Charles Emmanuel I, duc de Savoie

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Carlo Emmanuele I di Savoia (de Savoie), I, Duke of Savoy

Nicknames: "Charles Emmanuel I", "Duke of Savoy"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Piazzale Mafalda di Savoia, Rivoli, Piemonte, Italien
Death: Died in Savigliano, Province of Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy
Place of Burial: Vicoforte, Piedmont, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Emmanuel Philibert I, duc de Savoie and Marguerite de France, duchesse de Berry
Husband of Catalina Micaela Emanuele de España y Portugal and Louise de Duyn, dit Maréchal
Father of Vittorio Amadeo I, Duke of Savoy; Isabelle of de Savoie; Marguerita di Savoia; Filippo Emanuele di Savoia, principe di Piemonte; Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia and 5 others
Half brother of Francisca Savois; Maria de Savoie; Oddone de Savoie; Beatrice de Savoie; Mathilde de Savoie, marchesa di Pianezza and 2 others

Occupation: Duke of Savoy, Duca di Savoia, Principe del Piemonte, Conte di Aosta, Moriana, Asti e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem (1580-1630), Marchese di Saluzzo (1588-1630), Italian: Carlo Emanuele di Savoia, principe di Piemonte, duke
Managed by: Edward Arthur Albert
Last Updated:

About Carlo Emmanuele I di Savoia (de Savoie), I, Duke of Savoy

Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia (1)

M, #107658, b. 12 January 1562, d. 26 July 1630

Last Edited=25 Jun 2009

Consanguinity Index=1.75%

Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia was born on 12 January 1562 at Rivoli. (4) He was the son of Emanuele Filiberto, Duca di Savoia and Marguerite de Valois, Duchesse de Berri. (3) He married Catalina Micaela von Habsburg, daughter of Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España and Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France, on 11 March 1585 at Saragosa, Spain.

He died on 26 July 1630 at age 68 at Savigliano. (4)

    Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia succeeded to the title of Duca di Savoia in 1580. (1)

Children of Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia and Catalina Micaela von Habsburg

-1. Felipe Emanuel di Savoia b. 2 Apr 1586, d. 13 Feb 1605

-2. Vittorio Amadeo I, Duca di Savoia+3 b. 8 May 1587, d. 7 Oct 1637

-3. Filiberto Emanuele di Savoia b. 16 Apr 1588, d. 3 Aug 1624

-4. Margherita di Savoia, Principessa di Savoia+ (4) b. 28 Apr 1589, d. 25 Jun 1655

-5. Isabel di Savoia+ b. 11 Mar 1591, d. 28 Aug 1626

-6. Maurizio di Savoia, Principe di Savoia (5) b. 10 Jan 1593, d. 4 Oct 1657

-7. Tommaso Francesco di Savoia, Principe di Carignano+6 b. 21 Dec 1596, d. 22 Jan 1656

Forrás / Source:

http://thepeerage.com/p10766.htm#i107658

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Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles Emmanuel I (Italian: Carlo Emanuele I di Savoia), (January 12, 1562 – July 26, 1630), surnamed the Great, was the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was also nicknamed Testa d' feu ("Head of Fire") for his rashness and military attitudes.

Biography

He was born in the family castle at Rivoli, Piedmont, the only child of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry. He became duke on August 30, 1580.

An ambitious and self-esteeming person, he followed a policy of expansion for his duchy. In the autumn of 1588, taking advantage of the civil war weakening France during the reign of his first cousin Henry III, he occupied the Marquisate of Saluzzo, which was under French protection. The new king, Henry IV, demanded the restitution of that land, but Charles Emmanuel refused, and a war ensued. The broader conflict involving France and Spain ended with the Peace of Vervins (May 2, 1598), which left the current but separate question of Saluzzo unsolved. After the Duke had started talks with Spain, Henry threatened to reopen the war, until, with the Peace of Lyon (January 17, 1601) Saluzzo went to Savoy in exchange for Bresse and other territories over the Alps. By terms of the treaty the eradication of Protestants was to be carried on in the Duchy.

With the Treaty of Bruzolo (April 25, 1610) Charles Emmanuel allied with France against Spain, but the assassination of Henry IV changed the situation, as the treaty was not recognized by Marie de' Medici, who immediately assumed regency for Henry's son Louis XIII, a minor. Nevertheless, Charles Emmanuel obtained the help of French troops to free Alba from the Spaniards (January 1617), as the new King Louis XIII resumed his father's former alliance with Savoy. His sister Christine Marie was married with Charles Emmanuel's son, Victor Amadeus in 1619.

