Charles Emmanuel di Savoia (1634 - 1675)

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Death: Died in Savoy - reign from 1637
Occupation: Hertig i Savoyen 1638-75, Principe del Piemonte, Marchese di Saluzzo, Conte di Aosta, Moriana, Asti e Nizza, titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem (1638-75), duc de Savoie, re titolare di Cipro
Managed by: Ernesto Álvarez Uriondo
Last Updated:

About Charles Emmanuel di Savoia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_II%2C_Duke_of_Savoy

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_II,_Duke_of_Savoy

Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy

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Charles Emmanuel II

Duke of Savoy

Duke of Savoy

Reign 4 October 1638 – 12 June 1675

Predecessor Francis Hyacinth

Successor Victor Amadeus II

Regent Christine Marie of France

Spouse Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans

Marie Jeanne of Savoy

Issue

Victor Amadeus II of Savoy

House House of Savoy

Father Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy

Mother Christine Marie of France

Born 20 June 1634(1634-06-20)

Turin, Italy

Died 12 June 1675 (aged 40)

Turin, Italy

Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia) (20 June 1634 – 12 June 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine Marie of France until 1663. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven year old son.

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Biography
   * 2 Marriage
   * 3 Issue
   * 4 Ancestors
   * 5 References
   * 6 See also

[edit] Biography

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I

He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. His maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and his second wife Marie de' Medici. In 1638 at the death of his older brother Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Charles Emmanuel succeeded to the duchy of Savoy at the age of 4. His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood, Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state.

He became notorious for his persecution of the Vaudois (Waldensians) culminating in the massacre of 1655. The massacre was so brutal that it prompted the English poet John Milton to write the sonnet On the Late Massacre in Piedmont. Protector Oliver Cromwell called for a general fast in England and proposed to send the British Navy if the massacre was not stopped while gathering funds for helping the Waldensians. Sir Samuel Morland was commissioned with that task. He later wrote The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont (1658).

Only after the death of his mother in 1663, he really assumed power. He was not successful in gaining a passage to the sea at the expense of Genoa (Second Genoese-Savoyard War, 1672-1673), and had difficulties in retaining the influence of his powerful neighbour France.

The Royal Palace of Turin, as built by Charles Emmanuel

But he greatly improved commerce and wealth in the Duchy, developing the port of Nice and building a road through the Alps towards France. He also reformed the army, which until then was mostly composed of mercenaries: he formed instead five Piedmontese regiments and recreated cavalry, as well as introducing uniforms. He also restored fortifications. He constructed many beautiful buildings in Turin, for instance the Palazzo Reale.

[edit] Marriage

Charles Emmanuel married twice.

   1. Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (b.1648-d.1664), daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans and younger brother of his mother Christine Marie. The couple had no issue;
   2. Marie Jeanne of Savoy (1644-1724) had issue; was created regent of Savoy in 1675; regency ended in 1680 but Marie Jeanne maintained power till 1684;

[edit] Issue

   * Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, future King of Sicily and later Sardinia; married Anne Marie d'Orléans and had issue; had illegitimate issue also; married Anna Teresa Canalis di Cumania in a morganatic marriage;
   * Charles Emmanuel II also had a number of illegitimate children.

References

   * (alleanza monarchica, Italian)

This page was last modified on 3 August 2010 at 01:22.

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Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia) (20 June 1634 – 12 June 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine Marie of France until 1663. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem.

[edit]Biography

He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. His maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and his second wife Marie de' Medici.

His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood, Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state.

He became notorious for his persecution of the Vaudois (Waldensians) culminating in the massacre of 1655. The massacre was so brutal that it prompted the English poet John Milton to write the sonnet On the Late Massacre in Piedmont. Protector Oliver Cromwell called for a general fast in England and proposed to send the British Navy if the massacre was not stopped while gathering funds for helping the Waldensians. Sir Samuel Morland was commissioned with that task. He later wrote The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont (1658).

Only after the death of his mother in 1663, he really assumed power. He was not successful in gaining a passage to the sea at the expense of Genoa (Second Genoese-Savoyard War, 1672-1673), and had difficulties in retaining the influence of his powerful neighbour France.

But he greatly improved commerce and wealth in the Duchy, developing the port of Nice and building a road through the Alps towards France. He also reformed the army, which until then was mostly composed of mercenaries: he formed instead five Piedmontese regiments and recreated cavalry, as well as introducing uniforms. He also restored fortifications. He constructed many beautiful buildings in Turin, for instance the Palazzo Reale.

[edit]Marriage and issue

Charles Emmanuel married

1. Françoise Madeleine of Orléans (b.1648-d.1664), daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans and younger brother of his mother Christine Marie.

2. Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours (French) b.1644- d. March 15, 1724, regent 1675 to 1684 and had 1 child Vittorio Amedeo.

He also had a number of illegitimate children.

[edit]

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Emmanuel_II,_Duke_of_Savoy

Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia) (20 June 1634 – 12 June 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine Marie of France until 1663. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven year old son.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus IHe was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. His maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and his second wife Marie de' Medici. In 1638 at the death of his older brother Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Charles Emmanuel succeeded to the duchy of Savoy at the age of 4. His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood, Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state.

He became notorious for his persecution of the Vaudois (Waldensians) culminating in the massacre of 1655. The massacre was so brutal that it prompted the English poet John Milton to write the sonnet On the Late Massacre in Piedmont. Protector Oliver Cromwell called for a general fast in England and proposed to send the British Navy if the massacre was not stopped while gathering funds for helping the Waldensians. Sir Samuel Morland was commissioned with that task. He later wrote The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont (1658).

Only after the death of his mother in 1663, he really assumed power. He was not successful in gaining a passage to the sea at the expense of Genoa (Second Genoese-Savoyard War, 1672-1673), and had difficulties in retaining the influence of his powerful neighbour France.

But he greatly improved commerce and wealth in the Duchy, developing the port of Nice and building a road through the Alps towards France. He also reformed the army, which until then was mostly composed of mercenaries: he formed instead five Piedmontese regiments and recreated cavalry, as well as introducing uniforms. He also restored fortifications. He constructed many beautiful buildings in Turin, for instance the Palazzo Reale. He is buried at Turin Cathedral.

[edit] Marriage

Charles Emmanuel married twice.

1. Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (b.1648-d.1664), daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans and younger brother of his mother Christine Marie. The couple had no issue;

2. Marie Jeanne of Savoy (1644-1724) had issue; was created regent of Savoy in 1675; regency ended in 1680 but Marie Jeanne maintained power till 1684;

Issue

Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, future King of Sicily and later Sardinia; married Anne Marie d'Orléans and had issue; had illegitimate issue also; married Anna Teresa Canalis di Cumania in a morganatic marriage;

Charles Emmanuel II also had a number of illegitimate children.

view all

Charles Emmanuel II, duca de Savoie's Timeline

1634
June 20, 1634
Turin, Italy
1659
1659
Age 24
1663
March 4, 1663
Age 28
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
March 4, 1663
Age 28
Paris, Ile-de-France, France
1666
May 14, 1666
Age 31
Turin, Piedmont, Italy
1675
June 12, 1675
Age 40
Savoy - reign from 1637
????