Carlo Maria Bonaparte

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About Carlo Maria Bonaparte

References:

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=clockman&id=I13219

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Maria_Buonaparte

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http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Maria_Buonaparte

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Nobile Carlo Maria Buonaparte (27/29 March 1746 – 24 February 1785) was a Corsican lawyer and politician who briefly served as a personal assistant of the revolutionary leader Pasquale Paoli and eventually rose to become Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI. After his death, his son Napoleon became Emperor of France, and several of his other children received royal titles from their brother.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlo_Buonaparte

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Carlo Maria Buonaparte (March 28, 1746 – February 24, 1785) was a Corsican lawyer and politician who briefly served as a personal assistant of the revolutionary leader Pasquale Paoli and eventually rose to become Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI. He is also the father of the famed Napoleon I of France.

He was born in Ajaccio, Corsica as the youngest of three children. His father, Giuseppe Buonaparte, had represented Ajaccio to the council of Corte in 1749. Carlo initially followed in his father's footsteps and studied to be a Lawyer at the Pisa University, but he left after finishing part-way to marry Marie-Letizia Ramolino. Both were of Corsican nobility, and very young at the time of their marriage (Carlo was seventeen, and Marie was fourteen). Their marriage is often seen as one of economic convenience.

For a period after his marriage at Ajaccio on June 2/7, 1764, he worked as a Secretary and Personal assistant to Pasquale Paoli. Paoli sent him to Rome negotiate with Pope Clement XIII in 1766. He had apparently enjoyed his time in Rome up until being forced for reasons unknown back to Corsica in 1768. At the time of his return, the Republic of Genoa had offered Corsica to Louis XV as payment for a debt. Buonaparte was noted for a fervent speech against the French "invasion". Political upheaval followed as France gained ownership of Corsica, and many of Paoli's supporters had to flee, Buonaparte and his family included. Marie-Letizia was pregnant with Napoleon Bonaparte at this time.

Soon after the French conquest of the island, Carlo Buonaparte embraced the new government. He was appointed Assessor of the Royal Jurisdiction of Ajaccio and the neighbouring districts on September 20, 1769. Short after that he became a Doctor in Laws at the University of Pisa on November 27, 1769. In April, 1770, the French administration created a Corsican Order of Nobility. He became an Advocate of the Superior Council of Corsica on December 11, 1769 and a Substitute Procurator of the King of France in Ajaccio in October 1770. Carlo already possessed the title of a "Noble Patrician of Tuscany" (Nobile Patrizio di Toscana) since 1769 by permission of the Archbishop of Pisa due to his ancestry, and had his nobility confirmed on September 13, 1771. He then became the Assessor of the Royal Jurisdiction of Ajaccio in February 1771, Deputy of the Nobility in the General States of Corsica on September 13, 1771, Member of the Council of the Twelve Nobles of Dila (Western Corsica) on May 1772, Deputy of the Nobility of Corsica at the Royal French Court in July 1777 and finally he was named Corsica's Representative to the Court of Louis XVI of France at Versailles in 1778.

Despite being honored with many titles, Buonaparte's dissatisfied nature led him to embark in risky business enterprises. He made many claims on land and money through legal means, but his success was limited and he burned through his finances rapidly. His apparent fondness of gambling worsened his monetary difficulties. Buonaparte made note of his situation in his account book:

In Paris, I received 4,000 francs from the King and a fee of 1,000 crowns from the government, but I came back without a penny.

In 1782, Buonaparte was beginning to grow weak, and was suffering from constant pain. He traveled to Montpellier to seek proper medical care. Nothing could be done to quell the effects of what was believed to be stomach cancer, the very same disease that for many years was believed to have killed his son Napoleon I, who in fact was more likely poisoned, as recent scientific tests tend to prove. Carlo Buonaparte died on February 24, 1785, and due to his frivolous spending, left his surviving wife and eight children penniless. His youngest son was born only three months before he died.

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Carlo Buonaparte

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nobile Carlo Maria Buonaparte (27/29 March 1746[1] – 24 February 1785) was a Corsican lawyer and politician who briefly served as a personal assistant of the revolutionary leader Pasquale Paoli and eventually rose to become Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI. After his death, his son Napoleon became Emperor of France, and several of his other children received royal titles from their brother.

