["\n\n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n Catharina van Bengale (1651 - d.) - Genealogy\n \n \n \n\n \n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n\n \n\n\t\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n
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\n \n \n \n \t Catharina van Bengale\n \n \n (1651 - d.) \n \"\"\n \n \n

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Catharina van Bengale's Geni Profile

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Birthplace:\n Bengal\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n
Death:\n \n (Date and location unknown)\n \n
Occupation:Freed Slave
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About Catharina van Bengale

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The First Fifty Years Project

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- Extract

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"Amongst the Huguenot families there also were people of colour. The first owners of the farm Rust en Vrede were the French family Jacques and Marie-Madeleine De Savoyes. Their eldest daughter Margo de Savoyes married Christoffel Snyman the son of the Free Black burgers Anthonie from Bengal and Catharina of Palicatte. The Free Black farmer Christoffel Snyman and his French wife Margo, as Marie then called herself, became the second owners of the farm Zandvliet, today known as Solms-Delta."

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He goes on to say - (THE WEB LINK FOR THIS NO LONGER WORKS)

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"WHAT ARE THE FACTS:

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Groote Catrijn’s status of convict (rather than slave) became blurred after Commander van Riebeeck left the Cape. It is possible that she had become the washerwoman of the Commander and thus remained with the new Commander. Catrihn was housed at the Fort and not at the Slave Lodge. When Groote Catrijn first arrived in 1657 there were only 14 (free and enslaved) women at the Cape. Under these circumstances she became involved with freed slave men and VOC employees and soldiers. She thus developed a reputation. The suspected connection to Hans Schneider, who had a poor reputation as a lazy good-for-nothing, arises out of his conviction for dereliction of duty, when he abandoned his post as a sentry at the fort “to sleep at the living place of a certain well-known black servant girl”, no name stated. Hans Schneider was sentenced to imprisonment on Robben Island and then he disappears into history as a person of no significance.

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Catrijn had multiple partners over along time and there can be no certainty of fatherhood. Whatever the case only one of Catrijn’s children were claimed by a European. The only close and lengthy relationship that she had was with the Free Black Anthony van Bengal. By the time that Catrijn settled with Anthony van Bengal she only had two children with her and a grand-child. Anthony formally took responsibility for these children.

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On instructions from the Council of India, Groote Catrijn was later fully pardoned of her original crime and permitted to marry a free black Antjonij Jansz de Later van Bengale on 20th December 1671. Groote Catrijn, her husband, her daughter and granddaughter - with the exception of her son Christoffel Snijman Jnr appear to have all died in some family tragedy sometime between December 1682 and February 1683. Antjonij Jansz van Bengale’s sizeable estate provided for the boy’s education and a substantial inheritance. Christoffel was the sole inheritor."

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Groote Catrijn FROM BENGALS

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Born: Cir 1631, Paliacatta, Dravida, India

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Christened: 29 Apr 1668, Cape Town, Cape Province

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Unmarried (1): Pieter EVERAERTS (Stamvader)

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Unmarried (2): Unknown UNKNOWN

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Unmarried (3): Hans Christoph SNIJDER (Stamvader)

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Marriage (4): Anthonij Jansz FROM BENGALS on 20 Dec 1671 in Cape Town, Cape Province

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Died: Between Dec 1682 and Feb 1683, Cape Town, Cape Province

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http://www.mypeoplepuzzle.co.za/general_files/ancestors_of_pieter_willem_botha_1916_to_2006.pdf

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Catharina VAN BENGALE also known as Groote Catrijn was a slave from Bengale born about 1631 and she died about 1683. She was a slave woman from Paliacatte, on the Coromandel Coast, India. She was a slave in Batavia to the free woman Maria Magdalena (we don't know whether she had a surname)

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She was sexually assaulted on 8 October 1656 by her lover, the slave Claes van Malabar, in a stable at the Fort Rijswijck. In the altercation, she hit Claes with a ladder across his stomach. Claes died four days later since his bladder had burst. Catharine then faced charges of murder and received the death sentence. She was however pardoned, being banished as a slave to the Cape. She arrived at the Cape on 21 February 1657 on the ship Prins Willem. This ship was part of the return fleet which left Batavia on 4 December 1656. She was the first recorded female slave convict at the Cape.

