Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset (c.1662 - 1748) MP

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Nicknames: "The Proud Duke"
Death: Died in Petworth House, Sussex, England
Managed by: Patrick Guinness
Last Updated:

About Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset

Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset (13 August 1662 – 2 December 1748), sometimes referred to as the "Proud Duke". The son of Charles Seymour, 2nd Baron Seymour of Trowbridge, and Elizabeth Alington (1635–1692), he succeeded his brother Francis Seymour, 5th Duke of Somerset, to the dukedom when the latter was shot in 1678. He also inherited the title of Baron Seymour of Trowbridge.

Charles was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] In 1682 he married a great heiress, Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Joceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland, who brought him immense estates, including Alnwick Castle, Petworth House, Syon House and Northumberland House in London.

In 1683, Somerset received an appointment in the king’s household, and two years later a colonelcy of dragoons; but at the Glorious Revolution he bore arms for the Prince of Orange. Having befriended Princess Anne in 1692, he became a favourite of hers after her accession to the throne, receiving the post of Master of the Horse in 1702. Finding himself neglected by Marlborough, he made friends with the Tories, and succeeded in retaining the queen’s confidence, while his wife replaced the Duchess of Marlborough as Mistress of the Robes in 1711. The Duchess became the Queen's closest confidante, causing Jonathan Swift to direct at her a violent satire The Windsor Prophecy, in which he accused her of murdering her previous husband, Thomas Thynne.[2] The Duchess retained her influence even after the Queen following a quarrel, dismissed the Duke as Master of the Horse in 1712.[3]

In the memorable crisis when Anne was at the point of death, Somerset acted with Argyll, Shrewsbury and other Whig nobles who, by insisting on their right to be present in the Privy Council, secured the Hanoverian succession to the Crown.

He retained the office of Master of the Horse under George I till 1716, when he was dismissed and retired into private life; he died at Petworth on 2 December 1748. The duke’s first wife having died in 1722, he married secondly, in 1726, Charlotte, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Nottingham. He was a remarkably handsome man, and inordinately fond of taking a conspicuous part in court ceremonial; his vanity, which earned him the sobriquet of "the proud duke," was a byword among his contemporaries and was the subject of numerous anecdotes; Macaulay’s description of him as "a man in whom the pride of birth and rank amounted almost to a disease," is well known.

The Duke was a founding governor of the Foundling Hospital in London, 1739, the country's first and only children's home for foundlings (abandoned children).

Charles and Lady Elizabeth Percy had four children:

  • Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset (11 November 1684 – 7 February 1749)
  • Lady Elizabeth Seymour (1685 – 2 April 1734)
  • Lady Catherine Seymour (1693 – 9 April 1731)
  • Lady Anne Seymour (1709 – 27 November 1722)

On 4 February 1725 he married the 14 year old Lady Charlotte Finch (1711–1773),[4] daughter of Daniel Finch, 7th Earl of Winchilsea. They had two children:

  • Lady Frances Seymour (18 July 1728 – 25 January 1761), married John Manners, Marquess of Granby
  • Lady Charlotte Seymour (21 September 1730 – 15 February 1805), married Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford and had issue.

See also

  • List of deserters from James II to William of Orange

References

  • 1.^ Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Seymour, Charles". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • 2.^ Gregg, Edward Queen Anne Yale University Press 1980
  • 3.^ Gregg Queen Anne
  • 4.^ Cockayne Complete Peerage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Seymour,_6th_Duke_of_Somerset

  • _______________
  • 'Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset
  • 'M, #10473, b. 13 August 1662, d. 2 December 1748
  • Last Edited=25 Oct 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.11%
  • ' Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset was born on 13 August 1662. He was the son of Charles Seymour, 2nd Baron Seymour of Trowbridge and Hon. Elizabeth Alington. He married, firstly, Lady Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Joceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland and Lady Elizabeth Wriothesley, on 20 May 1682.2 He married, secondly, Lady Charlotte Finch, daughter of Daniel Finch, 7th Earl of Winchilsea and Hon. Anne Hatton, on 4 February 1725/26. He died on 2 December 1748 at age 86.
  • ' Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset also went by the nick-name of 'The Proud Duke'. He gained the title of 6th Duke of Somerset.
  • 'Children of Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset and Lady Elizabeth Percy
    • 1.Lady Catherine Seymour+3 d. 9 Apr 1731
    • 2.Lady Anne Seymour4 d. 27 Nov 1722
    • 3.Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset+3 b. 11 Nov 1684, d. 7 Feb 1749/50
    • 4.Lady Elizabeth Seymour3 b. 1685, d. 2 Apr 1734
  • 'Children of Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset and Lady Charlotte Finch
    • 1.Lady Frances Seymour+ b. 18 Jul 1728, d. 25 Jan 1761
    • 2.Lady Charlotte Seymour+5 b. 21 Sep 1730, d. 15 Feb 1805
  • Citations
  • 1.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • 2.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1291. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 3.[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • 4.[S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 174. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
  • 5.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 365. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • From: http://thepeerage.com/p1048.htm#i10473
  • ___________________
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Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset's Timeline

1662
August 13, 1662
1682
March, 1682
Age 19
May 30, 1682
Age 19
1684
November 11, 1684
Age 22
Petworth House, Petworth, Sussex, England or Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England
1685
1685
Age 22
Petworth, Sussex
1697
August 18, 1697
Age 35
Petworth,Sussex,England
1709
1709
Age 46
1726
February 4, 1726
Age 63
1728
July 18, 1728
Age 65
1730
September 21, 1730
Age 68
Bloomsbury Square, London, Middlsex, England