Charles III «le Simple» des Francs, roi des Francs

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Charles III «le Simple» des Francs, roi des Francs

Nicknames: "Karolus Simplex", "il Semplice", "den Enfaldige", "Charles the Simple"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Orleans, Loiret, France
Death: Died in Péronne, Picardie, France
Place of Burial: Saint-Fursy, Peronne, Somme, Picardie,Austrasia, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Louis II "le bègue", roi des Francs and Adélaïs de Paris
Husband of Frederuna von Immedinger, 907+6kinder; Eadgifu von Wessex, 919; Frederuna; Ēadgifu Ogive of Wessex, Queen of France and Concubines
Father of Gisèle der Franken, lll. Ehe 912; Rothrudis; Ermentrudis; Hildegardis; Frédéruna, Gräfin von Ringleheim and 8 others
Brother of Ermentrude of France
Half brother of Louis III, Roi de France; Adebelahide de France, Princess; Gizela; Carloman II, Roi de France; Hildegarda and 1 other

Occupation: Roi des Francs 28/01/893-923, König von Frankreich, King of France, Emperor of Holy Roman Empire, Roi de France (32e, 898-922), Roi de FRANCE (König von WESTFRANKEN)(898 - 922), 911 Roi en LORRAINE (König in Lothringen)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Charles III «le Simple» des Francs, roi des Francs

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_III_de_France

Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

Biography

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.[1]

In 911 Charles defeated the Viking leader Rollo, had him sign the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte that made Rollo his vassal and converted him to Christianity. Charles then gave him land around Rouen, the heart of what would become Normandy and his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king.[1] Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.[2]

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.[1] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922, Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900.

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle.[1] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois.[3] Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England.

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Karel III, van West-Francië, later bijgenaamd ‘de Eenvoudige’ (de Onnozele, der Einfältige, le Simple), geb. 17.9.879; door aartsbisschop Fulco van Reims tegenover de toen als koning regerende graaf Odo van Parijs gekroond tot koning (van West-Francië) Reims 28.1.893; wordt eerst algemeen erkend nadat deze hem op zijn sterfbed ook als koning heeft gedesigneerd 1.1.898; moet in 911 de Seine-monding aan de Noormannen afstaan, maar verkrijgt in datzelfde jaar ook de steun van de meeste magnaten in Lotharingen na het uitsterven der Oostfrankische Karolingen; intituleert vanaf dat moment koning der Franken; ziet achtereenvolgens als tegenkoningen tegenover zich Odo’s broer Robert (922/23) en vervolgens diens schoonzoon Rudolf van Bourgondië (Raoul de Bourgogne, 923/36); ten dienste van deze laatste gevangen genomen door de Karoling Heribert II van Vermandois 923; vertoeft eerst te Château-Thierry, van 924 af te Péronne in gevangenschap; overl. ald. 7.10.929, begr. Péronne (Saint-Fursy), tr. (2) na 10.2.917, vóór 919 Eadgyfu van Engeland, geb. 896; vlucht in 923 met haar zoontje naar haar broer, koning Aethelstan van Engeland; keert terug 936; abdis van Notre-Dame te Laon; overl. na 951; dr. van Edward I the Elder, koning van Engeland, en diens tweede gemalin Aelfleda van Bernicia. Karel de Eenvoudige had eveneens diverse concubines.

Uit de concubines:

a. Arnulf

b. Drogo

c. Rorico, bisschop van Laon, overl. 20.12.976.

d. Apais, tr. Erlebald, graaf in de Lommengouw, overl. 921.

Uit het eerste huwelijk:

e. Ermentrudis, geb. tussen 908 en 916

f. Frederuna

g. Adelais

h. Gisela

i. Rothrudis

j. Hildegardis

Uit het tweede huwelijk:

k. Lodewijk IV

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Charles III, Roi de France (1)

M, #102453, b. 17 September 879, d. 7 October 929

Last Edited=5 Oct 2006

    Charles III, Roi de France was born on 17 September 879. (2) He was the son of Louis II 'the Stammerer', Roi de France and Adelaide Judith (?). (1), (2) He married, firstly, Frederuna von Sachsen in 907. (3) He married, secondly, Eadgifu (?), daughter of Eadweard I, King of Wessex and Ælflæd (?), on 7 October 919. (4), (3),  (5) 

He died on 7 October 929 at age 50. (2)

    Charles III, Roi de France also went by the nick-name of Charles 'the Simple'. (1) He gained the title of Roi Charles III de France in 893. (1) He was deposed as King of France in 923.

Child of Charles III, Roi de France and Frederuna von Sachsen

-1. Gisela (?) b. c 895, d. c 920 (2)

Children of Charles III, Roi de France and Eadgifu (?)

-1. Rorico de Laon 2

-2. Louis IV d'Outre-Mer, Roi de France+ b. c 920, d. 10 Sep 954 (1)

Forrás:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10246.htm#i102453

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Han ble født etter sin fars død. Karls hadde fra først av ingen utsikt til kongemakten, som i 887 var tilfalt Hertug Eudes. Men senere samlet motstandere til Eudes seg om Karl, som etter Eudes død i 898 ble konge over Vest-Franke eller Frankrike.

Hans regjering var svak. Karl ble avsatt i 923, ble kort tid senere tatt til fange, og døde i fangenskap.

Han var første gang gift med Frederuna som døde ca. 916.

898 konge i Vestriket, 1.10.911 også i Lothringen. Gift 2 gang omkring 919 med Ogiva, datter av kong Edvard den I. av Wessex.

Kilder:

Erich Brandenburg: Die Nackommen Karls des Grossen, Leipzig 1935. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 254. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen:

Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 59, 103.

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Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his uncle, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeded the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.[1]

In 911 Charles signed the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte with the Viking leader Rollo, thus enfeoffing him with the lower Seine basin, the heart of what would become Normandy, in hopes that Rollo would fend off future Viking raids in the Seine area. He also gave the Viking his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Regina Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king.[1] Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917.

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.[1] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle.[1] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois.[2] Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple

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Scheinbar illegetimes Kind. Geboren nach dem Tod des Vaters

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Charles III, Roi de France (1)

M, #102453, b. 17 September 879, d. 7 October 929

Last Edited=5 Oct 2006

    Charles III, Roi de France was born on 17 September 879. (2) He was the son of Louis II 'the Stammerer', Roi de France and Adelaide Judith (?). (1), (2) He married, firstly, Frederuna von Sachsen in 907. (3) He married, secondly, Eadgifu (?), daughter of Eadweard I, King of Wessex and Ælflæd (?), on 7 October 919. (4), (3), (5) 

He died on 7 October 929 at age 50. (2)

    Charles III, Roi de France also went by the nick-name of Charles 'the Simple'. (1) He gained the title of Roi Charles III de France in 893.1 He was deposed as King of France in 923.

