Chaim Hyman Herzog, 6th President of Israel, חיים הרצוג

Is your surname Herzog, 6th President of Israel?

Research the Herzog, 6th President of Israel family

Chaim Hyman Herzog, 6th President of Israel, חיים הרצוג's Geni Profile

Records for Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel

39 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Chaim Hyman Herzog, 6th President of Israel, חיים הרצוג

Nicknames: "Vivien"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Belfast, Northern Irland, UK
Death: Died in Jerusalem, Israel
Place of Burial: Mount Herzl Cemetery, Jerusalem, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Yitzchak-Isaac יצחק Ha-Levi Herzog הרצוג, הרב הראשי לישראל and Sarah Herzog
Husband of <private> Herzog הרצוג (Ambache)
Father of <private> Herzog; <private> Herzog; <private> Herzog הרצוג and <private> Bronsky (Herzog)
Brother of Jacob (Yaacov) David Herzog

Occupation: 6th President of Israel, Sixth President of Israel (1983–1993), President of Israel, Sixth President of Israel
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
view all

Immediate Family

About Chaim Hyman Herzog, 6th President of Israel, חיים הרצוג

Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel

Chaim Herzog (Hebrew: חיים הרצוג‎, 17 September 1918 – 17 April 1997) served as the sixth President of Israel (1983–1993), following a distinguished career in both the British Army and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).

Biography

Early life

Herzog was born at Clifton Park Avenue in Belfast, the son of notable Rabbi Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, who was Chief Rabbi of Ireland from 1919 to 1937 (and later, of Palestine and Israel).[1] The family home (from 1919) was at 33 Bloomfield Avenue, Portobello in Dublin, Ireland. Herzog studied at Wesley College, Dublin and was involved with the Federation of Zionist Youth during his teenage years.

He immigrated to Palestine in 1935, and served in the Jewish paramilitary group Haganah during the Arab revolt of 1936-39.

He went on to earn a degree in law at University College London and then qualified as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn. He joined the British army during World War II, operating primarily in Germany as a tank commander in the Armoured Division. There, he was given his lifelong nickname of "Vivian" because the British could not pronounce the name, "Chaim". A Jewish soldier had volunteered that "Vivian" was the English equivalent of "Chaim." (Living History, p. 47) He was commissioned into the Intelligence Corps in 1943 and participated in the liberation of several concentration camps as well as identifying a captured German soldier as Heinrich Himmler. He left the Army in 1947 with the rank of Major.

Military, legal and political career

Immediately following the war, he returned to Palestine. After the establishment of the State of Israel, he fought in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, serving as an officer in the battles for Latrun. His intelligence experience during World War II was seen as a valuable asset, and he subsequently became head of the IDF Military Intelligence Branch, a position in which he served from 1948 to 1950 and again from 1959 to 1962. From 1950 to 1954, he served as defense attaché at the Israeli Embassy in the United States. He retired from the IDF in 1962 with the rank of Major-General.

After leaving the army, Herzog opened a private law practice. He returned to public life in 1967, when the Six-Day War broke out, as a military commentator for Kol Israel radio news. Following the capture of the West Bank, he was appointed Military Governor of East Jerusalem, and Judea and Samaria.

In 1972 he went into partnership with Michael Fox and Yaakov Neeman, and established the law firm of Herzog, Fox & Neeman, one of the largest law firms in Israel.

In 1975 Herzog was appointed Israel's Ambassador to the United Nations, in which capacity he served until 1978. During his term the UN adopted the "Zionism is Racism" resolution (General Assembly Resolution 3379), which Herzog condemned and symbolically tore up (as his father had done to one of the British white papers regarding the British Mandate in Palestine), saying: "For us, the Jewish people, this resolution based on hatred, falsehood and arrogance, is devoid of any moral or legal value." In recent years British historians headed by Simon Sebag-Montefiore have included it in a book on speeches that changed the world, which includes others by Luther King, Mandela, Churchill and Kennedy.

In the 1981 elections Herzog entered politics for the first time, winning a seat in the Knesset as a member of the Alignment, the predecessor to the Labour Party.

Presidency

On 22 March 1983, Herzog was elected by the Knesset to serve as the sixth President of Israel, by a vote of 61 to 57, against Menachem Elon, the candidate of the right and the government coalition. He assumed office on 5 May 1983 and served two five-year terms (then the maximum permitted by Israeli basic law), retiring from political life in 1993. As president of Israel, Herzog made a number of visits abroad, being the first Israeli president to make an official visit to Germany, as well as visiting several far-east countries, Australia, and New Zealand. He was also noted for pardoning the Shin Bet agent involved in the Kav 300 affair.

In 1985 Herzog visited Wesley College Dublin during his State Visit to Ireland, during which he opened the Irish Jewish Museum in Dublin, Republic of Ireland. While on his visit to Ireland, he also unveiled in Sneem Culture Park, Co Kerry, a modern polished steel Israeli sculpture, in honour of his childhood friend, Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, the fifth President of Ireland.

Herzog died on 17 April 1997, and is buried on Mount Herzl, Jerusalem.

Herzog controversially reduced the sentences of three imprisoned Jews, Menachem Livni, Uzi Sharbaf and Shaul Nir, members of the Jewish Underground, who were sentenced to life imprisonment in 1985 for the 1984 murder of four Palestinians in the West Bank town of Hebron. Herzog had reduced the sentences, first to 24 years, then to 15 years, and in 1989 he reduced the sentence to 10 years, which enabled the men to be released two years later on good behavior.

