Carlota Joaquina Bourbon (1775 - 1830) MP

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Birthplace: Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Aranjuez, Comunidad de Madrid, España
Death: Died in Lisboa, Portugal
Occupation: Queen of Portugal, Princess of Spain, Queen Consort of Portugal
Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Carlota Joaquina Bourbon

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España

F, #689, b. 25 April 1775, d. 7 January 1830

Last Edited=11 Mar 2007

Consanguinity Index=9.78%

Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España was born on 25 April 1775 at Aranjuez, Madrid, Spain. (2) She was the daughter of Carlos IV, Rey de España and Maria Luisa di Borbone, Principessa di Parma. She married Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil, son of Dom Pedro III de Bragança, Rei de Portugal and Dona Maria I de Bragança, Rainha de Portugal, on 9 June 1785 at Lisbon, Portugal. (2)

She died on 7 January 1830 at age 54 at Queluz. (2) She was buried at São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Portugal. (2)

    Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España was a member of the House of Bourbon. She was baptised with the name of Carlota Joaquina Teresa Cayetana. (2) She gained the title of Infanta de España.

Children of Carlota Joaquina de Borbón, Infanta de España and Dom João VI de Bragança, Rei de Portugal e Brasil

-1. Maria Teresa de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 29 Apr 1793, d. 17 Jan 1874

-2. Maria Isabel de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 19 May 1797, d. 26 Dec 1818

-3. Dom Pedro IV de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+4 b. 12 Oct 1798, d. 24 Sep 1834

-4. Maria Francesca de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal+3 b. 22 Apr 1800, d. 4 Sep 1834

-5. Isabella de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1801, d. 1876

-6. Miguel I de Bragança, Rei de Portugal+ b. 26 Oct 1802, d. 14 Nov 1866

-7. Anne de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal4 b. 1806, d. 1857

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p69.htm#i689

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Wikipedia:

English: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_of_Spain

Español: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_de_Borb%C3%B3n

Português: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlota_Joaquina_de_Bourbon

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Carlota Joaquina of Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carlota Joaquina of Spain (Portuguese: Carlota Joaquina Teresa de Bourbon e Bourbon; in Spanish: Carlota Joaquina Teresa de Borbón y Borbón) (25 April 1775 - 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal. She was the eldest daughter of King Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma.

Biography

She was born in Aranjuez. She was the eldest surviving child born to her parents. She was born in the reign of her paternal grand father, Charles III of Spain (1716-1788). Her father was the second son of Charles III and his Saxon wife Princess Maria Amalia; her mother, Maria Luisa of Parma was a grand daughter of Louis XV of France through her mother Princess Louise Élisabeth of France, Louis XV's favourite daughter. Louise Élisabeth's husband Philip, Duke of Parma was a younger brother of Charles III. Carlota Joaquina's future husband was a grand son of Mariana Victoria of Spain, sister of Charles III and the Duke of Parma.

The subject of her marriage was arranged by Mariana and Charless III in the late 1770's when Mariana went to Spain to encourage diplomatic relations between the estranged countries. Carlota Joaquina was to marry the Prince of Brazil and Carlota Joaquina's uncle Infante Gabriel would marry Infanta Mariana Vitória of Portugal, another grand child of Mariana Victoria of Spain.

She was like a dwarf, beady-eyed, hook-nosed, pock-marked and so ugly that even her portraits failed to flatter her. As well, she was precocious and had an extremely malevolent nature. Of Portugal's malicious Queens, she was probably the worst.

On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon) to the future João VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.

In 1788, when his eldest brother Joseph, Prince of Brazil, died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Carlota was known as Princess of Brazil. Dom Joao, her husband, was good-natured, indolent, corpulent and almost as ugly as was she. His religious observances bored her and they were quite incompatible. Nevertheless they produced nine children and, because they were all handsome, it was rumoured that especially the younger ones had a different father. After the birth of the ninth child they began to live separate lives, he at Mafra and she at Queluz. Here it was rumoured that she had bought a retreat where she indulged in sexual orgies.