Child of Charles III, Roi de France and Frederuna von Sachsen

-1. Gisela (?) (2) b. c 895, d. c 920

Children of Charles III, Roi de France and Eadgifu (?)

-1. Rorico de Laon (2)

-2. Louis IV d'Outre-Mer, Roi de France+ (1) b. c 920, d. 10 Sep 954

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10246.htm#i102453

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CHARLES III 893-922


CHARLES, son of LOUIS II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks & his second wife Adelais (posthumously 17 Sep 879-Péronne 7 Oct 929, bur Péronne, monastère de Saint-Fursy). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karolum quoque postumum et Irmintrudim" as children of "Hlodovicus rex…ex Adelheidi regina"[312]. His parentage is also given in the Annalista Saxo[313]. Regino specifies that he was born posthumously[314]. On the death of King Louis II, Emperor Charles III "le Gros" was elected King of the West Franks, and on the latter's death in 888, Eudes [Capet] was elected king. Louis II's son, Charles, sought refuge with Ramnulf II Comte de Poitou[315]. Regino names "Folcone episcopo, Heriberto et Pippino comitibus in Remorum civitate" when recording that they supported the accession of Charles as king in 892 in opposition to King Eudes[316]. Supported by Fulco Archbishop of Reims, he was crowned 28 Jan 893 at Reims as CHARLES III "le Simple" King of the West Franks, as anti-king to Eudes, who later agreed to appoint him as his successor and whom he succeeded from 1 Jan 898. The early years of his reign appear to have been dominated by Viking raids in the north which led to the treaty with Rollo in 911 and the grant of territory in the future duchy of Normandy. He was chosen as CHARLES King of Lotharingia 1 Nov 911, in succession to Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of the East Franks and Lotharingia, representing a significant extension of the royal domain. He used the title "King of the Franks/rex francorum", and later "King of France/rex franciæ". He captured Alsace early in 912, and fought the army of Konrad I King of Germany three times in Lotharingia[317]. From [920], he fell under the influence of Haganon, a Lotharingian described in a charter of 921 as his cousin on his mother's side[318]. This triggered the revolt of Robert Marquis en Neustrie [Capet] and other nobles during which King Charles was obliged to seek refuge with Heriveus Archbishop of Reims. Although the king was restored after seven months, tension continued and Charles's award of the monastery of Chelles to Haganon in 922 triggered another revolt which led to the king's deposition 30 Jun 922 in favour of Robert, who was elected as Robert I King of France. Ex-king Charles fled to Lotharingia. He returned, but was be defeated at Soissons 15 Jun 923, although King Robert was killed in the battle. Raoul de Bourgogne was elected king of France 13 Jul 923. Ex-king Charles was tricked into capture by Héribert II Comte de Vermandois and imprisoned at Château-Thierry. He was transferred in 924 to the château de Péronne, where he remained captive for the rest of his life[319]. He was briefly declared king once more in 927 by Comte Heribert during the latter's unsuccessful attempt to capture Laon[320]. According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Heinrich I King of Germany secured his release from prison and in return was rewarded with "the right hand of St Denis and the entire kingdom of the Lotharingians"[321].

m firstly ([1/18] Apr 907) FREDERUNA, sister of BOVO [II] Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne, daughter of --- (-10 Feb 917, bur Reims, église abbatiale de Saint-Rémi). The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "907 XIII Kal Mai" refers to "quondam nobili prosapia puellam…Frederunam" who had recently become his wife[322]. The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "917 VII Kal Aug" refers to "nostra uxor Frideruna…frater eius Bovo Catalannensis Antistes Ecclesiæ"[323]. Nothing definite is known about the origins of Bovo, although Flodoard refers to "Berengario Transrhenensi clerico" as "nepoti Bovonis Catalaunensis quondam episcopi" when recording his appointment as Bishop of Cambrai in 956[324]. McKitterick assumes that she was of Lotharingian origin[325]. Settipani speculates that Queen Frederuna was probably a close relation of Mathilde, second wife of Heinrich I King of Germany[326]. This could be explained if Mathilde's mother, Reginlind, was Queen Frederuna's sister, as hypothesised in GERMAN NOBILITY. The charter of "Karolus…rex" dated "918 IV Id Feb" refers to the death of "nostræ…coniugis Friderunæ"[327], and the charter dated "918 II Id Mar" that she had died "IV Id Feb"[328]. The necrology of Reims Saint-Rémi records the death "IV Id Feb" of "Frederuna regina"[329].

m secondly ([917/19]) as her first husband, EADGIFU, daughter of EDWARD I "the Elder" King of England & his second wife Ælfleda ([902/05]-after 951, bur église Saint-Médard de Soissons). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names "Otgiva" wife of "Karolus rex" after the death of "Frederuna regina"[330]. She fled with her two-year-old son to England in 923 after her husband was deposed, returning to France in 936 after the death of King Raoul. Abbess of Notre-Dame de Laon, this was taken from her 951 by her son on her second marriage. Flodoard names "Ottogeba regina, mater Ludowici regis" when recording her second marriage[331]. She married secondly (951) Héribert Comte "le Vieux" [de Vermandois] (-980/84).

Mistresses: ---. The names of King Charles III's mistresses are not known.

King Charles III & his first wife had six children:

1. ERMENTRUDE ([908/16]-). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hyrmintrudim, Frederunam, Adelheidim, Gislam, Rotrudim et Hildegardim" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex Frederuna regina"[332]. Hlawitschka suggests[333] that Ermentrude, daughter of King Charles III, was the wife of Gottffied Graf im Jülichgau. This appears to be based on the combined reading of four strings of entries in the Liber Memorialis of Remiremont: (1) "Dumnus Gislibertus dux…Dumna Girberga, Ainricus, Haduidis…", which is followed by (2) "Gottefridus comes cum infantibus…suis, Ermentridis comitissa"[334]; (3) "Gotefridus, Ermendrudis, Gotefridus, Gebardus, Gerardus, Adelardus, Girberga" assumed to be Gottfried, his wife, four sons and daughter[335], and (4) "…Caroli imperatoris…Hludowici imperatoris, Hlotarii, Caroli, Ermentrudis"[336], which may represent an abbreviated attempt to set out the ancestry of Ermentrude wife of Graf Gottfried. However, the connection between entries (1) to (3) and entry (4) appears to be speculation. [m (before [934]) GOTTFRIED Graf im Jülichgau, son of Graf GERHARD [Matfride] & his wife Oda [Ottonen] (-26 Mar after 949).]