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She had 2 voorkinders, one by the ensign and chief of the garrison, Pieter Everaerts from Bruijsaert and one by the soldier Hans Christoffel Snijder (this is the Dutch version of Schneider) also known as Snijman, from Heidelberg in the Palatinate.

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Groote Catrijn had a relationship with Pieter Everaerts, who was a high Company official (he served in both the Council of Policy and the Council of Justice), she had his child. Everaerts died 15 March 1664. On 6 September 1665 there are two seperate entries for Company slave Catharina baptising two children Petronella and Anthony (there is greater certainty that Petronella was Groote Catrijn's child)

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VOORKIND with Hans Christoffel SNIJMAN

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Christoffel Snyman baptised on 9 March 1669. (He became the stamvader of the Snyman family).

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Groote Cathrijn then gets baptised herself as an adult with her fellow slave friend Mooij Ansela on 29 April 1668.

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Catharina later married a free black (mardijker) Anthonij (Jansz) (de Later) van BENGALE on 20th December 1671. In a letter dated 6 January 1672 it is mentioned that Groot Catrijn was freely pardoned.

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Groote Catrijn, her husband, her daughter and granddaughter - with the exception of Christoffel Snijman Jnr appear to have all died, in some family tragedy sometime between December 1682 and February 1683.

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Antjonij Jansz van Bengale's sizeable estate provided for the boy's education and a substantial inheritance.

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Christoffel Snyman was the stepson of Anthonie van Bengale.

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Catharina ia afkomstig van Bengale (of Palicatte).

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http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=ahlersvlerouxh&id=I212272

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http://www.stamouers.com/vermeulen.htm

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--------------------

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Born: Cir 1631, Paliacatta, Dravida, India

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Christened: 29 Apr 1668, Cape Town, Cape Province

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Unmarried (1): Pieter EVERAERTS (Stamvader)

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Unmarried (2): Unknown UNKNOWN

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Unmarried (3): Hans Christoph SNIJDER (Stamvader)

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Marriage (4): Anthonij Jansz FROM BENGALS on 20 Dec 1671 in Cape Town, Cape Province

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Died: Between Dec 1682 and Feb 1683, Cape Town, Cape Province

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General Notes:

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Groote Catrijn was charged with the murder of Claes from Malabar on 8 Oct 1656 in Batavia (Jakarta, island of Java, Indonesia). She hit Claes with an angular hay ladder and hit him until his bladder burst. He died during the night of 11/12 Oct 1656.

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On 16 Nov 1656 Groote Catrijn was sentenced to be tied to a stake and strangled until she died.

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On 18 Nov 1656 the Governor-General, Joan Maetsuyeker, reviewed the case and found that Groote Catrijn had been sexually abused by Claes and she was pardoned. She was however banned from Batavia and sentenced to work as a company slave in the Cape of Good Hope for the rest of her natural life.

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________

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http://www.reocities.com/Athens/Atlantis/4364/

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It is very likely that the following information pertains to the same person:

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On 23 Dec 1677 26 year old Catrijn van Bengale was sold to Hester van Lier (Weyers), she was the widow of Wouter Mostert, plus the two children of Catrijn, six year old Martha, and three year old Magdalena to her son-in-law Tolbias Vlasvath. For the amount of Rds 80 (Boeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks, p 134)

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On the 24 May 1680 Catrina a slave of fiscal Tobias Vlasvat had a two old month baby named Margareta. The father of the child was Jacob van Bengal. Vlasvath gave the child to Titus van Bengale with the undertaking that he would take care of the child until the child was able to provide for herself. Titus were previously a slave of Sybrant Abbema. (Boeseken, Slaves and Free Blacks, p 138)

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In the Cape baptism records was recorded on 19 April 1680 that Margaritha was baptised, the father being Jacob van Bengale, the mother was Catarina slave of Vlasvath, one of the witnesses were Titus van Bengale.

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Catharina van Bengale's Timeline

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1651
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Bengal
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Batavia
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February 21, 1657
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Kaapstad
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February 21, 1657
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Age 6
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Paliacatta, Dravida, India
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April 29, 1668
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Kaap DE Goede Hoop
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September 12, 1670
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Age 19
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Bejaard, Cape Town
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Age 20
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Cape of Good Hope
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October 29, 1673
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1674
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Age 23
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Cape, South Africa
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