Carlota Joaquina is said to have been ambitious and violent. Her features were reportedly ugly and she was short in stature.[citation needed]

King Joao VI lived in the Palace of Bemposta and Queen Carlota Joaquina in Queluz. Though she lived there quietly, she became decidedly eccentric in dress and behaviour. However, their eldest son, Dom Pedro left behind as regent in Brazil, was proclaimed and crowned on 1 December 1822 as its independent Emperor. Joao VI refused to accept this until, in August 1825, he was persuaded by the British to do so. In March 1826, prematurely aged, he died. Claiming ill-health, Carlota Joaquina refused to attend his deathbed and started the rumour that her husband had been poisoned by the Freemasons.

The Emperor of Brazil now became King of Portugal as well; but knowing this to be impossible, Pedro abdicated in Portugal and made his eldest daughter Queen as well as betrothing her to Dom Miguel, his younger brother. In the meantime Infanta Isabel Maria, Carlota's daughter, was to be the regent in Portugal. About two years later the little queen set out, only to find upon arrival at Gibraltar that her uncle and fiancé had not only removed the regent but declared himself King of Portugal.

While in Brazil, Carlota Joaquina made attempts to obtain the administration of the Spanish dominions in Latin America. Spain itself was under Napoleon and its kings, her father and brother Ferdinand, were held by Napoleon in France. She regarded herself as the heiress of her captured family. Allegedly among her plans was to send armies to occupy Buenos Aires and northern Argentina to style herself as Queen of La Plata. The Portuguese-Brazilian forces, however, only managed to annex the eastern banks of the river as Cisplatina, which were kept in the Empire after 1822 and seceded in 1828 as the Republic of Uruguay.

When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Portugal in 1821 after an absence of 14 years, Carlota Joaquina met a country that had changed much since their departure. In 1807, Portugal had lived stably under absolutism. Napoleonic troops and the developments in her native Spain had brought revolutionary ideas. In 1820, a liberal revolution commenced in Oporto. A constitutional Cortes Gerais had been promulgated, and in 1821 it gave Portugal its first constitution. The queen had arch-conservative positions and wanted a reactionary development in Portugal. Her husband did not want to renege his vows to uphold the constitution. Carlota Joaquina made an alliance with her youngest son Miguel, who shared his mother's conservative views. In 1824, using Miguel's position as army commander, they took power and held the king a virtual prisoner in the palace, where the queen tried to make him to abdicate in favor of Miguel. However, the king received British help and regained power, finally compelling his son to leave the country. The queen had also to go briefly into exile.

Shortly before King João's death, he nominated their daughter Infanta Isabel Maria as regent, a position usually occupied by the queen dowager.

Carlota Joaquina died in Queluz Palace. It has been said that she committed suicide.

[edit]Issue

Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga of Portugal (1793-1874), m. Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal (they had one child, Sebastian of Spain). m2. Infante Carlos of Spain, pretender of Spain, widower of her younger sister

António (Francisco António) (1795-1801), 4th prince of Beira

Maria Isabel Francisca of Portugal (1797-1818), m. Ferdinand VII of Spain, her uncle

Pedro de Alcântara Francisco Antônio João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim of Portugal (1798-1834), prince of Beira, then Duke of Braganza and Prince of Brazil himself, later Emperor of Brazil

Maria Francisca de Assis da Maternidade Xavier de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Joaquina Gonzaga Carlota Mónica Senhorinha Soter e Caia of Portugal (1800-1834), m. Infante Carlos of Spain, future pretender to the Spanish throne, her uncle

Isabel Maria da Conceição Joana Gualberta Ana Francisca de Assis de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Joaquina Gonzaga of Portugal (1801-1876), Regent of Portugal in 1826

Miguel Maria do Patrocínio João Carlos Francisco de Assis Xavier de Paula Pedro de Alcântara António Rafael Gabriel Joaquim José Gonzaga Evaristo of Portugal (1802-1866) later King of Portugal

Maria da Asuncao Ana Joana Josefa Luiza Gonzaga Francisca de Assis Xavier de Paula Joaquina Antonia de Santiago of Portugal (1805-1834)

Ana de Jesus Maria Luís Gonzaga Joaquina Micaela Rafaela Francisca Xavier de Paula of Portugal (1806-1857), m. 1827 Nuno José Severo de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 1st Duke of Loulé

[edit]Carlota in Media

Carlota Joaquina - Princesa do Brazil (1994) - Directed by Carla Camurati. Cast: Marco Nanini, Marieta Severo, Vera Holtz, Ney Latorraca and Marcos Palmeira. Tells a summarized tale, mixing history with legend, of the Princess's life, from her childhood until her (mythical) suicide.