2. FREDERUNA ([908/16]-). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hyrmintrudim, Frederunam, Adelheidim, Gislam, Rotrudim et Hildegardim" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex Frederuna regina"[337].

3. ADELAIS ([908/16]-). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hyrmintrudim, Frederunam, Adelheidim, Gislam, Rotrudim et Hildegardim" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex Frederuna regina"[338]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comes Rodulfus" (referring to Raoul [II]) was "nepos…ex sorore" of Louis IV King of France[339]. It appears chronologically unlikely for any of King Louis's sisters, whose dates of birth can be estimated to [908/17], to have been the mother of Raoul [II] who was killed in battle in 944, presumably when he was already adult. It appears more likely that the family relationship was one generation further back, and that a member of the Unruochingi family, descended from the sister of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and who originated in the same area in northern France, would provide a good match. Nevertheless, the earlier primary source on which Alberic based his information has not yet been identified and it is possible that the source is inaccurate in its report. However, the poem Raoul de Cambrai states that "Raoul Taillefer" married "Aalais", sister of King Louis IV[340] which, if correct, would mean that his wife could be identified with Adelais, daughter of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks by his first marriage. This would mean that Raoul [II] was an infant when his father died. It would also mean that Raoul [I] and his wife were closely related, as the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also implies that Raoul's mother was the daughter of Adelais's paternal great aunt Gisela who married Eberhard, ancestor of the Marchesi of Friulia. The poem Raoul de Cambrai cannot claim to be historically accurate. Nevertheless, it is not impossible that the detail of Raoul's marriage was not fabricated. [m [920/24]) RAOUL [I] Comte de Gouy, son of HUCBERT Comte [d'Ostrevant] & his wife Heilwig [of Friulia] (-926).]

4. GISELA ([908/16]-). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hyrmintrudim, Frederunam, Adelheidim, Gislam, Rotrudim et Hildegardim" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex Frederuna regina"[341]. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks granted Rollo "tout le territoire maritime qui s´étend depuis la rivière d´Epte jusqu´aux confines de la Bretagne" together with "sa fille…Gisèle", and their marriage which took place after Rollo´s baptism[342]. Her marriage is recorded in the Norman annals for 912, which state that she died without issue, presumably soon after the marriage when Gisla must still have been an infant. The chronicle of Dudo of Saint-Quentin[343] describes her as of "tall stature, most elegant…", which is of course inconsistent with her supposed birth date range. The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum records the marriage of "filiam suam [=rex Karolus] nomine Gillam" to "Rollo"[344]. Settipani considers that the marriage did not occur, and that the Norman sources confused it with the marriage of Gisela, daughter of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia, to the Viking leader Gotfrid[345]. m ([912]) as his third wife, ROLLO of Normandy, later known as ROBERT I Comte [de Normandie], son of [RAGNVALD "the Wise" Jarl of Möre in Norway & his wife Ragnhild] ([846]-[928]).

5. ROTRUDE ([908/16]-). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hyrmintrudim, Frederunam, Adelheidim, Gislam, Rotrudim et Hildegardim" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex Frederuna regina"[346].

6. HILDEGARDE ([908/16]-). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Hyrmintrudim, Frederunam, Adelheidim, Gislam, Rotrudim et Hildegardim" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex Frederuna regina"[347].

King Charles III & his second wife had one child:

7. LOUIS ([10 Sep 920/10 Sep 921]-Reims 10 Sep 954, bur Reims, Abbaye de Saint-Rémi). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names "Hludovicum" as son of "Karolus rex [ex] Otgivam"[348]. He succeeded in 936 as LOUIS IV "d´Outremer" King of the Franks.

- see below.

King Charles III had illegitimate children by his Mistresses.

8. ARNULF. The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, Drogonem, Roriconem et Alpaidem" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex concubina"[349].

9. DROGO. The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, Drogonem, Roriconem et Alpaidem" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex concubina"[350].

10. RORICO (-20 Dec 976, bur Laon Saint-Vincent). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, Drogonem, Roriconem et Alpaidem" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex concubina"[351]. Elected Bishop of Laon 949.

11. ALPAIS . The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Arnulfum, Drogonem, Roriconem et Alpaidem" as the children of "Karolus rex…ex concubina"[352]. same person as…? ALPAIS . "Erleboldus…et uxor mea Alpaidis" founded the monastery of Salles "in pago…Haynau in loco…Macons" by charter dated 8 Sep 887 which names "filius noster Wiermiundus"[353]. Secondary sources suggest that she was the wife of Erlebold was the illegitimate daughter of Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks, but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified. If it is correct, the 887 charter quoted above must be misdated (assuming that it is genuine). m ERLEBOLD Comte de Castres, son of --- (-killed in battle 920). He possessed territories in pagus Lommensis (near Namur), pagus Castricensis (near Mézières), Charpaigne, and probably also the Saulnois (near Metz)[354].

Forrás / Source:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAROLINGIANS.htm#CharlesIIIleSimpleFranceA

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Casamento com Eadgifu: ou 7 de outubro de 919.

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Carlos III de Frância Ocidental, "o Simples". /// Enterrado: na abadia de Saint-Fursy, em Péronne, departamento de Somme, região da Picardia.

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Charles III le Simple. Roi de Francie

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_III_de_Francia

Hijo póstumo de Luis II de Francia el Tartamudo y de Adelaida de Frioul. El apelativo de simple, que recibió, no significaba torpe o idiota, sino honesto.

Cuando murieron sus hermanos era demasiado joven para reinar. Deja que el Emperador Carlos III el Gordo le arrebate la corona, a pesar de que fue interpelado para asegurar la regencia. Tras el derrocamiento de Carlos, los grandes del reino eligen a Eudes I, Conde de París como rey de Francia.

Carlos III fue coronado como Rey de Francia el 28 de enero de 893 en Reims, pero no pudo reinar hasta la muerte de Eudes y en 898 es proclamado nuevamente Sagrado Rey de Francia.

Consigue resolver el problema de las invasiones normandas que desde hacía mucho tiempo eran un problema grave para el reino. En 911, en virtud del Tratado de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, acordado con el caudillo vikingo Rollon, Normandía se convierte en un ducado, a cambio de la promesa de Rollon de acabar con el pillaje en las orillas del Sena, de convertirse al cristianismo y de casarse con Gisela de Francia, la primera hija de Carlos III y su primera esposa.

