its history.
In 1917, allow ensamtående to keep their children
Most of the children's house children's fathers were unknown, which meant that the women themselves had to take responsibility. But over the years there have been laws that have improved the situation of women. The 1917 law "on child out of wedlock" gave mothers the right to maintenance, which made it possible for many single mothers to keep their children. A few years later, a new child welfare law.
In 1945 began to recruit Foster Home for Children
In 1945 took over the local governments responsibility for child health, which changed the conditions for the Children's Welfare. Home for Children when child welfare staff representative, who was responsible for recruiting foster homes that could receive the child. During the 1950s - and '60s, said Children's Welfare for half the cost of childcare these agents. The other half was paid by the county. Home for Children was also for many years head of the National Pedagogical Institute. In 1985 transferred the three-year education at the university."

1836
September 3, 1836
Age 3
1837
October 14, 1837
Age 4
Stockholm County, Sweden
1839
June 29, 1839
- July 1, 1839
Age 6
Stockholm County, Sweden
July 1, 1839
- April 6, 1847
Age 6

Adopted by soldier, Daniel Johannsson Rud, and taken back to his family home Väckelsång, Kronoberg County, Växjö, Tingsryd, Sweden.

Orphanage Roll:
Orphanage Roll:
http://www2.ssa.stockholm.se/Bildarkiv/Egenproducerat/SE-SSA-0809/B...

1840
1840
Age 6

Household Examination Rolls (like a census, but not quite) showing:

Soldier Daniel Johansson Rud
Wife Britta Magnusdatter
Daughter Maria (deceased)
Daughter Eva (deceased)
Son Peter Johan
Son Carl Magnus

Carl Wilhelm

1869
November 5, 1869
Age 36
Østre Fredrikstad, Østfold, Norway