Main article: War of the Mantuan Succession

However, when the French occupied Casale Monferrato during the War of the Mantuan Succession, Charles Emmanuel allied with Spain. When Richelieu invaded Piedmont and conquered Susa, the duke changed sides again and returned to an alliance with France. However, when Philip IV of Spain sent two invasion forces from Genoa and Como, Charles Emmanuel declared himself neutral, and in 1630 Richelieu ordered a French army to march into Savoy to force him to obey the pacts. The French troops, soon backed by another army, occupied Pinerolo and Avigliana. The Savoy army under Victor Amadeus was defeated in Lower Valsusa.

The duke, caught by a violent fever, died suddenly at Savigliano in late July 1630. He was succeeded by his son Victor Amadeus.

children

Philip (1586-1605)

Victor Amadeus (1587-1637)

Henry (1588-1624), Spanish Viceroy of Sicily (1622-24)

Margerita (1589-1655), married Francesco IV Gonzaga of Mantua

Isabella (1591-1626), married Alfonso III d'Este, duke of Modena

Nicholas, a cardinal (1593-1657)

Marie, a nun in Rome (1594-1656)

Elizabeth, a nun in Biella (1595-1640)

Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano (1596-1656), Founder of the House of Savoy-Carignano and ancestor of the erstwile ruling Family of Italy

Anna (born 1597)

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_I%2C_Duke_of_Savoy

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_I,_Duke_of_Savoy

Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Charles Emmanuel I

Duke of Savoy

Engraving of Charles Emmanuel I

Duke of Savoy

Predecessor Emmanuel Philibert

Successor Victor Amadeus I

Spouse Catherina Micaela of Spain

Detail

Issue

Victor Amadeus, Duke of Savoy

Margaret, Duchess of Mantua

Isabella, Hereditary Princess of Modena

Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignan

Father Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy

Mother Margaret of France

Born 12 January 1562(1562-01-12)

Castle of Rivoli, Rivoli, Piedmont

Died 26 July 1630 (aged 68)

Savigliano

Charles Emmanuel I (Italian: Carlo Emanuele di Savoia), (12 January 1562 – 26 July 1630), surnamed the Great, was the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was also nicknamed Testa d'feu ("Head of Fire") for his rashness and military attitudes.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Ancestors
   * 3 Marriage and issue
   * 4 References

[edit] Biography

He was born in the Castle of Rivoli in Piedmont, he was the only child of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry. He became duke on 30 August 1580.

An ambitious and self-esteeming person, he followed a policy of expansion for his duchy. In the autumn of 1588, taking advantage of the civil war weakening France during the reign of his first cousin Henry III, he occupied the Marquisate of Saluzzo, which was under French protection. The new king, Henry IV, demanded the restitution of that land, but Charles Emmanuel refused, and a war ensued. The broader conflict involving France and Spain ended with the Peace of Vervins (May 2, 1598), which left the current but separate question of Saluzzo unsolved. After the Duke had started talks with Spain, Henry threatened to reopen the war until, with the Treaty of Lyon (January 17, 1601), Saluzzo went to Savoy in exchange for Bresse and other territories over the Alps. By terms of the treaty, the eradication of Protestants was to be carried on in the Duchy.

A Savoyard armour captured by the Swiss after the failed siege of Geneva

In 1602, Charles Emmanuel attempted to besiege the city of Geneva. On December the 11th of that year, he commanded his troops to the city during the night, and they surrounded the city walls at 2:00 AM. The Savoyard cuirassiers were ordered to dismount and climb the city walls in full armour as a shock tactic. However, the alarm was raised by a night watchman and Geneva's militia rose to meet the invaders. The attempted raid was a disastrous failure, and 54 Savoyards were killed, and many more were captured. Charles Emmanuel's army retreated in a panic and the Savoyard prisoners were executed.

The heavy helmets worn by Charles Emmanuel's troops, which featured visors made in crude imitation of a human face, were henceforth known as "Savoyard" helmets after this notorious incident. A number of these armours were captured by the Swiss and kept as trophies. The Geneva militia's successful defense of the city's walls is celebrated to the present day as an act of heroism with the annual festival of L'Escalade.

With the Treaty of Bruzolo (April 25, 1610), Charles Emmanuel allied with France against Spain, but the assassination of Henry IV changed the situation, as the treaty was not recognized by Marie de' Medici, who immediately assumed regency for Henry's son Louis XIII, a minor. Nevertheless, Charles Emmanuel obtained the help of French troops to free Alba from the Spaniards (January 1617), as the new King Louis XIII resumed his father's former alliance with Savoy. His sister Christine Marie was married to Charles Emmanuel's son, Victor Amadeus in 1619.