Sin embargo se muestra impotente ante las dinastías feudales que se constituyen al abrigo de los numerosos torreones, y debe luchar contra los grandes del reino, sobre todo contra Gilberto de Lorena, Raúl de Borgoña y el futuro Roberto I de Francia (hermano de Eudes I y abuelo de Hugo Capeto)

A la muerte del último rey carolingio de Germania, Carlos III reivindica para sí la región de Lorena, de la que se convierte en rey, haciendo valer sus derechos al imperio, pero es derrotado por el germano Enrique el Cazador de Aves o el Pajarero.

Roberto I de Francia, hermano del anterior rey Eudes I, fomenta una revuelta y sus partidarios lo eligen rey haciendo renunciar al trono a Carlos III el 29 de junio de 922.

Carlos rechaza la destitución y contraataca desde Lorena. El 15 de junio de 923, durante la Batalla de Soissons, muere Roberto I, pero su hijo Hugo el Grande, arenga a sus soldados mostrando el cadáver de su padre y finalmente Carlos es derrotado.

Los grandes señores feudales ya no le reconocen como rey y prefieren a Raúl de Borgoña. Carlos III se convierte entonces en un rey sin corona y va a buscar refugio a casa de su vasallo Herberto II de Vermandois, quien le hace prisionero (su hermana era la esposa de Roberto I) encerrándole en una torre del Castillo de Péronne (Somme) donde finalmente morirá en 929 tras seis años de cautiverio.

Su esposa Edwige de Wessex u Odgive, hija del rey Eduardo I de Inglaterra (conocido también como Eduardo el Viejo), escapa buscando refugio en Inglaterra. Con ella viaja su hijo, el futuro Luis IV de Francia, también llamado Luis de Ultramar, en referencia a ese exilio.

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A Assembleia dos Grandes colocou no trono Carlos, o Gordo, que foi deposto em 887, e posteriormente Odo, Conde de Paris e Duque da França.

Em 893 Carlos III foi coroado, mas não pôde reinar normalmente até a morte de Odo em 898.

Para obter a paz com os Normandos, ele cedeu para eles, através do Tratado de Sant-Clair-sur-Epte, em 911, a futura Normandia. Transformada em ducado, ela foi rapidamente assimilada.

Carlos III, o Simples, aproveitou as desavenças surgidas na Germânia depois da morte do último Carolíngio, Luís, o Infante, para assumir a Lorena de 911 a 920. Ele fez frente à coalizão formada por Gilbert da Lorena, Roberto da Borgonha e Roberto da França, que viria a transformar-se em Roberto I, quando foi proclamado Rei da França, irmãos de Odo.

Suas tropas foram dizimadas na batalha de Soissons, em 923, mas Carlos, vencido, empreendeu a fuga, e Raul da Borgonha, genro de Roberto I, garantiu o trono para seu sogro.

Preso depois pelo terrível Herbert de Vermandois, foi aprisionado na torre de Péronne, onde veio a morrer seis anos mais tarde.

A Rainha Ogive de Wessex refugiou-se na Inglaterra, junto com seu filho Luís IV d'Outremer.

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Charles III (September 17, 879 – October 7, 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the contemporary Latin: Karolus Simplex), was a member of the Carolingian dynasty who ruled as King of France (or Western Francia) from 893 to 922/923.

He was the posthumous son of King Louis the Stammerer and his third wife Adelaide of Paris. Charles first married Frederonne who died in 917 and then Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder of England, on October 7, 919.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman or at the time of the deposition of the Holy Roman Emperor, his uncle Charles the Fat, in 887. Instead, Odo, Count of Paris, succeeded Charles the Fat. Nonetheless, Charles was crowned by some nobles in 893. Charles became sole king at the age of nineteen upon the death of Odo in 898.

In 911 Charles gave the lower Seine area, eventually known as Normandy, as a fief to the Norse leader Rollo in the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, thereby ending the series of Viking raids into France.

In 922 some of the barons (including Herbert II of Vermandois) revolted and crowned Robert I, brother of Odo, king. In 923, at the battle of Soissons, King Robert was killed, but Charles was also defeated. Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy was elected king, and Charles was imprisoned.

Charles died on October 7, 929, in prison at Péronne (Somme, France) and was buried there at the abbey of St. Fursy. His son with Eadgifu would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France and his daughter Gisela was married in 911 to Rollo of Normandy.

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From Wikipedia:

Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.

In 911 Charles defeated the Viking leader Rollo, had him sign the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte that made Rollo his vassal and converted him to Christianity. Charles then gave him land around Rouen, the heart of what would become Normandy and his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king. Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919. Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922,Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900 .

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle. Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois. Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England.

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Charles III (September 17, 879 – October 7, 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the contemporary Latin: Karolus Simplex), was a member of the Carolingian dynasty who ruled as King of France (or Western Francia) from 893 to 922/923.[1]

He was the posthumous son of King Louis the Stammerer and his third wife Adelaide of Paris. Charles first married Frederonne who died in 917 and then Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder of England, on October 7, 919.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman or at the time of the deposition of the Holy Roman Emperor, his uncle Charles the Fat, in 887. Instead, Odo, Count of Paris, succeeded Charles the Fat. Nonetheless, Charles was crowned by some nobles in 893.[2] Charles became sole king at the age of nineteen upon the death of Odo in 898.

In 911 Charles gave the lower Seine area, eventually known as Normandy, as a fief to the Norse leader Rollo in the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, thereby ending the series of Viking raids into France.

In 922 some of the barons (including Herbert II of Vermandois) revolted and crowned Robert I, brother of Odo, king. In 923, at the battle of Soissons, King Robert was killed, but Charles was also defeated. Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy was elected king, and Charles was imprisoned.

Charles died on October 7, 929, in prison at Péronne (Somme, France) and was buried there at the abbey of St. Fursy. His son with Eadgifu would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France and his daughter Gisela was married in 911 to Rollo of Normandy.

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Wikimedia:

Karl den enfaldige

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Karl den enfaldige.

Karl den enfaldige, Karl III, (franska: Charles le Simple), (född: 17 september 879, död: 7 oktober 929) frankisk karolingisk kung av västfrankiska riket 898-922.

Son till Ludvig den stammande och Adelaide av Frioul. Gift med Frederuna som dog 917 och därefter med Edgiva av Wessex, dotter till Edward den äldre av England, 7 oktober 919.

Som barn förhindrades Karl att inta tronen, först efter sin halvbror Karlomans död 884 och sedan då Karl den tjocke störtades 887. Visserligen kröntes Karl till kung i Reims redan 28 januari 893 men först efter att kung Odo avlidit 898 kunde Karl börja regera som kung.