Life

He was born in Ajaccio, Corsica as the youngest of three children. His father, Giuseppe Buonaparte,[2] had represented Ajaccio to the council of Corte in 1749. Carlo initially followed in his father's footsteps and studied to be a Lawyer at the Pisa University, but he left after finishing part-way to marry Marie-Letizia Ramolino. Both were of Corsican nobility, and very young at the time of their marriage (Carlo was seventeen, and Marie was fourteen).[3] Their marriage is often seen as one of economic convenience.

For a period after his marriage at Ajaccio on June 2/7, 1764, he worked as a Secretary and Personal assistant to Pasquale Paoli. Paoli sent him to Rome negotiate with Pope Clement XIII in 1766. He had apparently enjoyed his time in Rome up until being forced for reasons unknown back to Corsica in 1768. At the time of his return, the Republic of Genoa had offered Corsica to Louis XV as payment for a debt. Buonaparte was noted for a fervent speech against the French "invasion". Political upheaval followed as France gained ownership of Corsica, and many of Paoli's supporters had to flee, Buonaparte and his family included.

Soon after the French conquest of the island, Carlo Buonaparte embraced the new government. He was appointed Assessor of the Royal Jurisdiction of Ajaccio and the neighbouring districts on September 20, 1769. Short after that he became a Doctor in Laws at the University of Pisa on November 27, 1769. In April, 1770, the French administration created a Corsican Order of Nobility. He became an Advocate of the Superior Council of Corsica on December 11, 1769 and a Substitute Procurator of the King of France in Ajaccio in October 1770. Carlo already possessed the title of a "Noble Patrician of Tuscany" (Nobile Patrizio di Toscana) since 1769 by permission of the Archbishop of Pisa due to his ancestry, and had his nobility confirmed on September 13, 1771. He then became the Assessor of the Royal Jurisdiction of Ajaccio in February 1771, Deputy of the Nobility in the General States of Corsica on September 13, 1771, Member of the Council of the Twelve Nobles of Dila (Western Corsica) on May 1772, Deputy of the Nobility of Corsica at the Royal French Court in July 1777 and finally he was named Corsica's Representative to the Court of Louis XVI of France at Versailles in 1778.[4]

Despite being honored with many titles, Buonaparte's dissatisfied nature led him to embark in risky business enterprises. He made many claims on land and money through legal means, but his success was limited and he burned through his finances rapidly. His apparent fondness of gambling worsened his monetary difficulties. Buonaparte made note of his situation in his account book:

In Paris, I received 4,000 francs from the King and a fee of 1,000 crowns from the government, but I came back without a penny.

In 1782, Buonaparte was beginning to grow weak, and was suffering from constant pain. He traveled to Montpellier to seek proper medical care. Nothing could be done to quell the effects of what was believed to be stomach cancer,[5] the very same disease that, as recent scientific tests tend to prove, killed his son Napoleon I.[citation needed] Carlo Buonaparte died on February 24, 1785, and due to his frivolous spending, left his surviving wife and eight children penniless. However, Napoleon I supported the family during his reign. His youngest son was born only three months before he died.

[edit]Children

Carlo Buonaparte's marriage to Marie-Letizia Romalino produced thirteen children, including a stillborn child. Eight of their children survived until adulthood.[6]

Napoleone Buonaparte (1764/1765 - August 17, 1765).

Maria Anna Buonaparte (January 3, 1767 - January 1, 1768).

Joseph I of Spain (January 7, 1768 - July 28, 1844).

Napoleon I of France (August 15, 1769 - May 5, 1821).

Maria Anna Buonaparte (July 14, 1771 - November 23, 1771).

Lucien Bonaparte (May 21, 1775 - June 29, 1840).

Elisa Bonaparte (January 13, 1777 - August 7, 1820).

Louis Bonaparte (September 2, 1779 - July 25, 1844).

Pauline Bonaparte (October 20, 1780 - June 9, 1825).

Caroline Bonaparte (March 24, 1782 - May 18, 1839).