Main article: War of the Mantuan Succession

However, when the French occupied Casale Monferrato during the War of the Mantuan Succession, Charles Emmanuel allied with Spain. When Richelieu invaded Piedmont and conquered Susa, the duke changed sides again and returned to an alliance with France. However, when Philip IV of Spain sent two invasion forces from Genoa and Como, Charles Emmanuel declared himself neutral, and in 1630 Richelieu ordered a French army to march into Savoy to force him to obey the pacts. The French troops, soon backed by another army, occupied Pinerolo and Avigliana. The Savoy army under Victor Amadeus was defeated in Lower Valsusa.

The duke, having caught a violent fever, died suddenly at Savigliano in late July 1630. He was succeeded by his son Victor Amadeus.

Marriage and issue

He married his cousin Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain, daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois and had ten children:

   * Filippo Emanuele (1586-1605)
   * Victor Amadeus (1587-1637) married Princess Christine Marie of France and had issue;
   * Emanuele Filiberto (1588-1624), Spanish Viceroy of Sicily (1622-24)
   * Margaret (1589-1655), married Francesco IV Gonzaga of Mantua
   * Isabella of Savoy (1591-1626), married Alfonso III d'Este, Hereditary Prince of Modena
   * Maurizio, a cardinal (1593-1657)
   * Maria Apollonia, a nun in Rome (1594-1656)
   * Francesca Catherina, a nun in Biella (1595-1640)
   * Tommaso Francesco (1596-1656) married Marie de Bourbon, Countess of Soissons and had issue;
   * Giovanna (born 1597)

After the death of his wife, he never remarried but was father to another eleven illegitimate children from 1600 onwards by the following mistresses, Luisa de Duing, Argentina Provana, Catherine de Roussillon (mother of Margherita di Savoia who was an ancestor of Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina), Virginia Pallavicino, Anna Caterina Meraviglia and Anna Felizita Cusa.

[edit] References

   * http://genealogy.euweb.cz
   * Henri IV de Bourbon, (The Great), King of France married Mary de' Médici, Princess de Tuscany. They were married on January 17, 1600. As a wedding present to his wife, he decided to wage war against the Carlo Emanuel I de Savoy, Duc de Savoy in 1600, from which he ... Finally, a truce was declared at Loudun on 21 February 1616 with the signing of the Treaty of Loudun.

This page was last modified on 26 July 2010 at 12:49. -------------------- Charles Emmanuel I (Italian: Carlo Emanuele I di Savoia, January 12, 1562 – July 26, 1630), surnamed the Great, was the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was also nicknamed Testa d' feu ("Head of Fire") for his marked military attitudes.

[edit] Biography

He was born in the family castle at Rivoli, Piedmont, the only child of Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy and Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry. He became duke on August 30, 1580.

An ambitious and self-esteeming person, he followed a policy of expansion for his duchy. In the autumn of 1588, taking advantage of the civil war tearing France during the reign of Henry III, he occupied the Marquisate of Saluzzo, which were under the French protection. The new king, Henry IV, demanded the restitution of that land, but Charles Emmanuel refused, and a war ensued. The conflict ended with the peace of Vervins (May 2, 1598) which left unsolved the question of Saluzzo. After the duke started talks with Spain, Henry menaced to reopen the war, until, with the peace of Lyon (January 17, 1601) Saluzzo went to Savoy in exchange of Bresse and other territories over the Alps, and also persecution of Protestants were to be carried on in the Duchy.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Emmanuel Philibert.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Emmanuel Philibert.

With the Treaty of Bruzolo (April 25, 1610) Charles Emmanuel allied with France against Spain, but the assassination of Henry IV changed the situation as the treaty was not recognized by Marie de' Medici, mother of Henry's successor. In the events leading to the War of Mantuan Succession Charles Emmanuel obtained the help of French troops to free Alba from the Spaniards (January 1617), as the new King Louis XIII restarted his father's alliance with Savoy. His daughter Marie Christine was married with Charles Emmanuel's son, Victor Amadeus in 1619.

However, when the French occupied Casale Monferrato, Charles Emmanuel allied with Spain. When Richelieu invaded Piedmont and conquered Susa, the duke changed again side and returned to an alliance with France. However, when Philip IV of Spain sent two invasion forces from Genoa and Como, Charles Emmanuel declared neutral, and in 1630 Richelieu ordered a French army in march to force him to obey the pacts. The French troops, soon backed by another army, occupied Pinerolo and Avigliana. The Savoy army under Victor Amadeus was defeated in Lower Valsusa.

The duke, caught by a violent fever, died suddenly at Savigliano in late July 1630. He was succeeded by his son Victor Amadeus.