Karls västfrankiska kungadöme var närmast identiskt med dagens Frankrike men 911 tvingades han göra Normandie till hertigdöme åt vikingahövdingen Rollo genom fördraget i Saint-Clair-sur-Epte mot löftet att inkräktarna skulle upphöra med plundringstågen längs med Seine, låta sig döpas och att Rollo skulle gifta sig med Gisela, Karls äldsta dotter.

Samma år dör Ludvig barnet, den siste kungen av östfrankiska riket, varpå Karl gör sig till kung av Lotharingia med vidare anspråk på hela det karolingiska imperiet. 923 återför dock Henrik I Fågelfängaren Lotharingia till det östfrankiska riket.

922 revolterade en grupp mäktiga feodalherrar under ledning av baronerna Gilbert av Lorraine, Rudolf av Burgund och hertigen Robert I, bror till Odo och Hugo Capets farfar. De lät kröna Robert till kung 29 juni 922. I slaget vid Soissons 15 juni 923 blev Robert dödad men hans son Hugo den store lyckades samla sin trupper till förnyad kamp genom att visa upp sin fars lik och till slut blev Karl besegrad. Robert av Burgund valdes till kung och Karl flydde till sin vassal Herbert II av Veramndois (vars syster var gift med Robert I) som höll honom fängslad i ett torn till slottet i Péronne i Somme där Karl dog efter sex års fångenskap. Han begravdes i Péronne vid klostret Saint-Fursy.

Hans hustru Edgiva flydde till England med sin son som därigenom fick namnet Ludvig från andra sidan havet när han senare återvände och blev kung Ludvig IV.

Karl kallades inte "den enfaldige" därför att han ansågs korkad utan epitetet ska utläsas "den ärlige"

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple

Preceded by

Odo King of Western Francia

898–922 Succeeded by

Robert I

Preceded by

Louis the Child King of Lotharingia

911–919/23 Succeeded by

Henry the Fowler

This page was last modified on 18 June 2010 at 14:19.

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_III._%28Frankreich%29#Ehen_und_Nachkommen

Karl III. (Frankreich)

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Karl III. der Einfältige (im Sinne von: der Geradlinige; lateinisch Carolus Simplex, französisch Charles le Simple; * 17. September 879; † 7. Oktober 929 in Péronne) war König der Westfranken bzw. von Frankreich von 893/98 bis 923. Er stammte aus dem Geschlecht der Karolinger.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

[Anzeigen]

   * 1 Leben
   * 2 Ehen und Nachkommen
   * 3 Quellen
   * 4 Literatur
   * 5 Weblinks

Leben [Bearbeiten]

Karl wurde erst nach dem Tod seines am 10. April 879 gestorbenen Vaters, König Ludwigs II. des Stammlers, geboren. Da er ein Kind aus der zweiten Ehe seines Vaters war, deren Gültigkeit kirchenrechtlich bestritten wurde, wurde er zunächst von der Thronfolge ausgeschlossen.

Nach dem Tod Kaiser Karls III. des Dicken im Januar 888 trennten sich die fränkischen Teilreiche endgültig, die Karl der Dicke als letzter unter seiner Herrschaft vereinigt hatte. Die westfränkischen Adligen übergingen den Thronanspruch Karls des Einfältigen, der erst neun Jahre alt war, und wählten den Robertiner Odo, den Grafen von Paris, zum König. Damit wurde erstmals ein Nichtkarolinger westfränkischer bzw. französischer König. Allerdings traten einige Große, insbesondere Erzbischof Fulko von Reims, weiterhin für das Thronrecht der Karolinger ein, obwohl sie sich zunächst Odo beugen mussten.

Nachdem Odo sich durch eine starke Bevorzugung seines jüngeren Bruders, des Markgrafen Robert, und andere umstrittene Entscheidungen missliebig gemacht hatte, wagten es die oppositionellen Vornehmen, unter denen Fulko eine maßgebliche Rolle spielte, den inzwischen dreizehnjährigen Karl den Einfältigen am 28. Januar 893 (dem bewusst gewählten Todestag Karls des Großen) in Reims zum Gegenkönig zu erheben. Die Rebellion wurde zunächst von dem ostfränkischen König Arnulf von Kärnten unterstützt, der auch ein Karolinger war, doch gelang es Odo, Arnulf auf seine Seite zu ziehen. In dem folgenden Bürgerkrieg war Odo überlegen. Schließlich wurde 896/897 Frieden geschlossen; Karl unterwarf sich Odo und anerkannte ihn als König, dafür wurde er von Odo, der keinen Sohn hatte, als Nachfolger akzeptiert.

Nach dem Tod Odos 898 konnte Karl allgemein Anerkennung als Nachfolger finden, da Odos mächtiger Bruder Markgraf Robert die Nachfolgeregelung akzeptierte. Karl musste aber Robert und anderen mächtigen Adligen weitreichende Zugeständnisse machen. Er bestätigte Robert dessen zahlreiche Grafschaften, Abteien und Rechte und sicherte ihm das Recht zu, sie zu vererben. Robert konnte die Grafschaften von seinen eigenen Vasallen verwalten lassen, die nur ihm unterstanden und keine Beziehung mehr zum König hatten. Einen solchen Status billigte Karl auch anderen Großen zu. Dies bedeutete eine erhebliche Schwächung des Königtums.

Eine Entscheidung von größter Tragweite war Karls Friedensschluss mit dem normannischen Fürsten Rollo im Jahr 911. Rollo wurde mit der Grafschaft Rouen belehnt. Damit wurden seine Normannen in den westfränkischen Staat integriert; die Herrschaft innerhalb seines Machtbereichs wurde aber – ebenso wie bei den fränkischen Großen – ihm allein überlassen, der Frankenkönig konnte dort nicht mehr direkt tätig werden. Um ein „Herzogtum Normandie“ handelte es sich dabei noch nicht.

Nach dem Tod des letzten ostfränkischen Karolingers, Ludwigs IV. des Kindes, im Jahr 911 lud der lotharingische Adel Karl, den nunmehr einzigen überlebenden Karolinger, zur Machtübernahme ein. Karl, der schon 898 im alten Stammland seiner Familie Lotharingien militärisch eingegriffen und Aachen besetzt hatte, drang nun erneut dort ein und eroberte das Gebiet. Gestützt auf den lotharingischen Adel konsolidierte er dort seine Herrschaft und verständigte sich darüber mit dem Ostfrankenkönig Heinrich I., mit dem er 921 den Vertrag von Bonn zur gegenseitigen Anerkennung der Besitzstände schloss.