O Quinto dos Infernos (2003) - Directed by Wolf Maya. Cast: André Mattos, Betty Lago, Eva Wilma, Marcos Pasquim and Humberto Martins. A television miniseries produced by Globo TV which tells the tale of the Portuguese Royal Family during their stay in Brazil. -------------------- Charlotte Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April 1775 - 7 January 1830) was a Queen consort of Portugal.

She was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Louisa of Parma (1751-1819).

She was born in Aranjuez. On 8 May 1785 she was officially married (consummated on 9 January 1790 in Lisbon) to the future João VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, the second son of Queen Maria I of Portugal and the late King Consort Pedro III of Portugal.

In 1788, when his eldest brother Joseph, Prince of Brazil, died, João became the first in line to his mother's throne. Soon he received the titles Prince of Brazil and 17th Duke of Braganza. Between 1788 and 1816, Charlotte was known as Princess of Brazil.

Carlota Joaquina is said to have been ambitious and violent. Her features were reportedly ugly and she was short in stature, though apparently not clearly a dwarf.

While in Brazil, Carlota Joaquina made attempts to obtain the administration of the Spanish dominions in Latin America. Spain itself was under Napoleon and its kings, her father and brother, were held by Napoleon in France. She regarded herself as the heiress of her captured family. Allegedly among her plans was to send armies to occupy Buenos Aires and northern Argentina to style herself as Queen of La Plata. The Portuguese-Brazilian forces, however, only managed to annex the eastern banks of the river as Cisplatina, which were kept in the Empire after 1822 and seceded in 1828 as the Republic of Uruguay.

When the Portuguese Royal Family returned to Portugal in 1821 after an absence of 14 years, Carlota Joaquina met a country that had changed much since their departure. In 1807, Portugal had lived stably under absolutism. Napoleonic troops had brought revolutionary ideas. In 1820, a liberal revolution commenced from Oporto. Constitutional Cortes had been promulgating, and in 1821 they gave Portugal its first constitution. In her native Spain, there had been similar developments in 1812. The queen had arch-conservative positions and wanted a reactionary development in Portugal. Her husband did not want to renege his vows to uphold the constitution. Carlota Joaquina made an alliance with her youngest son Miguel, who shared his mother's conservative views. In 1824, using Miguel's position as army commander, they took power and held the king a virtual prisoner in the palace, where the queen tried to make him to abdicate in favor of Miguel. However, the king received British help and regained power, finally compelling his son to leave the country. The queen had also to go briefly into exile.

Shortly before King João's death, he nominated their daughter Infanta Isabel Maria as regent, a position usually occupied by the queen dowager.

Carlota Joaquina died in Queluz Palace.

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Carlota Joaquina Bourbon's Timeline

1775
April 25, 1775
Aranjuez, Comunidad de Madrid, España
1785
June 9, 1785
Age 10
Lisbon, Portugal
1793
April 29, 1793
Age 18
Lisboa, Portugal
1795
March 21, 1795
Age 19
Paco Real Quinta, Quolez, Lisbon, Portugal
1797
May 19, 1797
Age 22
Sintra, Lisbon, Portugal
1798
October 12, 1798
Age 23
Lisboa, Portugal
1800
April 22, 1800
Age 24
Capelo Real, Queluz, Lisbon, Portugal
1801
July 4, 1801
Age 26
Sintra, Lisboa, Portugal
1802
October 26, 1802
Age 27
Queluz, Sintra, Portugal
1805
June 25, 1805
Age 30
Sintra, Lisboa, Portugal