Herzog was the brother-in-law of Abba Eban; the men's wives were sisters. He had three children, including Isaac Herzog, currently (2006-) Minister of Social Affairs, Minister of the Diaspora, and a Knesset Member for the Labor Party.

Published works

Herzog also authored several books on the historical events in which he was involved, including:

   * Herzog, Chaim (1978). Who stands accused?: Israel answers its critics. Random House. ISBN 0394501322. 
   * Herzog, Chaim (1983-12-12). The Arab-Israeli Wars: War and Peace in the Middle East from the War of Independence through Lebanon. Vintage. ISBN 0394717465. 
   * Herzog, Chaim (September 1989). Heroes of Israel: Profiles of Jewish Courage. Little Brown and Company. ISBN 0316359017. 
   * Herzog, Chaim (1996-11-12). Living History: A Memoir. Pantheon. ISBN 067943478X. 
   * Herzog, Chaim; Mordecai Gichon (March 1997). Battles of the Bible. Pantheon. ISBN 1853672661. 
   * Herzog, Chaim (March 1998). The War of Atonement. Greenhill Books. ISBN 0394717465.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaim_Herzog

view all 11

Chaim Hyman Herzog, 6th President of Israel, חיים הרצוג's Timeline

1918
September 17, 1918
Belfast, Northern Irland, UK
1947
May 8, 1947
Age 28
Gedra, Israel
1961
1961
Age 42
1984
September 13, 1984
- October 10, 1986
Age 65
Jerusalem, Israel

21st government of Israel.
September 13, 1984- October 20, 1986.

Shimon Peres, Prime Minister.

See photo.

In photo, right to left - seated: Yitzhak Navon, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education and Culture; Yitzhak Shamir, Vice Premier and Foreign Minister; Chaim Herzog, Sixth President; Shimon Peres, Prime Minister; David Levy, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Construction and Housing
Standing: Moshe Arens, Minister without Portfolio; Yitzhak Peretz, Minister without Portfolio; Yosef Shapira, Minister without Portfolio; Haim Corfu, Minister of Transport; Moshe Katsav, Minister of Labor and Welfare; Moshe Shahal, Minister of Energy and Infrastructure; Moshe Nissim, Minister of Justice; Ariel Sharon, Minister of Industry and Trade; Yosef Burg, Minister without Portfolio; Yitzhak Modai, Minister of Finance; Avraham Sharir, Minister of Tourism; Gideon Patt, Minister of Science and Development; Gad Yaacobi, Minister of Economics and Planning; Haim Bar Lev, Minister of Police; Ezer Weizman, Minister without Portfolio; Yigael Hurwitz, Minister without Portfolio; Mordechai Gur (behind), Minister of Health; Amnon Rubinstein, Minister of Communications; Yaacov Tzur, Minister of Immigrant Absorption; Yitzhak Rabin, Minister of Defense


חברים בממשלה ה - 21
13/9/1984 - 20/10/1986
בכנסת האחת-עשרה

ראש ממשלה שמעון פרס
ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה יצחק שמיר
סגן ראש הממשלה דוד לוי
יצחק נבון
שר האוצר יצחק מודעי (עד ה - 16.4.1986)
משה נסים (מה - 16.4.1986)
סגן שר האוצר עדיאל אמוראי (מה - 24.9.1984)
שר האנרגיה והתשתית משה שחל
שר הביטחון יצחק רבין
סגן שר הביטחון מיכאל דקל (מה - 3.12.1985)
שר הבינוי והשיכון דוד לוי
שר הבריאות מרדכי גור
סגנית שר הבריאות שושנה ארבלי-אלמוזלינו (מה - 24.9.1984)
שר החוץ יצחק שמיר
סגן שר החוץ רוני מילוא (מה - 24.9.1984)
שר החינוך והתרבות יצחק נבון
שר החקלאות אריה נחמקין
סגן שר החקלאות אברהם כ”ץ-עוז (מה - 24.9.1984)
שר הכלכלה והתאום הבין-משרדי גד יעקבי (עד ה - 16.9.1984)
שר הכלכלה והתכנון גד יעקבי (מה - 16.9.1986)
שר המדע והפיתוח גדעון פת
שר המשטרה חיים בר-לב
שר המשפטים משה נסים (עד ה - 16.4.1986)
יצחק מודעי (מה - 16.4.1986 עד ה - 23.7.1986)
אברהם שריר (מה - 30.7.1986)
שר העבודה והרווחה משה קצב
סגן שר העבודה והרווחה מנחם פרוש (מה - 24.9.1984 עד ה - 2.12.1985)
רפאל פנחסי (מה - 2.12.1985)
שר הפנים שמעון פרס (עד ה - 24.12.1984)
יצחק חיים פרץ (מה - 24.12.1984)
שר התחבורה חיים קורפו
שר התיירות אברהם שריר
שר התעשייה והמסחר אריאל שרון
שר התקשורת אמנון רובינשטיין
שר לענייני דתות שמעון פרס (עד ה - 23.12.1984)
יוסף בורג (עד ה - 5.10.1986)
זבולון המר (מה - 7.10.1986)
שר לקליטת עלייה יעקב צור
שר בלי תיק יצחק חיים פרץ (עד ה - 18.12.1984)
שר בלי תיק יוסף בורג (עד ה - 23.12.1984)
שר בלי תיק משה ארנס
שר בלי תיק יגאל הורביץ
שר בלי תיק עזר ויצמן
שר בלי תיק יוסף שפירא (לא חבר כנסת)
י

1997
April 17, 1997
Age 78
Jerusalem, Israel
April 1997
Age 78
Mount Herzl Cemetery, Jerusalem, Israel