Karl hatte damals bereits begonnen, sich nach der Aushöhlung seiner Macht im Westfrankenreich zunehmend auf lotharingische Kräfte zu stützen. Sein besonderer Günstling wurde der Lothringer Hagano. Dies erzürnte den westfränkischen Adel, da Hagano ein Landesfremder und überdies von niedriger Herkunft war. Nachdem mächtige Adlige 920 auf einem Reichstag zu Soissons von Karl vergeblich die Entlassung Haganos gefordert hatten, sagten sie sich von ihm los. Als Karl nicht nur an Hagano festhielt, sondern auch noch beschloss, ihm die Abtei Chelles zu geben, führte dies zum Konflikt mit den Robertinern und ihren Verbündeten, denn die Äbtissin Rothild von Chelles war die Schwiegermutter Hugos des Großen, des Sohnes des Markgrafen Robert. Die oppositionellen Adligen erhoben Robert am 30. Juni 922 zum Gegenkönig (Robert I.). Am 15. Juni 923 fiel Robert in der Schlacht von Soissons gegen das Heer Karls des Einfältigen, doch seine Truppen besiegten die Streitmacht des Karolingers. Daher konnten seine Anhänger sogleich Roberts Schwiegersohn Rudolf von Burgund zum neuen König erheben.

Rudolf wurde schon am 13. Juli 923 gekrönt. Einer seiner Parteigänger, Graf Heribert II. von Vermandois, lockte Karl den Einfältigen in eine Falle. Er lud ihn zu Verhandlungen ein und nahm ihn bei dieser Gelegenheit gefangen. Karl wurde erst in Heriberts Festung Château-Thierry, dann nach Péronne gebracht und blieb in Haft. Heribert lieferte ihn nicht an Rudolf aus, sondern behielt ihn selbst in Gewahrsam, um so ein Druckmittel gegen Rudolf zu behalten. Als er 927 mit Rudolf in Streit geriet, holte er den gefangenen Karl hervor und erkannte ihn als rechtmäßigen König an, behandelte ihn aber zugleich weiterhin als Gefangenen. Am 7. Oktober 929 starb Karl im Kerker. Er wurde in der Kirche Saint-Fursy in Péronne begraben.

Ehen und Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

Karl heiratete im April 907, vor dem 19., in erster Ehe Frederuna, Tochter des Grafen Dietrich aus dem Haus der Immedinger und Schwester der Mathilde, die mit dem ostfränkischen König Heinrich I. verheiratet war. Frederuna starb am 10. Februar, 916 oder 917. Das Paar hatte sechs Kinder:

   * Ermentrude (* 908/916), um 934 bezeugt, ∞ Gottfried, Pfalzgraf von Lothringen, Graf im Jülichgau, † 26. März nach 949 (Matfriede)
   * Frederuna (* 908/916)
   * Adelheid (* 908/916)
   * Gisla (* 908/916)
   * Rotrud (* 908/916)
   * Hildegard (* 908/916)

Um das Jahr 919 schloss er seine zweite Ehe mit Edgifa von Wessex († nach 951), Tochter des Königs Eduard I. von Wessex, mit der er einen Sohn hatte, der auch sein Erbe wurde: Ludwig IV. der Überseeische (* 920/921 † 954), König 936. Ogiva war bis 951 Äbtissin von Notre-Dame in Laon, wonach sie in zweiter Ehe den Grafen Heribert der Ältere von Meaux (ebenfalls ein Karolinger) heiratete.

Über die ehelichen Kinder hinaus hatte Karl uneheliche Kinder, darunter:

   * Arnulf
   * Drogo
   * Rorico († 20. Dezember 976), 949 Bischof von Laon, begraben in St. Vincent in Laon
   * Alpais (∞ Erlebold, Graf im Lommegau 915, X 921)

Quellen [Bearbeiten]

   * Philippe Lauer (Hg.): Recueil des actes de Charles III le Simple, roi de France (893-923), 2 Bände, Paris 1940-1949

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Karl Ferdinand Werner: Die Ursprünge Frankreichs bis zum Jahr 1000, dtv, München 1995, ISBN 3-423-04653-8, S. 475ff.
   * Auguste Eckel: Charles le Simple, Paris 1899, Nachdruck Paris 1977 (gründliche Untersuchung)

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * genealogie-mittelalter.de

Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

Odo von Paris König des Westfrankenreichs

893/98–922 Robert I.

Normdaten: PND: 118776746 | WP-Personeninfo

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 29. Juli 2010 um 20:46 Uhr geändert.

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From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_316.htm

King of France (893-922), whose authority came to be accepted by Lorraine and who settled the Northmen in Normandy but who became the first Carolingian ruler of the western kingdom to lose his crown.

The posthumous son of Louis II the Stammerer, Charles was too young to assume the throne on the death of his half-brother, Carloman, in 884 or that of his cousin, Charles the Fat, in 888. On Jan. 28, 893, however, he was crowned king by Fulk, archbishop of Reims; and, although he renounced his rights after civil war in 897, the death of King Eudes in the following year brought him general recognition as king.

Charles was strongly under the influence of Robert, brother of the dead Eudes. It was Robert's victory against the Northmen at Chartres in 911 which paved the way for the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte later that year, by which Charles ceded territory, in the area later known as Normandy, to the Viking leader Rollo and his men; in return, Rollo became a Christian and Charles's vassal. The Normans who had such an impact on Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries were the final product of this settlement.

In 911 also, the magnates of Lorraine (Lotharingia) accepted the authority of Charles on the death of the last Carolingian king of the East Franks, Louis the Child. Charles's preoccupation with Lotharingian affairs and councillors alienated the nobles of Neustria, however, and in 922 they elected Robert king. Charles killed Robert in battle in 923 but was soon taken prisoner by Herbert, count of Vermandois, who used him for his own gain against Rudolf, Robert's son-in-law and the new king.

Charles was crowned at Reims 02-28-893 by Archbishop Fulk; deceived by Herbert, Count of Vermandois, he was imprisoned at Chateau-Thierry and later at Peronne where he died. He reunited for the last time the empire of Charlemagne (except Burgundy). He was deposed by Arnulf in 887.

Died as a prisoner of Heribert, Count of Vermandois

References: [WallopFH],[Moncreiffe],[AR7],[MRL],[Paget1],[ES], [RFC]

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Charles III (September 17, 879 – October 7, 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the contemporary Latin: Karolus Simplex), was a member of the Carolingian dynasty who ruled as King of France (or Western Francia) from 893 to 922/923.[1]

He was the posthumous son of King Louis the Stammerer and his third wife Adelaide of Paris. Charles first married Frederonne who died in 917 and then Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder of England, on October 7, 919.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman or at the time of the deposition of the Holy Roman Emperor, his uncle Charles the Fat, in 887. Instead, Odo, Count of Paris, succeeded Charles the Fat. Nonetheless, Charles was crowned by some nobles in 893.[1] Charles became sole king at the age of nineteen upon the death of Odo in 898.

