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About Charles Bonaventure de Longueval
Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy (Czech Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, full name in French Charles Bonaventure de Longueval comte de Bucquoy, German: Karl Bonaventura Graf von Buquoy) (Arras, 9 January 1571 – Nové Zámky, 10 July 1621) was a military commander who fought for the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
Career in the Army of Flanders
Bucquoy was born in Arras on 9 January 1571. He began serving in Habsburg forces in the Low Countries as a teenager, and was a colonel at the age of 26. He fought in the Battle of Nieuwpoort (1600), the Siege of Ostend (1601–1604) and distinguished himself as General of the Artillery in the Frisian campaigns of Ambrogio Spinola. He married Maria Maddalena Biglia in 1606 and had a son named Charles Albert.
In 1613 he became a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. As a mark of special favour the commandery in the Order of Calatrava that he had to renounce upon entering the Golden Fleece, was transferred to his son. That year also saw his appointment as Grand Bailiff (or governor) of the County of Hainaut.
Commander of the Imperial Army
Shortly after his election, Emperor Matthias invited Bucquoy to take charge the Imperial Army and he accepted the post in August 1614. He happened to be on leave in the Habsburg Netherlands when on 23 May 1618 the Defenestration of Prague triggered the Bohemian Revolt. Bucquoy returned to Vienna in August and took command of the imperial forces raised to put down the revolt. Short of soldiers, supplies and money, his first campaign came close to disaster more than once. Defeated by Count Jindrich Matyas Thurn on 9 November in the Battle of Lomnice, he was unable to save the besieged town of Pilsen. While his army encamped in its winter quarters around Budweis, Thurn's surprise march on Vienna was only halted by the severity of winter. After receiving reinforcements provided by Archduke Albert, his campaign of 1619 did much to reverse the fortunes of the war. On 10 June he defeated Ernst von Mansfeld in the Battle of Sablat, thereby forcing the Bohemians to abandon their siege of Budweis.
He also commanded the imperial forces during the Battle of White Mountain on 8 November 1620. As a result of his successes, Emperor Ferdinand II gave him estates at Nové Hrady, Rožmberk and Libějovice. These estates remained in the family until 1945.
Bucquoy was killed during the siege of Érsekújvár (Neuhäusel) (Nové Zámky) on 10 July 1621. One of his commanders, Torquato Conti attempted to retrieve his body from the battlefield but was captured. Conti was later released and replaced Bucquoy as a commander of Imperial forces.
Maximilien de Longueval, Baron de Vaux, -cr Conde de Bucquoy 20.6.1580 (in Spain), *Arras 16.4.1537, +k.a.Tournai XI.1581; m.12.11.1567 Marguerite de l'Isle, Dame de Fresnes (+8.8.1612), dau.of Adrien de l'Isle (de Lille) by Helene de Bourgogne; They had issue:
- A1. Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Graf von Bucquoy, Baron de Vaulx, General, *Arras 9.1.1571, +k.a.Nové Zámky (Neuhäusl) 10.7.1621, bur Wien/kostel Panny Marie, Rožmberk 26.8.1623; m.Bruxelles 15.6.1606 Marie Magdalena de Biglia (*Milano 1573, +Nové Hrady (Gratzen), Bohemia 27.3.1654), dau.of Baldassare Biglia, conte di Saronno by Giustina Visconti, Ctsa di Carbonaro
- B1. Philipp
- B2. Karl Albert (Charles Maximilien), Gf von Buquoy, Golden Fleece Order, Bohemian inkolat 1627, *1607, +Mons 23.3./29.3./23.9.1663; m.5.2.1634 Cts Maria-Guillemette de Croy-Solre (+23.9.1676)
Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, II. comte de Bucquoy's Timeline
January 9, 1571
Arras, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
July 10, 1621
Nové Zámky, Nitriansky kraj, Slovakia