Jérôme Bonaparte (November 15, 1784 - June 24, 1860).

[edit]Notes

^ Seward, Desmond, Napoleon's Family, (Viking Penguin, 1986), 6.

^ Richardson, Hubert N. B., A dictionary of Napoleon and his times, (Cassel and Company LTD:London, 1920), 85.

^ Seward, 6.

^ Seward, 9.

^ Herold, J. Christopher, The Age of Napoleon , (American Heritage Inc, 1963), 18.

^ Seward, 8.

[edit]References

Herold, J. Christopher, The Age of Napoleon , American Heritage Inc, 1963.

Richardson, Hubert N. B., A dictionary of Napoleon and his times, Cassel and Company LTD:London, 1920.

Seward, Desmond, Napoleon's Family, Viking Penguin, 1986. -------------------- Carlo-Maria (Ajaccio 1746 – Montpellier 1785) meni naimisiin Maria Letizia Ramolinon kanssa (Ajaccio 1750 – Rooma 1836) vuonna 1764. Hän oli vähäinen virkamies paikallisoikeuksissa. Heillä oli kahdeksan lasta: 1.Joseph Bonaparte (Corte 1768 – Firenze 1844), Napolin ja Espanjan kuningas, naimisissa Julie Claryn kanssa. Clary oli Napoleonin lapsuuden rakkauden, Désiréen sisko- Désirée taas meni naimisiin marsalkka Jean-Baptiste Bernadotten, myöh. Ruotsin kuninkaan Kaarle XVI Juhanan kanssa. Julie Joséphine Bonaparte (1796–1796) Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte (1801–1854) Charlotte Napoléone Bonaparte (1802–1839)

2.Napoléon (I) Bonaparte (1769–1821) keisari Napoléon (II) François Joseph Charles Bonaparte (1811–1832) Napoleon II, Itävallan arkkiherttuataren Marie Louisen poika.

3.Lucien Bonaparte (1775–1840) 2 tytärtä ensimmäisen vaimo, Katherina Boyerin, kanssa. Christine Charlotte Bonaparte (1795–1865) Victoire Gertrude Bonaparte (1797–1797) 10 lasta toisen vaimon, Alexandrine von Bleschampsin, knassa Christine Charlotte Alexandrine Egypta Bonaparte (1798–1847) Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte (1803–1857), ornitologi ja poliitikko, naimisissa married prinsessa Zénaïde Bonaparten kanssa (1801–1854) Joseph Lucien Charles Napoléon Bonaparte (1824–1865) Alexandrine Gertrude Zénaïde Bonaparte (1826–1828) Lucien Louis Joseph Napoléon Bonaparte (1828–1895) Julie Charlotte Pauline Zénaïde Laetitia Désirée Bartholomée Bonaparte (1830–1900) Charlotte Honorine Joséphine Pauline Bonaparte (1832–1901) Léonie Stéphanie Elise Bonaparte (1833–1839) Marie Désirée Eugénie Joséphine Philomène Bonaparte (1835–1890) Augusta Amélie Maximilienne Jacqueline Bonaparte (1836–1900) Napoléon Charles Grégoire Jacques Philippe Bonaparte (1839–1899) Zénaïde Eugénie Bonaparte (1860–1862) Marie Léonie Eugénie Mathilde Jeanne Julie Zénaïde Bonaparte (1870–1947) Eugénie Laetitia Barbe Caroline Lucienne Marie Jeanne Bonaparte (1872–1949)

Bathilde Aloïse Léonie Bonaparte (1840–1861 Albertine Marie Thérèse Bonaparte (1842–1842) Charles Albert Bonaparte (1843–1847)

Laetitia Christine Bonaparte (1804–1871) Joseph Lucien Bonaparte (1806–1807) Jeanne Bonaparte (1807–1829) Paul Marie Bonaparte (1808–1827) Louis Lucien Bonaparte (1813–1891) Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte (1815–1881) Roland Bonaparte (1858–1924) naimisissa Marie Blancin kanssa. Marie Bonaparte (1882–1962)

Jeanne Bonaparte (1861–1910)

