Carmen (la chica) Lopez-Ganivet Landa
|Death:||Died in Madrid, Spain|
|Cause of death:||Cancer|
|Managed by:||Jacinta Palerm|
About Carmen (la chica) Lopez-Ganivet Landa
Llega a México con la abuela Jacinta (tia de Carmen la chica).
Carmen López Landa
Campaigner for the soul of Spain
* Michael Eaude
* The Guardian, Thursday 30 March 2006
Carmen López Landa, who has died of cancer aged 75, wanted to be "just one more among many" in the long struggle against Franco's rule in Spain (1939-75) and the fight afterwards for the truth to be told about what really happened under his dictatorship. Because of her famous mother, she was never anonymous, but she achieved her aim to be a fighter in her own right, as a founder member of the War and Exile Archive Association (Archivo Guerra y Exilio).
Carmen López was the only child of Matilde Landa, the communist women's leader sentenced to death for organising underground resistance in Madrid after Franco's civil war victory in 1939. Landa was held at the notorious Ventas prison, at a time when the "13 roses" - 13 young women, several under the age of 21 - were shot for belonging to the Communist Youth. Her own death sentence was revoked in 1940 but, after being held at Palma, Mallorca, in the toughest of the women's prisons, she committed suicide in 1942. Carmen López's father, jobless as an ex-political prisoner in Franco's Spain, also killed himself.
Between 1937 and 1941, López received a series of letters from her mother, 29 of which have recently been published. They make no mention of the hell in which the writer was living, but speak of love and the hope that mother and daughter may be reunited.
In exile in Mexico, with short periods in Russia, England and Czechoslovakia, López was one of more than 20,000 children sent out of Spain to escape the civil war. As an adult, she followed her parents' example and joined the Communist party, to which she belonged until the 1980s. She returned to Spain permanently in 1970, working for the publishers Alianza. She herself was jailed for several months in 1975, the last year of Franco's life.
With the War and Exile Association, she devoted herself to campaigning for the annulment of the sentences passed by the Franco regime and the rehabilitation of people like her mother, one of 20,000 women among some 300,000 political prisoners after the civil war.
Her partner, elder daughter and a grandson were killed in a car accident; her young daughter also died young. López faced all this without self-pity. She was always available to attend campaign events or explain to historians the truth about Franco's repression. In recent years, she helped with the publication of a biography of her mother. She became an important part of the movement that has swept through Spain in recent years to recover the country's historical memory.
· Carmen López Landa, campaigner, born 1930; died January 20 2006
David Ginard i Féron CARMEN LÓPEZ LANDA,
EXILIADA Y MILITANTE ANTIFRANQUISTA (1931-2006), Ebre 38 - Núm. 3, pp 77- 83
Revsita Internacional de la Guerra Civil (1936-1939)
Carmen (la chica) Lopez-Ganivet Landa's Timeline
January 20, 2006