[edit] Marriage and issue

He married Catherina Michaella, daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois and had ten children:

   * Filippo Emanuele (1586-1605)
   * Victor Amadeus (1587-1637)
   * Emanuele Filiberto (1588-1624), Spanish Viceroy of Sicily (1622-24)
   * Maurizio, a cardinal (1593-1657)
   * Margaret (1589-1655), married Francesco IV Gonzaga of Mantua
   * Isabella (1591-1626), married Alfonso II d'Este, duke of Modena
   * Maria Apollonia, a nun in Rome (1594-1656)
   * Francesca Catherina, a nun in Biella (1595-1640)
   * Tommaso Francesco (1596-1656)
   * Giovanna (born 1597)

After the death of his wife, he never remarried but was father to another eleven illegitimate children from 1600 onwards by the following mistresses, Luisa de Duing, Argentina Provana, Marguerite de Roussilon, Virginia Pallavicino, Anna Caterina Meraviglia and Anna Felizita Cusa.

[edit] References

   * http://genealogy.euweb.cz

Preceded by

Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy

1580-1630 Succeeded by

Victor Amadeus I

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_I%2C_Duke_of_Savoy"

Categories: House of Savoy | Claimant Kings of Jerusalem | Knights of the Golden Fleece | People from Piedmont | 1562 births | 1630 deaths -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_I_of_Savoy -------------------- Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia1 M, #107658, b. 12 January 1562, d. 26 July 1630

Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia|b. 12 Jan 1562\nd. 26 Jul 1630|p10766.htm#i107658|Emanuele Filiberto, Duca di Savoia|b. 8 Jul 1528\nd. 30 Aug 1580|p11367.htm#i113661|Marguerite de Valois, Duchesse de Berri|b. 5 Jun 1523\nd. 14 Sep 1574|p10525.htm#i105245|Carlo I., Duca di Savoia|b. 1486\nd. 1553|p11436.htm#i114357|Beatriz de Aviz, Infanta de Portugal|b. 1504\nd. 1538|p11436.htm#i114356|François I., Roi de France|b. 12 Sep 1494\nd. 31 Mar 1547|p10246.htm#i102458|Claude de Valois, Duchesse de Bretagne|b. 13 Oct 1499\nd. 20 Jul 1524|p10308.htm#i103080|

Last Edited=25 Jun 2009 Consanguinity Index=1.96%

Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia 2 Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia was born on 12 January 1562 at Rivoli.4 He was the son of Emanuele Filiberto, Duca di Savoia and Marguerite de Valois, Duchesse de Berri.3 He married Catalina Micaela von Habsburg, daughter of Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España and Elizabeth de Valois, Princesse de France, on 11 March 1585 at Saragosa, Spain. He died on 26 July 1630 at age 68 at Savigliano.4

    Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia succeeded to the title of Duca di Savoia in 1580.1

Children of Carlo Emanuele I, Duca di Savoia and Catalina Micaela von Habsburg 1.Felipe Emanuel di Savoia b. 2 Apr 1586, d. 13 Feb 1605 2.Vittorio Amadeo I, Duca di Savoia+3 b. 8 May 1587, d. 7 Oct 1637 3.Filiberto Emanuele di Savoia b. 16 Apr 1588, d. 3 Aug 1624 4.Margherita di Savoia, Principessa di Savoia+4 b. 28 Apr 1589, d. 25 Jun 1655 5.Isabel di Savoia+ b. 11 Mar 1591, d. 28 Aug 1626 6.Maurizio di Savoia, Principe di Savoia5 b. 10 Jan 1593, d. 4 Oct 1657 7.Tommaso Francesco di Savoia, Principe di Carignano+6 b. 21 Dec 1596, d. 22 Jan 1656 Citations 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 161. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family. 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family." 3.[S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 119. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession. 4.[S102] Roglo Geneweb Website, online <http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo?lang=en>. Hereinafter cited as Roglo Geneweb Website. 5.[S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 121. 6.[S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 120. -------------------- Charles Emmanuel I (Italian: Carlo Emanuele di Savoia), known as the Great, was the Duke of Savoy from 1580 to 1630. He was also nicknamed Testa d'feu ("Head of Fire") for his rashness and military attitudes.

view all 17

Charles Emmanuel I, duc de Savoie's Timeline

1562
January 12, 1562
Rivoli, Piemonte, Italien
1585
March 11, 1585
Age 23
Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain
August 11, 1585
Age 23
Saragossa, Italy
1586
April 2, 1586
Age 24
Savigliano, Cuneo, Piemonte, Italy
1587
May 8, 1587
Age 25
Torino, Torino, Italy
1588
April 16, 1588
Age 26
Savigliano, Cuneo, Piemonte, Italy
1589
April 28, 1589
Age 27
Torino, Torino, Italy
1591
March 11, 1591
Age 29
Torino, Torino, Italy
1593
January 10, 1593
Age 30
1594
1594
Age 31
Turin, Turin, Piedmont, Italy