In 911 Charles gave the lower Seine area, eventually known as Normandy, as a fief to the Norse leader Rollo in the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, thereby ending the series of Viking raids into France.

In 922 some of the barons (including Herbert II of Vermandois) revolted and crowned Robert I, brother of Odo, king. In 923, at the battle of Soissons, King Robert was killed, but Charles was also defeated. Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy was elected king, and Charles was imprisoned.

Charles died on October 7, 929, in prison at Péronne (Somme, France) and was buried there at the abbey of St. Fursy. His son with Eadgifu would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France and his daughter Gisela was married in 911 to Rollo of Normandy.

--------------------

Charles III (September 17, 879 – October 7, 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the contemporary Latin: Karolus Simplex), was a member of the Carolingian dynasty who ruled as King of France (or Western Francia) from 893 to 922/923.

He was the posthumous son of King Louis the Stammerer and his third wife Adelaide of Paris. Charles first married Frederonne who died in 917 and then Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder of England, on October 7, 919.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman or at the time of the deposition of the Holy Roman Emperor, his uncle Charles the Fat, in 887. Instead, Odo, Count of Paris, succeeded Charles the Fat. Nonetheless, Charles was crowned by some nobles in 893. Charles became sole king at the age of nineteen upon the death of Odo in 898.

In 911 Charles gave the lower Seine area, eventually known as Normandy, as a fief to the Norse leader Rollo in the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, thereby ending the series of Viking raids into France.

In 922 some of the barons (including Herbert II of Vermandois) revolted and crowned Robert I, brother of Odo, king. In 923, at the battle of Soissons, King Robert was killed, but Charles was also defeated. Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy was elected king, and Charles was imprisoned.

Charles died on October 7, 929, in prison at Péronne (Somme, France) and was buried there at the abbey of St. Fursy. His son with Eadgifu would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France and his daughter Gisela was married in 911 to Rollo of Normandy.

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Charles the Simple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.[1]

In 911 Charles defeated the Viking leader Rollo, had him sign the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte that made Rollo his vassal and converted him to Christianity. Charles then gave him land around Rouen, the heart of what would become Normandy and his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king.[1] Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.[2]

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.[1] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922,Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900 .

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle.[1] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois.[3] Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England.

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source:http://www.authome.be/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26

Né le 17 septembre 879, fils posthume de Louis II le Bègue (décédé le 10 avril 879) et d'Adélaïde de Paris (dit aussi "de Frioul", princesse anglo-saxonne). Trop jeune pour regner, il est exclu du pouvoir en premier lieu après la mort de son frère Louis III et en deuxième lieu après la mort de son demi-frère Carloman II. Les Grands du royaume, choisissent alors Charles III le Gros, empereur d’Occident en titre, afin d’assurer la régence du jeune Charles pendant sa minorité. Au bout de 3 ans, Charles III le Gros est déposé! Mais la couronne ne revient pas pour autant à son légitime héritier. Néanmoins, Charles parvient à se faire sacrer roi le 28 janvier 893 en l'abbaye Saint-Remy de Reims par Foulques le Vénérable, archevêques de Reims et grand défenseur de la dynastie carolingienne.

Incapable de résisiter aux Normands, Il se voit contraint, par le traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte passé avec le chef Viking Rollon, de leur abandonner une partie de la Neustrie (Normandie). Par la même occasion, il donne sa soeur Gisèle en mariage à Rollon, au profit duquel la nouvelle marche est transformée en duché. Delivré de la menace normande, Charles III le Simple tire parti des troubles causés en Germanie par la mort du dernier des Carolingiens, Louis l'Enfant, pour s'emparer de la Lorraine, de 911 à 920. Il s'attache à ce duché, y réside volontiers, ce qui mécontente les seigneurs neustriens.

À cause de la tyrannie exercée par Haganon le favori du roi, une révolte, avec à sa tête le duc Robert, frère du précédent roi Eudes Ier, éclate en 922. Les insurgés proclament la déchéance de Charles III et élisent roi Robert le 29 juin 922. Le lendemain 30 juin, Robert est sacré roi à Reims par Gautier, l’archevêque de Sens. Charles, sans se décourager, livre la bataille de Soissons en 923. Il tue son rival, Robert Ier, de sa main le 15 juin 923. Mais il est vaincu et doit prendre la fuite. Les grands vassaux refusent encore de le reconnaître comme roi, et lui préfèrent Raoul de Bourgogne. Peu après, Charles se laisse séduire par les protestations d'Herbert II, comte de Vermandois, et le retient prisonnier dès le 17 juillet 923. Charles est dans un premier temps incarcéré à Château-Thierry puis, en 924 transféré dans une tour du château de Péronne (Somme).

Il meurt, toujours captif, six ans plus tard le 7 octobre 929. Sa dépouille est inhumée en l'Eglise Saint-Fursy de Péronne.

De son premier mariage (le 6 avril 907) avec Frédérune de Ringelheim, il aura 5 enfants :

   * Alpaïs de France, née en 907
   * Ermentrude de France, née en 908
   * Frédérune de France, née vers 910
   * Adelais de France, née en 911
   * Hildegarde de France, née en 914

De son second mariage (vers 915) avec Otgive d'Angleterre, il aura 1 enfant :

   * Louis IV dit "d'Outremer" de France, né le 15 septembre 920 à Laon

D'une relation qu'il a eu avec X, il eu un enfant :

   * Roricon, né à une date inconnue, décédé en 976 (Evêque de Laon)
   * Drogo de france, né à une date inconnue

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Acceded: 893

Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.[1]

In 911 in one brilliant move, Charles made an end to the devastating raids of Normans by offering them a piece of land that became Normandy. In one fell swoop, the most feared enemies of France had become the most fierce pillars of its defence. Never having been a sea-faring people, France as a nation instantly had access to the most advanced shipping technology and the best sailors of the world at the time. Most of the French words associated with ships and sea are of Norman origin. Charles signed the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte with the Viking leader Rollo, thus enfeoffing him with the lower Seine basin, the heart of what would become Normandy, in hopes that Rollo would fend off future Viking raids in the Seine area. He also gave the Viking his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king.[1] Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.[2]

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.[1] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922,Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900 .

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle.[1] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois.[3] Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England.