Antoine Lucien Bonaparte (1816–1877) Alexandrine Marie Bonaparte (1818–1874) Constance Bonaparte (1823–1876)

4.Maria-Anna Elisa Bonaparte (1777–1820), Toskanan suurhertuatar naimisissa Félix Bacciochin kanssa 5.Louis Bonaparte, (1778–1846) naimisissa Hortense de Beauharnaisin, Napoleonin tytärpuolen, kanssa. Napoleon Charles Bonaparte (1802–1807) Napoleon Louis Bonaparte (1804–1831) Charles Louis Napoléon (III) Bonaparte (1808–1873) keisari, naimisissa Maria Eugenia Ignacia Augustina Palafox de Guzmán Portocarrero y Kirkpatrick Napoleon Eugene Louis John Joseph Bonaparte (1856–1879)

6.Maria Paola tai Marie Pauline Bonaparte (1780–1825), meni naimisiin vuonna 1797 ranskalaisen kenraalin Charles Leclercin kanssa ja nai myöemmin prinssi Borghesen. 7.Maria Annunziata Caroline Bonaparte (1782–1839) naimisissa Napolin kuninkaan, marsalkka Joachim Muratin kanssa. 8.Jérôme Bonaparte (1784–1860), Westfalenin kuningas 2 lasta ensimmäisestä avioliitosta Baltimoren Betsey Patterson kanssa: Jérôme Napoleon Bonaparte (1805–1870), naimisissa Susan May Williamsin knassa 2 poikaa: Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II (1830–1893), naimisissa Caroline Le Roy Appleton Edgarin kanssa Louise-Eugénie Bonaparte (1873–1923), meni naimisiin vuonna 1896 kreivi Adam Carl von Moltke-Huitfeldin kanssa (1864–1944) Jerome Napoleon Charles Bonaparte (1878–1945) naimisissa Blanche Pierce Stenbeighin kanssa: ei lapsia.

Charles Joseph Bonaparte (1851–1921), Yhdysvaltain oikeusministeri, naimisissa Ellen Channing Dayn kanssa

3 lasta toisesta avioliitosta Catharina of Württembergin kanssa: Jérôme Napoléon Charles Bonaparte (1814–1847) Mathilde Laetitia Wilhelmine Bonaparte (1820–1904), naimisissa prinssi Anatole Demidoff di San Donaton kanssa: ei lapsia Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte (1822–1891), lempinimeltään Plon-Plon, naimisissa Savoijin prinsessa Marie Clotilden, Victor Emanuel II:n tyttären, kanssa. Napoléon Victor Jérôme Frédéric Bonaparte (1862–1926) naimisissa Belgian prinsessan Clémentinen kanssa. Marie Clotilde Eugénie Alberte Laetitia Généviève Bonaparte (1912–1996) Louis Jérôme Victor Emmanuel Léopold Marie Bonaparte (1914–1997) Charles Marie Jérôme Victor Bonaparte (syntynyt 1950) Caroline Marie Constance Bonaparte (syntynyt 1980) Jean-Christophe Louis Ferdinand Albéric Bonaparte (syntynyt 1986)

Catherine Elisabeth Albérique Marie Bonaparte (syntynyt 1950) Laure Clémentine Geneviève Bonaparte (syntynyt 1952) Jérôme Xavier Marie Joseph Victor Bonaparte (syntynyt 1957)

Napoléon Louis Joseph Jérôme Bonaparte (1864–1932) venäläinen kenraali Marie Laetitia Eugénie Catherine Adélaïde Bonaparte (1866–1926)

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Carlo Maria Bonaparte's Timeline

1746
March 27, 1746
Ajaccio, Corse-du-Sud, Corsica, France
1755
1755
Age 8
1764
June 2, 1764
Age 18
Ajaccio, Corsica
1765
1765
Age 18
Corte, Corsica
1767
January 3, 1767
Age 20
Corte, Corsica
1767
Age 20
1768
January 7, 1768
Age 21
Corte, Corsica
1769
August 15, 1769
Age 23
Ajaccio, Corse-du-Sud, Corsica, France
1769
Age 22
1771
July 14, 1771
Age 25
Ajaccio, Corsica