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple

Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

Contents [hide]

1 Biography

2 Ancestry

3 References

4 Further reading

[edit]Biography

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.[1]

In 911 in one brilliant move, Charles made an end to the devastating raids of Normans by offering them a piece of land that became Normandy. In one fell swoop, the most feared enemies of France had become the most fierce pillars of its defence. Never having been a sea-faring people, France as a nation instantly had access to the most advanced shipping technology and the best sailors of the world at the time. Most of the French words associated with ships and sea are of Norman origin. Charles signed the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte with the Viking leader Rollo, thus enfeoffing him with the lower Seine basin, the heart of what would become Normandy, in hopes that Rollo would fend off future Viking raids in the Seine area. He also gave the Viking his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king.[1] Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.[2]

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.[1] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922,Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900 .

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle.[1] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois.[3] Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_the_Simple -------------------- From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled "Charles III:"

"byname CHARLES THE SIMPLE, French CHARLES LE SIMPLE, king of France (893-922), whose authority came to be accepted by Lorraine and who settled the Northmen in Normandy but who became the first Carolingian ruler of the western kingdom to lose his crown.

"The posthumous son of Louis II the Stammerer, Charles was too young to assume the throne on the death of his half-brother, Carloman, in 884 or that of his cousin, Charles the Fat, in 888. On Jan. 28, 893, however, he was crowned king by Fulk, archbishop of Reims; and, although he renounced his rights after civil war in 897, the death of King Eudes in the following year brought him general recognition as king.

"Charles was strongly under the influence of Robert, brother of the dead Eudes. It was Robert's victory against the Northmen at Chartres in 911 which paved the way for the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte later that year, by which Charles ceded territory, in the area later known as Normandy, to the Viking leader Rollo and his men; in return, Rollo became a Christian and Charles's vassal. The Normans who had such an impact on Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries were the final product of this settlement.

"In 911 also, the magnates of Lorraine (Lotharingia) accepted the authority of Charles on the death of the last Carolingian king of the East Franks, Louis the Child. Charles's preoccupation with Lotharingian affairs and councillors alienated the nobles of Neustria, however, and in 922 they elected Robert king. Charles killed Robert in battle in 923 but was soon taken prisoner by Herbert, count of Vermandois, who used him for his own gain against Rudolf, Robert's son-in-law and the new king."

-------------------- Roi, koning West Francië, koning van West-Francië -------------------- King of West Franks 893-923, Emperor 898-929 -------------------- Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

Biography

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.

In 911 Charles defeated the Viking leader Rollo, had him sign the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte that made Rollo his vassal and converted him to Christianity. Charles then gave him land around Rouen, the heart of what would become Normandy and his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king. Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922, Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900.

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle. Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois. Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England. -------------------- Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Karolus Simplex), was the undisputed King of France from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919/23. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the third and posthumous son of Louis the Stammerer by his second wife, Adelaide of Paris.

As a child, Charles was prevented from succeeding to the throne at the time of the death in 884 of his half-brother Carloman. The nobles of the realm instead asked his cousin, Charles the Fat, to rule them. He was also prevented from succeeding the unpopular Charles, who was deposed in November 887 and died in January 888, although it is unknown if his deposition was accepted or even made known in West Francia before his death. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris, king, though there was a faction that supported Guy III of Spoleto. Charles was put under the protection of Ranulf II, the Duke of Aquitaine, who may have tried to claim the throne for him and in the end used the royal title himself until making peace with Odo. Finally, in 893 Charles was crowned by a faction opposed to Odo at Reims Cathedral. He only became the effectual monarch with the death of Odo in 898.[1]

In 911 Charles defeated the Viking leader Rollo, had him sign the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte that made Rollo his vassal and converted him to Christianity. Charles then gave him land around Rouen, the heart of what would become Normandy and his daughter Gisela in marriage. In the same year as the treaty with the Vikings, Louis the Child, the King of Germany, died and the nobles of Lotharingia, who had been loyal to him, under the leadership of Reginar Longneck, declared Charles their new king, breaking from Germans who had elected Conrad of Franconia king.[1] Charles tried to win their support by marrying a Lotharingian woman named Frederuna, who died in 917. He also defended the country against two attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.

On 7 October 919 Charles re-married to Eadgifu, the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of England. By this time Charles' excessive favouritism towards a certain Hagano had turned the aristocracy against him. He endowed Hagano with monasteries which were already the benefices of other barons, alienating these barons. In Lotharingia he earned the enmity of the new duke, Gilbert, who declared for the German king Henry the Fowler in 919.[1] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however, and he retained the support of Wigeric. In 922 some of the West Frankish barons, led by Robert of Neustria and Rudolph of Burgundy, revolted. Robert, who was Odo's brother, was elected by the rebels and crowned in opposition to Charles, who had to flee to Lotharingia. On 2 July 922, Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herve, Archbishop of Rheims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900.

He returned the next year (923) with a Norman army but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle.[1] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois.[3] Rudolph was elected to succeed him. In 925 the Lotharingians accepted Rudolph as their king. Charles died in prison on 7 October 929 and was buried at the nearby abbey of Saint-Fursy. Though he had had many children by Frederuna, it was his son by Eadgifu who would eventually be crowned in 936 as Louis IV of France. In the initial aftermath of Charles's defeat, Eadgifu and Louis fled to England. -------------------- Karl den enfoldige, eller Karl III, franskCharles le Simple (17. september 879– 7. oktober 929) var medlem av det karolinske dynastisom styrte som konge av det vestfrankiske riketfra 893 til 922/923. Tip-33-oldeforældre:

Charles III (Charles Simple), 879-929, franske konge (893-923), søn af kong Ludvig II (Louis stammerer). Som barn blev han udelukket fra succession ved død (884) i sin halvbror Carloman og ved udfældning (887) af kong Charles III (Charles Fat), der efterfulgte Carloman. I stedet Eudes, greve af Paris, lykkedes Charles Fat. I 893 blev der imidlertid Charles kronet af en part af adelige og prælater og blev eneste konge død Eudes i 898. Han sætte en stopper for Norse razziaer ved traktaten Saint-Clair-sur-Epte (911), afgivende til den norrøne lederen Rollo del af det område senere kendt som Normandiet, og i 911 Charles erhvervede Lorraine. I 922 nogle af baronerne oprør og kronet Robert I, bror Eudes, konge. I 923, i slaget ved Soissons var Robert dræbt, men Charles blev besejret. Raoul af Bourgogne blev valgt til konge, og Charles blev fængslet

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Charles III «le Simple» des Francs, roi des Francs's Timeline

879
September 17, 879
Orleans, Loiret, France
893
893
- 922
Age 13
King of France
893
- 923
Age 13
France
893
- present
Age 13
King of France
895
895
Age 15
896
896
Age 16
King of France
896
Age 16
King of France
896
Age 16
King of France
900
900
Age 20
907
April 1, 907
Age 27
France